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PADMANABH SHRIVARMA JAINI is an Indian born scholar of Jainism
Jainism
and Buddhism
Buddhism
, currently living in Berkeley, California , United States. He is from a Digambar
Digambar
Jain family; however he is equally familiar with both the Digambara
Digambara
and Svetambara forms of Jainism. He has taught at the Banaras Hindu University
Banaras Hindu University
, the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), the University of Michigan
University of Michigan
at Ann Arbor and at the University of California
University of California
at Berkeley, from which he retired in 1994. Professor Jaini is the author of several books and papers. His best known work is The Jaina Path of Purification (1979). Some of his major articles have been published under these titles: The Collected Papers on Jaina Studies (2000) and Collected Papers on Buddhist Studies (2001).

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life and education * 2 Path to scholarship * 3 Works and publications * 4 References

EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION

Jaini was born to a Digambar
Digambar
Jain family residing in Nellikar, a small town near Moodabidri , Karnataka
Karnataka
, India. His father had abandoned his title of Shetty and adopted the name of Jaini—after the famous Jain scholar, Jugmandar Lal Jaini (1881-1927)—responding to calls within the community to change their names to foster a greater sense of Jain identity. After completing his elementary education, he was sent to Digambara
Digambara
Jain Gurukul, a boarding school in Vidharbha, Maharashtra. It was run on traditional Jain principles and here he came in contact with Jain scholars of his time like – Pandit Nathuram Premi , Dr. Hiralal Jain, Dr. A.N. Upadhye .

After completing his secondary education here, he went to Arts College at Nashik where he took the degree of BA hons in 1947 in Sanskrit and Prakrit. During this time he supported himself by taking a job as a superintendent of a Jain Svetambara Hostel and thus coming in contact with the Svetambara community for the first time.

PATH TO SCHOLARSHIP

After graduation, he was invited to study with Pandit Sukhlal Sanghavi , a renowned scholar belonging to the Sthanakvasi Jain tradition. His daily meeting with Sanghavi, involved not only a formal and rigorous instruction in Jain logic, but he was also exposed to Sanghavi’s views on various sectarian debates and controversies. With Sukhlalji's encouragement he studied Pali canon
Pali canon
and decided to continue his postgraduate studies in Sri Lanka, thus acquiring a thorough knowledge of Pali Canon and Buddhist scriptures. Here he became a Dharmananda Kosambi memorial Scholar and met Dr. B. R. Ambedkar (before his conversion to Buddhism) and was awarded Tripatakacarya degree in 1951 at the residence of the Prime Minister Senanayake. His years in Sri Lanka were the basis for his first publication in Gujarati , “Ceylonman Be Varsa” (Two years in Ceylon
Ceylon
). It contains much information on the Theravada Buddhism philosophy and practices.

On returning he took up position as a lecturer in Ahmedabad and in 1952 he took up position as a lecturer in Pali in Benaras university. Subsequently he took up position as a lecturer in Pali and Sanskrit with SOAS, London from 1956 to 1957. There under John Borough ’s supervision he completed his Ph.D. in Buddhist work, Abhidharmadipa. From there he travelled to Burma, Indonesia, Cambodia and Thailand to collect various Buddhist manuscripts which he later edited and translated for Pali Text Society . Subsequently he moved to University of Michigan as professor of Indic Languages and Literature up to 1972. .Thereafter from 1972 to 1994 he served as a professor of Buddhist studies in Department of South and Southeast Asian studies, University of Berkeley, California. After his retirement, he has continued as Professor Emeritus of the University. The University has constituted “Padmanabh S. Jaini Graduate Student Award in Buddhist Studies” that supports high-achieving graduate students in Buddhist Studies at UC Berkeley and honors Professor Jaini's important legacy in the field of Buddhist studies.

WORKS AND PUBLICATIONS

A partial list of his published works:

* Jaini, Padmanabh (1998). The Jaina Path of Purification. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 81-208-1578-5 . (First edition in 1979) * Jaini, Padmanabh (1991). Gender and Salvation: Jaina Debates on the Spiritual Liberation of Women. Berkeley: University of California Press. * Jaini, Padmanabh (2000). Collected Papers on Jaina Studies. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 81-208-1691-9 . * Jaini, Padmanabh (2001). Collected Papers on Buddhist Studies. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 81-208-1776-1 . * Padmanabh Jaini
Padmanabh Jaini
& Mark Tully (2009). Christianity and Jainism
Jainism
: An Interfaith Dialogue. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay . ISBN 978-81-88769-42-1 .

A partial list of works published by Pali text Society include:

* Subodhalankara: Porana-tika (Mahasami-tika) * Apocryphal Birth-Stories (Pannasa-Jataka) * Lokaneyyapakarana

His other works include "Abhidharma Buddhism
Buddhism
to 150 A.D." published under Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies series.

REFERENCES

* ^ Wiley, Kristi (2006). The A to Z of Jainism. Delhi: Vision Books (originally published by Scarecrow Press). ISBN 81-7094-690-5 . OCLC
OCLC
422763446 . p.103 * ^ Dundas, Paul (2000). "Foreword". Collected Papers on Jaina Studies. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 81-208-1691-9 . pp. v–vi * ^ Dundas, Paul (2000) p. vi * ^ Wiley, Kristi (2006) p.103 * ^ Dundas, Paul (2000) pp. vi–vii * ^ Dundas, Paul (2000) p.viii * ^ "Ph.D. candidate Nancy Lin receives first Padmanabh S. Jaini Graduate Student Award in Buddhist Studies". Buddhist Studies at UC Berkeley. April 2, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-18.

* v * t * e

Modern Jain writers (1848 to date)

* Jainism
Jainism
* Dharma * Jain philosophy
Jain philosophy
* Indian religions
Indian religions
* Jain literature

JAINISM

* A.N. Upadhye * Bal Patil * Champat Rai Jain * Chandabai * Chandrashekhar Vijay * Claudia Pastorino * Colette Caillat * Hampa Nagarajaiah * Hermann Jacobi * Jambuvijaya * Jinendra Varni * Madhusudan Dhaky * Mary Whitney Kelting * Nalini Balbir * Nathuram Premi * Padmanabh Jaini * Paul Dundas * Rajendrasuri * Sukhlal Sanghvi
Sukhlal Sanghvi
* T. K. Tukol * Virchand Gandhi

LISTS

* List of modern Eastern religions writers * List of writers on Jainism
Jainism

* Jainism
Jainism
Portal
Portal
* Indian religions
Indian religions
portal

* v * t * e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

GODS

* Tirthankara
Tirthankara
* Ganadhara
Ganadhara
* Arihant

PHILOSOPHY

* Ethics

* Ahimsa

* Epistemology

* Kevala Jñāna

* Jaina logic

* Anekāntavāda
Anekāntavāda

* Jain cosmology
Jain cosmology

* Siddhashila * Naraka * Heavenly beings

* Karma

* Types * Causes

* Gunasthana
Gunasthana

* Dravya
Dravya

* Jīva

* Ajiva

* Pudgala * Dharma

* Tattva

* Asrava * Bandha * Samvara
Samvara
* Nirjara * Mokṣa

* Death * Saṃsāra * Ratnatraya * Kashaya

BRANCHES

DIGAMBARA

* Mula Sangha

* Balatkara Gana * Kashtha Sangha

* Taran Panth
Taran Panth
* Bispanthi * Terapanth * Yapaniya

ŚVēTāMBARA

* Murtipujaka

* Gaccha

* Kharatara * Tapa * Tristutik

* Sthānakavāsī
Sthānakavāsī
* Terapanth

PRACTICES

* Sallekhana
Sallekhana

* Meditation

* Sāmāyika

* Monasticism * Vegetarianism * Fasting * Rituals

* Festivals

* Paryushana
Paryushana
* Kshamavani
Kshamavani
* Mahamastakabhisheka

* Upadhan * Tapas * Pratikramana

LITERATURE

* Agama

* Shatkhandagama * Kasayapahuda
Kasayapahuda

* Mantra

* Namokar Mantra * Bhaktamara Stotra
Bhaktamara Stotra

* Tattvartha Sutra
Tattvartha Sutra
* Samayasāra * Aptamimamsa
Aptamimamsa
* Kalpa Sūtra
Kalpa Sūtra

SYMBOLS

* Jain flag
Jain flag
* Siddhachakra

* Ashtamangala

* Shrivatsa * Nandavarta

* Auspicious dreams * Swastika
Swastika

ASCETICS

* Digambara
Digambara
monk * Aryika * Kshullak
Kshullak
* Pattavali
Pattavali
* Acharya

SCHOLARS

* Nalini Balbir * Colette Caillat * Chandabai * John E. Cort * Paul Dundas * Virchand Gandhi * Hermann Jacobi * Champat Rai Jain * Padmanabh Jaini * Jeffery D. Long * Hampa Nagarajaiah * Claudia Pastorino * Bal Patil * Jinendra Varni

COMMUNITY

* Śrāvaka * Sarak * Tamil

* Organisations

* Digambar
Digambar
Jain Mahasabha * Vishwa Jain Sangathan * JAINA
JAINA

JAINISM IN

INDIA

* Bundelkhand * Delhi * Goa * Gujarat * Haryana

* Karnataka
Karnataka

* North

* Kerala

* Maharashtra

* Mumbai

* Rajasthan * Uttar Pradesh

OVERSEAS

* Canada * Europe * United States * Japan * Singapore * Hong Kong * Pakistan * Belgium * Africa * Southeast Asia * Australia

JAINISM AND

* Buddhism
Buddhism
* Hinduism * Islam * Sikhism * Non-creationism

DYNASTIES AND EMPIRES

* Ikshvaku * Maurya * Kalinga * Kadamba * Ganga * Chalukya * Rashtrakuta * Hoysala * Pandayan

RELATED

* History

* Timeline

* Pañca-Parameṣṭhi * Pratima * Śalākāpuruṣa * Tirtha * Samavasarana
Samavasarana

* Jain calendar

* Samvatsari
Samvatsari

* Panch Kalyanaka * Statue of Ahimsa * Temple * Sculpture * Art * Law * Nigoda
Nigoda
*