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Paksha (or pakṣa: Sanskrit: पक्ष) refers to a fortnight or a lunar phase in a month of the Hindu lunar calendar.[1][2] Literally meaning "side",[3] a paksha is the period either side of the Full Moon
Full Moon
Day
Day
(Purnima). A lunar month in the Hindu calendar
Hindu calendar
has two fortnights, and begins with the New moon, (Amavasya). The lunar days are called tithis and each month has 30 tithis, which may vary from 20 – 27 hours. A paksha has 15 tithis, which are calculated by a 12 degree motion of the Moon. The first fortnight between New Moon
Moon
Day and Full Moon
Full Moon
Day
Day
is called “Gaura Paksha” or Shukla Paksha, the period of the brightening moon (waxing moon), and the second fortnight of the month is called “Krishna Paksha”, or Vadhya Paksha, the period of the fading moon (waning moon).[1][4] Nimach Panchang begin new lunar month from first day of Krishna Paksha while Gujarat Panchang begin new lunar month from first day of Shukla Paksha.[5]

Contents

1 Days 2 Shukla Paksha 3 Krishna Paksha 4 Other usages 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Days[edit]

Shukla Paksha Krishna Paksha

1. Prathama 1. Prathama

2. Dwitiya 2. Dwitiya

3. Tritiya 3. Tritiya

4. Chaturthi 4. Chaturthi

5. Panchami 5. Panchami

6. Shashti 6. Shashti

7. Saptami 7. Saptami

8. Ashtami 8. Ashtami

9. Navami 9. Navami

10.Dashami 10.Dashami

11.Ekadashi 11.Ekadashi

12.Dwadashi 12.Dwadashi

13.Trayodashi 13.Trayodashi

14.Chaturdashi 14.Chaturdashi

15.Purnima 15. Amavasya, Ausi

Shukla Paksha[edit] Shukla paksha refers to the bright lunar fortnight or waxing moon in the Hindu calendar. Shukla (Sanskrit: शुक्ल) is Sanskrit word for "white". Shukla Paksha (Waxing Moon
Moon
period) is a period of 15 days, which begins on the Shukla Amavasya
Amavasya
(New Moon) day and culminating Purnima (Full Moon) day and is considered auspicious [6] because it is favorable to growth or expansion on every plane of existence i.e. Mental, Physical and Spiritual Plane.[7] Numerous festivals are held during this period, including the Navratri festivals, most importantly Chaitra
Chaitra
Navratri
Navratri
and Ashvin Navratri.

Day Tithi Festival Month

1st Day Pratipada Bali Pratipada, Govardhan Puja Kartika

2nd Day Dvitiya Bhaibeej Kartika

3rd Day Tritiya Teej Bhadrapad

3rd Day Tritiya Akshaya Tritiya Vaishakha

4th Day Chaturthi Ganesh Chaturthi Bhadrapada

4th Day Chaturthi Ganesh Jayanti Magha

5th Day Panchami Nuakhai Bhadrapad

5th Day Panchami Vivaha Panchami Margashirsha

6th Day Shasthi Sitalsasthi Jyestha

9th Day Navami Rama Navami Chaitra

10th Day Dasami Vijayadashami Ashvin

11th Day Ekadasi Shayani Ekadashi Asadha

11th Day Ekadashi Vaikunta Ekadashi Margashirsha

14th Day Chaturdashi Samvatsari Bhadrapada

15th Day
Day
(Full Moon) Poornima Guru Purnima Ashada

Krishna Paksha[edit] Krishna paksha refers to the dark lunar fortnight or waning moon in the Hindu calendar. Krishna (Sanskrit: कृष्ण) is Sanskrit for "dark". Krishna Paksha is a period of 15 days, which begins on the (Full Moon) day (Purnima), culminating on (New Moon) day (Amavasya). Krishna Paksha is considered inauspicious, as the moon loses light during this period.[4][8] Festivals during Krishna Paksha are:

Day Tithi Festival Month

4th Day Chaturthi Karva Chauth Kartika

8th Day Ashtami Krishna Janmashtami shravan

11th Day Ekadasi Vaikunta Ekadasi Margashirsha

13th Day Trayodasi Dhanteras Kartika

14th Day Chaturdashi Maha Shivaratri Maagha

14th Day Chaturdashi Naraka Chaturdashi (Diwali) Kartika

Other usages[edit] In Vedic astrology
Vedic astrology
when a person does a prasna (a question chart) and the planet Venus indicates the time period, the event referred to in the answer will happen in a pakṣa (fortnight) from the time the question was asked. See also[edit]

Pitru Paksha

References[edit]

^ a b Defouw, Hart; Robert Svoboda (2003). Light on Life: An Introduction to the Astrology of India. Lotus Press. p. 186. ISBN 0-940985-69-1.  ^ Kumar, Ashwini (2005). Vaastu: The Art And Science Of Living. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. 50. ISBN 81-207-2569-7.  ^ Monnier-Williams, M: (1851) Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Dictionary ISBN (none) ^ a b Hindu calendar
Hindu calendar
Archived 2010-09-01 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Moon
Moon
Calendar ^ http://www.rockingbaba.com/blog/index.php/2015/07/22/phases-paksha-of-moon-shukla-paksha-krishna-paksha/ ^ http://revealsmystica.com/articles/MoonPhases.html ^ "The Lunar Year". 

K. V. Sarma (2008), "Paksa", Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures (2nd edition) edited by Helaine Selin, Springer, ISBN 978-1-4020-4559-2.

External links[edit]

Hindu Festivals Calendar
Calendar
2010 Introduction to the Hindu Calendar
Calendar
(pdf)

v t e

Days of the Paksha

Pratipad Dwitiya Tritiya Chaturthi Panchami Shashti Saptami Ashtami Navami Dashami Ekadashi Dwadashi Thrayodashi Chaturdashi Purnima/ Amavasya

v t e

Time
Time
measurement and standards

Chronometry Orders of magnitude Metrology

International standards

Coordinated Universal Time

offset

UT ΔT DUT1 International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service ISO 31-1 ISO 8601 International Atomic Time 6-hour clock 12-hour clock 24-hour clock Barycentric Coordinate Time Barycentric Dynamical Time Civil time Daylight saving time Geocentric Coordinate Time International Date Line Leap second Solar time Terrestrial Time Time
Time
zone 180th meridian

Obsolete standards

Ephemeris time Greenwich Mean Time Prime meridian

Time
Time
in physics

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Time
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Time
domain Time
Time
translation symmetry T-symmetry

Horology

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Sundial
markup schema

Calendar

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Archaeology and geology

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