Padiham (/ˈpædiəm/ PAD-i-əm) is a small town and civil parish on
the River Calder, about three miles (5 km) west of
Pendle Hill, in Lancashire, England. It is part of the
Borough of Burnley, but has its own town council with varied powers.
Padiham was originally a rural village lying by the River Calder. It
is still surrounded by attractive countryside on an arc running from
the north-west to the north-east in the foothills of
According to the
United Kingdom Census 2011, the parish has a
population of 10,098, an increase from 8,998 in the 2001 census.
7 Historic maps
9 See also
11 External links
No prehistoric or Roman sites have been found in the urban area and
Padiham, a name of
Anglo-Saxon origin, is not recorded in the Domesday
Book. The first recorded mention of the town, as Padyngham, dates
from 1294. For hundreds of years it was a market town where produce
from Pendleside was bought and sold. The town expanded and was
substantially redeveloped during the
Industrial Revolution and the
central area is now a conservation area.
Padiham's population peaked around 1921 at about 14,000 declining to
10,000 in the early 1960s and 8,998 at the time of the 2001
census. This follows people moving to the south of
search of work following the decline of the traditional cotton, coal
and engineering manufacturing base during that period.
The Queen, together with Prince Philip, first visited Burnley, Nelson
and the old
Mullard valve factory at Simonstone near
Padiham on her
post-Coronation tour of
Lancashire in 1955.
Padiham was once a township in the ancient parish of Whalley. This
became a civil parish in 1866. An urban district covered the town
from 1894 (until 1974), however at this time the rural areas mainly to
the north became a new civil parish called Northtown, forming part of
Burnley Rural District. But the
Padiham Green area, previously
part of Hapton,[a] transferred to
Padiham with another small area
following in 1935. Since 1974
Padiham has formed part of the
Borough of Burnley. A
Town Council was established in 2002.
Burnley Borough Council are elected to the
Gawthorpe Ward, which covers most of
Padiham but not Gawthorpe
Hall, with the southern and eastern areas covered by the Hapton
with Park Ward.
Burnley Borough Council now addresses public
correspondence to both the people of
Burnley and Padiham.
Lancashire County Council and the Parliamentary Constituency
Burnley currently represented by Julie Cooper for the Labour Party.
In the 19th century, Padiham's industry was based on coal-mining and
weaving. Helm Mill on Factory Lane was the first mill built in 1807.
By 1906 there were twenty cotton mills though the best preserved,
now converted into flats, is Victoria Mill, built 1852–53 with an
1873 extension, in
Ightenhill Street. Industrial development was
helped by the proximity of the
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal about 2 miles
(3.2 km) south. By 1848,
Padiham had many coal pits around the
town, including two large collieries and a number of smaller workings.
The availability of coal and water nearby helped the development of
the cotton industry in the town. The arrival of the railway at
Hapton in 1840 and
Padiham itself in 1877 further boosted industry in
the town. The last pit closed around 1870, although mining
continued in areas outside the town into the 1950s and open cast
mining took place in the 1960s east of the town close to Gawthorpe
Hall but north of the River Calder off Grove Lane.
Since the 1960s the remaining cotton mills have also continued a
decline which began in the 1930s. Padiham's second role as a
manufacturing base has also been in decline since the 1990s. The
town's last major employer in this sector, Baxi, closed its factory in
March 2007 with the loss of 500 jobs. A modern business park,
Shuttleworth Mead, opened in 2001 on the western edge of the town
on the site of the old
Padiham Power Station which closed in 1993,
supported by £2.2 million from the European Regional Development
Fund and £2 million from the North West Development Agency.
Tenants include Supanet, an internet service provider (ISP) and Graham
& Brown, a wallcoverings company. In 2007 Fort Vale Engineering
moved into the old Mullard/Philips site at Calder Vale Park,
Simonstone which had closed in 2004, and developed a new purpose-built
factory. Fort Vale Engineering employs around 280 people from around
the local area and has brought new business to other local employers.
There are five significant halls in the local area: Huntroyde
Hall, dating from 1576, and Simonstone Hall, dating from 1660, in
nearby Simonstone, are both privately owned.
Gawthorpe Hall was
donated to the National Trust in 1970 but is jointly managed with
Lancashire County Council, which has a 99-year lease. Gawthorpe is in
The Trust also runs an office and a tea room in the courtyard of the
property. Gawthorpe was the family home of the Shuttleworth
family who occupied
Shuttleworth Hall near Hapton from the 12th
century. The current building dates from 1639 and is still a
Read Hall and Park
Read Hall and Park is in the nearby village of Read,
about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of
Padiham on the A671.
St Leonard's Parish Church
St Leonard's Church, the town's parish church, dates from 1866–69
and is a Grade II listed building. It was built on the site of
earlier churches dating back to at least 1451. The original
churchyard did not extend as far to the north as it does today. In
1802 proposals were made to extend the churchyard and remove
"nuisances" on the north side of the church. In 1835 the churchyard
was extended northwards and it seems likely that at this time the
former premises of
Padiham Grammar School were purchased and
Cotton Mill is a working 19th-century cotton mill
which is open to the public.
Padiham Town Hall on
Burnley Road, designed by Bradshaw Gass &
Hope and built in 1938, is a Grade II listed building.
Padiham Memorial Park at the top of Church Street, was designed by
Thomas Mawson, an influential and prolific landscape
designer. It was officially opened in 1921 as a memorial
to those from the town who gave their lives in the First World War,
but it also records those who gave their lives in the Second World
The park covers 12 acres (4.9 ha) on two sites divided by the
River Calder. The upper section is mainly formal, dominated by Knight
Hill House, currently used as an
Age UK (formerly Age Concern) day
centre, and has a rose garden, lawns and two memorials. The lower
section, off Park Street, has two bowling greens, tennis courts, skate
Padiham Leisure Centre. The park is a Green Flag award
winner. The park still had the remains of some Second World War
air raid shelters in 2008.
The old National School, Mill Street, built in 1830 and used until
Padiham War Memorial itself is at the main entrance to the park in
Blackburn Road. There is a second memorial at All Saints' with St
John the Baptist off the A671,
Padiham Road opposite the George IV
pub. A local man, Thomas Clayton, funded the park in his will;
public subscription provided additional money for the park's many
Near the war memorial, the Air Crash Memorial is a memorial to
several young people from the town killed on 3 July 1970 when a Dan
Air de Havilland Comet deviated from its intended course and crashed
into the high ground of the
Montseny Range in north-eastern Spain -
see: Dan-Air Flight 1903.
The aircraft, destroyed on impact and subsequent ground fire,
contained three flight crew, four cabin crew and 105 passengers
aboard, all of whom suffered fatal injuries. It was the airline's
first fatal accident involving fare-paying passengers. The tour
operator, Clarksons Holidays, was at the time the largest package
holiday company in Britain.
A number of other buildings in the area, less significant than
Gawthorpe and others mentioned above, are still of historic interest.
Hargrove can be seen from a public footpath off the
and is just north of the town and the 1950s council housing estate
north of Windermere Road. For over 400 years the house was the home of
the Webster family of yeoman farmers. The house is probably 17th
century and is part of the Huntroyed estate. Coal from a local outcrop
heated the house for many years. Stockbridge House in Victoria Road
was occupied by the Holts, a farming family, in 1802 and has a
Jacobean chimney. High Whitaker Farm is north-east of Hargrove,
also accessible by public footpath from both Higham Road and Grove
Lane. The building is 16th century and said to have been used to hide
Catholics during the reign of Henry VIII. Other houses of note are
Priddy Bank Farm and Foulds House Farm, both off Sabden Road, and
Arbory Lodge on Arbory Drive.
Padiham railway station
Padiham railway station was on a branch line (usually known as the
Great Harwood loop) of the East
Lancashire Line from
Blackburn which opened in 1877; it was closed on 2 December 1957 and
the railway station later demolished. The railway line was retained
for continuing deliveries of coal to
Padiham Power Station
Padiham Power Station until the
power station closed in 1993. The nearest railway station is now at
Hapton, about 2 miles (3.2 km) south and the line converted to a
footpath/bridleway/cycleway called the
Padiham Greenway, completed in
June 2010. The town is now served by
Burnley Bus Company services from
Accrington, Burnley, Nelson,
Colne and beyond, and
Company service 152 from Burnley,
Blackburn and Preston.
Junctions 8 and 10 of the M65, both around 2 miles (3 km) from
the town centre, give
Padiham access to the motorway network. Junction
8 of the M65 also gives the town access to the A56 dual carriageway
leading to the M66 and quick access to the
The nearest airport, Manchester, is 50 minutes' driving time from the
town. The most convenient route by public transport – via
Blackburn, then by train – takes approx. 2¼ hours.
In December 2015, central
Padiham was severely damaged by flooding
when the River Calder burst its banks and engulfed neighbouring homes
and businesses. Restoration work continues.
The 1845 map (1) shows the town of
Padiham in the early days of
Lancashire cotton industry in Victorian times with three mills
already marked. Most of the town at this stage was north of the river.
Part of the Huntroyde Demesne is marked in the top left corner.
The River Calder, on the right of the map, flows to the north, having
been diverted from its original route, away from Gawthorpe Hall
(indicated in pink), in the early 19th century, because of pollution.
In the 1960s the river was re-routed to its original course to
accommodate open cast coal mining. The 1890
Ordnance Survey map
(2) shows the growth of the cotton industry in the latter part of the
19th century. The 1–25,000 scale OS map (3) is a partial extract
from the two maps indicated. A number of historical locations are
shown including Read Hall (A2) and Read (B2); Martholme, just east of
the start of the
Martholme Viaduct (A3); Simonstone and Simonstone
Hall (C3); Huntroyd and grounds (D1-D2);
Padiham Power Station
Padiham Power Station (D3)
with the connecting branch line for fuel; post-war housing development
north of the town off Slade Lane (E2); High Whitaker (F1); River
Calder on the old alignment from Gawthore Hall and grounds (F2);
Pendle Hall (G1); Location of
Ightenhill Manor House (G2);
Leeds and Liverpool Canal
Leeds and Liverpool Canal in
Burnley (J1). The line of the railway
Padiham is also shown.
1: Map of
Padiham c. 1844
Ordnance Survey map dated 1890
3: Extract from OS 1-25,000 scale maps SD73 (west section pub 1955)
and SD83 (east section published 1954) showing historical locations
around Padiham. Grid lines are 1 km.
William Blezard, composer who worked with
Joyce Grenfell and others,
born in Padiham
Thomas Birtwistle, trade unionist, involved in the weavers' strikes at
Padiham in 1859
Blackpool F.C. footballer, born in Padiham
Maurice Green (1906–1987), editor of
The Financial Times
The Financial Times and The
Daily Telegraph born in Padiham
Cyril Harrison (1901–1980), managing director of English Sewing
Cotton Company, educated at
Gerardine Hemingway MBE, fashion designer, wife and business partner
of Wayne Hemingway
Harry Hill, cyclist, bronze medal winner in the 1936 Olympic Games in
Berlin, born in Padiham. Too poor to get to London any other way,
Hill cycled the 200 miles from
Sheffield using the bike he used during
the Olympic Games
Sir James Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baronet
Sir James Kay-Shuttleworth, 1st Baronet (1804–1877), husband of
Janet Kay-Shuttleworth of Gawthorpe Hall. He founded teacher training
and independent school inspection in
England and what has become the
University of St Mark & St John known as "Marjon"
Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth
Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth (1844–1939), 1st Baron Shuttleworth,
Liberal politician, son of Sir James Kay-Shuttleworth and his wife,
Under-Secretary of State for India and Chancellor of the Duchy
of Lancaster under William Gladstone in 1886 and Parliamentary and
Financial Secretary to the Admiralty under Gladstone and Lord Rosebery
between 1892 and 1895. He inherited Gawthorpe on the death of his
mother in 1872
Charles Geoffrey Nicholas Kay-Shuttleworth, 5th Baron Shuttleworth
(born 1948), Lord Lieutenant of
Le Gendre Starkie (1799–1865) and Le Gendre Starkie, landowners at
John Pierce Chamberlain Starkie (1830–1888), landowner at Ashton
Hall, in Thurnham, Lancashire
Alfred Edward Tysoe, athlete and winner of two gold medals in the 800m
and 5,000m team races in the 1900 Olympic Games, born in Padiham
Listed buildings in Padiham
History of Lancashire
The Brontë Way
Lancashire Cotton Corporation: set up to rescue the cotton industry
Lancashire Cotton Famine: the impact of the
American Civil War
American Civil War on the
cotton industry in north-west
England by problems with US cotton
List of mills in Padiham
Burnley Corporation Tramways
List of schools in the Borough of Burnley
Leck Hall: current seat of Baron Shuttleworth, of Gawthorpe Hall
Padiham F.C. The town's football club founded 1878
Padiham Heritage Appraisal 2015
^ The old township boundary with Hapton followed the River Calder and
its tributary Green Brook.
^ a b c UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report –
(1170214988)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8
^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish
Burnley Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback
Machine. Retrieved 4 February 2010
^ a b c d e Historic Town Assessment Report, Padiham, Lancashire
County Council, May 2005, includes several old maps of the town and
location of buildings – accessed 18 August 2011 Archived 1 October
2012 at the Wayback Machine.
Padiham Accessed 4 February 2010
^ a b c "
Padiham Ch/CP through time". visionofbritain.org.uk. GB
Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 18 October
^ 2001 census data. Accessed 8 December 2007
^ British Pathé Newsreel 1995 Accessed 2014_02_01
^ "Northtown CP through time". visionofbritain.org.uk. GB Historical
GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
Lancashire and Furness (Map) (1st ed.). 1 : 10,560. County
Series. Ordnance Survey. 1848.
Town Council – About us".
Padiham Town Council. Archived
from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
Ordnance Survey Linked Data Platform. Ordnance Survey.
Retrieved 6 January 2016.
^ "Hapton with Park".
Ordnance Survey Linked Data Platform. Ordnance
Survey. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hartwell, Clare (revision) (2009). The
England – Lancashire: North. London and New Haven: Yale
University Press. pp. 490–496.
ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors
Padiham Life Archived 28 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
^ 'Job Threat After Factory Closure' , BBC News website 15 March 2007,
accessed 14 January 2008
^ Shuttleworth Mead Business Park. Accessed 5 September 2008
Lancashire County Council proposals for public footpath July 2009,
Accessed 11 February 2010 Archived 4 August 2012 at Archive.is
^ North West Regional Development Agency. Accessed 6 September 2008
^ a b Parks and Gardens UK – based on the English Heritage Register
of Parks and Gardens of
Special Historic Interest Archived 26 February
2012 at the Wayback Machine.
^ National Trust Website, accessed 2 October 2008 Archived 21
September 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Searchable guide to country houses, includes Gawthorpe and other
houses owned by the Shuttleworths – accessed 18 April 2010 Archived
4 February 2004 at the Wayback Machine.
^ www.genuki.org.uk Accessed 13 November 2007
^ Grimshaw and Shuttleworth family origin website, accessed 15 January
2011 Archived 28 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hartwell, Clare (revision) (2009). The Buildings
England – Lancashire: North. London and New Haven: Yale
University Press. p. 321. ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9. CS1
maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
Lancashire Family History & Heraldry Society. Accessed 13
^ a b Armstrong, Duncan (1985). "Owd Padiham" – a pictorial history.
Padiham: Mercer Print.
^ Mill shops in
Padiham 2010 Accessed 21 October 2010
Lancashire County Council Library and Information Service Archived
19 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 25 February 2008
Burnley Borough Council report on restoration of
Park Archived 15 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed 28 July
^ Parks and Gardens register UK – the park had not been surveyed at
the data accessed −3 February 2010 Archived 11 March 2012 at the
Lancashire Gardens Trust, accessed 17 April 2010
^ Green Flag Award Scheme Archived 7 February 2008 at the Wayback
Machine. Accessed 27 February 2008
^ "World War II Air Raid shelters in Memorial Park". Retrieved 19
^ "World War I Cemeteries,
Padiham War memorial (includes WWII)".
Archived from the original on 4 October 2008. Retrieved 19 January
^ "World War memorial at All Saints with St John the Baptist, BB12 6PA
(includes WWII)". Archived from the original on 5 October 2008.
Retrieved 19 January 2009.
Burnley Borough Council Archived 14 September 2007 at the Wayback
Machine.. Accessed 28 February 2008.
^ "Air Crash Memorial,
Padiham Memorial Park looking west in the
direction of Blackburn". Retrieved 19 January 2009.
^ "Dan Air, air crash, northern Spain, Friday, 3 July 1970". Retrieved
19 January 2009.
^ "BBC on this day, Friday, 3 July 1970". BBC News. 3 July 1970.
Retrieved 19 January 2009.
^ a b c d Nadin, Jack; Armstrong, Duncan (2009). "
Padiham in Old
Photographs" – contains additional histories of properties
mentioned. The History Press. pp. 10–16.
^ Mainline bus services Archived 22 August 2007 at the Wayback
Lancashire United Bus Service
^ www.theaa.com The AA route planning. Accessed 8 February 2010
^ Journey planner direct website Archived 13 June 2014 at the Wayback
^ Detailed version of map at the
Lancashire County Council website
^ "Hemingway Design – Meet the team". Hemingway Design. Archived
from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
^ Sports Reference, accessed 28 September 2010
^ "Goodbye to a true cycling superstar". Radcliffe. Bury Times. 5
^ Sports Reference website, accessed 28 September 2010
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