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Palembang
Palembang
(Indonesian pronunciation: [palɛmˈbaŋ]) is the second-largest city on Sumatra
Sumatra
after Medan
Medan
and the capital city of South Sumatra
South Sumatra
province of Indonesia. It is one of the oldest cities in the Malay Archipelago
Malay Archipelago
and Southeast Asia. Palembang
Palembang
is located on the Musi River banks on the east coast of southern Sumatra, with a land area of 369.22 square kilometres (142.56 square miles) and a population of 1,708,413 people (2014).[4] Palembang
Palembang
is the ninth most populous city in Indonesia
Indonesia
after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, Bekasi, Medan, Tangerang, Depok
Depok
and Semarang, and the nineteenth most populous city in Southeast Asia. Its built-up area, with Talang Kelapa and Rambutan, was home to 1,620,429 inhabitants at the 2010 census. Palembang
Palembang
is the oldest city in Indonesia, and has a history of being the capital city of the Kingdom of Srivijaya, a powerful Malay kingdom, which influenced many areas in Southeast Asia.[5] The earliest evidence of its existence dates from the 7th century; a Chinese monk, Yijing, wrote that he visited Srivijaya
Srivijaya
in the year 671 for 6 months. The first inscription in which the name Srivijaya appears also dates from the 7th century, namely the Kedukan Bukit Inscription around Palembang
Palembang
in Sumatra, dated 683.[6] Palembang's main landmarks include Ampera Bridge
Ampera Bridge
and Musi River, the latter of which divides the city into two. The north bank of river in Palembang
Palembang
is known as Seberang Ilir and the south bank of the river in Palembang
Palembang
is known as Seberang Ulu. Palembang
Palembang
is known as the host city of 2011 Southeast Asian Games
2011 Southeast Asian Games
and 2018 Asian Games
2018 Asian Games
along with Jakarta.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Srivijaya
Srivijaya
period 2.2 Post- Srivijaya
Srivijaya
period 2.3 Palembang Sultanate
Palembang Sultanate
period 2.4 Colonial period 2.5 Japanese occupation period 2.6 National revolution period 2.7 Old Order and New Order period 2.8 Reformasi period

3 Geography and climate

3.1 Geography 3.2 Climate 3.3 Neighborhoods

4 Administration

4.1 Government 4.2 Administrative Division

5 Demography

5.1 Ethnicity and language 5.2 Religion

6 Transportation

6.1 Road

6.1.1 Transmusi 6.1.2 Public bus and angkot services 6.1.3 Taxicab 6.1.4 Becak and ojek 6.1.5 App-based taxi and ojek

6.2 Rail 6.3 Water

6.3.1 River transport 6.3.2 Port

6.4 Air

7 Economy

7.1 Business and Industry 7.2 Markets and Commercial Centers

8 Tourism 9 Culture

9.1 Cuisine

9.1.1 Dishes 9.1.2 Snacks 9.1.3 Drinks 9.1.4 Sweets and Desserts

9.2 Art

9.2.1 Textile 9.2.2 Woodcarving 9.2.3 Dance

10 Sport

10.1 Jakabaring Sport City 10.2 Sriwijaya F.C.

11 Education 12 Twin towns – sister cities 13 References 14 External links

Etymology[edit] The word "Palembang" is derived from two words in Malay "pa" and "lembang". "Pa" or "Pe" in Malay is a prefix which indicates a place or situation meanwhile "lembang" or "lembeng" means lowland, a swollen root because inundated by water for a long time. In other words, "Palembang" literally means "the place which was constantly inundated by water".[7] History[edit] Srivijaya
Srivijaya
period[edit]

Srivijaya
Srivijaya
Archaeological Park located Southwest from Palembang
Palembang
city centre (green). The site forming axis connecting Bukit Seguntang
Bukit Seguntang
and Musi River.

The Kedukan Bukit Inscription, which is dated 682 AD, is the oldest inscription found in Palembang. The inscription tells of a king who acquires magical powers and leads a large military force over water and land, setting out from Tamvan delta, arriving at a place called "Matajap," and (in the interpretation of some scholars) founding the polity of Srivijaya. The "Matajap" of the inscription is believed to be Mukha Upang, a district of Palembang.[8] According to George Coedes, "in the second half of the 9th century Java
Java
and Sumatra
Sumatra
were united under the rule of a Sailendra
Sailendra
reigning in Java...its centre at Palembang."[9]:92 As the capital of the Srivijaya
Srivijaya
kingdom, this second oldest city in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
has been an important trading centre in maritime Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
for more than a millennium. The kingdom flourished by controlling the international trade through the Strait of Malacca
Strait of Malacca
from the seventh to thirteenth century, establishing hegemony over polities in Sumatra
Sumatra
and the Malay Peninsula. Sanskrit inscriptions and Chinese travelogues report that the kingdom prospered as an intermediary in the international trade between China
China
and India. Because of the Monsoon, or biannual seasonal wind, after getting to Srivijaya, traders from China
China
or India
India
had to stay there for several months waiting the direction of the wind changes, or had to go back to China or India. Thus, Srivijaya
Srivijaya
grew to be the biggest international trade centre, and not only the market, but also infrastructures for traders such as lodging and entertainment also developed. It functioned as a cultural centre as well.[10] Yijing, a Chinese Buddhist
Buddhist
pilgrim who stayed in today’s Palembang
Palembang
and Jambi
Jambi
in 671, recorded that there were more than a thousand Buddhist
Buddhist
monks and learned scholars, sponsored by the kingdom to study religion in Palembang. He also recorded that there were many "states" under the kingdom called Srivijaya
Srivijaya
(Shili Foshi).[11][12]

A statue of Buddha, discovered in Bukit Seguntang
Bukit Seguntang
archaeological site, today displayed in Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Museum
Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Museum
Palembang.

In 990, an army from the Kingdom of Medang in Java
Java
attacked Srivijaya. Palembang
Palembang
was sacked and the palace was looted. Cudamani Warmadewa, however, requested protection from China. By 1006, the invasion was finally repelled. In retaliation, Srivijaya
Srivijaya
king sent his troops to assist King Wurawari of Luaram in his revolt against Medang. In subsequent battles, Medang Palace was destroyed and the royal family of Medang executed.[13] In 1068, King Virarajendra Chola
Virarajendra Chola
of the Chola Dynasty
Chola Dynasty
of India conquered what is now Kedah from Srivijaya.[14] Having lost many soldiers in the war and with its coffers almost empty due to the twenty-year disruption of trade, the reach of Srivijaya
Srivijaya
was diminished. Its territories began to free themselves from the suzerainty of Palembang
Palembang
and to establish many small kingdoms all over the former empire.[15] Srivijaya
Srivijaya
finally declined with the military expedition by Javanese kingdoms in the thirteenth century.[12] Post- Srivijaya
Srivijaya
period[edit] Prince Parameswara fled from Palembang
Palembang
after being crushed by Javanese forces,[16] The city was then plagued by pirates, notably Chen Zuyi and Liang Daoming. In 1407, Chen was confronted at Palembang
Palembang
by the returning Imperial treasure fleet under Admiral Zheng He. Zheng made the opening gambit, demanding Chen's surrender and the pirate quickly signalled agreement while preparing for a surprise pre-emptive strike. But details of his plan had been provided to Zheng by a local Chinese informant, and in the fierce battle that ensued, the Ming soldiers and Ming superior armada finally destroyed the pirate fleet and killed 5,000 of its men. Chen was captured and held for public execution in Nanjing
Nanjing
in 1407. Peace was finally restored to the Strait of Malacca as Shi Jinqing was installed as Palembang's new ruler and incorporated into what would become a far-flung system of allies who acknowledged Ming supremacy in return for diplomatic recognition, military protection, and trading rights.[17][18] Palembang
Palembang
is called Chinese: 巨港; pinyin: Jù gǎng; literally: "Giant Harbour". Palembang Sultanate
Palembang Sultanate
period[edit]

The walled city of Palembang
Palembang
with its three fortresses in 1682.

After Demak Sultanate
Demak Sultanate
fell under Kingdom of Pajang, a Demak nobleman, Geding Suro with his followers fled to Palembang
Palembang
and established a new dynasty. Islam
Islam
become dominant in Palembang
Palembang
since this period.[16] Grand Mosque of Palembang
Palembang
built in 1738 under the reign of Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin I Jaya Wikrama,[19] completed in 1748.[20] Settlement flourished along Musi River bank, some of houses built on rafts.[16] The Sultanate enacted legislation that portion downstream of Seberang Ilir where the palace was located, was intended for residents of Palembang, whereas foreigners who were not citizens of Palembang
Palembang
was at the opposite bank of the palace called Seberang Ulu.[21]

Local elders of Palembang
Palembang
during colonial period.

Several local rivals, such as Banten, Jambi, and Aceh threatened the existence of the Sultanate, meanwhile Dutch East India
India
Company established a trade post in Palembang
Palembang
in 1619. In 1642, the company obtained monopoly right over pepper trading in the port. Tension mounted between the Dutch and the locals, peaked at 1657 when a Dutch ship was attacked in Palembang, gave a signal to the company to launch a punitive expedition in 1659 which burned the city to the ground.[16] During Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
in 1812, the sultan at that time, Mahmud Badaruddin II repudiated British claims to suzerainty, which was responded by British by attacking Palembang, sacking the court, and installing sultan's more cooperative younger brother, Najamuddin to the throne. The Dutch attempted to recover their influence at the court in 1816, but Sultan Najamuddin was uncooperative with them. An expedition launched by the Dutch in 1818 and captured Sultan Najamudin and exiled him to Batavia. A Dutch garrison was established in 1821, but sultan attempted an attack and a mass poisoning to the garrison, which were intervened by Dutch. Mahmud Badaruddin II
Mahmud Badaruddin II
was exiled to Ternate, and his palace was burned to the ground. The Sultanate was later abolished by Dutch and direct colonial rule was established.[16] Colonial period[edit]

A painting of Palembang
Palembang
during Dutch rule.

Since the abolition of the Palembang Sultanate
Palembang Sultanate
in 1825 by the Dutch, Palembang
Palembang
become the capital of Residency of Palembang, encompassing whole territory who will be South Sumatra
South Sumatra
province after independence, led by Jan Izaäk van Sevenhoven as its first resident.[22] From the late nineteenth century, with the introduction of new export crops by the Dutch companies, Palembang
Palembang
rose again as an economic centre. In the 1900s, the development of the petroleum and rubber industries caused unprecedented economic growth, which brought about the influx of migrants, an increase in urbanisation, and development of the socioeconomic infrastructure.[23] The emergence of rubber cultivation in South Sumatra
South Sumatra
began in the late 19th century. In the early 20th century, several major Western companies entered the area and operated rubber plantations. From the mid-1920s, rubber became the biggest export crop in the area, surpassing robusta coffee. Although there were large rubber estates owned by Western enterprises, rubber in Palembang
Palembang
was produced mainly by smallholders. By the 1920s, the Residency of Palembang
Palembang
(today’s South Sumatra
South Sumatra
province) was ranked sixth among the regions of smallholder rubber production, becoming the largest of the smallholder rubber regions in the 1940s, producing 58,000 tons of rubber.[23] There were three petroleum companies in 1900: the Sumatra-Palembang Petroleum Company (Sumpal); the French-owned Muara Enim Petroleum Company; and the Musi Ilir Petroleum Company. The Sumpal was soon assimilated into the Royal Dutch, and the Muara Enim Co. and the Musi Ilir Co. were also assimilated into the Royal Dutch, in 1904 and in 1906, respectively. Based on this assimilation, Royal Dutch and Shell established the BPM, the operating company of Royal Dutch Shell, and opened an oil refinery at Plaju, on the shore of the Musi River in Palembang, in 1907. While BPM was the only operating company in this area until the 1910s, American oil companies launched their business in the Palembang
Palembang
region from the 1920s. Standard Oil of New Jersey established a subsidiary, the American Petroleum Company, and, to prevent Dutch laws to restrict the activities of foreign firms, the American Petroleum Company established its own subsidiary, the Netherlands
Netherlands
Colonial Oil Company (Nederlandche Koloniale Petroleum Maatschapij, NKPM). The NKPM began to establish itself in Sungai Gerong area in the early 1920s, and completed the construction of pipelines to send 3,500 barrels per day from their oilfields to the refinery at Sungai Gerong. The two refinery complexes were like enclaves, separate urban centres with houses, hospitals, and other cultural facilities built by the Dutch and Americans. In 1933, Standard Oil incorporated the NKPM holdings into the Standard Vacuum Company, a new joint venture corporation, which was renamed the Standard Vacuum Petroleum Maatschappij (SVPM). Caltex
Caltex
(a subsidiary of the Standard Oil California and Texas Company) secured extensive exploration concessions in Central Sumatra
Sumatra
(Jambi) in 1931. By 1938, the production of crude oil in the Netherlands
Netherlands
East Indies totalled 7,398,000 metric tons, and the shares of the BPM reached seventy two percent, while the NKPM (StandardVacuum)’s share was twenty eight percent. Whereas the most prolific area in crude oil production was East Kalimantan
East Kalimantan
until the late 1930s, since then Palembang
Palembang
and Jambi took over the position. All crude oil production in the NEI was processed at seven refineries at this time, especially at three large export refineries: the NKPM plant at Sungai Gerong, the BPM refineries at Plaju, and the one in Balikpapan. Thus Palembang
Palembang
held two of the three biggest oil refineries in the archipelago.[23]

Coat of Arms
Coat of Arms
of Palembang
Palembang
during colonial era, adopted in 1925.

In the 1920s, with the guidance of Thomas Karsten, one of the pioneers of architectural project in the cities in the Netherlands
Netherlands
East Indies, the Traffic Commission (Komisi Lalu Lintas) of Palembang
Palembang
was to improve inland transportation conditions in Palembang. The Commission reclaimed land from rivers and asphalted roads. Traffic plan in the city of Palembang
Palembang
was based on Karsten’s city plan, in which the Ilir was in the form of a road ring, starting form an edge of the Musi River. From then they built many smaller bridges on both sides of the Musi River, including the Wilhelmina Bridge over the Ogan River that vertically divides the Ulu area. The bridge was built in 1939 with the intention of connecting oil refineries in the eastern bank to western bank, where the Kertapati train station was located.In the late 1920s, ocean steamers navigated the Musi River on a regular basis.[23] In the 1930s, the Residency of Palembang
Palembang
was one of the "three giants" in the export economy of the Netherlands
Netherlands
East Indies, together with the East Sumatran Plantation Belt and Southeast Kalimantan, and the city of Palembang
Palembang
was the most populous urban centre outside Java. Its population was 50,703 in 1905; it reached 109,069, while the population of Makassar
Makassar
and Medan
Medan
was 86,662 and 74,976, respectively. It was surpassed only by three larger cities located in Java: Batavia, Surabaya
Surabaya
and Semarang.[23] Japanese occupation period[edit]

Imperial Japanese Army paratrooper are landing during the battle of Palembang, 13 February 1942.

Palembang
Palembang
was a high priority objective for Japanese forces, because it was the location of some finest oil refineries in Southeast Asia. An oil embargo had been imposed on Japan by the United States, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. With the area's abundant fuel supply and airfield, Palembang
Palembang
offered significant potential as a military base area, to both the Allies and the Japanese.[24][25] The main battle occurred during 13–16 February 1942. While the Allied planes were attacking Japanese shipping on 13 February, Kawasaki Ki-56 transport planes of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Chutai, Imperial Japanese Army Air Force (IJAAF), dropped Teishin Shudan (Raiding Group) paratroopers over Pangkalan Benteng airfield. At the same time Mitsubishi Ki-21 bombers from the 98th Sentai dropped supplies for paratroopers. The formation was escorted by a large force of Nakajima Ki-43 fighters from the 59th and 64th Sentai. As many as 180 men from the Japanese 2nd Parachute Regiment, under Colonel Seiichi Kume, dropped between Palembang
Palembang
and Pangkalan Benteng, and more than 90 men came down west of the refineries at Plaju. Although the Japanese paratroopers failed to capture the Pangkalan Benteng airfield, at the Plaju oil refinery they managed to gain possession of the entire complex, which was undamaged. However, the second oil refinery in Sungai Gerong was successfully demolished by the Allies. A makeshift counter-attack by Landstorm troops and anti-aircraft gunners from Prabumulih
Prabumulih
managed to retake the complex but took heavy losses. The planned demolition failed to do any serious damage to the refinery, but the oil stores were set ablaze. Two hours after the first drop, another 60 Japanese paratroopers were dropped near Pangkalan Benteng airfield.[24][25] As the Japanese landing force approached Sumatra, the remaining Allied aircraft attacked it, and the Japanese transport ship Otawa Maru was sunk. Hurricanes flew up the rivers, machine-gunning Japanese landing craft. However, on the afternoon of 15 February, all Allied aircraft were ordered to Java, where a major Japanese attack was anticipated, and the Allied air units had withdrawn from southern Sumatra
Sumatra
by the evening of 16 February 1942. Other personnel were evacuated via Oosthaven (now Bandar Lampung) by ships to Java
Java
or India.[24][25] The Japanese managed to restore production at both main refineries, and these petroleum products were significant in their war effort. Despite Allied air raids, production was largely maintained. In August 1944 USAAF B-29 bombers, flying from India, raided the Palembang
Palembang
refineries in what was the longest range regular bombing mission of the war.[26] In January 1945, in Operation Meridian, the British Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm launched two major attacks on the two refinery complexes, against determined Japanese defence.[27] National revolution period[edit] On 8 October 1945, Resident of South Sumatra, Adnan Kapau Gani with all Gunseibu officers raised the Indonesian flag during a ceremony. On that day, it was announced that Palembang
Palembang
Residency was under control of Republicans.[28] Palembang
Palembang
was occupied by Dutch after an urban battle between the Republicans and the Dutch on 1–5 January 1947, which is nicknamed Pertempuran Lima Hari Lima Malam (Five Days and Nights Battle). There were three fronts during the battle which are Eastern Ilir front, Western Ilir front, and Ulu front. The battle ended with ceasefire and the Republican forces was forced to retreat as far as 20 kilometres (12 miles) from Palembang.[29][30] During the occupation, the Dutch formed the federal state of South Sumatra
Sumatra
on September 1948.[31] After the transfer of sovereignty on 27 December 1949, South Sumatra
South Sumatra
State, along with other federal states and the Republic had formed short-lived United States of Indonesia before the states were abolished and integrated back into the form of Republic on 17 August 1950.[32] Old Order and New Order period[edit] During PRRI/ Permesta rebellion, the rebel faction established Dewan Garuda (Garuda Council) in South Sumatra
South Sumatra
on 15 January 1957 under Lieutenant Colonel Barlian took over the local government of South Sumatra. In April 1962, Indonesian government started the construction of Ampera Bridge
Ampera Bridge
which was completed and officially opened for public on 30 September 1965 by Minister/Commander of the Army Lieutenant General Ahmad Yani
Ahmad Yani
on 30 September 1965, only hours before he was killed by troops belonging to the 30 September Movement. At first, the bridge was known as the Bung Karno Bridge, after the president, but following his fall, it was renamed the Ampera Bridge.[33] A second bridge in Palembang
Palembang
which crosses Musi River, Musi II Bridge was built on 4 August 1992.[34] On 6 December 1988, Indonesia
Indonesia
government expanded Palembang's administrative area as far as 12 kilometers from the city center, with 9 villages from Musi Banyuasin
Musi Banyuasin
integrated into 2 new districts of Palembang
Palembang
and 1 village from Ogan Komering Ilir integrated into Seberang Ulu I District.[34] During May 1998 riots of Indonesia, Palembang
Palembang
was also ravaged by riots with 10 burned shops, more than a dozen burned cars, and several injured people inflicted by rioters as students marching to the Provincial People's Representative Council office of South Sumatra. Thousands of police and soldiers were put on guard at various points in the city. The Volunteer Team for Humanity (Indonesian: Tim Relawan untuk Manusia, or TRUK) reported that cases of sexual assault also took place.[34] Reformasi period[edit]

The opening ceremony of 2011 Southeast Asian Games
2011 Southeast Asian Games
in Jakabaring Stadium, Palembang, 11 November 2011.

In 2001, a sport complex along with its main stadium, Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium, was built in Jakabaring, completed in 2004. It served as venues for 2004 Pekan Olahraga Nasional. Palembang
Palembang
became host of Pekan Olahraga Nasional
Pekan Olahraga Nasional
in 2004 after 47 years it was last held outside Java
Java
and 51 years in Sumatra.[35] 7 years later, Palembang became the host of the 2011 Southeast Asian Games
2011 Southeast Asian Games
along with Jakarta. In 2013, Indonesian government decide to replace the host of 2013 Islamic Solidarity Games from Pekanbaru
Pekanbaru
to Palembang
Palembang
because several problems occurred in the former host, including Riau
Riau
Governor, Rusli Zainal who stumbled over a corruption scandal.[36] Palembang, together again with Jakarta, will host the 2018 Asian Games.[37] Sixth president of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, declared Palembang
Palembang
as a "Water Tourism City" on 27 September 2005.[38] More further on 5 January 2008, Palembang
Palembang
publicised its tourist attractions with the slogan "Visit Musi 2008".[39] Palembang
Palembang
completed its first flyover at Simpang Polda in September 2008.[40] Second flyover in Jakabaring completed in 2015.[41] In 2010, Palembang
Palembang
launched its bus transit system, Transmusi.[42] Since 2015, Indonesian government began to upgrade Palembang's transportation capability with the construction of Indonesia's first light rail transit system from Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II
Mahmud Badaruddin II
International Airport to Jakabaring, the city's toll roads, two Musi River bridges, and two flyovers, all expected to be operational before 2018 Asian Games.[43][44][45] The toll road began its operation in October 2017.[46] Geography and climate[edit] Geography[edit] At 2°59′10″S 104°45′20″E / 2.98611°S 104.75556°E / -2.98611; 104.75556, Palembang
Palembang
occupies 400.61 km2 of vast lowland area east of Bukit Barisan Mountains
Barisan Mountains
in southern Sumatra
Sumatra
with average elevation of 8 metres (26 feet),[47] approximately 105 kilometres (65 miles) from nearby coast at Bangka Strait. One of the largest rivers in Sumatra, the Musi River, runs through the city, dividing the city area into two major parts which are Seberang Ilir in the north and Seberang Ulu in the south. Palembang
Palembang
is also located on the confluence of two major tributaries of Musi River, which are Ogan River and Komering River. The river's water level is influenced by tidal cycle. In rainy season, many areas on the city are inundated by the river's tide.[48] Palembang's topography is quite different between Seberang Ilir and Seberang Ulu area. Seberang Ulu topography is relatively flat, meanwhile Seberang Ilir topography is more rugged with altitude variation between 4 and 20 metres (13 and 66 feet).[48] Climate[edit]

A NASA
NASA
satellite image showing the extent of the haze on 24 September 2015. Palembang
Palembang
was directly affected by the haze during this time, disrupting air travels and worsening the health condition of its residents.

Palembang
Palembang
is located in the tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af) with significant rainfall even in its driest months. The climate in Palembang
Palembang
is often described with "hot, humid climate with a lot of rainfall throughout the year". The annual average temperature is around 27.3 °C (81.1 °F). Average temperatures are nearly identical throughout the year in the city. Average rainfall annually is 2,623 millimetres.[49] During its wettest months, the city's lowlands are frequently inundated by torrential rains. However, in its driest months, many peatlands around the city dried, making them more vulnerable to wildfires, causing haze in the city for months.

Climate data for Palembang

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 30.8 (87.4) 31.2 (88.2) 31.5 (88.7) 32.1 (89.8) 32.4 (90.3) 31.9 (89.4) 31.8 (89.2) 32.1 (89.8) 32.5 (90.5) 32.6 (90.7) 31.9 (89.4) 31.1 (88) 31.83 (89.28)

Daily mean °C (°F) 26.8 (80.2) 27.1 (80.8) 27.2 (81) 27.7 (81.9) 28.0 (82.4) 27.4 (81.3) 27.0 (80.6) 27.2 (81) 27.5 (81.5) 27.7 (81.9) 27.4 (81.3) 27.0 (80.6) 27.33 (81.21)

Average low °C (°F) 22.9 (73.2) 23.0 (73.4) 23.0 (73.4) 23.4 (74.1) 23.6 (74.5) 22.9 (73.2) 22.3 (72.1) 22.4 (72.3) 22.5 (72.5) 22.9 (73.2) 23.0 (73.4) 23.0 (73.4) 22.91 (73.22)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 277 (10.91) 262 (10.31) 329 (12.95) 263 (10.35) 213 (8.39) 122 (4.8) 104 (4.09) 107 (4.21) 120 (4.72) 186 (7.32) 274 (10.79) 366 (14.41) 2,623 (103.25)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 169 118 130 150 174 127 130 149 118 160 132 120 1,677

Source #1: Climate-Data.org[50]

Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst[51][52]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Panorama of Palembang
Palembang
from southeast to southwest as seen from Pasar 16 Ilir.

Palembang
Palembang
is roughly divided by Musi River into two major areas known as Seberang Ilir (lit. "downstream bank") in the north and Seberang Ulu (lit. "upstream bank") in the south. Seberang Ilir is the main economic and political centre in Palembang. Some areas such as 16 Ilir, Cinde, and Km 5 are the major retail hub in Palembang
Palembang
while other areas like Ilir Barat Permai, Kampus, and Patal Pusri are growing into major business centres contained a prominent portion of the city's highrises. Major residential areas in Seberang Ilir such as Tangga Buntung, Bukit Besar, Sekip, Pakjo, Kenten, Pasar Kuto, and Lemabang. Seberang Ulu is divided into three main neighbourhoods which are Plaju, Kertapati, and Jakabaring. Seberang Ulu is less developed than its counterpart, but this area is undergoing massive development, especially in Jakabaring, with the construction of business centre, government building, and the most notably is the construction of the city's sport complex, Jakabaring Sport City. Administration[edit] Government[edit] Palembang
Palembang
is administratively has a status as a city and has its own local government and legislative body. The executive head of Palembang is the Mayor. The mayor and members of representatives are locally elected by popular vote for a 5-year term. The city government enjoys greater decentralization of affairs than the provincial body, such as the provision of public schools, public health facilities and public transportation. Current Mayor of the city is Harnojoyo, previous vice mayor who is appointed because the previous mayor, Romi Herton was impeached because of a bribery scandal during his election.[53] Besides Mayor and Vice Mayor, there is Palembang
Palembang
Municipal People's Representative Council, which is a legislative body of council members directly elected by the people in legislative elections every five years. Administrative Division[edit] Palembang
Palembang
consists of eighteen kecamatan (districts),[54] each headed by a Camat. They are further divided again into 07 kelurahan (subdistricts/administrative villages):[55]

Palembang's Districts (Kecamatan)[56]

District Area (km2) Total population (2015) Population Density (per km2) in 2015

Ilir Barat II 6.22 65,991 10,609

Gandus 68.78 62,146 904

Seberang Ulu I 17.44 176,749 10,135

Kertapati 42.56 84,698 1,990

Seberang Ulu II 10.69 99,222 9,282

Plaju 15.17 81,891 5,398

Ilir Barat I 19.77 135,385 6,848

Bukit Kecil 9.92 43,967 4,432

Ilir Timur I 6.5 71,418 10,987

Kemuning 9 85,002 9,445

Ilir Timur II 25.58 165,238 6,460

Kalidoni 27.92 110,982 3,975

Sako 18.04 91,087 5,049

Sematang Borang 51.46 37,434 1,012

Sukarami 36.98 164,139 3,190

Alang-alang Lebar 34.58 105,168 3,041

Ilir Timur III - - - [a]

Jakabaring - - - [a]

1 Ilir Timur III and Jakabaring is established in 2017.[57]

Demography[edit]

Religion in Palembang
Palembang
(2017)[58]

religion

percent

Islam

92.52%

Buddhism

3.67%

Protestant

2.23%

Roman Catholic

1.49%

Hinduism

0.06%

Confucianism

0.02%

Ethnicity and language[edit] Palembang
Palembang
is an ethnically diverse city. The indigenous population in the region of Palembang
Palembang
is Palembangnese people, a subgroup of Malay people with heavy influence of Javanese culture. Many of them live in traditional settlements along Musi River bank although recently there are influx of Palembangnese to live on the other part of the city or live outside the city. Several people from other ethnicities from other parts of South Sumatra
South Sumatra
and outside South Sumatra
South Sumatra
also lived in Palembang. There are also significant amount of communities of Arab and Chinese Indonesian
Chinese Indonesian
who lived in the city.[1] Arab Indonesian communities mainly lives in several kampongs such as Kampong Al Munawwar in 13 Ulu, Kampong Assegaf in 16 Ulu, Kampong Al Habsyi in Kuto Batu, Kampong Jamalullail in 19 Ilir and Kampong Alawiyyin in Sungai Bayas, 10 Ilir. Chinese Indonesian
Chinese Indonesian
communities however mainly lives in several commercial districts in Palembang
Palembang
although there are several traditional Chinese kampongs such as Kampong Kapitan in 7 Ulu. Chinese languages are also largely used by local Chinese communities. The local language of Palembang, Musi (Bahasa Palembang), is considered as a dialect of Malay with significant Javanese loanwords. There are also Palembang
Palembang
residents originating from other parts of South Sumatra. They have their own regional languages, such as Komering, Lahat, Rawas and Semendo. Religion[edit] Palembang's primary religion is Islam, but many of the inhabitants also practice Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism
Hinduism
and Confucianism.[2] As of the 2017 data from Badan Pusat Statistik
Badan Pusat Statistik
Palembang, the population of Palembang
Palembang
was 92.22% Muslim, 3.91% Buddhist, 2.23% Protestant, 1.49% Roman Catholic, 0.13% Hindu, and 0.02% Confucianist. The majority of Palembang
Palembang
people are practising Shafi`i
Shafi`i
school of Sunni Islam.[59] Transportation[edit]

Kajang boats were widely used for transportation in Musi River during colonial times.

Before the operational of Ampera Bridge, there were more people in Palembang
Palembang
using water transportation. Large water vehicles such as river steamboat was used to transport people to and from inland. Some people also used smaller boat such as Kajang boat, a traditional boat with simple roof to carry people and goods. Nowadays, people in Palembang
Palembang
prefers road transportation over water one and private transportation over public one. Traffic jam often occurred in some main streets, especially during rush hour. Rail and air transportation is also available in Palembang.[60] Road[edit] Transmusi[edit] Since introduced in 2010, bus rapid transit becomes the main transportation in Palembang
Palembang
under the name Transmusi. Unlike usual bus rapid transits, Transmusi has no special lanes because the road in Palembang
Palembang
are too narrow to build it, so Transmusi often trapped in traffic jams. Transmusi has operated 8 routes (corridors) inside the city and 3 routes to and from the city.

Corridor 1 : Bus stop below the Ilir part of Ampera Bridge
Ampera Bridge
– Alang Alang Lebar Bus Station (KM 12) Corridor 2 : Perumnas Bus Station – PIM ( Palembang
Palembang
Indah Mall) Corridor 3 : Plaju – PS Mall ( Palembang
Palembang
Square Mall) Corridor 4 : Jakabaring – Karya Jaya Bus Station (Kertapati) Corridor 5 : Alang Alang Lebar Bus Station (KM 12) – Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II
Mahmud Badaruddin II
International Airport Corridor 6 : Pusri – Palembang
Palembang
Square (PS) Corridor 7 : Kenten – Dempo Corridor 8 : Alang Alang Lebar Bus Station (KM 12) – Terminal Karya Jaya (Kertapati) Pangkalan Balai Corridor : Alang Alang Lebar Bus Station (KM 12) – Pangkalan Balai Indralaya Corridor : Terminal Karya Jaya – Indralaya Unsri Corridor : Unsri Bukit – Unsri Indralaya

Public bus and angkot services[edit] Palembang
Palembang
operates several bus and angkot routes. First angkots in Palembang
Palembang
were using Willys Jeep
Willys Jeep
and was called "Mobil Ketek" because of its engine sound. Public bus was introduced in 1990s and served some routes from Seberang Ilir neighborhoods such as Km.12, Perumnas, Pusri, and Bukit Besar to Seberang Ulu neighborhoods which are Kertapati, Plaju, and Jakabaring. Because of aging vehicles and complaints in security and driver habits, Palembang
Palembang
public bus is planned to be removed gradually until 2018. Palembang
Palembang
also operates several air-conditioned public bus to neighboring towns such as Kayuagung, Indralaya, Pangkalan Balai, Prabumulih, and Tanjung Api-Api. Taxicab[edit] Palembang
Palembang
also has a large number of taxis. The number has been rising since the National Games 2004 and SEA Games 2011, which both were held in Palembang. Becak and ojek[edit] There are many becak (pedicabs) and ojek (motorcycle taxi) operated in Palembang. Becak are often found in more older settlements along Musi River than ojek which are mostly found in more recent settlements far from the river. App-based taxi and ojek[edit] App-based taxi and ojek are flourished in the city with Go-Jek and Grab as their leading providers. Because of heated competition with conventional taxi, angkot, and ojek which sometimes ended with violences, app-based taxi and ojek are often barred from taking passengers in some places especially airport. Rail[edit]

Palembang-Indralaya Rail Bus provides rail transportation from Kertapati Station in Palembang
Palembang
to Sriwijaya University
Sriwijaya University
in Indralaya and vice versa.

Railway tracks were introduced by the Dutch in late 1800s. Railway tracks connect Palembang
Palembang
to provinces in southern Sumatra
Sumatra
such as Bandar Lampung
Bandar Lampung
in Lampung
Lampung
Province, Rejang Lebong Regency
Rejang Lebong Regency
in Bengkulu Province, and some main towns in South Sumatra
South Sumatra
such as Lubuklinggau, Prabumulih, Indralaya, Muara Enim, Lahat, Tebing Tinggi, Baturaja, and Martapura. The largest railway station in Palembang
Palembang
is Kertapati Station. There are plans to connect Palembang
Palembang
to other cities in Sumatra, ultimately connected existing railways in northern, western and southern Sumatra, forming Trans Sumatra
Sumatra
Railway.

Palembang Light Rail Transit
Palembang Light Rail Transit
under construction

Palembang
Palembang
currently constructs Palembang Light Rail Transit
Palembang Light Rail Transit
to ease the traffic congestion in the city.[61] This rail transit is expected to be operational in 2018 and become the first rail rapid transit in Indonesia. There will be 13 stations for the LRT system, connecting Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II
Mahmud Badaruddin II
International Airport and Jakabaring Sport City.[62] Water[edit] River transport[edit] Palembang
Palembang
has several types of river transportation. The most traditional one is a motorboat called "perahu ketek", a wooden boat which using small engine and moves quite slow. Perahu ketek is often used especially by people who live on riverside to cross the river from one bank to another. Another type of river transportation is called "speedboat", a wooden motorboat which using more larger engine and designed to withstand the speed of the boat itself, far more faster than perahu ketek. Speedboats often used by the people outside Palembang, especially who lives in Musi River delta, to go to and from Palembang. Palembang
Palembang
also operates some larger riverboat for tourism activities. Port[edit] Currently Palembang
Palembang
also has two main ferry ports, Tanjung Api-api Port, located on sea-shore, 68 kilometres (42 miles) outside the city, and Boom Baru Port inside the city. These ports operate ferries to Bangka, Belitung
Belitung
and Batam
Batam
Island. There is a plan to build deep sea port in Tanjung Api-Api. Air[edit] The only public airport in Palembang
Palembang
is Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport. This airport provides domestic routes which connects Palembang
Palembang
with many cities in Indonesia
Indonesia
especially Jakarta and also serves international routes to Singapore
Singapore
and Kuala Lumpur. This airport also connects Palembang
Palembang
to other towns in South Sumatra such as Lubuklinggau
Lubuklinggau
and Pagaralam. Economy[edit]

View of central area in Palembang
Palembang
Icon Shopping Mall

As the capital of South Sumatra
South Sumatra
and one of major cities in Indonesia, Palembang's economy depends highly on trading, service, transportation, manufacturing and construction sectors.[63] GRDP of Palembang
Palembang
was Rp 118.77 trillion (US$9.01 billion) in 2016. Of this, the manufacturing and construction sectors take up the largest portions with 33.17 and 18.21 percent contributions, respectively.[64] The minimum wage for 2017 is Rp 2,484,000 per month, somewhat higher than regencies in Java
Java
although lower than that of cities such as Medan
Medan
or Surabaya.[65] Palembang
Palembang
is a part of Strategic Development Area of Merak - Bakauheni - Bandar Lampung
Bandar Lampung
- Palembang
Palembang
- Tanjung Api-Api (MBBPT).[66] To accelerate the region development, Trans- Sumatra
Sumatra
Toll Road is being constructed to eventually give Palembang
Palembang
a high-speed highway access to other cities in Sumatra, including Bengkulu
Bengkulu
in the west, Jambi
Jambi
in the north, and Bandar Lampung
Bandar Lampung
in the south. Business and Industry[edit] Palembang
Palembang
is the regional business center in southern Sumatra
Sumatra
region encompassing Jambi, South Sumatra, Bengkulu, Bangka Belitung
Belitung
Islands and Lampung. Several main factories and industries in Indonesia
Indonesia
are operating in Palembang
Palembang
such as fertilizer factory of Pupuk Sriwidjaja Palembang
Palembang
in Sei Selayur, portland cement factory of Baturaja
Baturaja
Portland Cement in Kertapati and oil and gas refinery of Pertamina
Pertamina
in Plaju. Several coal mining industries in South Sumatra
South Sumatra
also transport coal to the city by freight trains and by trucks before being shipped to Java or abroad.[67] In Indonesia, South Sumatra
South Sumatra
is the largest producer of rubber, estimated at over 940,000 tons of production in 2016,[68] and over 850,000 tons of rubber were exported from Palembang
Palembang
in the same year.[64] In 2014, there were 14 rubber processing factories in the city employing 4,000 people with a capacity of close to a million tons annually.[69] There is however no specified industrial parks in the city.[70] At least 10,683 foreign tourists and 1,896,110 domestic tourists visited the city in 2016.[64] Several hotels are operating in Palembang, many of them are opened after National Games in 2004. Culinary business in Palembang
Palembang
is also developing. A ton of pempek is exported from Palembang
Palembang
to other cities in Indonesia
Indonesia
and abroad daily.[71] Markets and Commercial Centers[edit] Generally, there are two types of markets in Palembang, traditional market and modern market. From 30 traditional markets in Palembang, majority of traditional markets in Palembang
Palembang
is managed by PD Pasar Palembang
Palembang
Jaya meanwile the rest is owned by private or cooperative.[72] Being in the central area of Palembang, 16 Ilir Market is the main traditional market in the city, while the area around the market, especially areas along Jalan Masjid Lama, Jalan Jendral Soedirman, Jalan Kolonel Atmo and Jalan Letkol Iskandar become bustling commercial centers integrated with one another. Another notable trading center in Palembang
Palembang
is Cinde Market, one of the oldest market in Indonesia
Indonesia
which was built first in 1957 with its unique mushroom pillars, then razed in 2017 to be replaced with more modern building.[73] Other modern commercial centers and malls are built in other parts of the city. Most of them are built in along Sekanak River corridor, including Palembang
Palembang
Indah Mall, Ramayana Palembang, Transmart Palembang, Palembang
Palembang
Icon, and Palembang
Palembang
Square, other notable malls such as Palembang
Palembang
Trade Center and OPI Mall are built in Patal Pusri and Jakabaring respectively. Two of main Indonesia
Indonesia
retail giants, Indomaret
Indomaret
and Alfamart
Alfamart
also open their franchise strores in every part of the city. Tourism[edit]

Great Mosque of Palembang

Palembang
Palembang
is known as Venetië Van Andalas (Venice of Sumatra), mainly because of the topography of the city which was dominated by Musi River and its tributaries.

People enjoying local dishes on floating warung boats.

As a trading city since antiquity, Palembang
Palembang
is very heterogenous and its local culture and language is also influenced by many civilizations, most notably Chinese, Javanese, and Arabs. Several Dutch legacies in architecture can also seen in the city.

Rumah Limas of IDR 10000 banknote is now located in Museum Balaputradewa, Palembang

The most notable landmarks in Palembang
Palembang
are Ampera Bridge, Musi River, Kuto Besak Fort, Kemaro Island, and Jakabaring Sport City.

Musi River, 750 kilometres (470 miles) long river which divides Palembang
Palembang
into two parts, which are Seberang Ulu and Seberang Ilir. It's one of the longest river in Sumatra. Since antiquity, the Musi River has become the heart of Palembang
Palembang
and South Sumatra's economy. There are some landmarks along its bank, such as Ampera Bridge, Kuto Besak Fort, Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II
Mahmud Badaruddin II
Museum, Kemaro Island, 16 Ilir Market, traditional raft houses, Pertamina's oil refineries, Pupuk Sriwijaya (PUSRI) fertiliser plants, Bagus Kuning Park, Musi II Bridge, Kampong Al Munawar, etc. Ampera Bridge, main city landmark, is a bridge crossed over 1,177 metres (3,862 feet) above the Musi River which connects Seberang Ulu and Seberang Ilir area of Palembang. Great Mosque of Palembang, also known as the Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Mosque, is located in the city centre. Kuto Besak Fort, situated on the northern bank of the Musi River adjacent to Ampera Bridge, this fort is one of heritage buildings of the Palembang
Palembang
Darussalam Sultanate. Ordinary civilians can't enter this fort because the fort's interior have been turned into military hospital of the Tentara Nasional Indonesia, specifically the Health Department of Military Area Command II/Sriwijaya (Kesehatan Daerah Militer II/Sriwijaya). Kampong Arab Al-Munawar, one of kampong in Palembang
Palembang
which is inhabited by Arab Indonesian descendants. This kampong is renowned by the kampong's architecture and culture which is a mixture of local Palembangnese Malay and Arabian, especially from Hadhrami. It has been long known that any visitors should dress politely in order to visit this area. Kampong Kapitan, one of the oldest Chinese kampong in the city. The primary attraction is Tjoa Ham Hin's house with centuries-old furniture inside. There was also a nearby Chinese temple, which was one of the oldest in Palembang
Palembang
as well. Long before its existence as the Chinese settlement area, it was also called Tanggo Rajo where foreigners and newcomers from the archipelago stayed at. Kantor Ledeng, the mayor office of Palembang. It was built during Dutch rule with purpose as a water tower. Kambang Iwak, a pond located in Talang Semut close to Palembang mayor's residence. During Dutch rule, the area around the pond is the residence of Dutch people who works in the city, notable by European architecture on many houses around this pond and abundance of churches in this area. On the banks of this lake, there is a park and recreation arena which is always crowded by locals during weekends and holidays. Punti Kayu Tourism Forest, city forest located about six miles (9.7 kilometres) from the city centre with an area of 50 hectares (120 acres) and since 1998 designated as protected forests. In this forest there is a family recreation area and a local shelter a group of monkeys: long-tail macaque (Macaca fascicularis) and monkey (Macaca nemistriana) under the Sumatran Pine
Sumatran Pine
wood (Pinus mercussi).[74] Sriwijaya Kingdom Archaeological Park, the remnants of Sriwijaya site located on the banks of the River Musi. There is an inscription and stone relics, complex of ancient pond, artificial island and canals dated from the Srivijayan kingdom in this area. The Srivijaya
Srivijaya
Museum is located in this complex. Bukit Seguntang
Bukit Seguntang
archaeological park, located in the hills west of Palembang
Palembang
city. In this place there are many relics and tombs of the ancient Malay-Srivijayan king and nobles. Monumen Perjuangan Rakyat / Monpera (People Struggle Monument), located in the city centre, adjacent to the Great Mosque and Ampera Bridge. Several relics during Indonesian National Revolution
Indonesian National Revolution
in South Sumatra
Sumatra
are exhibited in this monument. Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II
Mahmud Badaruddin II
Museum, is the former Dutch-era resident office located near the Ampera Bridge
Ampera Bridge
and adjacent to Benteng Kuto Besak. This museum located in the former royal palace of Palembang Sultanate which was demolished after Dutch conquest of Palembang. This museum exhibits several relics and historical objects with collections spanned from Srivijaya
Srivijaya
Kingdom period to Palembang
Palembang
Darussalam Sultanate era. Museum Balaputradewa, the home of Rumah Limas featured on IDR 10000 banknote. This type of stilt house is the traditional house of the people of Palembang.

Culture[edit]

Palembang
Palembang
bride in Aesan Gede wedding costume wearing gold jewellery and songket Palembang.

Since antiquity, Palembang
Palembang
has been a major port city in Southeast Asia which absorbs neighbouring, as well as foreign, cultures and influences. Throughout its history, Palembang
Palembang
has attracted migrants from other regions in the archipelago, and has made this city as a heterogenous city. Although today the city had lost its function as the major port city in the archipelago, the remnants of its heyday still evident in its culture. Palembangnese people mainly adopt culture which is mainly an amalgamation of Malay and Javanese customs.[75] Even now it can be seen in its culture and language. Word such as "wong (person)" is an example of Javanese loanword in Palembang
Palembang
language. Also the Javanese knight and noble honorific titles, such as Raden Mas or Raden Ayu is used by Palembang
Palembang
nobles, the remnant of Palembang Sultanate
Palembang Sultanate
courtly culture. The tombs of the Islamic heritage was not different in form and style with Islamic tombs in Java. Cuisine[edit] Palembang
Palembang
cuisine is the second most well-known cuisine from Sumatra after Padang. They primarily use freshwater fish and prawn as ingredients due to the paramount role of the Musi River for the area. Spices are also generally included although not as liberal as its same-island counterpart. Malay, Indian, and Chinese culture has also influenced Palembang's culinary scene. Besides freshwater fish dishes, there are many variation of dishes, snacks, drinks, and sweets in Palembang
Palembang
cuisine.[76] Dishes[edit]

Pempek, is the dish virtually everyone in Indonesia
Indonesia
thinks of when mentioning Palembang
Palembang
cuisine. It is a dough of fish cake and tapioca flour which can be either boiled, fried, or grilled and is eaten with a dark, sweet and spicy sauce called Cuko made from palm sugar and pepper topped with cucumber and prawn powder. Because it is actually a dough, locals have intelligently crafted them into shapes and sizes, as well as being creative with fillings. Examples include lenjer (long), keriting (curly), kapal selam (literally "submarine", filled with egg), ada`an (round and fried) and pistel (filled with cooked young papaya). Not every fish can be made into authentic Palembang pempek. A real authentic Palembang
Palembang
pempek is made of giant featherback (Chitala lopis) as its main ingredients. However, since the species is threatened, an authentic pempek can also be made with several other fish such as striped snakehead (Channa striata), narrow-barred Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus commerson), or snappers (Lutjanus sp.).[77] Tekwan, are small pempek balls served with fresh prawn soup, cellophane noodles, and ear mushrooms, often portrayed as the Palembang
Palembang
version of bakso. Model, are a variety of pempek with tofu fillings served with fresh prawn soup and cellophane noodles (model iwak). The pempek ingredients can be substituted with fried bread (model gendum). Laksan, are thick sliced pempek lenjer poured with spicy coconut milk and served with prawn powders. Celimpungan, are like laksan but with large sized tekwan balls instead of sliced pempek. Mie Celor, are yellow noodles like Japanese soba poured with coconut milk, prawns, and boiled egg. Burgo, are rolled omelettes made of rice flour which are sliced and served with coconut milk soup and powdered prawns. Lakso, are like burgo but with rice noodles. Martabak HAR, is an egg-murtabak (eggs dropped into the flatten dough before folded while frying) served in curry (usually diced potatoes in beef curry) and topped with chillies in sweet-sour soy. It was popularized in Palembang
Palembang
by an Indian Indonesian named Haji Abdul Rozak in 7 July 1947, giving his initials to the dish name.[78] Pindang Patin, is spicy iridescent shark (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) boiled with spices and usually served hot with sliced pineapple. Pindang Tulang, is spicy beef ribs with little meat still attached to the bone, boiled with spices like pindang patin. This dish has a savory spicy sour taste.[79] Malbi, is sweet dark beef tenderloin with spices. Tempoyak, is fermentated durian stir-fried with onion and chili pepper. Brengkes Tempoyak Ikan Patin, is iridescent shark and tempoyak steamed with spices. Otak-otak, is freshwater fish minced meat mixed with tapioca flour, coconut milk and spices then grilled with banana leaf.

Snacks[edit]

Kemplang, are thin sliced pempek lenjer which are dried under sun, then grilled or fried. Kerupuk, are like kemplang, but the pempek dough made swirly and served after it was fried.

Drinks[edit]

Es Kacang Merah, are shave ices served with red kidney beans which is already soaked and boiled to remove their toxic contents, syrups, avocado, and sweet condensed milk.

Sweets and Desserts[edit]

Kue Maksuba, is a layered cake which is mainly made of duck egg and sweet condensed milk without any flours. Each cake needs approximately more than two dozens of duck eggs. After being properly mixed, the cake batter is thinly poured into a square cake pan then baked layer by layer. This cake was originally served as a royal sweets by Palembang Sultanate
Palembang Sultanate
Palace to every honourable guests. Nowadays, this cake is served by many Palembang
Palembang
people during customary ceremonies or during Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
and sometimes Eid al-Adha. Kue Delapan Jam, is a cake with ingredients like kue maksuba also without any flours, but it's not layered and it is cooked by being steamed for approximately eight hours instead of baked. This cake is also often served to honourable guests, during customary ceremonies, or during Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
and sometimes Eid al-Adha. Kue khas Palembang ini juga sering disajikan sebagai sajian untuk tamu kehormatan dan sering disajikan di hari raya. Kue Bolu Kojo, is a green sweet cake with eggs, sweet condensed milk and pandan leaves as its main ingredients. As opposed with Kue Maksuba and Kue Delapan Jam, this cake uses wheat flour. This cake is served to honourable guests, during customary ceremonies, or during Eid al-Fitr and sometimes Eid al-Adha.[80] Kue Srikayo, is a steamed dessert with eggs and pandan leaves as its main ingredients. It's usually served with glutinous rice.

Art[edit] Textile[edit] Palembang
Palembang
is mainly known for its artistic fabrics, songket. Songket is a hand-woven silk or cotton fabrics patterned with gold or silver threads.[81] It is a luxury product traditionally worn during ceremonial occasions as sarong, shoulder cloths or head ties and tanjak, a headdress songket. During Srivijaya
Srivijaya
rule, songkets were often used at the court.[82] Songkets are also traditionally worn as an apparel by the Malay royal families in Sumatra
Sumatra
and the Malay Peninsular including Palembang
Palembang
Sultanate. Traditionally women are the weavers of songket, however in this modern time men also are known to weave it as well.[83] There are six main patterns in Palembang
Palembang
songket which are songket lepus, songket tawur, songket tretes mender, songket bungo pacik, combinated songket, and songket limar.[84] These patterns are not only used on songkets, but also as decoration for several structures in Palembang
Palembang
such as underpasses, flyovers, and bridges.[85][86][87] Woodcarving[edit] Palembang
Palembang
is also known for its woodcarving. Palembang
Palembang
woodcarving are heavily influenced by Chinese culture with motifs such as jasmine or lotus.[88] Palembang
Palembang
woodcarving style originally is used to wardrobe that stores songket fabrics. But nowadays it's often applied to house ornaments and also to many house applicants such as wooden display cabinets, wooden beds, aquariums, photo frames, mirrors, etc.[89] Dance[edit] Folk dances have been performed by Palembangnese since antiquity. The most known folk dance of Palembang
Palembang
is Tanggai Dance which was considered sacred in the past since it was performed as an offering to Shiva. Nowadays it was performed in a lot of important ceremonies and weddings.[90] Sport[edit]

Jakabaring Aquatic Center in Jakabaring Sport City
Jakabaring Sport City
complex.

Jakabaring Sport City[edit] Jakabaring Sport City
Jakabaring Sport City
ia a sport complex located 5 kilometres (3.1 miles) southeast from Palembang
Palembang
city centre, across the Musi River through Ampera Bridge
Ampera Bridge
in Jakabaring, Seberang Ulu I area. It was the main venue of 2011 Southeast Asian Games. Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium, one of the largest stadium in Indonesia, is located within this complex. The complex consists of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium
Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium
football field, Dempo sport hall, Ranau sport hall, Athletic stadium, Aquatic centre, Baseball and Softball field, Shooting range, Athlete lodging, Artificial lake for outdoor water sports (rowing, water ski, dragon boat) and Golf course. Two matches were staged at the stadium in the AFC Asian Cup continued in 2007, the Group D qualifier between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain as well as grabbing a third place between South Korea and Japan. The 2011 Southeast Asian Games
2011 Southeast Asian Games
were held at Palembang along with Jakarta
Jakarta
in November 2011. The opening and closing ceremonies held in Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium. This sport complex also planned to host the 2018 Asian Games
2018 Asian Games
in Indonesia
Indonesia
along with Jakarta and Bandung
Bandung
in West Java. Sriwijaya F.C.[edit] Sriwijaya Football Club, which is commonly referred to as SFC, is an Indonesian football club based in Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium, Palembang.[91] It is the first team to have done a double in Indonesia by winning both 2007–08 Liga Indonesia
Indonesia
Premier Division and 2008 Piala Indonesia
Indonesia
in the same season.[92][93] This double winner achievement was also their first titles since the foundation of the club. The years that followed saw Sriwijaya again winning the Piala Indonesia
Indonesia
in 2009 and 2010, setting up a record as the first team to have won the Piala Indonesia
Indonesia
three years in a row. They also managed to win the 2011-12 Indonesia
Indonesia
Super League, as well as the 2010 and 2012 Indonesian Inter Island Cup.[94] Education[edit] Universities in Palembang:

University of Sriwijaya State Polytechnic of Sriwijaya Palembang State Islamic University of Raden Fatah Palembang School of Journalism Indonesia. First Journalism School in Indonesia, SJI was inaugurated by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
at the top of National Press Day (HPN) in Palembang, 9 February 2010. School of Journalism is the first international journalism school in Indonesia under UNESCO. Universitas Bina Darma Universitas Bina Nusantara – Unit Sumber Belajar Jarak Jauh Universitas Indo Global Mandiri Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang Universitas Palembang Universitas Sjakhyakirti Universitas IBA Universitas Taman Siswa Universitas PGRI Universitas Kader Bangsa Universitas Tridinanti Universitas Terbuka Politeknik Akamigas Palembang Multi Data Palembang Universitas Musi Charitas

Top Senior High Schools in Palembang:

SMA Xaverius 1 Palembang SMA Negeri 5 Palembang SMA Negeri Sumatera Selatan SMA Xaverius 3 Palembang SMA Ignatius Global School (IGS) Palembang Sekolah Kusuma Bangsa SMA Negeri 1 Palembang SMA Negeri 3 Palembang MAN 2 Palembang SMA Plus Negeri 17 Palembang SMA Negeri 6 Palembang

Top Junior High Schools in Palembang:

SMP Xaverius 1 Palembang SMP Xaverius Maria Palembang SMP Ignatius Global School (IGS) Palembang SMP Sekolah Palembang
Palembang
Harapan (SPH) Palembang SMP Kusuma Bangsa Palembang SMP Negeri 1 Palembang SMP Negeri 9 Palembang MTs Negeri 1 Palembang

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Indonesia

Belgorod, Russia Moscow Oblast, Russia The Hague, Netherlands Neiva, Colombia[95]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palembang.

Indonesia
Indonesia
portal

Official website – in Indonesian Palembang
Palembang
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Regencies and cities of South Sumatra

Capital: Palembang

Regencies

Banyuasin Empat Lawang East Ogan Komering Ulu Lahat Muara Enim Musi Banyuasin Musi Rawas North Musi Rawas Ogan Ilir Ogan Komering Ilir Ogan Komering Ulu Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir South Ogan Komering Ulu

Cities

Lubuklinggau Pagar Alam Palembang Prabumulih

v t e

Indonesian cities with a 200,000+ population

2,000,000 and more

Jakarta Surabaya Bekasi Bandung Medan

1,000,000-1,999,999

Semarang Palembang Makassar Tangerang Batam Depok South Tangerang Pekanbaru Bogor Bandar Lampung Padang

400,000-999,999

Malang Denpasar Samarinda Tasikmalaya Banjarmasin Serang Balikpapan Pontianak Cimahi Jambi Surakarta Manado Mataram

200,000-399,999

Yogyakarta Cilegon Palu Kupang Ambon Bengkulu Sukabumi Cirebon Kendari Pekalongan Kediri Jayapura Dumai Binjai Tegal Pematang Siantar Purwokerto Banda Aceh Palangka Raya Probolinggo Lubuklinggau Singkawang

v t e

Dutch Empire

Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch East India
India
Company (1602–1798)

Governorate General

Batavia

Governorates

Ambon Banda Islands Cape Colony Celebes Ceylon Coromandel Formosa Malacca Moluccas Northeast coast of Java

Directorates

Bengal Persia Suratte

Commandments

Bantam Malabar West coast of Sumatra

Residencies

Bantam Banjarmasin Batavia Cheribon Palembang Preanger Pontianak

Opperhoofd settlements

Myanmar Canton Dejima Mauritius Siam Timor Tonkin

Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch West India
India
Company (1621–1792)

Colonies in the Americas

Berbice 1 Brazil Cayenne Curaçao
Curaçao
and Dependencies Demerara Essequibo New Netherland Pomeroon Sint Eustatius
Sint Eustatius
and Dependencies Surinam 2 Tobago Virgin Islands

Trading posts in Africa

Arguin Gold Coast Loango-Angola Senegambia Slave Coast

1 Governed by the Society of Berbice 2 Governed by the Society of Suriname

Settlements of the Noordsche Compagnie
Noordsche Compagnie
(1614–1642)

Settlements

Jan Mayen Smeerenburg

Colonies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
(1815–1962)

Until 1825

Bengal Coromandel Malacca Suratte

Until 1853

Dejima

Until 1872

Gold Coast

Until 1945

Dutch East Indies

Until 1954

Curaçao
Curaçao
and Dependencies 3 Surinam 3

Until 1962

New Guinea

3 Became constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; Suriname
Suriname
gained full independence in 1975, Curaçao
Curaçao
and Dependencies was renamed to the Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles, which was eventually dissolved in 2010.

Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
(1954–present)

Constituent countries

Aruba Curaçao Netherlands Sint Maarten

Public bodies of the Netherlands

Bonaire Saba Sint Eustatius

v t e

Host cities of Asian Games

Summer

1951: Delhi 1954: Manila 1958: Tokyo 1962: Jakarta 1966: Bangkok 1970: Bangkok 1974: Tehran 1978: Bangkok 1982: Delhi 1986: Seoul 1990: Beijing 1994: Hiroshima 1998: Bangkok 2002: Busan 2006: Doha 2010: Guangzhou 2014: Incheon 2018: Jakarta/Palembang 2022: Hangzhou

Winter

1986: Sapporo 1990: Sapporo 1996: Harbin 1999: Kangwon 2003: Aomori 2007: Changchun 2011: Astana-Almaty 2017: Sapporo

Authority control

GND: 4301621-2 BNF:

.