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Palakkad  pronunciation (help·info), also known as Palghat, is a city and municipality in the state of Kerala in southern India, spread over an area of 26.60 km2 and is the administrative headquarters of the Palakkad District. The city is situated about 350 kilometres (217 mi) north of state capital Thiruvananthapuram and 54 kilometers south west of Coimbatore, and 66 km north east of Thrissur on the Salem-Kanyakumari National Highway NH 47.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Transport

3.1 Air 3.2 Railways 3.3 Road

4 Demographics 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Etymology The commonly held belief is that the name Palakkad is a fusion of two Malayalam words, Pala, which was the name given for barren land during the Sangam period, and Kadu, which means forest.[3] Geography

Topography map-Palakkad (Palghat)

Palakkad is the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap, in the Western Ghats. Malayalam is the generally spoken language in Palakkad as it is the official language. The town is blessed with many small and medium rivers, which are tributaries of the Bharathapuzha River. Of the number of dams in Palakkad district, the largest Malampuzha dam is 12 km from Palakkad town.[4] Climate Palakkad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, with exception in March and April being the hottest months. A very high amount of precipitation is received in Palakkad, mainly due to the South-West monsoon. July is the wettest month, and the total annual rainfall is around 83 inches (211 cm).

Climate data for Palakkad

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 33.0 (91.4) 35.4 (95.7) 37.3 (99.1) 36.5 (97.7) 34.0 (93.2) 29.7 (85.5) 28.3 (82.9) 28.8 (83.8) 30.3 (86.5) 31.2 (88.2) 31.8 (89.2) 31.9 (89.4) 32.4 (90.2)

Average low °C (°F) 21.8 (71.2) 22.6 (72.7) 24.2 (75.6) 25.1 (77.2) 24.8 (76.6) 23.2 (73.8) 22.5 (72.5) 22.9 (73.2) 23.0 (73.4) 23.2 (73.8) 22.9 (73.2) 22.2 (72) 23.2 (73.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.5 (0.138) 6.7 (0.264) 20.4 (0.803) 72.9 (2.87) 151.7 (5.972) 408.2 (16.071) 522.6 (20.575) 317.6 (12.504) 253.9 (9.996) 215.2 (8.472) 111.1 (4.374) 27.6 (1.087) 2,111.4 (83.126)

Source: [5]

Transport Air The nearest international airport is Coimbatore International Airport, which is about 62 km from Palakkad. There has been a proposal for a mini domestic airport at East Yakkara with respect to setting up domestic airports for enhanced air connectivity by the civil aviation ministry of India. 60 acres has been identified for the project at East Yakkara Palakkad.[6] Railways There are two railway stations serving Palakkad - Palakkad Junction is a broad gauge railway junction (located at Olavakkode, which can be called a satellite town, about 4 km from the heart of the main town) and Palakkad Town railway station located in the heart of the Palakkad town. Close to Palakkad Junction is the office of Palakkad Railway Division. The cities of Coimbatore, Erode, Salem, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Mangalore, Kozhikode and Ernakulam are connected by the broad gauge line. Train services to Pollachi, Dindigul and Madurai are through the broad gauge line through Palakkad Town station.[7] Road Palakkad is well connected by roads. The National Highway 47 from Salem to Ernakulam via Coimbatore, Palakkad and Thrissur – Kozhikode National Highway 213 via Malappuram pass through the district.[8] Demographics

Religions in palakkad

Religion

Percent

Hindus

68%

Muslims

27.9%

Christians

3.8%

Others

0.3%

As per Census 2011, population of Palakkad in 2011 is 130,955; of which male and female are 63,833 and 67,122 respectively.[9] Total literates in Palakkad city are 112,479 of which 56,065 are males while 56,414 are females. Average literacy rate of Palakkad city is 94.20 percent of which male and female literacy was 96.83 and 91.73 percent.[10][11] Hindus form 68% of the population with 89098 members.[9] Muslims constitute 27.9% of the population with 36620 members.[9] Christians constitute 3.8% of the population with 5006 members.[9] The metropolitan area of Palakkad includes Hemambikanagar, Marutharode, Palakkad municipality, Pirayiri, Pudussery Central, Pudussery West, and Puthuppariyaram.[11] Its urban / metropolitan population is 293,566 of which 143,650 are males and 149,916 are females. The literacy rate of Palakkad Metropolitan Area is 92.14%, much higher than the national average of 59.5%. Malayalam is the most spoken language, followed by Tamil speakers. Since,a lot of tamil migrants are residing in the city and it also the reason that the city located 5 km closure to the indian state Tamilnadu, on the way to Coimbatore. [10] See also

Education in Palakkad district Political Divisions of Palakkad District Palakkad Gap, mountain pass in the Western Ghats Palakkad District Malampuzha Chittoorkavu Devi Temple

References

^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.  ^ "Thrissur City" (PDF). Census2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.  ^ A. Sreedhara Menon (1978). Kerala Samskāram. DC Books. p. 237. ISBN 9788126415854.  ^ Fact sheet on Indian dams at Diehardindian.com Archived 2006-12-13 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "climate of palakkad, palakkad climate, palakkad climate information, weather and climate of palakkad, palakkad climate information, temperature in palakkad, palakkad temperature, temperature data of palakkad, climate data of palakkad, climate and rainfall information of palakkad, palakkad weather and climate". Delhitourism.com. Retrieved 2013-12-30.  ^ "60 Acres Identified For Airport Project". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2011-05-21.  ^ "Train services resume on Pollachi – Palakkad section". Coimbatore. The Hindu. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.  ^ "National Highways and their lengths". National Highways Authority of India. Retrieved 4 September 2015. ^ a b c d http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-01/DDW32C-01%20MDDS.XLS ^ a b "Palakkad - Census of India". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 4 September 2015. ^ a b "Palakkad Urban Region". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 4 September 2015.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palakkad.

Palakkad travel guide from Wikivoyage http://www.palakkad.gov.in - Official Website of Palakkad District Administration http://www.palakkadtourism.org - Palakkad District Tourism-Information

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State of Kerala

Capital: Thiruvananthapuram

Symbols

Bird Great hornbill Animal Indian elephant Tree Coconut Flower Golden shower Fish Karimeen

Topics

Arts Culture Demographics Economy Education Film Geography Roads Ports History Flora and Fauna Government Tourism Sports

Districts

Thiruvananthapuram KL-01 Kollam KL-02 Pathanamthitta KL-03 Alappuzha KL-04 Kottayam KL-05 Idukki KL-06 Ernakulam KL-07 Thrissur KL-08 Palakkad KL-09 Malappuram KL-10 Kozhikode KL-11 Wayanad KL-12 Kannur KL-13 Kasaragod KL-14

Taluks

Neyyattinkara Kattakada Thiruvananthapuram Nedumangad Chirayinkeezhu Varkala Kollam Karunagappalli Kunnathur Kottarakkara Punalur Pathanapuram Adoor Konni Kozhencherry Ranni Mallapally Tiruvalla Chengannur Mavelikkara Karthikappally Ambalappuzha Kuttanad Cherthala Changanassery Kottayam Kanjirappally Meenachil Vaikom Peermade Udumbanchola Idukki Thodupuzha Devikulam Kothamangalam Muvattupuzha Kunnathunad Kanayannur Kochi Aluva North Paravur Kodungallur Chalakudy Mukundapuram Thrissur Chavakkad Thalapilly Alathur Chittur Palakkad Pattambi Ottapalam Mannarkkad Perinthalmanna Ponnani Thirur Tirurangadi Eranad Kondotty Nilambur Kozhikode Thamarassery Koyilandy Vatakara Vythiri Sultan Bathery Mananthavady Iritty Thalassery Kannur Taliparamba Hosdurg Vellarikundu Kasaragod Manjeshwaram

Municipal Corporations

Thiruvananthapuram Kochi Kozhikode Kollam Thrissur Kannur

Municipalities

Adoor Anthoor Alappuzha Aluva Angamaly Attingal Chalakudy Changanassery Chavakkad Chengannur Cherthala Chittur Tattamangalam Eloor Guruvayur Irinjalakuda Iritty Kalamassery Kalpetta Kanhangad Karunagappalli Kasaragod Kayamkulam Kodungallur Kuthuparamba Kothamangalam Kottakkal Kottarakkara Kottayam Koyilandy Kunnamkulam Malappuram Manjeri Maradu Mattanur Mavelikkara Muvattupuzha Nedumangad Neyyattinkara Nilambur Nileshwaram North Paravur Ottapalam Palai Palakkad Panoor Paravur Pathanamthitta Payyanur Perintalmanna Perumbavoor Ponnani Punalur Shoranur Sreekandapuram Thalassery Taliparamba Tiruvalla Thodupuzha Thrikkakkara Thrippunithura Tirur Vatakara Vaikom Varkala

Other Towns

South

Parassala Balaramapuram Kattakkada Chirayinkeezhu Kilimanoor Parippally Chathannur Kundara Chavara Oachira Sasthamkotta Kunnathur Anchal Kadakkal Pathanapuram Thenmala Kozhencherry Konni Ranni Mallapally Kumbanad Aranmula Kulanada Omalloor Vadasserikkara Parumala Mannar Charummoodu Ambalapuzha Mararikulam Aroor Kanjirapally Erumeli Mundakayam Vazhoor Karukachal Pampady Puthuppally Kuravilangad Uzhavoor Thalayolaparambu Kaduthuruthy

Central

Peermade Vandiperiyar Kumily Rajakkad Munnar Devikulam Adimali Kolenchery Puthencruz Kunnathunad Kalady Malayattoor Chottanikkara Udayamperoor Varapuzha Sreemoolanagaram Nedumbassery Mala Kodakara Pudukkad Manalur Pavaratty Chelakkara Vadakkencherry Alathur Nemmara Puthunagaram Malampuzha Sreekrishnapuram Lakkidi-Perur Thrithala

North

Edappal Tavanur Angadipuram Mankada Kuttippuram Karipur Areekode Wandoor Vengara Vallikunnu Olavanna Kunnamangalam Thamarassery Thiruvambady Kodencheri Balussery Perambra Nadapuram Kuttiyadi Lakkidi Vythiri Chundale Meppadi Kottappadi Muttil Padinharethara Meenangadi Panamaram Pulpally Peravoor Dharmadam Anjarakandi Muzhappilangad Azhikode Cherukunnu Pappinisseri Kaliiasseri Irikkur Alakode Trikaripur Cheruvathur Bekal Udma Vellarikundu Parappa Karadka Kumbala Mangalpady Uppala Manjeshwaram

Historical Regions

Malabar

North Malabar South Malabar

Cochin Venad Swarupam (Kingdom of Quilon) Travancore Travancore-Cochin

Portal: Kerala

v t e

Municipalities of Kerala

Thiruvananthapuram

Neyyattinkara Nedumangad Attingal Varkala

Kollam

Paravur Punalur Karunagappally Kottarakkara

Pathanamthitta

Pathanamthitta Adoor Pandalam Thiruvalla

Alappuzha

Alappuzha Kayamkulam Haripad Mavelikkara Chenganoor Cherthala

Kottayam

Kottayam Changanassery Ettumanoor Erattupetta Vaikom Palai

Idukki

Thodupuzha Kattappana

Ernakulam

Muvattupuzha Koothattukulam Piravom Kothamangalam Perumbavoor Angamaly Aluva Kalamassery Thrikkakara Thrippunithura Maradu Eloor North Paravur

Thrissur

Kodungallur Chalakkudy Irinjalakuda Chavakkad Guruvayur Kunnamkulam Wadakkancherry

Palakkad

Palakkad Chittur-Thathamangalam Ottappalam Shoranur Pattambi Cherpulassery Mannarkkad

Malappuram

Malappuram Manjeri Perinthalmanna Ponnani Tirur Kottakkal Nilambur Kondotty Valanchery Tanur Parappanangadi Tirurangadi

Kozhikode

Koyilandy Vatakara Ramanattukara Feroke Mukkam Koduvally Payyoli

Wayanad

Kalpetta Mananthavady Sulthan Bathery

Kannur

Thalassery Kuthuparamba Mattannur Payyannur Taliparamba Anthoor Panoor Iritty Sreekandapuram

Kasaragod

Kasaragod Kanhangad Nileshwaram

v t e

Palakkad district

Cities and towns

Thrithala Pattambi Shoranur Ottapalam Cherpulassery Mannarkkad Palakkad Puthunagaram Chittur-Thathamangalam Koduvayur Nemmara Alathur Vadakkencherry

Sub-districts, panchayats and villages

Alathur

Alathur Erimayur (Erimayur-I, Erimayur-II) Kannambra (Kannambra-I, Kannambra-II) Kavasery (Kavasseri-I, Kavasseri-II) Kizhakkancherry (Kizhakkencheri-I, Kizhakkencheri-II) Kottayi (Kottayi-I, Kottayi-II) Kuthannoor (Kuthannur-I, Kuthannur-II) Kuzhalmannam (Kuzhalmannam-I, Kuzhalmannam-II) Mathur (Mathur-I, Mathur-II) Peringottukurissi (Peringottukurissi-I, Peringottukurissi-II) Tarur (Tarur-I, Tarur-II) Thenkurissi (Thenkurissi-I, Thenkurissi-II) Vadakkancheri (Vadakkancheri-I, Vadakkancheri-II) Vandazhy (Mangalam Dam, Vandazhi-I, Vandazhi-II)

Chittur

Ayiloor (Ayiloor, Kairady, Thiruvazhiyad) Eruthampathy (Eruthempathy, Kozhipathy) Koduvayur (Koduvayur-II) Kollengode (Kollengode-I, Kollengode-II) Kozhinjampara (Valiyavallampathy) Muthalamada (Muthalamada-I, Muthalamada-II) Nalleppilly (gram panchayat) (Nalleppilly, Chittur (Part), Thekkedesom) Nelliampathy Nemmara (Nemmara, Vallanghy) Pattencherry (Pattanchery, Thathamangalam (Part)) Perumatty (Moolathara, Vandithavalam) Vadakarapathy (Ozhalapathy)

Mannarkad

Agali (Agali, Kallamala, Padavayal, Palakkayam) Alanallur (Alanallur-I, Alanallur-II, Alanallur-III) Kanjirampuzha (Pottassery-I, Pottassery-II) Karimba (Karimba-I, Karimba-II) Kottappadam (Kottoppadam-I, Kottoppadam-II, Kottoppadam-III) Kumaramputhur (Payyanadam) Mannarkkad (Mannarkad-I) Sholayar (Kottathara, Sholayur) Tachampara (Karakurissi, Karimba-I, Pottassery-II, Thachampara) Thachanattukara (Thachanattukara-I, Thachanattukara-II) Thenkara (Mannarkad-II)

Ottappalam

Ambalapara (Ambalapara-II, Ambalapara-II) Chalissery Cherpulassery Kadampazhipuram (Kadampazhipuram-I, Kadampazhipuram-II) Karimpuzha (Karimpuzha-I, Karimpuzha-II) Lakkidiperur (Lakkidi-Perur-I, Lakkidi-Perur-II) Muthuthala Ongallur (Ongallur-I, Ongallur-II) Pattambi Pookkottukavu (Sreekrishnapuram-II, Thrikkadeeri-I, Vellinezhi) Sreekrishnapuram (Sreekrishnapuram-I, Sreekrishnapuram-II) Thirumittacode (Thirumittacode-II, Thirumittacode-I) Thiruvegapura Thrikkadeeri (Thrikkadeeri-I, Thrikkadeeri-II) Thrithala (Pattithara, Thrithala Vaniamkulam (Vaniyamkulam-II, Vaniyamkulam-I)

Palakkad

Akathethara (Hemambikanagar) Elappully (Elappully-I, Elappully-II) Kannadi (Kannadi-I, Kannadi-II) Kongad (Kongad-I, Kongad-II) Malampuzha (Malampuzha-I, Malampuzha-II) Marutharode (Maruthuroad) Mundur (Mundur-I, Mundur-II) Parli (Parli-I, Parli-II) Pirayiri Puduppariyaram (Puthuppariyaram-I) Pudusseri (Pudussery Central, Pudussery East, Pud