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Paju
Paju
(Korean pronunciation: [pʰa.dʑu]) is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. Paju
Paju
was made a city in 1997; it had previously been a county (gun).[1] The city area is 672.78km2,[2] and it is located just south of Panmunjeom
Panmunjeom
on the 38th parallel. In 2015, the population of Paju
Paju
has increased to 427,668.[2] To defend the South Korean capital, Seoul, many U.S. and South Korean army bases are set up in the city.[3] In 2002, the northernmost South Korean railway station, Dorasan, was opened. North Korean territory and Kaesong
Kaesong
City can be seen from Mount Dora in the city.

Contents

1 City symbols

1.1 Cosmos 1.2 Gingko 1.3 Pigeon 1.4 Badge of Paju
Paju
City

2 Natural environment 3 Tourist attractions

3.1 Heyri Art Valley

4 Specialties

4.1 Jangdan bean

5 Education

5.1 Paju
Paju
English Village

6 Administrative divisions 7 Military bases 8 Military cemetery 9 Attractions 10 Notable people 11 In media 12 Sister cities 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

City symbols[edit] Cosmos[edit] Cosmos is Paju
Paju
City's representative of flowers growing wild in Spring. It has very strong vitality, and symbolize unity and harmonious life as a citizen of Paju
Paju
City. The flowers have different colors, including pale pink and red. Gingko[edit] Ginkgos are usually planted as street trees. People can obtain high-quality wood from them.[citation needed] Also, their leaves and fruits are used as a valuable medicine. Pigeon[edit] Pigeons are meek and gentle with soft feathers which follow humans well. They symbolize the peace and security of mankind, and they mean to desire the unification of the Korean Peninsula and the well-being of citizens.[citation needed] Badge of Paju
Paju
City[edit] The badge brings the look of Paju
Paju
implicitly. Semiconductors, which symbolize high-tech industry, high-quality culture and books, and life based on the shape of the rice industry have represented the badge with the symbol Paju
Paju
logo.[4] Natural environment[edit] Paju
Paju
city has east and west low type of geographic trait. Many mountains are located in eastern Paju, assemble to create the border with Yangzhou. In northern Paju, mountains form the border with Goyang. Moreover, in central Paju
Paju
some lower mountains spread toward south. For the major rivers in Paju, there are Imjin River and Han River. Imjin River flows between northern west and west, and Han River flows in western south of Paju. The average annual temperature of Paju is 10.5 ℃, the average January temperature is -4 ℃ and the average temperature is 25 ℃ in August. Lastly, annual precipitation of Paju is around 1,300㎜.[2] Tourist attractions[edit] Heyri Art Valley[edit]

Heyri Art Valley
Heyri Art Valley
is the largest art village in South Korea. People visit the village to see Korean culture and lots of genres of art. The area includes residences, workrooms and galleries for artists, museums and performance spaces designed by lots of artistic people. It was planned from 1998 and its name Heyri is derived from a traditional farming song of Paju. Architects tried to combine the view of nature with the valley when they make plan. The valley provides lots of entertaining art performances which are diverse to all ages. The attractive theme brings people to visit every weekend, and more people visit the valley in spring and autumn because it holds art festival during the seasons.[5] Specialties[edit] Jangdan bean[edit]

Jang dan beans are one of Paju’s famous traditional specialties. From a long time ago, crops have been important for Korean people’s livelihood because their land and environment were good for agriculture. Therefore, two major crops, rice and bean, have been developed over time. Jangdan bean is one of these crops which have been harvested in Paju. The name Jangdan is derived from the name of a village in Paju, which existed before the Korean War. Even though the village is now gone, people still call the bean the Jangdan bean because the former village was so well known for these beans. Today, Jangdan beans are only commonly seen In Panmunjom
Panmunjom
which is located at the border between South Korea
South Korea
and North Korea.[6] Education[edit] Paju
Paju
English Village[edit]

Paju
Paju
English Village is a huge area which was constructed to teach children English and let them experience western culture. Hundreds of foreign teachers are hired in the village. The educational village pushes ahead various curriculum to provide several educational programs called "English Camp". To attend the programs, children's parents have to pay and send children to the village for several days. The length of the program is depending on the type of program. People also visit the village because of its visual and new cultural atmosphere.[7] Administrative divisions[edit] Paju
Paju
is divided as follows:

Beobwon-eup (법원읍) Paju-eup (파주읍) Munsan-eup (문산읍) Jori-eup (조리읍) Wollong-myeon (월롱면) Papyeong-myeon (파평면) Jeokseong-myeon (적성면) Gwangtan-myeon (광탄면) Tanhyeon-myeon (탄현면) Gunnae-myeon (군내면) Jangdan-myeon (장단면) Jinseo-myeon (진서면) Jindong-myeon (진동면) Gyoha-dong (교하동) Geumchon1(il)-dong (금촌1동)

Geumchon-dong (금촌동) Adong-dong (아동동) Yadong-dong (야동동) Geomsan-dong (검산동) Maekgeum-dong (맥금동)

Geumchon-2(ii)-dong (금촌2동)

Geumchon-dong (금촌동) Geumneung-dong (금능동)

Unjeong 1(il)-dong (운정1동)

Gyoha-dong (교하동) Dangha-dong (당하동) Wadong-dong (와동동)

Unjeong 2(i)-dong (운정2동)

Mokdong-dong (목동동)

Unjeong 3(Sam)-dong (운정3동)

Dongpae-dong (동패동) Yadang-dong (야당동)

Military bases[edit]

Camp Bonifas
Camp Bonifas
and Camp Liberty-Bell (home to US/ROKA Joint Security Area) Camp Dodge – closed Camp Edwards – closed Camp Garry Owen – closed Camp Giant – closed Camp Greaves – closed Camp Howze – closed Camp Irwin – closed Camp Pelham – closed Camp Semper Fidelis (home of 1st Provisional DMZ Police Co., 1st Marine Div. 1953-1956) Camp Stanton – closed Multi-Purpose Live Fire Complex (MLFC), also called Rodriguez Range or Rodriguez Live Fire Complex

Military cemetery[edit] The Cemetery for North Korean and Chinese Soldiers was established in 1996 to hold the remains of Korean People's Army
Korean People's Army
and Chinese People's Volunteer Army soldiers killed during the Korean War.[8] In March 2014 the Chinese remains were repatriated for reburial in Shenyang, China.[9] Attractions[edit]

Gloucester Valley Battle Monument
Gloucester Valley Battle Monument
("Gloster Hill") - war memorial Heyri Art Village - with 350 artists in fine arts, music, theater, photography, sculpture, crafts and literature. It aims to promote cultural interchange, education, and exhibit and sell hand-crafted works of art.[10] Jayuro Road of Freedom Panmunjom Korean Demilitarized Zone Paju
Paju
Book City Tongilro Road of Unification or National Road No. 1 Yong Ju Gol - a red-light district[11]

Notable people[edit]

Kim Young-moo, poet and scholar Ahn Jung-Hwan, professional footballer Kim Kwangyeon, member of South Korean boy band LEDApple Kang Jiyoung, pop singer and actress, former member of South Korean girl group Kara Hwang Kwanghee, member of South Korean boy group ZE:A Lee Mi-Swel, contestant on Kpop Star. Choi Ji-woo, South Korean actress Kim Eun-jung, children's writer Park Shin-hye, South Korean actress

In media[edit]

It is the location of the 2009 film Paju, starring by Lee Sun-kyun
Lee Sun-kyun
and Seo Woo. The Mnet survival show Produce 101
Produce 101
as well as its second season were filmed at the English Village.

Sister cities[edit] Paju
Paju
is twinned with the following places:[12]

Coquitlam, Canada Cuenca, Spain Eskişehir, Turkey Hadano, Japan Jinzhou, China Mudanjiang, China Pasadena, California Stellenbosch, South Africa Toowoomba, Australia

See also[edit]

List of cities in South Korea

References[edit]

^ Welcome to Paju
Paju
City Archived 2010-06-12 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c Naver. "Paju(Gyeonggi-do Province)." Naver Encyclopedia of Knowledge. Naver, 2015. Web. 04 Mar. 2016. ^ South Korea's Paju
Paju
Thrives Near the DMZ, WSJ
WSJ
12 December 2012, retrieved 4 March 2015 ^ Paju
Paju
City. "Symbols of Paju." PAJU. Paju
Paju
City, 2016. Web. 4 Mar. 2016. ^ Website Manager. "Notice." 100 Must-Visit Tourist Attractions. GyeongGi-Do, 19 May 2015. Web. 04 Mar. 2016. ^ Hwang, Gyoik. " Paju
Paju
Jangdan Bean." A Loaf of Bread Is Better than the Song of Many Birds. Naver Cast, 3 Nov. 2009. Web. 4 Mar. 2016. ^ Yi, Hunbeomn. " Paju
Paju
English Village Is Going To Open On Next Monday." Korea Joongang Daily [Seoul] 25 June 2010. Print. ^ "Remains of NK Soldiers Buried at Enemy Cemetery". Korea Times. Seoul. June 10, 2000. Retrieved May 13, 2014.   – via  Questia (subscription required) ^ "S. Korea, China to hold talks on remains of Chinese war dead". GlobalPost. Yonhap. January 20, 2014. ; "China to build new site for burial of its war dead from S. Korea". GlobalPost. Yonhap. February 16, 2014.  ^ Lee, Cin Woo (16 March 2012). "Beyond Seoul: 19 reasons to explore Korea". CNN Go. Retrieved 6 May 2012.  ^ Lee Tae-hoon (February 20, 2012). "Business booms for illegal brothels on South Korea
South Korea
border". The Korea Times. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013. Retrieved June 22, 2013.  ^ "Sister cities of Paju". Paju. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2010. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paju, Gyeonggi-do.

Paju
Paju
travel guide from Wikivoyage City government website (in Korean) City Council website (in English) road from DPRK to Paju

v t e

Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Province

Suwon
Suwon
(capital)

Specific cities

Ansan

Danwon Sangnok

Anyang

Dongan Manan

Bucheon

(no district subdivisions)

Goyang

Deogyang Ilsandong Ilsanseo

Hwaseong

(no district subdivisions)

Namyangju

(no district subdivisions)

Seongnam

Bundang Jungwon Sujeong

Suwon

Gwonseon Jangan Paldal Yeongtong

Yongin

Cheoin Giheung Suji

Cities

Anseong Dongducheon Gimpo Gunpo Guri Gwacheon Gwangju Gwangmyeong Hanam Icheon Osan Paju Pocheon Pyeongtaek Siheung Uijeongbu Uiwang Yangju Yeoju

Counties

Gapyeong Yangpyeong Yeoncheon

v t e

Cities in South Korea

Special
Special
city

Seoul

Metropolitan city

Busan Daegu Daejeon Gwangju Incheon Ulsan

Metropolitan autonomous city

Sejong

Provincial capital

Andong ChangwonB CheongjuB Chuncheon HongseongC JeonjuB JejuD MuanC SuwonB

Specific city

Ansan Anyang BucheonE Cheonan GimhaeE Goyang HwaseongE NamyangjuE Pohang Seongnam Yongin

Municipal city

Anseong Asan Boryeong Chungju Dangjin Dongducheon Donghae Gangneung Geoje Gimcheon Gimje Gimpo Gongju Gumi Gunpo Guri Gunsan Gwacheon Gwangju Gwangmyeong Gwangyang Gyeongju Gyeongsan Gyeryong Hanam Icheon Iksan Jecheon Jeongeup Jinju Miryang Mokpo Mungyeong Namwon Naju Nonsan Osan Paju Pocheon Pyeongtaek Sacheon Samcheok Sangju Seosan Siheung Sokcho Suncheon Taebaek Tongyeong Uijeongbu Uiwang Wonju Yangju Yangsan Yeoju Yeongcheon Yeongju Yeosu

Administrative city

Seogwipo

Note: A also a provincial capital; B also designated as a special-status city; C a county, not a city; D also designated as an administrative city; and E does not have gus

Coordinates: 37°52′N 126°48′E / 37.867°N 126.800°E

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