PALEMBANG is the second-largest city on
Sumatra island after Medan
and the capital city of the
South Sumatra province in
Indonesia . It
is one of the oldest cities in the
Malay Archipelago and Southeast
Palembang is located on the Musi River banks on the east coast
of southern Sumatra, with a land area of 369.22 square kilometres
(142.56 square miles ) and a population of 1,708,413 people (2014).
Palembang is the sixth-largest city in
Semarang . Its built-up (or metro) area
with Talang Kelapa and Rambutan was home to 1,620,429 inhabitants at
the 2010 census.
Palembang is the oldest city in Indonesia, and has a history of being
the capital city of the Kingdom of
Srivijaya , a powerful Malay
kingdom, which influenced many areas in
Southeast Asia . The earliest
evidence of its existence dates from the 7th century; a Chinese monk,
Yijing , wrote that he visited
Srivijaya in the year 671 for 6 months.
The first inscription in which the name
Srivijaya appears also dates
from the 7th century, namely the
Kedukan Bukit Inscription around
Palembang in Sumatra, dated 683.
Palembang's main landmarks include
Ampera Bridge and Musi River , the
latter of which divides the city into two. The north bank of river in
Palembang is known as Seberang Ilir and the south bank of the river in
Palembang is known as Seberang Ulu . This city was known as a host
2011 Southeast Asian Games . Additionally, 2018 Asian Games
is going to be held in the city along with Jakarta.
* 1 Etymology
* 2 History
* 2.2 Post-
Palembang Sultanate period
* 2.4 Colonial period
* 2.5 Japanese occupation period
* 2.6 National revolution period
* 2.7 Old Order and New Order period
* 2.8 Reformasi period
* 3 Geography and climate
* 3.1 Geography
* 3.2 Climate
* 3.3 Neighborhoods
* 3.4 Administrative division
* 4 Demography
* 5 Transport
* 6 Economy
* 7 Tourism
* 8 Culture
* 8.1 Cuisine
* 9 Sport
Jakabaring Sport City
* 10 Education
* 11 Twin towns – sister cities
* 12 References
* 13 External links
The word "Palembang" is derived from two words in Malay "pa" and
"lembang". "Pa" or "Pe" in Malay is a prefix which indicates a place
or situation meanwhile "lembang" or "lembeng" means lowland, a swollen
root because inundated by water for a long time. In other words,
"Palembang" literally means "the place which was constantly inundated
Srivijaya Archaeological Park located Southwest from Palembang
city centre (green). The site forming axis connecting Bukit Seguntang
and Musi River .
Kedukan Bukit Inscription , which is dated 682 AD, is the oldest
inscription found in Palembang. The inscription tells of a king who
acquires magical powers and leads a large military force over water
and land, setting out from Tamvan delta, arriving at a place called
"Matajap," and (in the interpretation of some scholars) founding the
polity of Srivijaya. The "Matajap" of the inscription is believed to
be Mukha Upang, a district of Palembang.
George Coedes , "in the second half of the 9th century
Sumatra were united under the rule of a
Sailendra reigning in
Java...its centre at Palembang." :92
As the capital of the
Srivijaya kingdom, this second oldest city in
Southeast Asia has been an important trading centre in maritime
Southeast Asia for more than a millennium. The kingdom flourished by
controlling the international trade through the Malacca Straits from
the seventh to thirteenth century, establishing hegemony over polities
Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Sanskrit inscriptions and Chinese
travelogues report that the kingdom prospered as an intermediary in
the international trade between
China and India. Because of the
Monsoon , or biannual seasonal wind, after getting to Srivijaya,
India had to stay there for several months
waiting the direction of the wind changes, or had to go back to China
or India. Thus,
Srivijaya grew to be the biggest international trade
centre, and not only the market, but also infrastructures for traders
such as lodging and entertainment also developed. It functioned as a
cultural centre as well. Yijing , a Chinese Buddhist pilgrim who
stayed in today’s
Jambi in 671, recorded that there
were more than a thousand Buddhist monks and learned scholars,
sponsored by the kingdom to study religion in Palembang. He also
recorded that there were many "states" under the kingdom called
Srivijaya (Shili Foshi). A statue of Buddha, discovered in
Bukit Seguntang archaeological site, today displayed in Sultan Mahmud
Badaruddin II Museum Palembang.
In 990, an army from the Kingdom of Medang in Java attacked
Palembang was sacked and the palace was looted. Cudamani
Warmadewa , however, requested protection from China. By 1006, the
invasion was finally repelled. In retaliation,
Srivijaya king sent his
troops to assist King Wurawari of Luaram in his revolt against Medang.
In subsequent battles, Medang Palace was destroyed and the royal
family of Medang executed.
In 1068, King
Virarajendra Chola of the
Chola Dynasty of India
conquered what is now Kedah from Srivijaya. Having lost many soldiers
in the war and with its coffers almost empty due to the twenty-year
disruption of trade, the reach of
Srivijaya was diminished. Its
territories began to free themselves from the suzerainty of Palembang
and to establish many small kingdoms all over the former empire.
Srivijaya finally declined with the military expedition by Javanese
kingdoms in the thirteenth century.
Prince Parameswara fled from
Palembang after being crushed by
Javanese forces, The city was then plagued by pirates, notably Chen
Liang Daoming . In 1407, Chen was confronted at
the returning Imperial treasure fleet under Admiral
Zheng He . Zheng
made the opening gambit, demanding Chen's surrender and the pirate
quickly signalled agreement while preparing for a surprise pre-emptive
strike. But details of his plan had been provided to Zheng by a local
Chinese informant, and in the fierce battle that ensued, the Ming
soldiers and Ming superior armada finally destroyed the pirate fleet
and killed 5,000 of its men. Chen was captured and held for public
execution in Nanjing in 1407. Peace was finally restored to the Strait
of Malacca as
Shi Jinqing was installed as Palembang's new ruler and
incorporated into what would become a far-flung system of allies who
acknowledged Ming supremacy in return for diplomatic recognition,
military protection, and trading rights.
Palembang is called Chinese
: 巨港; pinyin : Jù gǎng; literally: "Giant Harbour".
PALEMBANG SULTANATE PERIOD
The walled city of
Palembang with its three fortresses in 1682.
Demak Sultanate fell under
Kingdom of Pajang , a Demak
nobleman, Geding Suro with his followers fled to
established a new dynasty.
Islam become dominant in
this period. Grand Mosque of
Palembang built in 1738 under the reign
of Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin I Jaya Wikrama, completed in 1748.
Settlement flourished along Musi River bank, some of houses built on
rafts. The Sultanate enacted legislation that portion downstream of
Seberang Ilir where the palace was located, was intended for residents
of Palembang, whereas foreigners who were not citizens of Palembang
was at the opposite bank of the palace called Seberang Ulu.
Local elders of
Palembang during colonial period .
Several local rivals, such as
Jambi , and Aceh threatened
the existence of the Sultanate, meanwhile Dutch East
established a trade post in
Palembang in 1619. In 1642, the company
obtained monopoly right over pepper trading in the port. Tension
mounted between the Dutch and the locals, peaked at 1657 when a Dutch
ship was attacked in Palembang, gave a signal to the company to launch
a punitive expedition in 1659 which burned the city to the ground.
Napoleonic Wars in 1812, the sultan at that time, Mahmud
Badaruddin II repudiated British claims to suzerainty, which was
responded by British by attacking Palembang, sacking the court, and
installing sultan's more cooperative younger brother, Najamuddin to
the throne. The Dutch attempted to recover their influence at the
court in 1816, but Sultan Najamuddin was uncooperative with them. An
expedition launched by the Dutch in 1818 and captured Sultan Najamudin
and exiled him to Batavia. A Dutch garrison was established in 1821,
but sultan attempted an attack and a mass poisoning to the garrison,
which were intervened by Dutch.
Mahmud Badaruddin II was exiled to
Ternate , and his palace was burned to the ground. The Sultanate was
later abolished by Dutch and direct colonial rule was established.
From the late nineteenth century, with the introduction of new export
crops by the Dutch companies,
Palembang rose again as an economic
centre. In the 1900s, the development of the petroleum and rubber
industries caused unprecedented economic growth, which brought about
the influx of migrants, an increase in urbanisation , and development
of the socioeconomic infrastructure.
The emergence of rubber cultivation in
South Sumatra began in the
late 19th century. In the early 20th century, several major Western
companies entered the area and operated rubber plantations. From the
mid-1920s, rubber became the biggest export crop in the area,
surpassing robusta coffee . Although there were large rubber estates
owned by Western enterprises, rubber in
Palembang was produced mainly
by smallholders. By the 1920s, the Residency of
South Sumatra province) was ranked sixth among the regions of
smallholder rubber production, becoming the largest of the smallholder
rubber regions in the 1940s, producing 58,000 tons of rubber.
There were three petroleum companies in 1900: the Sumatra-Palembang
Petroleum Company (Sumpal); the French-owned Muara Enim Petroleum
Company; and the Musi Ilir Petroleum Company. The Sumpal was soon
assimilated into the Royal Dutch, and the Muara Enim Co. and the Musi
Ilir Co. were also assimilated into the Royal Dutch, in 1904 and in
1906, respectively. Based on this assimilation, Royal Dutch and Shell
established the BPM, the operating company of
Royal Dutch Shell
Royal Dutch Shell , and
opened an oil refinery at Plaju, on the shore of the Musi River in
Palembang, in 1907. While BPM was the only operating company in this
area until the 1910s, American oil companies launched their business
Palembang region from the 1920s. Standard Oil of New Jersey
established a subsidiary, the American Petroleum Company, and, to
prevent Dutch laws to restrict the activities of foreign firms, the
American Petroleum Company established its own subsidiary, the
Netherlands Colonial Oil Company (Nederlandche Koloniale Petroleum
Maatschapij, NKPM). The NKPM began to establish itself in Sungai
Gerong area in the early 1920s, and completed the construction of
pipelines to send 3,500 barrels per day from their oilfields to the
refinery at Sungai Gerong. The two refinery complexes were like
enclaves, separate urban centres with houses, hospitals, and other
cultural facilities built by the Dutch and Americans. In 1933,
Standard Oil incorporated the NKPM holdings into the Standard Vacuum
Company, a new joint venture corporation, which was renamed the
Standard Vacuum Petroleum Maatschappij (SVPM).
Caltex (a subsidiary of
the Standard Oil California and Texas Company) secured extensive
exploration concessions in Central
Sumatra (Jambi) in 1931. By 1938,
the production of crude oil in the
Netherlands East Indies totalled
7,398,000 metric tons, and the shares of the BPM reached seventy two
percent, while the NKPM (StandardVacuum)’s share was twenty eight
percent. Whereas the most prolific area in crude oil production was
East Kalimantan until the late 1930s, since then
Palembang and Jambi
took over the position. All crude oil production in the NEI was
processed at seven refineries at this time, especially at three large
export refineries: the NKPM plant at Sungai Gerong, the BPM refineries
at Plaju, and the one in
Balikpapan . Thus
Palembang held two of the
three biggest oil refineries in the archipelago.
In the 1920s, with the guidance of
Thomas Karsten , one of the
pioneers of architectural project in the cities in the Netherlands
East Indies , the Traffic Commission (Komisi Lalu Lintas) of Palembang
was to improve inland transportation conditions in Palembang. The
Commission reclaimed land from rivers and asphalted roads. Traffic
plan in the city of
Palembang was based on Karsten’s city plan, in
which the Ilir was in the form of a road ring, starting form an edge
of the Musi River. From then they built many smaller bridges on both
sides of the Musi River, including the Wilhelmina Bridge over the Ogan
River that vertically divides the Ulu area. The bridge was built in
1939 with the intention of connecting oil refineries in the eastern
bank to western bank, where the Kretapati train station was located.In
the late 1920s, ocean steamers navigated the Musi River on a regular
In the 1930s, the Residency of
Palembang was one of the "three
giants" in the export economy of the
Netherlands East Indies, together
with the East Sumatran Plantation Belt and Southeast Kalimantan, and
the city of
Palembang was the most populous urban centre outside Java.
Its population was 50,703 in 1905; it reached 109,069, while the
Medan was 86,662 and 74,976, respectively.
It was surpassed only by three larger cities located in Java: Batavia
JAPANESE OCCUPATION PERIOD
Imperial Japanese Army paratrooper are landing during the battle
of Palembang, 13 February 1942.
Palembang was a high priority objective for Japanese forces, because
it was the location of some finest oil refineries in Southeast Asia.
An oil embargo had been imposed on Japan by the United States, the
Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. With the area's abundant fuel
supply and airfield,
Palembang offered significant potential as a
military base area, to both the Allies and the Japanese.
The main battle occurred during 13–16 February 1942. While the
Allied planes were attacking Japanese shipping on 13 February,
Kawasaki Ki-56 transport planes of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Chutai,
Imperial Japanese Army Air Force (IJAAF), dropped Teishin Shudan
(Raiding Group) paratroopers over Pangkalan Benteng airfield. At the
same time Mitsubishi Ki-21 bombers from the 98th Sentai dropped
supplies for paratroopers. The formation was escorted by a large force
of Nakajima Ki-43 fighters from the 59th and 64th Sentai. As many as
180 men from the Japanese 2nd Parachute Regiment, under Colonel
Seiichi Kume, dropped between
Palembang and Pangkalan Benteng, and
more than 90 men came down west of the refineries at Plaju. Although
the Japanese paratroopers failed to capture the Pangkalan Benteng
airfield, at the Plaju oil refinery they managed to gain possession of
the entire complex, which was undamaged. However, the second oil
refinery in Sungai Gerong was successfully demolished by the Allies. A
makeshift counter-attack by Landstorm troops and anti-aircraft gunners
Prabumulih managed to retake the complex but took heavy losses.
The planned demolition failed to do any serious damage to the
refinery, but the oil stores were set ablaze. Two hours after the
first drop, another 60 Japanese paratroopers were dropped near
Pangkalan Benteng airfield.
As the Japanese landing force approached Sumatra, the remaining
Allied aircraft attacked it, and the Japanese transport ship Otawa
Maru was sunk. Hurricanes flew up the rivers, machine-gunning Japanese
landing craft. However, on the afternoon of 15 February, all Allied
aircraft were ordered to Java, where a major Japanese attack was
anticipated, and the Allied air units had withdrawn from southern
Sumatra by the evening of 16 February 1942. Other personnel were
evacuated via Oosthaven (now Bandar Lampung) by ships to Java or
The Japanese managed to restore production at both main refineries,
and these petroleum products were significant in their war effort.
Despite Allied air raids, production was largely maintained.
In August 1944 USAAF B-29 bombers, flying from India, raided the
Palembang refineries in what was the longest range regular bombing
mission of the war.
In January 1945, in
Operation Meridian , the British Royal Navy Fleet
Air Arm launched two major attacks on the two refinery complexes,
against determined Japanese defence.
NATIONAL REVOLUTION PERIOD
On 8 October 1945, Resident of South Sumatra, Adnan Kapau Gani with
all Gunseibu officers raised the Indonesian flag during a ceremony. On
that day, it was announced that
Palembang Residency was under control
Palembang was the location of Pertempuran Lima Hari Lima Malam (Five
Days and Nights Battle) between the Republicans and the Dutch on 1–5
January 1947. There were three fronts during the battle which are
Eastern Ilir front, Western Ilir front, and Ulu front. The battle
ended with ceasefire and the Republican forces was forced to retreat
as far as 20 kilometres (12 miles) from Palembang.
During the occupation, the Dutch formed the federal state of South
Sumatra on September 1948. After the transfer of sovereignty on 27
South Sumatra State, along with other federal states
and the Republic had formed short-lived United States of Indonesia
before the states were abolished and integrated back into the form of
Republic on 17 August 1950.
OLD ORDER AND NEW ORDER PERIOD
During PRRI /
Permesta rebellion, Dewan Garuda (Garuda Council) formed
South Sumatra which on 15 January 1957 under Lieutenant Colonel
Barlian took over the local government of South Sumatra.
In April 1962, Indonesian government started the construction of
Ampera Bridge which was completed and officially opened for public on
30 September 1965 by Minister/Commander of the Army Lieutenant General
Ahmad Yani on 30 September 1965, only hours before he was killed by
troops belonging to the
30 September Movement
30 September Movement . At first, the bridge
was known as the Bung Karno Bridge, after the president, but following
his fall, it was renamed the Ampera Bridge. A second bridge in
Palembang which crosses Musi River, Musi II Bridge was built on 4
On 6 December 1988,
Palembang city area expanded, with 9 villages
Musi Banyuasin integrated into 2 new districts of
Palembang and 1
village from Ogan Komering Ilir integrated into Seberang Ulu I
Riot also plagued
Palembang during May 1998 riot in
Indonesia . Ten
shops were burned, more than a dozen cars were burned by rioters, and
dozens of people were injured by rocks thrown by students marching to
the Provincial People's Representative Council office of South
Sumatra. Thousands of police and soldiers were put on guard at various
points in the city. The Volunteer Team for Humanity (Indonesian: Tim
Relawan untuk Manusia, or TRUK) reported that cases of sexual assault
also took place.
The opening ceremony of
2011 Southeast Asian Games in Jakabaring
Stadium , Palembang, 11 November 2011.
In 2001, a sport complex along with its main stadium, Gelora
Sriwijaya Stadium , was built in Jakabaring, completed in 2004. It
served as venues for
2004 Pekan Olahraga Nasional .
Pekan Olahraga Nasional in 2004 after 47 years it was last
held outside Java and 51 years in Sumatra. 7 years later, Palembang
became the host of more prestigious sporting event, 2011 Southeast
Asian Games along with Jakarta. In 2013, Indonesian government decide
to replace the host of
2013 Islamic Solidarity Games from
Palembang because several problems occurred in the former host,
Riau Governor, Rusli Zainal who stumbled over a corruption
scandal. Palembang, together again with Jakarta, will host the 2018
Asian Games .
Sixth president of Indonesia,
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono , declared
Palembang as a "Water Tourism City" on 27 September 2005. More
further on 5 January 2008,
Palembang publicised its tourist
attractions with the slogan "Visit Musi 2008".
Palembang completed its first flyover at Simpang Polda in September
2008. Second flyover in Jakabaring completed in 2015. Two more
flyovers will be built before 2018. In 2010,
Palembang launched its
bus transit system , Transmusi. In April 2015, the government started
the construction of Palembang's first toll road (Palembang-Inderalaya
). Construction of light rail transit system from Sultan Mahmud
Badaruddin II International Airport to Jakabaring was started in
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
At 2°59′10″S 104°45′20″E / 2.98611°S 104.75556°E
/ -2.98611; 104.75556 ,
Palembang occupies 400.61 km2 of vast lowland
area east of Bukit
Barisan Mountains in southern
Sumatra with average
elevation of 8 metres (26 feet), approximately 105 kilometres (65
miles) from nearby coast at
Bangka Strait . One of the largest rivers
in Sumatra, the Musi River, runs through the city, dividing the city
area into two major parts which are Seberang Ilir in the north and
Seberang Ulu in the south.
Palembang is also located on the confluence
of two major tributaries of Musi River, which are
Ogan River and
Komering River . The river's water level is influenced by tidal cycle
. In rainy season, many areas on the city are inundated by the river's
Palembang's topography is quite different between Seberang Ilir and
Seberang Ulu area. Seberang Ulu topography is relatively flat,
meanwhile Seberang Ilir topography is more rugged with altitude
variation between 4 and 20 metres (13 and 66 feet ).
Palembang is located in the tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af)
with significant rainfall even in its driest months. The climate in
Palembang is often described with "hot, humid climate with a lot of
rainfall throughout the year". The annual average temperature is
around 27.3 °C (81.1 °F). Average temperatures are nearly identical
throughout the year in the city. Average rainfall annually is 2,623
millimetres. During its wettest months, the city's lowlands are
frequently inundated by torrential rains. However, in its driest
months, many peatlands around the city dried, making them more
vulnerable to wildfires , causing haze in the city for months.
CLIMATE DATA FOR PALEMBANG
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
Source #1: Climate-Data.org
Palembang is roughly divided by Musi River into two major areas known
as SEBERANG ILIR (lit. "downstream bank") in the north and SEBERANG
ULU (lit. "upstream bank") in the south.
Seberang Ilir is the main economic and political centre in Palembang.
Some areas such as 16 Ilir , Cinde , and Km 5 are the major retail hub
Palembang while other areas like Ilir Barat Permai , Kampus , and
Patal Pusri are growing into major business centres contained a
prominent portion of the city's highrises. Major residential areas in
Seberang Ilir such as Tangga Buntung , Bukit Besar , Sekip , Pakjo ,
Kenten , Pasar Kuto , and Lemabang .
Seberang Ulu is divided into three main neighbourhoods which are
Plaju , Kertapati , and Jakabaring . Seberang Ulu is less developed
than its counterpart, but this area is undergoing massive development,
especially in Jakabaring, with the construction of business centre,
government building, and the most notably is the construction of the
city's sport complex,
Jakabaring Sport City .
Palembang consist of 16 kecamatan (districts), which in turn
sub-divided into 107 kelurahan (subdistricts/administrative villages
* Alang-Alang Lebar
* Bukit Kecil
* Ilir Barat I
* Ilir Barat II
* Ilir Timur I
* Ilir Timur II
* Seberang Ulu I
* Seberang Ulu II
* Sematang Borang
The local language of Palembang, Musi , belongs to the same group as
Malay . There are also
Palembang residents originating from other
parts of South Sumatra. They have their own regional languages, such
as Komering , Lahat , Rawas and Semendo . There are also people that
came from outside South Sumatra. Most of them are Javanese , Chinese ,
Arab , Tamils, Indian , Minangkabau or Sundanese .
Palembang's primary religion is
Islam , but many of the inhabitants
Palembang has networks of mini-bus routes for the main form of public
transport and the new Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, Trans Musi as
* Corridor 1 : Bus stop below the Ilir part of
Ampera Bridge –
Alang Alang Lebar Bus Station (KM 12)
* Corridor 2 : Perumnas Bus Station – PIM (
Palembang Indah Mall)
* Corridor 3 : Plaju – PS Mall (
Palembang Square Mall)
* Corridor 4 : Jakabaring – Karya Jaya Bus Station (Kertapati)
* Corridor 5 : Alang Alang Lebar Bus Station (KM 12) – Sultan
Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport
* Corridor 6 : Pusri –
Palembang Square (PS)
* Corridor 7 : Kenten – Dempo (Coming Soon)
* Corridor 8 : Alang Alang Lebar Bus Station (KM 12) – Terminal
Karya Jaya (Kertapati)
* Pangkalan Balai Corridor : Alang Alang Lebar Bus Station (KM 12)
– Pangkalan Balai
* Indralaya Corridor : Terminal Karya Jaya – Indralaya
* Unsri Corridor : Unsri Bukit – Unsri Indralaya
Palembang also has a large number of taxis. The number has been
rising since the
Pekan Olahraga Nasional 2004 and SEA Games 2011,
which both were held in Palembang.
There are also traditional and speed boats that serve the people who
live near the riverside. The traditional boats are called "Keteks" or
The city is served by Sultan
Mahmud Badaruddin II International
Airport which has scheduled flights to many cities in
Indonesia and to
Silk Air and Jetstar, and also to
Kuala Lumpur by AirAsia
. This airport also serves other cities around
South Sumatra Province.
Palembang also has three main harbours, Tanjung Api-api Harbour
(which is the International harbour of Palembang, located on
sea-shore, 68 kilometres (42 miles) from the city), 36 Ilir Harbour
and Boom Baru Harbour on riverside. From Tanjung Api-api Harbour
frequent ferries connect
Palembang to Tanjung Kalian Harbour in
western side of Bangka Island (it takes only 2 hours on ferries from
Tanjung Api-api to Bangka),
Bangka-Belitung Islands Province, and also
Tanjung Api Api Harbour is now fully operational. It opened at 10.00
am on 11 December 2013. It is an international port so it can be
visited by all kind of boats from all over the globe.
Railway tracks connect
Bandar Lampung , Tanjung Enim ,
Lahat dan Lubuk Linggau . The largest railway station in
Kertapati railway station .
The first line of
Palembang Light Rail Transit is under construction
now to face future traffic congestion which is predicted to be the
worst nationwide by 2019 if
Palembang did not do any urban transport
improvement. There will be 13 stations for the LRT system, namely as
Mahmud Badaruddin II Airport station
* Asrama Haji station
* Telkom station
* RSUD station
* POLDA station
* Demang Lebar Daun station
Palembang Icon station
* Dishub Kominfo station
* Pasar Cinde station
* Jembatan Ampera station
* Gubernur Bastari station
* Stadion Jakabaring station
* OPI station
THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (May
View of central area in
Palembang Icon Shopping Mall
Palembang's economy has been developed significantly since it became
a host for a National Sporting Event in 2004.
Palembang Great Mosque People enjoying local dishes on
floating warung boats.
* Musi River , about 750 kilometres (470 miles) along the river
which divides the city into two parts, namely
Palembang Seberang Ulu
and Sebrang Ilir. It is one of the longest river in Sumatra. Since
early of its history, the Musi River has become the economic lifeblood
Palembang city and South Sumatran region in general. Along the
river banks, there are some landmarks, tourism sites and cultural
attractions, such as the Ampera Bridge, Kuto Besak Fort, the Sultan
Mahmud Badaruddin II Museum, Kemaro Island, 16 Ilir Market,
traditional raft houses, Pertamina's oil refineries, Pupuk Sriwijaya
(PUSRI) fertiliser plants, Bagus Kuning beach, Musi II Bridge, Al
Munawar Mosque, etc.
Ampera Bridge , main city landmark, is a bridge crossed over 1,177
metres (3,862 feet) above the Musi River which connects Seberang Ulu
and Seberang Ilir area of Palembang.
Great Mosque of Palembang , also known as the Sultan Mahmud
Badaruddin II Mosque, is located in the city centre.
* Benteng Kuto Besak, situated on the northern bank of the Musi
River and adjacent to Ampera Bridge, this fort is one of the Palembang
Darussalam Sultanate of heritage buildings. The fort's interior have
been turned into military hospital of the Tentara Nasional
specifically the Health Department of Military Area Command
II/Sriwijaya (Kesehatan Daerah Militer II/Sriwijaya).
Arab Al-Munawar, a mixture of middle eastern and
palembangnese Malay culture and architecture. It has been long known
that any visitors should dress politely in order to visit this area.
* Kampung Kapitan, the home of one of the oldest Chinese stilthouse
in the city. The primary attraction is Tjoa Ham Hin's house with
centuries-old furniture inside. There was also a nearby Chinese
temple, which was one of the oldest in
Palembang as well. Long before
its existence as the Chinese settlement area, it was also called
Tanggo Rajo where foreigners and newcomers from the archipelago stayed
* Kantor Ledeng, located in the city centre, at first this building
served as a water tower.Today this building serves as the mayor office
* Kambang Iwak, a lake located in the tourist centre of the city
Palembang mayor's residence. On the banks of this lake, there
is a park and recreation arena which is always crowded during
* Punti Kayu Tourism Forest, city forest located about six miles
(9.7 kilometres) from the city centre with an area of 50 hectares (120
acres ) and since 1998 designated as protected forests. In this forest
there is a family recreation area and a local shelter a group of
monkeys: long-tail macaque (Macaca fascicularis ) and monkey (Macaca
nemistriana ) under the
Sumatran Pine wood (Pinus mercussi ).
Sriwijaya Kingdom Archaeological Park , the remnants of Sriwijaya
site located on the banks of the River Musi. There is an inscription
and stone relics, complex of ancient pond, artificial island and
canals dated from the Srivijayan kingdom in this area. The Srivijaya
Museum is located in this complex.
Bukit Seguntang archaeological park, located in the hills west of
Palembang city. In this place there are many relics and tombs of the
ancient Malay-Srivijayan king and nobles.
* Monumen Perjuangan Rakyat / Monpera, located in the city centre,
adjacent to the Great Mosque and Ampera Bridge. As its name in this
building there are relics of history in the colonial period.
* Museum Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II, located near the Ampera Bridge
and adjacent to Benteng Kuto Besak. The building located in the former
royal palace of
Palembang Sultanate. The museum displayed the relics
and historical objects with collections spanned from
Palembang Darussalam Sultanate era.
Rumah Limas of IDR 10000 banknote is now located in Museum
* Museum Balaputradewa, the home of Rumah Limas featured on IDR
10000 banknote. This type of stilt house is the traditional house of
the people of Palembang.
Palembang bride in Aesan Gede wedding costume wearing gold
jewellery and songket Palembang.
Since ancient times,
Palembang has been a cosmopolitan port city
which absorbs neighbouring, as well as foreign, cultures and
influences. The influences and cultures of coastal Malay, inland
Minangkabau, Javanese, Indian, Chinese and Arab, has created a rich
Palembang culture. Throughout its history,
Palembang has attracted
migrants from other regions in the archipelago, and has made this city
as a multi-cultural city. Although today the city had lost its
function as the major port city in the archipelago, the remnants of
its heyday still evident in its culture. Most of its population was
then adopted the culture of coastal Malays and Javanese. Even now it
can be seen in its culture and language. Word such as "wong (person)"
is an example of Javanese loanword in
Palembang language. Also the
Javanese knight and noble honorific titles, such as Raden Mas or Raden
Ayu is used by
Palembang nobles, the remnant of
courtly culture. The tombs of the Islamic heritage was not different
in form and style with Islamic tombs in Java.
Palembang is famous for its local cuisine called pempek Palembang. It
Pempek served in sweet and sour sauce called kuah cuko. Another
Palembang signature dishes are tekwan , model, mie celor , laksan and
lakso, and also pindang patin (pangasius in sweet and sour soup).
Jakabaring Aquatic Center in
Jakabaring Sport City complex.
JAKABARING SPORT CITY
Jakabaring Sport City ia a sport complex located 5 kilometres (3.1
miles) southeast from
Palembang city centre, across the Musi River
Ampera Bridge in Jakabaring, Seberang Ulu I area. It was the
main venue of 2011 Southeast Asian Games. Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium,
one of the largest stadium in Indonesia, is located within this
complex. The complex consists of
Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium
Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium football
field, Dempo sport hall, Ranau sport hall, Athletic stadium, Aquatic
centre, Baseball and Softball field, Shooting range, Athlete lodging,
Artificial lake for outdoor water sports (rowing, water ski, dragon
boat) and Golf course. Two matches were staged at the stadium in the
AFC Asian Cup continued in 2007, the Group D qualifier between Saudi
Arabia and Bahrain as well as grabbing a third place between South
Korea and Japan. The
2011 Southeast Asian Games was held at Palembang
Jakarta in November 2011. The opening and closing
ceremonies held in Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium. This sport complex also
planned to host the
2018 Asian Games
2018 Asian Games in
Indonesia along with Jakarta
West Java .
Sriwijaya Football Club , which is commonly referred to as SFC, is an
Indonesian football club based in Palembang, Province of South
Universities in Palembang:
University of Sriwijaya
* State Polytechnic of Sriwijaya Palembang
* State Islamic University of Raden Fatah Palembang
* School of Journalism Indonesia. First Journalism School in
Indonesia, SJI was inaugurated by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
at the top of National Press Day (HPN) in Palembang, 9 February 2010.
School of Journalism is the first international journalism school in
* Universitas Bina Darma
* Universitas Bina Nusantara – Unit Sumber Belajar Jarak Jauh
* Universitas Indo Global Mandiri
* Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang
* Universitas Palembang
* Universitas Sjakhyakirti
* Universitas IBA
* Universitas Taman Siswa
* Universitas PGRI
* Universitas Kader Bangsa
* Universitas Tridinanti
* Universitas Terbuka
* Politeknik Akamigas Palembang
* Multi Data Palembang
* Universitas Musi Charitas
Top Senior High Schools in Palembang:
* SMA Xaverius 1 Palembang
* SMA Negeri 5 Palembang
* SMA Negeri Sumatera Selatan
* SMA Xaverius 3 Palembang
* SMA Ignatius Global School (IGS) Palembang
* Sekolah Kusuma Bangsa
* SMA Negeri 1 Palembang
* SMA Negeri 3 Palembang
* MAN 2 Palembang
* SMA Plus Negeri 17 Palembang
* SMA Negeri 6 Palembang
Top Junior High Schools in Palembang:
* SMP Xaverius 1 Palembang
* SMP Xaverius Maria Palembang
* SMP Ignatius Global School (IGS) Palembang
* SMP Sekolah
Palembang Harapan (SPH) Palembang
* SMP Kusuma Bangsa Palembang
* SMP Negeri 1 Palembang
* SMP Negeri 9 Palembang
* MTs Negeri 1 Palembang
TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES
This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2017) (Learn
how and when to remove this template message )
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
Moscow Oblast , Russia
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