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PAIUTE (/ˈpaɪjuːt/ ; also PIUTE) refers to three closely related groups of indigenous peoples of the Great Basin
Great Basin
:

* NORTHERN PAIUTE of California, Idaho, Nevada
Nevada
and Oregon. * OWENS VALLEY PAIUTE of California
California
and Nevada. * SOUTHERN PAIUTE of Arizona, southeastern California, Nevada
Nevada
and Utah.

Their peoples have become members of numerous federally recognized tribes, as noted in the sections below. In many locations they have colocated with peoples of the Shoshone
Shoshone
and Washoe tribes, who have also long been in the Great Basin.

CONTENTS

* 1 Language and culture

* 2 Northern Paiute
Paiute

* 2.1 Historic Northern Paiute
Paiute
bands * 2.2 Northern Paiute
Paiute
tribes * 2.3 Notable Northern Paiutes * 2.4 Population

* 3 Owens Valley Paiute
Paiute

* 3.1 Population * 3.2 Owens Valley Paiute
Paiute
tribes

* 4 Southern Paiute
Paiute

* 4.1 Traditional Southern Paiute
Paiute
bands * 4.2 Contemporary Southern Paiute
Paiute
federally recognized tribes * 4.3 Notable Southern Paiutes

* 5 Pah Ute War * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 Sources * 10 Further reading

* 11 External links

* 11.1 Tribes * 11.2 Language * 11.3 Other

LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

The Northern and Southern Paiute
Paiute
peoples both speak languages belonging to the Numic branch of the Uto-Aztecan family of Native American languages. The terms Paiute, Northern Paiute
Paiute
and Southern Paiute
Paiute
are most correctly applied to refer to groups of people with similar language and culture. It does not imply a political connection or even an especially close genetic relationship. The Northern Paiute speak the Northern Paiute language , while the Southern Paiute
Paiute
speak the Colorado River Numic language . These languages are not as closely related to each other as they are to other Numic languages.

The Bannock , Mono , Coso , Timbisha and Kawaiisu peoples, who also speak Numic languages and live in adjacent areas, are sometimes also referred to as Paiute. The Bannock speak a dialect of Northern Paiute.

But, the Mono Tribe and other three peoples speak distinctly separate Numic languages: Mono is related more closely to Northern Paiute, as is Coso. The Timbisha language is related more closely to the Shoshoni language . The Kawaiisu language is more closely related to Colorado River Numic of the Southern Paiute.

NORTHERN PAIUTE

See also: Northern Paiute traditional narratives Sarah Winnemucca , Paiute
Paiute
writer and lecturer Captain John, Leader of the Yosemite-Mono Lake Paiutes Chief Winnemucca , Chief of the Paiutes. He was also named Poito.

The Northern Paiute
Paiute
traditionally have lived in the Great Basin
Great Basin
in eastern California, western Nevada, and southeast Oregon. The Northern Paiute's pre-contact lifestyle was well adapted to the harsh desert environment in which they lived. Each tribe or band occupied a specific territory, generally centered on a lake or wetland that supplied fish and water-fowl. Communal hunt drives, which often involved neighboring bands, would take rabbits and pronghorn from surrounding areas. Individuals and families appear to have moved freely among the bands.

They gathered Pinyon nuts in the mountains in the fall as a critical winter food source. Women also gathered grass seeds and roots as important parts of their diet. The name of each band was derived from a characteristic food source. For example, the people at Pyramid Lake were known as the Cui Ui Ticutta (meaning " Cui-ui eaters," or trout eaters). The people of the Lovelock area were known as the Koop Ticutta, meaning "ground-squirrel eaters;" and the people of the Carson Sink were known as the Toi Ticutta, meaning "tule eaters." The Kucadikadi of Mono County, California
California
are the "brine fly eaters."

Relations among the Northern Paiute
Paiute
bands and their Shoshone neighbors were generally peaceful. There is no sharp distinction between the Northern Paiute
Paiute
and Western Shoshone
Shoshone
or Sosone. Relations with the Waasseoo or Washoe people, who were culturally and linguistically very different, were not so peaceful.

Sustained contact between the Northern Paiute
Paiute
and Euro-Americans began in the early 1840s, although the first contact may have occurred as early as the 1820s. Although the Paiute
Paiute
had adopted the use of horses from other Great Plains tribes, their culture was otherwise then largely unaffected by European influences. As Euro-American settlement of the area progressed, competition for scarce resources increased. Several violent confrontations took place, including the Pyramid Lake
Lake
War of 1860, Owens Valley Indian War 1861-1864, Snake War 1864-1868; and the Bannock War of 1878. These incidents generally began with a disagreement between settlers and the Paiute
Paiute
(singly or in a group) regarding property, retaliation by one group against the other, and finally counter-retaliation by the opposite party, frequently culminating in the armed involvement of the U.S. Army . Fatalities were much higher among the Paiute
Paiute
due to newly introduced Eurasian infectious diseases , such as smallpox , which were endemic among the Europeans. The Natives had no acquired immunity . Sarah Winnemucca 's book Life Among the Piutes (1883) gives a first-hand account of this period, although it is not considered to be wholly reliable.

The government first established the Malheur Reservation for the Northern Paiute
Paiute
in eastern Oregon. It intended to concentrate the Northern Paiute
Paiute
there, but its strategy did not work. Because of the distance of the reservation from the traditional areas of most of the bands, and because of its poor environmental conditions, many Northern Paiute
Paiute
refused to go there. Those that did, soon left. They clung to their traditional lifestyle as long as possible. When environmental degradation of their lands made that impossible, they sought jobs on white farms, ranches or in cities. They established small Indian colonies , where they were joined by many Shoshone
Shoshone
and, in the Reno area, Washoe people.

Later, the government created larger reservations at Pyramid Lake
Lake
and Duck Valley , Nevada
Nevada
. By that time the pattern of small de facto reservations near cities or farm districts, often with mixed Northern Paiute
Paiute
and Shoshone
Shoshone
populations, had been established. Starting in the early 20th century, the federal government began granting land to these colonies. Under the Indian Reorganization Act
Indian Reorganization Act
of 1934, several individual colonies gained federal recognition as independent tribes .

HISTORIC NORTHERN PAIUTE BANDS

Wovoka , Paiute
Paiute
spiritual leader and founder of the Ghost Dance religion

* HUNIPUITöKA or HUNIPUI: "Hunipui-Root-Eaters" or WALPAPI: "Mountain People", often called Snake Indians, they lived along Deschutes River, Crooked River and John Day River in Central Oregon. They are federally recognized as part of the Burns Paiute Tribe (The tribe received federal recognition in 1968.). * WADADöKADö or WADATIKA (WAADADIKADY): "Wada Root and Grass-seed Eaters", also known as Harney Valley Paiute, they controlled about 52,500 square miles (136,000 km2) along the shores of Malheur Lake
Lake
, between the Cascade Range in central Oregon
Oregon
and the Payette Valley north of Boise, Idaho
Idaho
, as well as in the southern parts of the Blue Mountains in the vicinity of the headwaters of the Powder River , north of the John Day River , southward to the desertlike surroundings of Steens Mountain . They are federally recognized as part of the Burns Paiute Tribe and part of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs . * GOYATöKA or YAHUSKIN (YAHOOSKIN) : " Crayfish
Crayfish
eaters", often called Snake Indians, also known as Upper Sprague River Snakes or even Upper Sprague River Klamath, they lived along the shores of Goose, Silver, Warner and Harney lakes, living along the Sprague River in the area now comprising Lake
Lake
and Harney counties of Oregon, and hunted in the Klamath Basin
Klamath Basin
, had close ties to the Hunipui and Walpapi. They are federally recognized as part of the Klamath Tribes . * KOA\'AGA\'ITöKA: " Salmon
Salmon
Caught in Traps Eaters", they lived in the Snake River Plain . They are federally recognized as part of the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Indian Reservation . * KIDüTöKADö, GIDU TICUTTA: " Yellow-bellied marmot Eaters" or GIDI\'TIKADII: "Groundhog Eaters", also called Northern California Paiute
Paiute
or Surprise Valley Paiute, they lived around Goose Lake, in Surprise Valley of northern California
California
and Warner Valley in Oregon, and in the valley along the eastern mountains of the Warner Range along the Oregon- Nevada
Nevada
border to the south to Long Valley and the Lower Lake. They are federally recognized as the Fort Bidwell Indian Community . * ATSAKUDöKWA TUVIWARAI, ATSAKUDOKWA TUVIWA GA YU or ATSA-KUDOK-WA: "Those who live in the Red Mesas", they lived in the northwest of Nevada
Nevada
along the Oregon- Nevada
Nevada
border in the Santa Rosa Range
Santa Rosa Range
, north of the Slumbering Hills, west to the Jackson Mountains, northeast to Disaster Peak and east back to the Santa Rosa Mountains, Quinn River was the most important water resource. They are federally recognized as part of the Fort McDermitt Paiute
Paiute
and Shoshone
Shoshone
Tribe . * SAWAWAKTöDö: " Sagebrush Eaters" or SAWAKUDöKWA TUVIWARAI: " Sagebrush Eaters who live in the mountains", they lived in the Winnemucca area from the Osgood Mountains
Osgood Mountains
and the Sonoma Mountains in the east to the Jackson Mountains
Jackson Mountains
in the west, from the Slumbering Hills and Santa Rosa Range
Santa Rosa Range
in the north to Table Mountain Wilderness in the south. They are federally recognized as part of the Fort McDermitt Paiute
Paiute
and Shoshone
Shoshone
Tribes and the Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada
Nevada
. * YAMOSöPö TUVIWARAI or YAMOSOPU TUVIWA GA YU: "Those who live in Crescent Valley", they lived in Paradise Valley, Nevada
Nevada
, which they called Crescent Valley, as well as in the Santa Rosa Range
Santa Rosa Range
and along the Little Humboldt River , southward along the Oregon- Nevada
Nevada
border in the Osgoods Mountains. They are federally recognized as part of the Fort McDermitt Paiute
Paiute
and Shoshone
Shoshone
Tribes . * MAKUHADöKADö or PAUIDA TUVIWARAI: they lived around Battle Mountain and Unionville in Nevada, parts of the Humboldt Valley, in the desert valleys of Buena Vista Valley , Pleasant Valley , Buffalo Valley as in the Sonoma and East Mountains. They are federally recognized as Reno-Sparks Indian Colony
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony
. * MOADöKADö: " Wild onion Eaters", also known as AGAIPANINADöKADö or AGAI PANINA TICUTTA ("Lake-fish Eaters", literally "Summit Lake Fish Eaters" or "Trout Lake
Lake
Fish Eaters"), they lived around Summit Lake
Lake
(called Agaipaninadi) in Nevada
Nevada
and along the southern border of Idaho
Idaho
east of the Kidütökadö. They are federally recognized as the Summit Lake
Lake
Paiute
Paiute
Tribe of Nevada
Nevada
. * KAMODöKADö or KAMU TICUTTA: "Hare-Eaters", they lived north of Pyramid Lake
Lake
in the Smoke Creek and Granite Creek deserts. They are federally recognized as Yerington Paiute
Paiute
Tribe of the Yerington Colony and Campbell Ranch . * TöVUSIDöKADö, TABOOSSE DUKADU or TOBUSI TICUTTA: "Pine nut Eaters", they lived in the mountain foothills of Nevada. They are federally recognized as Yerington Paiute
Paiute
Tribe of the Yerington Colony and Campbell Ranch . * POGIDUKADU, POGI DUKADU or POO-ZI TICUTTA: "Onion Eaters", they are federally recognized as the Yerington Paiute
Paiute
Tribe of the Yerington Colony and Campbell Ranch and Bridgeport Paiute
Paiute
Indian Colony of California
California
. * TASIGET TUVIWARAI: "Those who live amidst the mountains", they lived in Winnemucca Valley. They are federally recognized as part of the Pyramid Lake
Lake
Indian Reservation . * KUYUIDöKADö, KOOYOOE DUKADU, KOOYOOE DUKA\'A, CUI YUI TICUTTA or CUI-UI DICUTTA: " Cui-ui -Fish-Eaters", they lived along the shores of Pyramid Lake
Lake
and the lower Truckee River, part of the Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation . * KüPADöKADö or KOOP TICUTTA: " Ground squirrel Eaters", they lived along the shores of Lake
Lake
Humboldt , their territory in the east was limited by the Shoshone
Shoshone
people , including the Pahsupp Mountains, Kamma Mountains
Kamma Mountains
and Majuba Mountains and the Humboldt River and Sink River. They are federally recognized as Lovelock Paiute
Paiute
Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony . * TOEDöKADö, TOE DUKADU, TOE TUKADU or TOI DICUTTA: " Schoenoplectus acutus (Tule) Eaters", they lived in the Carson Sink . They are federally recognized as part of the Paiute- Shoshone
Shoshone
Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony . * AGA\'IDöKADö or AGAI DICUTTA (AGAI TICUTTA): "Cutthroat trout Eaters", currently residing on the Walker River Indian Reservation . * PAKWIDöKADö or PUGWI TICUTTA: "Chub carp Eaters", currently residing on the Walker River Indian Reservation . * ONABEDUKADU, ONABE DUKADU, ONA DUKADU or OZAV DIKA: "Salt-Eaters" or ″Alkali Eaters″, also known as auch als Soda Springs Valley Paiute
Paiute
or Coleville Paiute, they lived in California-Nevada-region from Coleville, California
California
in the Antelope Valley to the Monte Cristo Range and the Excelsior Mountains
Excelsior Mountains
, today part of the Bridgeport Paiute
Paiute
Indian Colony of California
California
. * TAGöTöKA or TAGA TICUTTA: " Lomatium dissectum Root Tuber Eaters", they lived along the Jordan River and Owyhee River in Oregon and Idaho. Lomatium dissectum is known as "fernleaf biscuitroot" for its use in baking biscuits and as "desert parsley"; today part of the Shoshone- Paiute
Paiute
Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation. * TSöSö\'öDö TUVIWARAI: "Those who live in the cold", they lived in the surroundings of Steens Mountain in Oregon. * QUI NA TAUE PHA NUMA: ″People of the Big Smoky Valley
Big Smoky Valley
“, lived between the Toiyabe Range
Toiyabe Range
and Toquima Range
Toquima Range
in Nevada, today part of the Fort McDermitt Paiute
Paiute
and Shoshone
Shoshone
Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation. * A\'WAGGOO DUKADU: ″Those who eat suckers″, they lived in the Bridgeport Valley
Bridgeport Valley
, California, therefore also known as Bridgeport Paiute, today part of the Bridgeport Paiute
Paiute
Indian Colony of California
California
. * WAY DUKADU: ″Rye grass Eaters″, they lived in the Bridgeport Valley , California, therefore also known as Bridgeport Paiute, today part of the Bridgeport Paiute
Paiute
Indian Colony of California
California
. * KUTSAVIDöKADö, KOODZABE DUKA\'A or KUCADIKADI : "Ephydridae (Brine fly) Larvae Eaters", also called Mono Lake
Lake
Paiute
Paiute
or the Western Mono. The name "Mono" derives from Monoache or Monache, "Fly larvae Eaters", the designation used by the Yokuts for the Kucadikadi. They are federally recognized as Big Sandy Rancheria , Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of California
California
, Northfork Rancheria of Mono Indians of California
California
, Table Mountain Rancheria and Tule River Indian Tribe of the Tule River Reservation .

NORTHERN PAIUTE TRIBES

These are federally recognized tribes with significant Northern Paiute
Paiute
populations:

* Burns Paiute Tribe of the Burns Paiute
Paiute
Indian Colony of Oregon
Oregon
, Burns, Oregon
Oregon
* Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs , Warm Springs Indian Reservation , Oregon * Fort Bidwell Indian Community of the Fort Bidwell Reservation of California
California
, Fort Bidwell Indian Reservation , California * Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Indian Reservation , Southeastern Idaho—descendants of the Lemhi, Boise Valley, Bruneau, Weiser and other bands of Northern Shoshone
Shoshone
and Bannock with the Northern Paiute
Paiute
Koa'aga´itöka band * Fort McDermitt Paiute
Paiute
and Shoshone
Shoshone
Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation , Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation , Nevada
Nevada
and Oregon * Klamath Tribes , includes the Yahooskin Band of Paiute, Chiloquin, Oregon
Oregon
* Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony , Lovelock, Nevada
Nevada
* Paiute- Shoshone
Shoshone
Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony , Fallon, Nevada
Nevada
(The Fallon Indian Reservation is also known as Stillwater) * Pyramid Lake
Lake
Paiute
Paiute
Tribe of the Pyramid Lake
Lake
Reservation , Pyramid Lake
Lake
Indian Reservation , Nevada * Reno-Sparks Indian Colony
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony
, Reno, Nevada
Nevada
* Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation
, Duck Valley Indian Reservation , Nevada
Nevada
and Owyhee County, Idaho
Idaho
* Summit Lake
Lake
Paiute
Paiute
Tribe of Nevada
Nevada
, Summit Lake
Lake
Indian Reservation , Nevada * Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation , Walker River Indian Reservation , Nevada * Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada
Nevada
, Winnemucca, Nevada
Nevada
* XL Ranch , Alturas, California
California
* Yerington Paiute
Paiute
Tribe of the Yerington Colony and Campbell Ranch , Yerington, Nevada
Nevada
* Cedarville Rancheria Northern Paiute Tribe , Alturas, California
California
* Susanville Indian Rancheria , Susanville, California
California

NOTABLE NORTHERN PAIUTES

* Nellie Charlie , basketweaver * Egan , 19th century warring chief * Chief Paulina , war leader, died 1868 * Tau-gu
Tau-gu
, late 19th century chief * Lucy Telles
Lucy Telles
, award-winning basketweaver, c. 1885–1955 * Chief Tenaya , leader of the Ahwahnees * Truckee , 17th/18th century medicine chief * Wahveveh , war chief, died 1866 * Chief Winnemucca , died 1882 * Sarah Winnemucca , c. 1841—1891 * Wovoka , prophet and founder of the Ghost Dance
Ghost Dance

POPULATION

Further information: Population of Native California
California

Estimates for the pre-contact populations of most native groups in California
California
have varied substantially. Alfred L. Kroeber thought that the 1770 population of the Northern Paiute
Paiute
within California
California
was 500. He estimated their population in 1910 as 300. Others put the total Northern Paiute
Paiute
population in 1859 at about 6,000.

OWENS VALLEY PAIUTE

Owens Valley Paiute
Paiute
woman weaving a basket Further information: Mono people

Owens Valley Paiute
Paiute
live on the California- Nevada
Nevada
border, near the Owens River on the eastern side of the southern Sierra Nevada
Nevada
in the Owens Valley and speak the Mono language . Their self-designation is Numa, meaning "People" or Nün‘wa Paya Hup Ca’a‘ Otuu’mu—"Coyote's children living in the water ditch"

POPULATION

In the 1990s, approximately 2,500 Owens Valley Paiutes lived on reservations.

OWENS VALLEY PAIUTE TRIBES

* Big Pine Paiute
Paiute
Tribe of the Owens Valley , Big Pine, California (also Northern Paiute) * Bridgeport Paiute
Paiute
Indian Colony of California
California
, Bridgeport, California
California
* Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians , Independence, California
California
* Lone Pine Paiute- Shoshone
Shoshone
Tribe , Lone Pine, California
California
* Bishop Paiute Tribe , Bishop, California
California
(also Northern Paiute) * Utu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe of the Benton Paiute Reservation , Benton, California
California

SOUTHERN PAIUTE

Moapa Southern Paiute, Paiute
Paiute
woman and girl wearing traditional Paiute
Paiute
basket hats. Baby swaddled in rabbit robes in cradleboard , Las Vegas

The Southern Paiute
Paiute
traditionally lived in the Colorado River
Colorado River
basin and Mojave Desert
Desert
in northern Arizona
Arizona
and southeastern California including Owens Valley , southern Nevada
Nevada
and southern Utah. Terminated as a tribe in 1954 under federal efforts at assimilation, the Southern Paiute
Paiute
regained federal recognition in 1980. Many of these Paiute
Paiute
traded with coastal tribes; for example, tribes of the Owens Valley have been proven to trade with the Chumash of the Central Coast , based upon archaeological recovery at Morro Creek . A band of Southern Paiute
Paiute
at Willow Springs and Navajo Mountain , south of the Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon
, reside inside the Navajo Indian Reservation . These " San Juan Paiute " were officially recognized as a separate tribe by the Bureau of Indian Affairs
Bureau of Indian Affairs
in 1980.

The first European contact with the Southern Paiute
Paiute
occurred in 1776, when fathers Silvestre Vélez de Escalante and Francisco Atanasio Domínguez encountered them during an attempt to find an overland route to the missions of California
California
. They noted that some of the Southern Paiute
Paiute
men "had thick beards and were thought to look more in appearance like Spanish men than native Americans". Before this date, the Southern Paiute
Paiute
suffered slave raids by the Navajo and the Ute . The arrival of Spanish and later Euro-American explorers into their territory increased slave raiding by other tribes. In 1851, Mormon settlers strategically occupied Paiute
Paiute
water sources, which created a dependency relationship. But, the presence of Mormon
Mormon
settlers soon ended the slave raids, and relations between the Paiutes and the Mormons were basically peaceful. The Mormon
Mormon
missionary Jacob Hamblin worked at diplomatic efforts. The introduction of European settlers and agricultural practices (most especially large herds of cattle ) made it difficult for the Southern Paiute
Paiute
to continue their traditional lifestyle, as it drove away the game and reduced their ability to hunt, as well as to gather natural foods.

Today Southern Paiute
Paiute
communities are located at Las Vegas , Pahrump , and Moapa , in Nevada
Nevada
; Cedar City , Kanosh , Koosharem , Shivwits, and Indian Peaks, in Utah
Utah
; at Kaibab and Willow Springs, in Arizona
Arizona
; Death Valley
Death Valley
and at the Chemehuevi Indian Reservation and on the Colorado River
Colorado River
Indian Reservation in California
California
. Some would include the 29 Palms Reservations in San Bernardino and Riverside Counties of California.

TRADITIONAL SOUTHERN PAIUTE BANDS

Numaga , peace chief of the Paiutes during the Pyramid Lake Paiute War of 1860

The Southern Paiute
Paiute
traditionally had 16 to 31 subgroups, bands, or tribes.

* Antarianunts (Yantarii), historically from near Henry Mountains , Utah
Utah
* Beaver band (Kwi?umpacíii, Kwiumpus , Quiumputs ), "Frasera speciosa people", from near Beaver, Utah
Utah
* Cedar band (Ankappanukkicicimi), Unkapanukuints , "Red-stream people", from near Cedar City, Utah
Utah

* Chemehuevi (Camowév, Acimuev), "those who do something with fish", now often viewed as a distinct group

* Howaits (Hokwaits , lived in the Ivanpah Mountains
Ivanpah Mountains
, called Ivanpah Mountain Group) * Kauyaichits (lived in the area of Ash Meadows , called Ash Meadows Group) * Mokwats (lived in the Kingston Mountains , called Kingston Mountain Group) * Moviats (Movweats, lived on Cottonwood Island, called Cottonwood Island Group) * Palonies ((in Spanish) "the bald-headed", traveled to the area north of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
) * Shivawach (one group of them lived at Twentynine Palms , the second one in Chemehuevi Valley ) * Tümplsagavatsits (Timpashauwagotsits , lived in the Providence Mountains, therefore called Providence Mountain Group) * Yagats (lived in the Amargosa Valley and along the Amargosa River , called Amargosa River Group)

* Gunlock band (Matooshats , Matissatï ), from near Gunlock, Utah
Utah

* Kaibab (Kaipapicicimi, Kaivavwits , Kaibabits ) named for the Kaibab Plateau in northern Arizona
Arizona
* Indian Peak Band * Kaiparowits (Escanlante band), named for the Kaiparowits Plateau in Utah
Utah
* Las Vegas band (Nipakanticimi, Nuaguntits ), "People of Charleston Peak " * Moapa ( Moapats ), "Muddy Creek Paiute" * Pahranagat (Pata?nikici), "Person who sticks his feet in the water, named for the Pahranagat Valley , Nevada
Nevada
* Panaca (Tsouwaraits , Matisabits ), named for Panaca, Nevada
Nevada
* Panguitch (Pakiucimi ), "fish people", named for Panguitch, Utah
Utah
* San Juan band ( Kwaiantikowkets
Kwaiantikowkets
), "People being over on the opposite side", from the San Juan River in northern Arizona
Arizona
* Shivwits ( Sipicimi , Shebits, Sübüts), "People who live in the East" * Uinkaret (Yipinkatiticimi ), "People of Mount Trumbull" * Uainuints (Uenuwunts , also known as Tonaquints, hunted and farmed from Hebron (Shoal Creek Fort), Enterprise and Pinto southward along the Santa Clara River (also called Tonaquint River) to his mouth into the Virgin River south of today's Saint George, Utah
Utah
, therefore called St. George Band)

CONTEMPORARY SOUTHERN PAIUTE FEDERALLY RECOGNIZED TRIBES

* Kaibab Band of Paiute
Paiute
Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, Arizona
Arizona
Kaibab Indian Reservation
Kaibab Indian Reservation
, Arizona
Arizona
* Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony , Las Vegas, Nevada
Nevada
* Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation , Moapa River Indian Reservation , Moapa, Nevada
Nevada

* Paiute
Paiute
Indian Tribe of Utah
Utah
, Cedar City, Utah
Utah

* Cedar City Band of Paiutes * Kanosh Band of Paiutes * Koosharem Band of Paiutes * Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes * Shivwits Band of Paiutes

* San Juan Southern Paiute
Paiute
Tribe of Arizona
Arizona
, Tuba City, Arizona
Arizona

NOTABLE SOUTHERN PAIUTES

* Tony Tillohash
Tony Tillohash
, linguist and politician

PAH UTE WAR

Further information: Paiute War

The Pah Ute War , also known as the Paiute
Paiute
War, was a minor series of raids and ambushes which had an effect on the development of the Pony Express . It took place from May through June 1860, though sporadic violence continued for a period afterward.

SEE ALSO

* Coso Rock Art District * Hetch Hetchy Valley * History of the Yosemite area * Mono Lake
Lake
* Mountain Meadows massacre
Mountain Meadows massacre
* Northern Paiute traditional narratives * Pipe Spring National Monument
Pipe Spring National Monument
* List of Native American peoples in the United States
United States

NOTES

* ^ Warner (1995 , pp. 187–193) cites Dominguez -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ Pritzker 2000 , p. 224. * ^ "Northern Paiute
Paiute
- Religion and Expressive Culture". Countries and Their Cultures. (retrieved 8 Dec 2009) * ^ California
California
and the Indian Wars, The Owens Valley Indian War, 1861-1865, The California
California
Military Museum * ^ Hopkins 1883 . * ^ The Paiute
Paiute
and Shoshone
Shoshone
of Fort McDermitt, Nevada * ^ Summit Lake
Lake
Paiute
Paiute
Tribe * ^ perhaps this was not a Norther Paiute
Paiute
band instead the Wiyimpihtikka (Buffalo Berry Eaters) of the Western Shoshone
Shoshone
* ^ Kroeber 1925 , p. 883. * ^ Liljeblad & Fowler 1978 , p. 457. * ^ Liljeblad & Fowler 1978 , p. 412. * ^ Pritzker 2000 , p. 227. * ^ Pritzker 2000 , p. 228. * ^ Liljeblad & Fowler 1978 , p. 413. * ^ Pritzker 2000 , pp. 229-230. * ^ W.C. Sturtevant, 1964 * ^ Hogan 2008 . * ^ A B C D E Kelly & Fowler 1978 , p. 394. * ^ A B C D E F Kelly & Fowler 1978 , p. 395. * ^ A B C D E F Kelly -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;">

* Dominguez, Atanasio; Vélez de Escalante, Silvestre (1776). Derrotero de los Padres Fray Francisco Atanacio Domínguez, and Fr. Silvestre Vélez, de Escalante, en sus exploraciónes, desde las missiones de Zuñy del Nuevo Mexico, hasta las ymmediaciones de Monte Rey de California. * Fowler, Catherine S. ; Liljeblad, Sven (1986). "Northern Paiute". In d'Azevedo, Warren L. Handbook of North American Indians . 11 Great Basin. William C. Sturtevant , general editor. Smithsonian Institution. pp. 435–465. ISBN 978-0160045813 . * Hogan, C. Michael (2008). Burnham, A., ed. " Morro Creek - Ancient Village or Settlement in United States
United States
in The West". The Megalith Portal. Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. * Hopkins, Sarah Winnemucca (1883) . Fowler, Catherine S. , ed. Life Among the Piutes: Their Wrongs And Claims. University of Nevada
Nevada
Press. ISBN 978-0874172522 . * Kelly, Isabel T.; Fowler, Catherine S. (1986). "Southern Paiute". In d'Azevedo, Warren L. Handbook of North American Indians . 11 Great Basin. William C. Sturtevant , general editor. Smithsonian Institution. pp. 368–397. ISBN 978-0160045813 . * Kroeber, Alfred L. (1925). Handbook of the Indians of California. Bulletin (Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology). 78. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office. * Liljeblad, Sven; Fowler, Catherine S. (1986). "Owens Valley Paiute". In d'Azevedo, Warren L. Handbook of North American Indians . 11 Great Basin. William C. Sturtevant , general editor. Smithsonian Institution. pp. 412–434. ISBN 978-0160045813 . * Pritzker, Barry M. (2000). A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. OUP. ISBN 978-0195138771 . * Warner, Ted J., ed. (1995). The Domínguez–Escalante journal : their expedition through Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico in 1776. Translated by Chávez, Angélico. foreword by Robert Himmerich y Valencia. University of Utah
Utah
Press. ISBN 978-0874804478 .

FURTHER READING

* Dutton, Bertha Pauline (1976). The Ranchería, Ute, and Southern Paiute
Paiute
Peoples (2nd ed.). Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-0137529230 . * Hittman, Michael (1996). Corbett Mack: The Life of a Northern Paiute. Studies in the Anthropology of North American Indians (1st ed.). Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska. ISBN 978-0803223769 .

* Mann, Mary Tyler Peabody (1883). Life Among the Piutes: Their Wrongs and Claims. Cupples, Upham & Company, G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, and by the author. Retrieved 24 August 2012.

* Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie

* Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie (1955). "The Northern Paiute
Paiute
of Central Oregon: A Chapter in Treaty-Making Part 1". Ethnohistory. Duke University Press. 2 (2): 95–132. doi :10.2307/480624 . * Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie (1955). "The Northern Paiute
Paiute
of Central Oregon: A Chapter in Treaty-Making Part 2". Ethnohistory. Duke University Press. 2 (3): 241–272. doi :10.2307/480378 . * Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie (1956). "The Northern Paiute
Paiute
of Central Oregon: A Chapter in Treaty-Making Part 3". Ethnohistory. Duke University Press. 3 (1): 1–10. doi :10.2307/480497 .

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TRIBES

* Burns Paiute
Paiute
Tribe * Fallon

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