Padang (Indonesian pronunciation: [ˈpadaŋ] Jawi: ڤادڠ)
is the capital of the province of
West Sumatra in Indonesia. With an
area of 695 square kilometres (268 sq mi) and a population
of 1,000,096 in 2014, it is the 16th-most populated city in Indonesia,
the most populated city on Sumatra's western coast, and fifth-most
populated city on Sumatra.
The city had historically been a trading center since the precolonial
era, trading in pepper and gold. The Dutch made contact with the city
in the mid 17th century, eventually constructing a fortress and taking
over control of the city from the Pagaruyung Kingdom. Save several
interruptions of British rule,
Padang remained part of the Dutch East
Indies as one of its major cities until Indonesian independence.
3.1 Administrative districts
3.2 Adipura award
5.2 Beaches and parks
7.1 Public transport
7.4 Toll road
9 Sister cities and twin towns
10 See also
12 External links
Dutch East India 1663-1781
British Empire 1781-1784
Dutch East India 1784-1795
British Empire 1795-1819
Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies 1819-1942
Japanese occupation 1942-1945
Padang circa 1795
Padang has been a trade centre since the 16th century, having been
controlled by the
Pagaruyung Kingdom and the Aceh Sultanate. During
the 16th and 17th centuries pepper was cultivated and traded with
India, Portugal, the
United Kingdom and the Netherlands. In 1663 the
city came under the authority of the Dutch and a trading post was
built in 1680. The city came under the
British Empire twice, firstly
from 1781 to 1784 during the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, and again from
1795 to 1819 during the Napoleonic Wars. In 1819 the city was
transferred back to the Netherlands. Up to circa 1780 the most
important trade product was gold originating from gold mines in the
region. When the mines were exhausted, the focus turned to other
products such as coffee, salts and textiles.
Padang was inundated by a tsunami with an estimated flow depth
of 5–10 meters, following an earthquake, estimated to be
8.5–8.7 Mw, which occurred off the coast. The shaking caused
considerable damage and the deaths of two people, while the tsunami
resulted in several houses being washed away and several deaths at the
village of Air Manis. Boats moored in the Arau river ended up on dry
land, including a 200-ton sailing ship which was deposited about 1
kilometre upstream. In 1833 another tsunami inundated
Padang with an
estimated flow depth of 3–4 meters as a result of an earthquake,
estimated to be 8.6–8.9 Mw, which occurred off Bengkulu. The
shaking caused considerable damage in Padang, and due to the tsunami
boats moored in the Arau river broke their anchors and were
The population of
Padang in 1920 was 28,754, the second largest city
Sumatra behind Palembang. At the time of independence in the
1940s the city had around 50,000 inhabitants. Coffee was still
important, but copra was also a major item produced by farmers in its
hinterland. The population growth since then has been partly a result
of growth in the area of the city, but largely is a result of the
migration to major cities seen in so many developing nations. From
Ombilin coal field developed with
Padang as its outlet port.
This was seen by some observers as reflecting the economic and
political colonisation of Indonesia.
On 30 September 2009, a 7.9 magnitude earthquake hit about 50
kilometres off the coast of Padang. There were more than 1,100
fatalities, 313 of which occurred within Padang.
Padang is exactly at the antipodes of Esmeraldas, Ecuador.
Padang features a tropical rainforest climate under Köppen’s
Padang is one of Indonesia’s wettest cities,
with frequent rainfall throughout the course of the year. The city
averages roughly 4300 mm of rain per year. Padang’s driest
month is February, where 250 mm of precipitation on average is
observed. The city temperatures are relatively constant throughout the
year, with an average of 26 degrees Celsius.
Climate data for Padang
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial
Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990)[a]
By 2007 the city government began a number of religiously motivated
policies. One requires females of all religious backgrounds who are
municipal employees and students in government schools to wear jilbab
(hijab), and high school students now take classes on reading the
Qur'an. Municipal employees are required to pay zakat.
Map showing the 11 districts of Padang
The city of
Padang is divided into 11 districts (kecamatan):
Bungus Teluk Kabung
As of 2017,
Padang had received the "Adipura" (cleanest and greenest
city) award in the category of large city 18 times and the
"Adipura Kencana" award three times.
Main article: Minangkabau cuisine
The cuisine of the
Minangkabau people is commonly called Padang
Padang restaurants are common throughout the country and are
famous for their spicy food.
Padang food is usually cooked once per
day, and all customers choose from those dishes, which are left out on
display until no food is left. It is served in small portions of
various dishes, but constituting, with rice, a complete meal.
Customers take – and pay for – only what they want from this array
of dishes. The best known
Padang dish is rendang, a spicy meat stew.
Padang (crispy beef in spicy soup) is local residents' breakfast
favourite, meanwhile sate (beef satay in curry sauce served with
ketupat) is a treat in the evening.
Old Town Padang
Padang is a common transit point for surfers travelling to Batu
Islands and Mentawai Islands, and for tourists visiting the West
Padang beach (known as Taplau or Tapi Lauik) which
located from Samudra Street until Puruih, is well known for its
beautiful sunset and hundreds of food stalls. Kuranji River flows in
Padang and on top area of the river at Batu Busuk, Lambung Bukit
sub-district is suitable for white water activities. Bungus bay, to
the south of Padang, is suitable for swimming and boating. There are
some pleasant offshore islands near Bungus, such as
Sikuai island and
Pagang island. Many beautiful spots which can be visited for
snorkelling, fishing or just relaxing on the white sandy beaches.
Currently, Regional Development Planning Board (Bappeda) of
established development plans "
Padang Old City" in Kampung Pondok,
Padang district as a tourist area. Mayor of
Padang has been
designate 73 historic buildings as cultural heritage of Padang.
Masjid Muhammadan, a historic mosque in Padang
Facade of Ganting Grand Mosque, 2013
There are many old buildings in
Padang that still retain their Dutch
and Chinese architecture. The old city of Padang, located next to
Muaro Harbor at Arau River, which formerly functioned as the city's
main commercial avenue. The old city was the former business district
of Padang, there are many important buildings such as
Hall, De Javaschebank (present-day Bank Indonesia), Nederlandsch
Spaarbank, Geo Wehry & Co, Escompto Maatschappij Office,
warehouses, and merchant houses.
There are several historic places such as
Adityawarman Museum which
specialises in the history and culture of the local Minangkabau ethnic
group, and the main exhibits are housed within a
Rumah Gadang style
building. Grand Mosque of West Sumatra, a new modern large mosque that
is built with Minangkabau architecture. The Mosque is located on Jalan
Khatib Sulaiman, city centre of Padang. Ganting Grand Mosque, the
oldest mosque in
Padang and one of the oldest in Indonesia, is a
popular tourist attraction. Muhammadan Mosque, founded by Indian
merchant, is also located in the city centre. St. Leo Monastery
features a mixture of traditional Minang architecture on its bell
tower roofing and
Dutch architecture on the church building, is one of
the oldest churches in Padang. Along the beachside road, just down
from the Tourist Information office is a Buddhist Temple, Vihara
Buddha Warman, opened in 2006 for the large Chinese Buddhist
Beaches and parks
Air Manis Beach, sweet water beach is located 10 km south of
Padang, location of the legendary Malin Kundang Stone. The rock
formations are found which resemble ship wrecks. Across from the Arau
River is the Siti Nurbaya Park which can reached by bridge or boat.
There are still remains of Japanese cannons and bunkers from World War
II. There are great views of
Padang city, Arau River and the Indian
Ocean. Bung Hatta Nature Reserve (Taman Hutan Raya Bung Hatta) is
situated 18 km east of the city, with diverse flora and fauna
including a few Sumatran tigers, tapirs, wild goats, bears, as well as
Raflesia Gaduansi, Balangphora, and Amorphopalus.
Padang also has some modern malls, the most popular malls are
Transmart, Basko Grand Mall, SPR Plaza, Plaza Andalas, and Rocky
Plaza. The upcoming malls in the city are
Padang Landmark Mall and
Padang Green City.
Padang is the home town of the soccer team Semen Padang, with Haji
Agus Salim Stadium being the home stadium of the club.
Padang is home
to an annual international dragon boat competition.
Padang bus rapid transit service was developed used Jakarta's
TransJakarta system as a model, but without a dedicated lane and
comfortable shelters. Today Trans
Padang runs only from Lubuk Buaya to
Pasar Raya, a distance of 18 km, with a fleet of 10 large buses
(capacity 60) and 15 medium buses (capacity 40). Daily passengers
number 7000 in corridor 1, an increase from the initial ridership of
4000. The load factor is 128% in the morning and evening rush
Lubuk Buaya - Pasar Raya
Bungus - Pasar Raya
Air Pacah - Pasar Raya
Teluk Bayur - Lubuk Buaya
Indarung - Pasar Raya
Limau Manis - Pasar Raya
The city is served by the newly opened Minangkabau International
Airport in Ketaping,
Padang Pariaman. It replaces the old Tabing
Airport, which is currently used as a military base. There is one
terminal building for both international and domestic flights. The
airport has 4 aerobridges, 17 check-in counters, 5 baggage conveyors,
and 9 ticket sales counters. In late 2013, the runway was
lengthened by 250 m so that it could accommodate Boeing 747 and Airbus
A340 planes, and there is also a plan to connect the airport to the
Padang with a train service. A terminal expansion (Phase
II) has been announced with the rendering already released on the
Angkasa Pura 2 website.
Teluk Bayur harbour (the former Emmahaven Port) is the
largest and busiest harbour on the west coast of Sumatra. It serves
inter-island as well as international routes. It was built in 1888 by
the colonial government of the Netherlands. On 29 April 2013 a new
container terminal was officially opened by
West Sumatra Governor
which can hold more than 4,000 containers in 46,886 square-meter
area. The port is the main gateway to the Mentawai islands,
including Siberut, Sipora, and South Pagai. There are also ferry
Sibolga next to Gunung
West Sumatra administration has secured lands for the construction of
a 27-kilometer toll road between
Padang and Sicincin district with
about Rp.1.3 trillion ($141.7 million) investment. 80 percent of the
land with a width of 30 meters has been acquired, but they will
acquire more land to meet an ideal width of 50 meters. The
construction project will be initialised in 2012.
Railroad tracks connect
Pariaman to the north, Padangpanjang
to the northeast,
Sawahlunto to the east. The largest train
Padang Station, known as Simpang Haru station. Sibinuang
and Dang Tuanku provides the trip services from
Padang (Simpang Haru)
Pariaman vice versa.
Government and the people of Hill Pangilun has agreed to make Mount
Pangilun as tsunami shelter. Better road access to the hill will be
built, as well as temporary shelters, including their facilities.
Andalas University, Limau Manis campus
Minangkabau people highly respect education. Many intellectual figures
come from West Sumatra. There are two institutes of higher education
in Padang, i.e.
Andalas University and the State University of Padang.
Andalas University is the oldest university in
Indonesia outside of
Java. The main campus is located at Limau Manis, about 12 kilometres
(7.5 mi) from the centre of Padang. The Faculty of Medicine and
Faculty of Dentistry are located in the city centre, near the Central
General Hospital M. Djamil.
State University of Padang located in Air
The other universities in
Padang are Imam Bonjol State Institute of
Islamic Literature, Institut Teknologi
Padang in Lapai, Bung Hatta
University in Ulak Karang, Baiturrahmah University in Air Pacah,
Indonesia YPTK, Ekasakti University, Universitas
Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat, and Tamansiswa University.
The local library of West Sumatra, located in
Padang is considered as
one of the best Libraries in Indonesia, with the number of collection
of 30 k titles, including facilities and maximum conserve, and the
highest number of Encyclopedic visitors.
state and private Elementary School neither Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (MI)
state and private Junior High (JHS) or MTs
state and private SHS
state and private MA
state and private Vocational
High School (VHS)
Data sekolah di Kota Padang
Sister cities and twin towns
United Arab Emirates
List of twin towns and sister cities in Indonesia
^ http://padangkota.bps.go.id Badan Pusat Statistik Kota
Padang[permanent dead link]
^ http://www.kicc.jp Indonesia:
Surabaya And Padang
^ Kathirithamby-Wells, J. (December 1969). "Achehnese Control over
West Sumatra up to the Treaty of Painan, 1663". Journal of Southeast
Asian History. 10 (3). Retrieved 5 October 2017.
^ Natawidjaja, D. H.; K. Sieh; M. Chlieh; J. Galetzka; B. W.
Suwargadi; H. Cheng; R. L. Edwards; J.-P. Avouac; S. N. Ward (June
2006). "Source parameters of the great Sumatran megathrust earthquakes
of 1797 and 1833 inferred from coral microatolls" (PDF). Journal of
Geophysical Research. 111 (B06403): B06403.
Bibcode:2006JGRB..11106403N. doi:10.1029/2005JB004025. Archived from
the original (PDF) on 1 August 2010.
^ A.J. Gooszen; A Demographic History of the Indonesian Archipelago,
1880-1942; KITLV Press, 1999
^ Telly Nathalia (30 September 2009). "Indonesian quake toll at
100-200: disaster agency". Reuters. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
Indonesia quake deaths pass 700". BBC. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 28
^ B Kunto Wibisono (14 October 2009). "Number of fatalities in W
Sumatra quake now 1,115". ANTARA News. Archived from the original on
15 October 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
^ "Indonesia–Padang". Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas.
Retrieved 18 June 2015.
^ "Station 96163: Mia Padang". Global station data
1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 18
^ Warburton, Eve (January–March 2007). "No longer a choice" (89
ed.). Inside Indonesia. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
^ "Setelah 8 Tahun, Kota
Padang Kembali Raih Piala Adipura". Tempo.co.
^ "9 (Sembilan) Kota Sumatera Barat Meraih Penghargaan Adipura Tahun
West Sumatra Province website.
City Defined as Tourism
Object Archived 7 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Kota Tua Padang". kotatuapadang.tumblr.com.
^ "Dragon Boat Races International". Archived from the original on 5
^ "Rute Baru Trans
Padang Sejauh Total 33 Km Akan Dioperasikan 2015".
Retrieved 4 June 2015.
^ (Persero), PT Angkasa Pura II. "Halaman Tidak Ditemukan - PT Angkasa
Pura II". www.angkasapura2.co.id.
^ "Minangkabau Airport". Archived from the original on 23 July
^ "PT Angkasa Pura II (Persero)". www.angkasapura2.co.id.
Teluk Bayur container terminal inaugurated". 30 April 2013.
^ "Jasa Marga sets sights on 27-kilometer
Padang toll road". 17 April
^ "Gunung Pangilun Ditetapkan Jadi Shelter". 30 April 2012.
^ http://www.diknas-padang.org Profil Sekolah.
^ http://www.padang.go.id Dinas Pendidikan Archived 14 May 2012 at the
^ nisn.jardiknas.org Data Siswa[permanent dead link].
^ a b "Wako: Kerjasama Padang-Perth-
Dubai Saling Menguntungkan".
2015-09-15. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
^ Station ID for Mia
Padang is 96163 Use this station ID to locate the
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Padang.
(in Indonesian) Official website
Padang travel guide from Wikivoyage
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Lima Puluh Kota
See also: List of regencies and cities of Indonesia
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2,000,000 and more
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