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Palazzo Malta, officially named as the Magistral Palace (Italian: Palazzo Magistrale), and also known as Palazzo di Malta or Palazzo dell'Ordine di Malta, is the most important of the two headquarters of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (the other being Villa Malta), a Roman Catholic lay religious order and a sovereign subject of international law. It is located in Via dei Condotti 68 in Rome, Italy, a few minutes' walk from the Spanish Steps, and has been granted extraterritoriality by the Italian Government. The Palace is a property of the Order of Malta since 1630.

Contents

1 Context 2 History 3 Architecture 4 References 5 External links

Context[edit] On 12 June 1798, the French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte captured the island of Malta, which had been the base of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, also called the Order of Malta. The Order had been given the island by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1530.[1] Napoleon left the island with a sizeable garrison and a handpicked administration. Following a Maltese uprising, the British took over Malta on 5 September 1800. Malta was made a British colony on 30 March 1814 by the Treaty of Paris.[2]

Plaque at the entrance

Thus, the Order of Malta was left without any territory, and it was effectively disbanded. It was restored, however, in 1834, under the new name "Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta", or simply the "Sovereign Military Order of Malta" (SMOM). New headquarters were set up at Palazzo Malta. In 1869, the Palazzo Malta, and the other headquarters of the Order, Villa Malta, were granted extraterritoriality.[3] Today they are recognised by 107 countries as the independent headquarters of a sovereign entity, with mutual diplomatic relations established.[4] History[edit]

Courtyard of Palazzo di Malta

The building now called Palazzo Malta was purchased in the 16th century by the Maltese-born Italian archeologist Antonio Bosio, whose uncle was the representative of the Order of St. John to the Holy See. When Bosio died in 1629, he left the building to the Order, and it subsequently became the home of the Order's ambassador to the Holy See. When Carlo Aldobrandini became ambassador, he enlarged the building to its present size.[5] In the 1720s, Grand Master António Manoel de Vilhena entrusted Carlo Gimach with the restoration and additional decoration of the palace. This information is retrieved with the letters exchanged by the Grandmaster and the ambassador for the Order in Rome, Giambattista Spinola.[6] Renovations included the addition of a grand fountain in the courtyard. The building remained an embassy until the entire Order moved its headquarters there in 1834.[5] The building was extensively renovated between 1889 and 1894, but most of the original characteristics were retained.[5] Since 11 March 2008 till January 2017, Fra' Matthew Festing, the 79th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, lived in the building.[7] The majority of governmental and administrative duties are carried out there also. Architecture[edit] The building is made of ashlar blocks, and it is crowned with a corbelled cornice.[5] References[edit]

^ Velde, François (13 October 2010). "The Sovereign Military Order of Saint-John (a.k.a. Malta)". heraldica.org. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015.  ^ Sainty, Guy Stair (2000). "From the loss of Malta to the modern era". ChivalricOrders.org. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012.  ^ Cahoon, Ben (2001). "Sovereign Military Order of Malta". WorldStatesmen.org. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015.  ^ Bilateral relations of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta ^ a b c d "Via Condotti, Northern Side". shoppinginitaly.it. 1997. Archived from the original on 6 August 2007.  ^ Ellul, Michael (1986). "Carlo Gimach (1651–1730) – Architect and Poet" (PDF). Proceedings of History Week. Historical Society of Malta: 38. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2016.  ^ "Knights of Malta head resigns after dispute with Vatican – Metro". Metro.us. Retrieved 2017-01-25. [permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palazzo di Malta.

Palazzo Malta on the Order of Malta official website Palazzo Malta on Youtube

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 Sovereign Military Order of Malta topics

Catholic order of chivalry and sovereign subject of international law, founded in 1099 in Jerusalem,  Kingdom of Jerusalem

Organisation

Grand Master Governance Grand Priories, Bailiwicks, Commanderies, Associations Foreign relations (Diplomacy)

Auxiliaries

Malteser International Order of Malta Ambulance Corps Military Corps: Air Force (Historically: Navy)

Culture

Maltese cross Flag and coat of arms Anthem Orders, decorations, and medals

Society

Religion Language (Langues) Passports Currency Postal system

History, including major territories, premises, and battles of the Knights Hospitaller

Rome

Palazzo Malta (capital) (1869) Villa del Priorato di Malta (1869)

Malta

Fortifications

Birgu ( Fort St. Angelo (2001)) Senglea (Fort St. Michael)^ Mdina Valletta (Fort St. Elmo) Cittadella Floriana Lines Santa Margherita Lines Cottonera Lines Fort Ricasoli Fort Manoel Fort Chambray Fort Tigné others

Palaces

Grand Master's Palace Palazzo Vilhena Verdala Palace San Anton Palace

Churches

Church of Saint Barbara Church of Our Lady of Liesse Church of Saint Catherine Church of Our Lady of Pilar Church of Saint Lawrence Conventual Church of Saint John Church of Our Lady of Victories

Auberges in Birgu

Auberge d'Allemagne^ Auberge d'Angleterre Auberge d'Aragon Auberge d'Auvergne et Provence Auberge de Castille et Portugal Auberge de France Auberge d'Italie^

Auberges in Valletta

Auberge d'Allemagne^ Auberge d'Aragon Auberge d'Auvergne^ Auberge de Bavière Auberge de Castille Auberge de France^ Auberge d'Italie Auberge de Provence

Caribbean

Saint Kitts (1651-1665) Saint Martin (1651-1665) Saint Barthélemy (1651-1665) Saint Croix (1660-1665)

Rhodes

Fortifications Palace of the Grand Master Anatolia: Bodrum Castle

Holy Land

Saint John d'Acre Arqa Abu Ghosh Belvoir Fortress Chastel Rouge Church of Saint John the Baptist Church of Saint Mary of the Germans Coliath^ Gibelacar Krak des Chevaliers Margat Mount Tabor^

Military history

Crusades

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th

Battles

Siege of Jerusalem (1187) Battle of Arsuf (1191) Siege of Acre (1291) Hospitaller conquest of Rhodes Siege of Rhodes (1480) Siege of Rhodes (1522) Invasion of Gozo (1551) Siege of Tripoli (1551) Great Siege of Malta (1565) Battle of Lepanto (1571) French invasion of Malta (1798)

Extant extraterritoriality (with year of proclamation) World Heritage Site, UNESCO ^ Demolished or sparse remains Pope portal

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