PADANG (Indonesian pronunciation: Jawi : ڤادڠ) is the
capital of the province of
West Sumatra in Indonesia. It is the
largest city on the western coast of
Sumatra . Before Indonesia's
Padang was one of the major cities in the Dutch East
Indies . It has an area of 695 square kilometres (268 sq mi) and the
population of 1,000,096 in 2014.
As of 2009,
Padang had received the "Adipura" (cleanest and greenest
city) award in the category of large city 17 times and the "Adipura
Kencana" award three times.
Padang is exactly at the antipodes of
Esmeraldas, Ecuador .
* 1 History
* 2 Administrative districts
* 3 Public transport
* 3.1 Airport
* 3.2 Seaport
* 3.3 Toll road
* 3.4 Railroad
* 4 Education
* 5 Climate
* 6 Politics
* 7 Culture
* 7.1 Cuisine
* 7.2 Sport
* 8 Tourism
* 8.1 Landmarks
* 8.2 Beaches and parks
* 8.3 Shopping
* 10 Sister cities and twin towns
* 11 See also
* 12 References
* 12.1 Notes
* 13 External links
Dutch Empire 1663-1781
British Empire 1781-1784
Dutch Empire 1784-1795
British Empire 1795-1819
Dutch Empire 1819-1942
Empire of Japan 1942-1945
_ Republic of
Padang circa 1795
Padang has been a trade centre since the 16th century. During the
16th and 17th centuries pepper was cultivated and traded with India,
United Kingdom and the Netherlands. In 1663 the city
came under the authority of the Dutch and a trading post was built in
1680. The city came under the
British Empire twice, firstly from 1781
to 1784 during the
Fourth Anglo-Dutch War , and again from 1795 to
1819 during the
Napoleonic Wars . In 1819 the city was transferred
back to the Netherlands. Up to circa 1780 the most important trade
product was gold originating from gold mines in the region. When the
mines were exhausted, the focus turned to other products such as
coffee, salts and textiles.
Padang was inundated by a tsunami with an estimated flow
depth of 5–10 meters, following an earthquake , estimated to be
8.5–8.7 Mw , which occurred off the coast. The shaking caused
considerable damage and the deaths of two people, while the tsunami
resulted in several houses being washed away and several deaths at the
village of Air Manis. Boats moored in the Arau river ended up on dry
land, including a 200-ton sailing ship which was deposited about 1
kilometre upstream. In 1833 another tsunami inundated
Padang with an
estimated flow depth of 3–4 meters as a result of an earthquake ,
estimated to be 8.6–8.9 Mw , which occurred off
Bengkulu . The
shaking caused considerable damage in Padang, and due to the tsunami
boats moored in the Arau river broke their anchors and were scattered.
The population of
Padang in 1920 was 28,754, the second largest city
Sumatra behind Palembang. At the time of independence in the 1940s
the city had around 50,000 inhabitants. Coffee was still important,
but copra was also a major item produced by farmers in its hinterland.
The population growth since then has been partly a result of growth in
the area of the city, but largely is a result of the migration to
major cities seen in so many developing nations. From 1950 the Ombilin
coal field developed with
Padang as its outlet port. This was seen by
some observers as reflecting the economic and political colonisation
On 30 September 2009, a 7.9 magnitude earthquake hit about 50
kilometres off the coast of Padang. There were more than 1,100
fatalities, 313 of which occurred within Padang.
The city of
Padang is divided into 11 districts (_kecamatan_):
* Bungus Teluk Kabung
* Koto Tangah
* Lubuk Begalung
* Lubuk Kilangan
Padang bus rapid transit service was developed used
TransJakarta system as a model, but without a dedicated lane
and comfortable shelters. Today Trans
Padang runs only from Lubuk
Buaya to Pasar Raya, a distance of 18 km, with a fleet of 10 large
buses (capacity 60) and 15 medium buses (capacity 40). Daily
passengers number 7000 in corridor 1, an increase from the initial
ridership of 4000. The load factor is 128% in the morning and evening
Lubuk Buaya - Pasar Raya
Bungus - Pasar Raya
Air Pacah - Pasar Raya
Teluk Bayur - Lubuk Buaya
Indarung - Pasar Raya
Limau Manis - Pasar Raya
The city is served by the newly opened Minangkabau International
Airport in Ketaping,
Padang Pariaman . It replaces the old Tabing
Airport , which is currently used as a military base. There is one
terminal building for both international and domestic flights. The
airport has 4 aerobridges, 17 check-in counters, 5 baggage conveyors,
and 9 ticket sales counters. In late 2013, the runway was lengthened
by 250 m so that it could accommodate Boeing 747 and Airbus A340
planes, and there is also a plan to connect the airport to the city of
Padang with a train service. A terminal expansion (Phase II) has been
announced with the rendering already released on the Angkasa Pura 2
Teluk Bayur harbour (the former Emmahaven Port) is the
largest and busiest harbour on the west coast of
Sumatra . It serves
inter-island as well as international routes. It was built in 1888 by
the colonial government of the
Netherlands . On 29 April 2013 a new
container terminal was officially opened by
West Sumatra Governor
which can hold more than 4,000 containers in 46,886 square-meter area.
The port is the main gateway to the Mentawai islands , including
Sipora , and
South Pagai . There are also ferry connections
Sibolga next to
Gunung Sitoli (
West Sumatra administration has secured lands for the construction of
a 27-kilometer toll road between
Padang and Sicincin district with
about Rp.1.3 trillion ($141.7 million) investment. 80 percent of the
land with a width of 30 meters has been acquired, but they will
acquire more land to meet an ideal width of 50 meters. The
construction project will be initialised in 2012.
Railroad tracks connect
Pariaman to the north,
Padangpanjang to the northeast,
Sawahlunto to the east. The
largest train station is
Padang Station , known as Simpang Haru
station. Sibinuang and Dang Tuanku provides the trip services from
Padang (Simpang Haru) to
Pariaman vice versa.
Andalas University , Limau Manis campus
Minangkabau people highly respect education. Many intellectual
figures come from West Sumatra. There are two institutes of higher
education in Padang, i.e.
Andalas University and the State University
Andalas University is the oldest university in Indonesia
outside of Java. The main campus is located at Limau Manis, about 12
kilometres (7.5 mi) from the centre of Padang. The Faculty of Medicine
and Faculty of Dentistry are located in the city centre, near the
Central General Hospital M. Djamil.
State University of Padang located
in Air Tawar.
The other universities in
Padang are Imam Bonjol State Institute of
Islamic Literature, Institut Teknologi
Padang in Lapai, Bung Hatta
University in Ulak Karang, Baiturrahmah University in Air Pacah,
Indonesia YPTK, Ekasakti University, Universitas
Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat, and Tamansiswa University.
The local library of West Sumatra, located in
Padang is considered as
one of the best Libraries in Indonesia, with the number of collection
of 30 k titles, including facilities and maximum conserve, and the
highest number of Encyclopedic visitors.
STATE AND PRIVATE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL NEITHER MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH
STATE AND PRIVATE JUNIOR HIGH (JHS) OR MTS
STATE AND PRIVATE SHS
STATE AND PRIVATE MA
STATE AND PRIVATE VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL (VHS)
Data sekolah di Kota Padang
Padang features a tropical rainforest climate under Köppen’s
climate classification .
Padang is one of Indonesia’s wettest
cities, with frequent rainfall throughout the course of the year. The
city averages roughly 4300 mm of rain per year. Padang’s driest
month is February, where 250 mm of precipitation on average is
observed. The city temperatures are relatively constant throughout the
year, with an average of 26 degrees Celsius.
CLIMATE DATA FOR PADANG
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial
Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990)
By 2007 the city government began a number of religiously motivated
policies. One requires females of all religious backgrounds who are
municipal employees and students in government schools to wear
_jilbab_ (hijab), and high school students now take classes on reading
the _Qur\'an _. Municipal employees are required to pay _zakat _.
The cuisine of the
Minangkabau people is commonly called Padang
Padang restaurants are common throughout the country and are
famous for their spicy food.
Padang food is usually cooked once per
day, and all customers choose from those dishes, which are left out on
display until no food is left. It is served in small portions of
various dishes, but constituting, with rice, a complete meal.
Customers take – and pay for – only what they want from this array
of dishes. The best known
Padang dish is rendang , a spicy meat stew.
_Soto Padang_ (crispy beef in spicy soup) is local residents'
breakfast favourite, meanwhile _sate_ (beef satay in curry sauce
served with ketupat ) is a treat in the evening.
Padang is the home town of the soccer team Semen
Padang , with Haji
Agus Salim Stadium being the home stadium of the club.
Padang is home
to an annual international dragon boat competition.
Padang is a common transit point for surfers travelling to Batu
Mentawai Islands , and for tourists visiting the West
Padang beach (known as Taplau or Tapi Lauik) which
located from Samudra Street until Puruih, is well known for its
beautiful sunset and hundreds of food stalls. Kuranji River flows in
Padang and on top area of the river at Batu Busuk, Lambung Bukit
sub-district is suitable for white water activities. Bungus bay, to
the south of Padang, is suitable for swimming and boating. There are
some pleasant offshore islands near Bungus, such as
Sikuai island and
Pagang island. Many beautiful spots which can be visited for
snorkelling , fishing or just relaxing on the white sandy beaches.
Currently, Regional Development Planning Board (Bappeda) of Padang
has established development plans "
Padang Old City" in Kampung Pondok,
Padang district as a tourist area. Mayor of
Padang has been
designate 73 historic buildings as cultural heritage of Padang.
Masjid Muhammadan , a historic mosque in
Padang Facade of
Ganting Grand Mosque , 2013
There are many old buildings in
Padang that still retain their Dutch
Chinese architecture . The old city of Padang, located next to
Muaro Harbor at Arau River, which formerly functioned as the city's
main commercial avenue. The old city was the former business district
of Padang, there are many important buildings such as
Hall, De Javaschebank (present-day Bank
Indonesia ), Nederlandsch
Spaarbank, Geo Wehry border:solid #aaa 1px">
* List of twin towns and sister cities in
* ^ http://www.kicc.jp Indonesia:
Surabaya And Padang
* ^ http://padangkota.bps.go.id Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Padang
* ^ Natawidjaja, D. H.; K. Sieh; M. Chlieh; J. Galetzka; B. W.
Suwargadi; H. Cheng; R. L. Edwards; J.-P. Avouac; S. N. Ward (June
2006). "Source parameters of the great Sumatran megathrust earthquakes
of 1797 and 1833 inferred from coral microatolls" (PDF). _Journal of
Geophysical Research_. 111 (B06403): B06403. Bibcode
:2006JGRB..11106403N. doi :10.1029/2005JB004025 .
* ^ A.J. Gooszen; A Demographic History of the Indonesian
Archipelago, 1880-1942; KITLV Press, 1999
* ^ Telly Nathalia (30 September 2009). "Indonesian quake toll at
100-200: disaster agency".
Reuters . Retrieved 28 September 2011.
* ^ "
Indonesia quake deaths pass 700".
BBC . 1 October 2009.
Retrieved 28 September 2011.
* ^ B Kunto Wibisono (14 October 2009). "Number of fatalities in W
Sumatra quake now 1,115". ANTARA News. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
* ^ "Rute Baru Trans
Padang Sejauh Total 33 Km Akan Dioperasikan
2015". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
* ^ PT Angkasapura II – Minangkabau Airport Facilities
* ^ Minangkabau Airport
* ^ PT Angkasapura II
* ^ "
Teluk Bayur container terminal inaugurated". 30 April 2013.
* ^ "Jasa Marga sets sights on 27-kilometer