HOME
The Info List - Padma Vibhushan


--- Advertisement ---



1954

Satyendra Nath Bose Nandalal Bose Zakir Husain Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher V. K. Krishna Menon Jigme Dorji Wangchuck

Last awarded

2018

Ilaiyaraaja Ghulam Mustafa Khan P. Parameswaran

Total awarded 303

Precedence

Next (higher) Bharat Ratna

Next (lower) Padma Bhushan

The Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
is the second-highest civilian award of the Republic of India; Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
is the highest, Padma Bhushan third-ranking. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "exceptional and distinguished service", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The award criteria include "service in any field including service rendered by Government servants" including doctors and scientists, but excluding those working with the public sector undertakings. As of 2017[update], the award has been bestowed on 300 individuals, including twelve posthumous and 19 non-citizen recipients. During 1 May and 15 September of every year, the recommendations for the award are submitted to the Padma Awards Committee, constituted by the Prime Minister of India. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, the Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
and previous Padma Vibhushan award recipients, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals. The committee later submits their recommendations to the Prime Minister and the President of India for the further approval. The award recipients are announced on Republic Day. The first recipients of the award were Satyendra Nath Bose, Nand Lal Bose, Zakir Hussain, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, and V. K. Krishna Menon, who were honoured in 1954. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards but this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute. The "Padma Vibhushan", along with other personal civil honours, was briefly suspended twice, from July 1977 to January 1980 and from August 1992 to December 1995. Some of the recipients have refused or returned their conferments. Vilayat Khan, Swami Ranganathananda, and Manikonda Chalapathi Rau refused the award, the family members of Lakshmi Chand Jain
Lakshmi Chand Jain
(2011) and Sharad Anantrao Joshi (2016) declined their posthumous conferments, and Baba Amte returned his 1986 conferment in 1991. Most recently on 25 January 2018, the award has been bestowed upon three recipients; Ilaiyaraaja, Ghulam Mustafa Khan, and P. Parameswaran.

Contents

1 History 2 Regulations 3 Specifications 4 Recipients 5 Explanatory notes 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

History[edit] On 2 January 1954, a press release was published from the office of the secretary to the President of India
India
announcing the creation of two civilian awards—Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award, and the three-tier Padma Vibhushan, classified into "Pahela Warg" (Class I), "Dusra Warg" (Class II), and "Tisra Warg" (Class III), which rank below the Bharat Ratna.[1] On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
was reclassified into three different awards: the Padma Vibhushan, the highest of the three, followed by the Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
and the Padma Shri.[2] The award, along with other personal civilian honours, was briefly suspended twice in its history;[3] for the first time in July 1977 when Morarji Desai
Morarji Desai
was sworn in as the fourth Prime Minister of India, for being "worthless and politicized".[4][5][6] The suspension was rescinded on 25 January 1980 after Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
became the Prime Minister.[7] The civilian awards were suspended again in mid-1992, when two Public-Interest Litigations were filed in the High Courts of India, one in the Kerala High Court
Kerala High Court
on 13 February 1992 by Balaji Raghavan and another in the Madhya Pradesh High Court (Indore Bench) on 24 August 1992 by Satya Pal Anand. Both petitioners questioned the civilian awards being "titles" per an interpretation of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution of India.[6][a] On 25 August 1992, the Madhya Pradesh High Court issued a notice temporarily suspending all civilian awards.[6] A Special
Special
Division Bench of the Supreme Court of India
India
was formed comprising five judges: A. M. Ahmadi C. J., Kuldip Singh, B. P. Jeevan Reddy, N. P. Singh, and S. Saghir Ahmad. On 15 December 1995, the Special
Special
Division Bench restored the awards and delivered a judgment that the " Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
and Padma awards are not titles under Article 18 of the Constitution of India".[9] Regulations[edit] The award is conferred for "exceptional and distinguished service", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The criteria include "service in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excludes those working with the public sector undertakings, with the exception of doctors and scientists.[10] The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards,[1] but this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute;[2] Aditya Nath Jha, Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq, and Vikram Sarabhai
Vikram Sarabhai
became the first recipients to be honoured posthumously in 1972.[11] The recommendations are received from all state and union territory governments, the Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and previous Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
award recipients, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers, the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament, including private individuals. The recommendations received during 1 May and 15 September of every year are submitted to the Padma Awards Committee, convened by the Prime Minister of India. The Awards Committee later submits its recommendations to the Prime Minister and the President of India
India
for further approval.[10] The Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
award recipients are announced every year on Republic Day of India
India
and registered in The Gazette of India—a publication released weekly by the Department of Publication, Ministry of Urban Development used for official government notices.[10] The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which actions require the authority of the President, are also registered in the Gazette and are required to surrender their medals when their names are struck from the register.[2] Specifications[edit] The original 1954 specifications of the award called for a circle made of gold gilt 1 3⁄8 inches (35 mm) in diameter, with rims on both sides. A centrally located lotus flower was embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma Vibhushan" written in Devanagari
Devanagari
script was inscribed above the lotus along the upper edge of the medal. A floral wreath was embossed along the lower edge and a lotus wreath at the top along the upper edge. The Emblem of India
India
was placed in the centre of the reverse side with the text "Desh Seva" in Devanagari
Devanagari
Script on the lower edge. The medal was suspended by a pink riband 1 1⁄4 inches (32 mm) in width divided into two equal segments by a white vertical line.[1] A year later, the design was modified. The current decoration is a circular-shaped bronze toned medallion 1 3⁄4 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 1⁄8 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 3⁄16 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of 1 1⁄16 inches (27 mm) in diameter is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari
Devanagari
script is placed above and the text "Vibhushan" is placed below the lotus. The Emblem of India
India
is placed in the centre of the reverse side with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs), in Devanagari
Devanagari
Script, inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges. and all embossing on either side is of white gold with the text "Padma Vibhushan" of silver gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 1⁄4 inches (32 mm) in width.[2] The medal is ranked fourth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations.[12] The medals are produced at Alipore Mint, Kolkata along with the other civilian and military awards like Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri, and Param Veer Chakra.[13] Recipients[edit] Main article: List of Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
award recipients

Award recipients by year[11]

Year Number of recipients

1954–59

17

1960–69

27

1970–79

53

1980–89

20

1990–99

42

2000–09

86

2010–present

58

Award recipients by field[11]

Field Number of recipients

Arts

57

Civil Service

53

Literature & Education

40

Medicine

13

Others

5

Public Affairs

68

Science & Engineering

35

Social Work

17

Sports

3

Trade & Industry

12

The first recipients of the Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
were Satyendra Nath Bose, Nandalal Bose, Zakir Husain, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, V. K. Krishna Menon, and Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, who were honoured in 1954. As of 2017[update], the award has been bestowed on 300 individuals, including 12 posthumous and 19 non-citizen recipients.[11] Some of the conferments have been refused or returned by the recipients; Vilayat Khan,[b] Swami Ranganathananda,[c] and Manikonda Chalapathi Rau refused the award;[17] the family members of Lakshmi Chand Jain
Lakshmi Chand Jain
(2011) and Sharad Anantrao Joshi (2016) declined their posthumous conferments,[d][e] and Baba Amte
Baba Amte
returned his 1986 conferment in 1991.[f] On 25 January 2018, the award has been bestowed upon three recipients; Ilaiyaraaja, Ghulam Mustafa Khan, and P. Parameswaran.[11] Explanatory notes[edit]

^ Per Article 18 (1) of the Constitution of India: Abolition of titles, "no title, not being a military or academic distinction, shall be conferred by the State".[8] ^ Vilayat Khan
Vilayat Khan
refused Padma Shri
Padma Shri
(1964), Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
(1968), and Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
(2000) and stated that "the selection committees were incompetent to judge [his] music".[14][15] ^ Swami Ranganathananda declined the award in 2000 as it was conferred to him as an individual and not to the Ramakrishna Mission.[15][16] ^ Lakshmi Chand Jain
Lakshmi Chand Jain
died on 14 November 2010, at the age of 84.[18] His family refused to accept the posthumous honour as Jain was against accepting state honours.[19] ^ Sharad Anantrao Joshi's family refused to accept the posthumous honour as Joshi's work for good of farmers is not reflected in the Government policies for them.[20] ^ In 1991, Baba Amte
Baba Amte
returned the award, along with the Padma Shri conferred in 1971, to protest against the treatment given to the tribals during the construction of Sardar Sarovar Dam.[21]

References[edit]

^ a b c Lal, Shavax A. (1954). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 2 January 1954): 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2015. The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg'  ^ a b c d Ayyar, N. M. (1955). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 15 January 1955): 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2015. All persons upon whom the decoration of Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
(Pahela Warg) was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
has been conferred by the President.  ^ Hoiberg & Ramchandani 2000, p. 96. ^ Mukul, Akshaya (20 January 2008). "The great Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
race". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014.  ^ Bhattacherje 2009, p. A248. ^ a b c Edgar 2011, p. C-105. ^ Bhattacherje 2009, p. A253. ^ "The Constitution of India" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice (India). p. 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 September 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.  ^ "Balaji Raghavan S. P. Anand Vs. Union of India: Transfer Case (civil) 9 of 1994". Supreme Court of India. 4 August 1997. Archived from the original on 19 May 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.  ^ a b c "Padma Awards Scheme" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2015.  ^ a b c d e "Padma Awards: Year wise list of recipients (1954–2014)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 21 May 2014. pp. 1, 3–6, 9, 11, 14, 17, 19–20, 23, 25, 29, 32–33, 37, 42, 48, 55, 59, 63, 66, 69–70, 72, 74, 83, 86, 88, 90–93, 95, 99–100, 105–106, 112, 114–115, 117–118, 121, 126, 131, 135, 139–140, 144, 149, 154–155, 160, 166, 172, 178, 183, 188. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 

"Padma Awards: 2015" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2015. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2015.  "Padma Awards: 2016" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2016. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2016.  "Padma Awards: 2017" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2017. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2017.  "Padma Awards: 2018" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2018. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018. 

^ "Wearing of Medals: Precedence Of Medals". Indian Army. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2015.  ^ "Crafting Bharat Ratna, Padma Medals at Kolkata Mint". Press Information Bureau. 26 January 2014. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 

"History of the Alipore Mint". India
India
Govt Mint, Kolkota. Archived from the original on 29 June 2008. Retrieved 15 September 2008. 

^ Kaminsky, Arnold P.; Long, Roger D. (2011). India
India
Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 411. ISBN 978-0-313-37462-3. Archived from the original on 21 September 2017. 

"Those who said no to top awards". The Times of India. 20 January 2008. Archived from the original on 24 November 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 

^ a b Venkatesan, V. (5 February 2000). "Spotlight: Republic Day honours". 17 (3). Frontline. Archived from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2015.  ^ "Ranganathananda, kept alive spirit of Vivekananda's legacy". The Hindu. 31 May 2005. Archived from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2015.  ^ Kumar, A. Prasanna (1983). "The Privilege of Knowing M. C.". Triveni: Journal of Indian Renaissance. 52. Triveni Publishers. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.  ^ Pawar, Yogesh (15 November 2010). "Gandhian activist who revitalised Indian handicraft dies at 85". Daily News Analysis. Archived from the original on 7 September 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2016.  ^ "Gandhian's family declines Padma Vibhushan". Mumbai Mirror. The Times of India. 25 March 2011. Archived from the original on 19 September 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2015.  ^ Chavan, Vijay (26 January 2016). "Sharad Joshi's family refuses Padma award". Pune Mirror. The Times of India. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 19 February 2017.  ^ D'Monte, Darryl (2011). Dharker, Anil, ed. Icons: Men and Women Who Shaped India's Today. Roli Books Private Limited. p. 52. ISBN 978-81-7436-944-4. Archived from the original on 9 June 2016. 

Deshpande, Neeta (11 February 2008). "The Good Life". Outlook. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

Bhattacherje, S. B. (2009). Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 978-81-207-4074-7.  Edgar, Thorpe (2011). The Pearson General Knowledge Manual 2011. Pearson Education India. ISBN 978-81-317-5640-9.  Hoiberg, Dale; Ramchandani, Indu (2000). Students' Britannica India. 1–5. Popular Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-7156-112-4. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Padma Vibhushan.

India
India
portal

Official website "Awards & Medals". Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 14 September 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 

v t e

Indian honours and decorations

Civilian

National

Bharat Ratna Padma Vibhushan Padma Bhushan Padma Shri

Children

National Bravery Award National Child Award for Exceptional Achievement National Bal Shree Honour

Women

Stree Shakti Puraskar

Police

President's Police Medal
President's Police Medal
for Gallantry Police Medal for Gallantry

Central

Ganga Sharan Award George Grierson Award Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan Award Moturi Satyanarayan Award National Award for Child Welfare Subramanya Bharathi Award

By field

Literature

Sahitya Akademi Fellowship Sahitya Akademi Award

Cinema

Dadasaheb Phalke Award National Film Awards

Other arts

Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship Sangeet Natak Akademi Award Lalit Kala Akademi Fellowship

Sports

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Arjuna Award Dronacharya Award Dhyan Chand Award

Science & Technology

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Kalinga Prize

Gallantry

Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak Jeevan Raksha Padak

Medical

Dr. B. C. Roy Award

International

Gandhi Peace Prize Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
Peace Prize Tagore Award for Cultural Harmony

Military

Wartime

Param Vir Chakra Maha Vir Chakra Vir Chakra

Peacetime

Ashoka Chakra Kirti Chakra Shaurya Chakra

Distinguished Service & Gallantry

Sena Medal

Army

Nao Sena Medal

Navy

Vayu Sena Medal

Air Force

Wartime

Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal Uttam Yudh Seva Medal Yudh Seva Medal

Peacetime

Param Vishisht Seva Medal Ati Vishisht Seva Medal Vishisht Seva Medal

Service and campaign medals

Wound Medal General Service Medal 1947 Samanya Seva Medal Special
Special
Service Medal Samar Seva Star Poorvi Star Paschimi Star Operation Vijay Star Siachen Glacier Medal Raksha Medal Sangram Medal Operation Vijay Medal Operation Parakram Medal Sainya Seva Medal High Altitude Service Medal Videsh Seva Medal

Long service awards

Meritorious Service Medal Long Service and Good Conduct Medal 30 Years Long Service Medal 20 Years Long Service Medal 9 Years Long Service Medal Territorial Army Decoration Territorial Army Medal

Independence Awards

Indian Independence Medal 50th Independence Anniversary Medal 25th Independence Anniversary Medal

Other Awards

Mention in Dispatches Commendation Card

v t e

Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
award recipients

Arts

Ebrahim Alkazi Kishori Amonkar Amitabh Bachchan M. Balamuralikrishna T. Balasaraswati Asha Bhosle Nandalal Bose Hariprasad Chaurasia Girija Devi Kumar Gandharva Adoor Gopalakrishnan Satish Gujral Gangubai Hangal Bhupen Hazarika M. F. Husain Ilaiyaraaja Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer Bhimsen Joshi Ali Akbar Khan Amjad Ali Khan Allauddin Khan Bismillah Khan Ghulam Mustafa Khan Yamini Krishnamurthy Dilip Kumar R. K. Laxman Birju Maharaj Kishan Maharaj Lata Mangeshkar Sonal Mansingh Mallikarjun Mansur Zubin Mehta Mario Miranda Kelucharan Mohapatra Raghunath Mohapatra Jasraj
Jasraj
Motiram Benode Behari Mukherjee Hrishikesh Mukherjee Rajinikanth Ram Narayan D. K. Pattammal K. Shankar Pillai Akkineni Nageswara Rao Kaloji Narayana Rao Satyajit Ray S. H. Raza Zohra Sehgal Uday Shankar Ravi Shankar V. Shantaram Shivkumar Sharma Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman M. S. Subbulakshmi K. G. Subramanyan Kapila Vatsyayan Homai Vyarawalla K. J. Yesudas

Civil Service

Bimala Prasad Chaliha Naresh Chandra T. N. Chaturvedi Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri Suranjan Das Rajeshwar Dayal Basanti Devi P. N. Dhar Jyotindra Nath Dixit M. S. Gill Hafiz Mohamad Ibrahim H. V. R. Iyengar Bhola Nath Jha Dattatraya Shridhar Joshi Ajudhia Nath Khosla Rai Krishnadasa V. Krishnamurthy P. Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Pratap Chandra Lal K. B. Lall Sam Manekshaw Om Prakash Mehra Mohan Sinha Mehta M. G. K. Menon Brajesh Mishra Sumati Morarjee A. Ramasamy Mudaliar Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan Braj Kumar Nehru Bhairab Dutt Pande Ghananand Pande Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit T. V. Rajeswar C. R. Krishnaswamy Rao Pattadakal Venkanna R Rao V. K. R. V. Rao Khusro Faramurz Rustamji Harish Chandra Sarin Binay Ranjan Sen Homi Sethna Arjan Singh Harbaksh Singh Kirpal Singh Manmohan Singh Tarlok Singh Lallan Prasad Singh Balaram Sivaraman Chandrika Prasad Srivastava T. Swaminathan Arun Shridhar Vaidya Dharma Vira Narinder Nath Vohra

Literature and Education

V. S. R. Arunachalam Jagdish Bhagwati Satyendra Nath Bose Tara Chand Suniti Kumar Chatterji D. P. Chattopadhyaya Bhabatosh Datta Avinash Dixit Mahasweta Devi John Kenneth Galbraith Sarvepalli Gopal Lakshman Shastri Joshi Kaka Kalelkar Dhondo Keshav Karve Gopinath Kaviraj Kuvempu O. N. V. Kurup Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Sitakant Mahapatra John Mathai Kotha Satchidanda Murthy Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir Basanti Dulal Nagchaudhuri Bal Ram Nanda R. K. Narayan P. Parameswaran Amrita Pritam K. N. Raj C. Rangarajan Raja Rao Ramoji Rao Hormasji Maneckji Seervai Rajaram Shastri Kalu Lal Shrimali Govindbhai Shroff Khushwant Singh Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh Premlila Vithaldas Thackersey Mahadevi Varma Bashir Hussain Zaidi

Medicine

Jasbir Singh Bajaj B. K. Goyal Purshotam Lal A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar S. I. Padmavati Autar Singh Paintal Kantilal Hastimal Sancheti Balu Sankaran V. Shanta Vithal Nagesh Shirodkar Prakash Narain Tandon Brihaspati Dev Triguna M. S. Valiathan

Other

Sunderlal Bahuguna B. K. S. Iyengar Rambhadracharya Ravi Shankar Jaggi Vasudev

Public Affairs

L. K. Advani Montek Singh Ahluwalia Aruna Asaf Ali Fazal Ali Adarsh Sein Anand Madhav Shrihari Aney Parkash Singh Badal Sikander Bakht Milon K. Banerji Mirza Hameedullah Beg P. N. Bhagwati Raja Chelliah Chandra Kisan Daphtary Niren De C. D. Deshmukh Anthony Lancelot Dias Uma Shankar Dikshit Kazi Lhendup Dorjee P. B. Gajendragadkar Benjamin A. Gilman Zakir Husain V. R. Krishna Iyer Jagmohan Lakshmi Chand Jain Aditya Nath Jha Murli Manohar Joshi Mehdi Nawaz Jung Ali Yavar Jung Vijay Kelkar Hans Raj Khanna V. N. Khare Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai Jivraj Narayan Mehta V. K. Krishna Menon Hirendranath Mukherjee Ajoy Mukherjee Pranab Mukherjee Padmaja Naidu Gulzarilal Nanda Govind Narain Fali Sam Nariman Hosei Norota Nanabhoy Palkhivala K. Parasaran Hari Vinayak Pataskar Sunder Lal Patwa Sharad Pawar Naryana Raghvan Pillai Sri Prakasa N. G. Ranga Ravi Narayana Reddy Y. Venugopal Reddy Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq Lakshmi Sahgal P. A. Sangma M. C. Setalvad Karan Singh Nagendra Singh Swaran Singh Walter Sisulu Soli Sorabjee Kalyan Sundaram Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi Atal Bihari Vajpayee M. N. Venkatachaliah Kottayan Katankot Venugopal Jigme Dorji Wangchuck

Science and Engineering

V. K. Aatre Salim Ali Norman Borlaug Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Rajagopala Chidambaram Charles Correa Satish Dhawan Anil Kakodkar A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan Har Gobind Khorana Daulat Singh Kothari Verghese Kurien Raghunath Anant Mashelkar G. Madhavan Nair Roddam Narasimha Jayant Narlikar Rajendra K. Pachauri Benjamin Peary Pal Yash Pal I. G. Patel Venkatraman Ramakrishnan K. R. Ramanathan Raja Ramanna C. R. Rao C. N. R. Rao Palle Rama Rao Udupi Ramachandra Rao Vikram Sarabhai Man Mohan Sharma Obaid Siddiqi E. Sreedharan M. R. Srinivasan George Sudarshan M. S. Swaminathan

Social Work

Baba Amte Pandurang Shastri Athavale Janaki Devi Bajaj Mirabehn Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay Durgabai Deshmukh Nanaji Deshmukh Nirmala Deshpande Mohan Dharia U. N. Dhebar Valerian Gracias Veerendra Heggade Mary Clubwala Jadhav Gaganvihari Lallubhai Mehta Usha Mehta Sister Nirmala Nellie Sengupta

Sports

Viswanathan Anand Edmund Hillary Sachin Tendulkar

Trade and Industry

Dhirubhai Ambani Ghanshyam Das Birla Ashok Sekhar Ganguly Karim Al Hussaini Aga Khan Lakshmi Mittal N. R. Narayana Murthy M. Narasimham Prithvi Raj Singh Oberoi Azim Premji Prathap C. Reddy J. R. D. Tata Ratan Tata

Portal Cat

.