The PALAZZO MONTECITORIO (Italian pronunciation: ) is a palace in
Rome and the seat of the
Italian Chamber of Deputies
Italian Chamber of Deputies .
* 1 History
* 2 See also
* 3 Gallery
* 4 External links
The palace's name derives from the slight hill on which it is built,
which was claimed to be the Mons Citatorius, the hill created in the
process of clearing the
Campus Martius in Roman times.
The building was originally designed by
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Gian Lorenzo Bernini for the
Ludovico Ludovisi , nephew of
Pope Gregory XV .
However, with the death of Gregory XV by 1623, work stopped, and was
not restarted until the papacy of
Pope Innocent XII
Pope Innocent XII (Antonio
Pignatelli), when it was completed by the architect
Carlo Fontana ,
who modified Bernini's plan with the addition of a bell gable above
the main entrance. The building was designated for public and social
functions only, due to Innocent XII's firm antinepotism policies which
were in contrast to his predecessors.
In 1696 the Curia apostolica (papal law courts) was installed there.
Later it was home to the Governatorato di Roma (the city
administration during the papal period) and the police headquarters.
The excavated obelisk of the
Solarium Augusti , now known as the
Obelisk of Montecitorio , was installed in front of the palace by Pius
VI in 1789.
With the Unification of
Italy in 1861 and the transfer of the capital
Rome in 1870, Montecitorio was seized by the Italian government and
chosen as the seat of the Chamber of Deputies , after consideration of
various possibilities. The former internal courtyard was roofed over
and converted into a semi-circular assembly room by Paolo Comotto. The
Chamber was inaugurated on 21 November 1871.
But the building proved wholly inadequate: the acoustics were
terrible, it was very cold in winter and very hot in summer. As a
result of extensive damage from water seepage, the palace was
condemned in 1900. An attempt to build a new palace for the Chamber of
Deputies on the Via Nazionale failed, and a provisional meeting hall
was built on the Via della Missione. Only in 1918 was the Chamber
definitively returned to the Palazzo Montecitorio.
The return of the Chamber of Deputies to the palace followed
extensive renovations, which left only the facade intact. The
Ernesto Basile , was an exponent of
Art nouveau , known in
Italy as the "Liberty" style. He reduced the courtyard, demolished the
wings and rear of the palace, constructing a new structure dominated
by four red-brick and travertine towers at the corners. Basile also
added the so-called Transatlantico , the long and impressive salon
which surrounds the debating chamber and now acts as the informal
centre of Italian politics.
The debating chamber is characterized by numerous decorations in the
Art Nouveau style: the impressive canopy of coloured glass (the work
of Giovanni Beltrami ), the pictorial frieze entitled The Italian
Giulio Aristide Sartorio
Giulio Aristide Sartorio ) which surrounds the chamber, the
bronze figures flanking the presidential and government benches, and
the panels depicting The Glory of the Savoy Dynasty by Davide Calandra
Palazzo del Quirinale
Palazzo del Quirinale
Palazzo della Consulta
* Palazzo di Giustizia
Montecitorio Panini by
Giovanni Paolo Pannini
Giovanni Paolo Pannini , c. 1747
Square with the obelisk
Debating chamber of the chamber of deputies