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Pak Heon-yeong (Hangul: 박헌영, Hanja:朴憲永, 28 May 1900 – December 1955?) was a Korean independence activist, politician, philosopher and Communist activist. One of the main leaders of the Korean communist movement during Japan's colonial rule (1910–45). his nickname was Ijung (이정) and Ichun (이춘), courtesy name was Deokyeong (덕영). During the Japanese occupation of Korea, he tried to organize the Korean Communist Party. However, when the Japanese authorities cracked down on the party, he went into hiding. After Korea's liberation, August 1945, he set up the Communist Party of Korea
Communist Party of Korea
in the South, but under pressure from American authorities he moved to North Korea
North Korea
in April 1948. He attended a meeting with Kim Gu
Kim Gu
and Kim Kyu-sik
Kim Kyu-sik
on the subject of Korean reunification. He participated in collaboration with Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
in the Korean War. In 1955, he was executed by Kim Il-sung's security forces as an American spy.[1]

Contents

1 Life

1.1 Early life 1.2 Political activities

1.2.1 Underground

1.3 After World War II 1.4 South and North Korea
North Korea
negotiations and life in North Korea 1.5 Arrest and death

2 Works 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Life[edit] Early life[edit] Pak was born to a yangban family of the Yeonghae Park lineage in Sinyang-myeon, Yesan
Yesan
County, Chungcheongnam-do. However, he was the illegitimate son of a concubine. In 1919, he graduated from Kyŏngsŏng Ordinary High School, now Kyunggi High School.[2] In March 1919, he was involved in the March 1st Movement and later independence movements. Political activities[edit] In 1921, he joined the Shanghai branch of the Communist Party of Korea, Irkutsk
Irkutsk
faction. At this time, he was secretary of the Korean Communist Youth League. In January 1922, he participated in the Comintern
Comintern
Far East People's Representative Council in Moscow. Pak Hon-yong
Pak Hon-yong
was arrested in Korea in April 1922 and was charged with being a Communist Party organizer. He was released in 1924 and became active as a reporter for the newspapers Dong-a Ilbo
Dong-a Ilbo
and Chosun Ilbo. Underground[edit] On 18 April 1925, Pak Hon-yong
Pak Hon-yong
became one of the founders of the Communist Party of Korea. From this point until the end of World War II his activities were clandestine. In 1926, he appeared in court. During the trial, he feigned insanity and ate feces, with the result that he was acquitted in November of that year. Afterwards, he was confined to his home due to his supposed ill-health, but in December he escaped by way of Manchuria
Manchuria
to reach the Soviet Union. It was only then that the Japanese realized that he was feigning madness. In the Soviet Union, he was educated in Communism, returning home in 1940. Back in Korea, he was active in the resistance to Japanese rule. After World War II[edit] Late in August 1945, the Communist Party of Korea
Communist Party of Korea
was re-established, having been officially disbanded in 1928, and Pak became its secretary. On 5 January 1946, as its representative, he announced at a foreign and domestic press conference that, supporting the decision of the Moscow conference of great powers (UK, US, Soviet Union), Korea was now in the process of a "democratic revolution". In December 1946, he organized the Workers Party of South Korea, and became its first secretary. South and North Korea
North Korea
negotiations and life in North Korea[edit] In April 1948, he visited North Korea
North Korea
for negotiations, along with Kim Gu and Kim Kyu-sik. In May 1948, the negotiations ended, and he remained in the North. In September 1948, while keeping his role as secretary of the Workers' Party of South Korea, he became Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of North Korea.[1] Pak Hon-yong
Pak Hon-yong
became secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea
Workers' Party of Korea
when the North and South parties united in April 1950. Pak was the vice chairman of the Politburo of the DPRK from 1949 to 1953.[1] Pak was Foreign Minister of the DPRK until he was ousted and arrested in 1953.[1] Arrest and death[edit]

Pak Hon-yong, 1952.

Pak Hon-yong
Pak Hon-yong
was arrested on 3 August 1953 in a purge of the formers members of the Workers' Party of South Korea by Kim Il-sung.[1] On 15 December 1955, he was sentenced to death for espionage. The date of Pak's death is uncertain, though sources suggest that he was executed that same month.[3][4][5] Works[edit]

Modern society and our duty Historical viewed of Christian inner

See also[edit]

Communist Party of Korea Workers' Party of South Korea Workers' Party of Korea Kim Gu Kim Il-Sung Kim Kyu-sik Kim Won-bong Yuh Woon-Hyung Korean independence movement Politics of North Korea List of Korea-related topics

References[edit]

^ a b c d e Lankov, Andrei (2013). The Real North Korea. Oxford University Press. pp. 13 to 14. ISBN 978-0-19-996429-1.  ^ "영해박씨 박헌영". Bakssi Jokbo website. Retrieved 11 April 2006. [dead link] ^ Suh, Dae-Sook (1988). Kim Il Sung: The North Korean Leader. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 136. ISBN 9780231065733.  ^ Paige, Glenn D.; Lee, Dong Jun (1963). "The Post-War Politics of Communist Korea". The China Quarterly (14): 17–29.  ^ Deane, Hugh (1996). "Review of The Origins of the Korean War
Korean War
by Bruce Cumings". Science & Society. 60 (2): 252–254. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Pak Hon-yong
Pak Hon-yong
(category)

Korea Times article by Andrei Lankov Brief profile Pak Hon-Yong:Nate 남로당지도자 박헌영 자료집 내는 아들 圓鏡스님 아버지 전집 펴내는 ‘박헌영 아들’ 원경스님 "박헌영이 미제 간첩? 제국주의와 맞서 싸운 애국자" 오마이뉴스 2010년 01월 04일자 부러져버린 ‘인민의 고무래’ 박헌영 ① 경향신문 부러져버린 ‘인민의 고무래’ 박헌영 ② 경향신문 이정식 교수, '여운형은 박헌영파에 암살' 주장 - 동아일보 매거진 조선공산당과 남로당 당수 박헌영 (1)[permanent dead link] 조선공산당과 남로당 당수 박헌영 (2)[permanent dead link]

Preceded by - Leader of Joseon Communist Party 1927-1946 Succeeded by -

v t e

Foreign Ministers of North Korea

Pak Hon-yong Nam Il Park Sung-chul Ho Dam Kim Yong-nam Paek Nam-sun Kang Sok-ju
Kang Sok-ju
(acting) Pak Ui-chun Ri Su-yong Ri Yong-ho

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 48246202 LCCN: n86072591 ISNI: 0000 00

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