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PACIFIC ISLANDERS are the peoples of the Pacific Islands .

CONTENTS

* 1 Pacific Islander
Pacific Islander
regions

* 1.1 Polynesia * 1.2 Melanesia * 1.3 Micronesia
Micronesia

* 2 Ethnolinguistics

* 3 Usage of phrase by country

* 3.1 Australia * 3.2 New Zealand
New Zealand
* 3.3 United States

* 4 List of Pacific peoples * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links * 9 External links

PACIFIC ISLANDER REGIONS

See also: Pacific Islands

According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, the Pacific islands consist of three regions:

POLYNESIA

The islands scattered across a triangle covering the east-central region of the Pacific Ocean. The triangle is bound by the Hawaiian Islands in the north, New Zealand
New Zealand
in the west, and Easter Island
Easter Island
in the east. The rest of Polynesia includes the Samoan islands (American Samoa
Samoa
and Samoa
Samoa
), the Cook Islands , French Polynesia ( Tahiti
Tahiti
and The Society Islands
Society Islands
, Marquesas Islands , Austral Islands , and the Tuamotu Archipelago ), Niue
Niue
Island, Tokelau
Tokelau
and Tuvalu
Tuvalu
, Tonga
Tonga
, Wallis and Futuna , and Pitcairn Island .

MELANESIA

The island of New Guinea
New Guinea
, the Bismarck and Louisiade archipelagos, the Admiralty Islands
Admiralty Islands
, Bougainville Island , Maluku Islands
Maluku Islands
, Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
, the Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
, the Santa Cruz Islands (part of the Solomon Islands), New Caledonia
New Caledonia
and Loyalty Islands , Vanuatu (formerly New Hebrides), Fiji
Fiji
, Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
, and various smaller islands.

MICRONESIA

The islands of Kiribati
Kiribati
, Nauru
Nauru
, the Marianas ( Guam
Guam
and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands ), the Republic of the Marshall Islands , Palau
Palau
, and the Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
(Yap , Chuuk , Pohnpei
Pohnpei
, and Kosrae , all in the Caroline Islands ).

The Pacific islands may also refer to any of the other islands in the Pacific Ocean.

ETHNOLINGUISTICS

Ethnolinguistically , those Pacific islanders who reside in Oceania are divided into two different ethnic classifications. Austronesian language peoples

* Austronesian peoples who speak the Oceanian languages , numbering about 2.3 million, who occupy Polynesia, Micronesia, and most of the smaller islands of Melanesia.

Papuan language peoples

* Papuan peoples , those who speak the Papuan languages , who number about 7 million, and reside on the island of New Guinea
New Guinea
and a few of the smaller islands of Melanesia located off the northeast coast of New Guinea.

USAGE OF PHRASE BY COUNTRY

AUSTRALIA

In Australia the term South Sea Islander was used to describe Australian descendants of people from the more than 80 islands in the western Pacific who had been brought to Australia to work on the sugar fields of Queensland, in the 19th century called Kanakas . The Pacific Island Labourers Act 1901 was enacted to restrict entry of Pacific Islanders to Australia and to authorise their deportation. In the legislation Pacific Islanders were defined as:

"Pacific Island Labourer" includes all natives not of European extraction of any island except the islands of New Zealand
New Zealand
situated in the Pacific Ocean beyond the Commonwealth as constituted at the commencement of this Act.

In 2008 a Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme was announced as a three-year pilot scheme. The scheme provides visas for workers from Kiribati, Tonga, Vanuatu
Vanuatu
and Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
to work in Australia. The pilot scheme includes one country each from Melanesia (Vanuatu), Polynesia (Tonga) and Micronesia
Micronesia
(Kiribati), countries which already send workers to New Zealand
New Zealand
under its seasonal labour scheme. Australia's pilot scheme also includes Papua New Guinea.

NEW ZEALAND

Local usage in New Zealand
New Zealand
uses "Pacific islander" (or "Pasifika") to distinguish those who have emigrated from one of these areas in modern times from the indigenous New Zealand
New Zealand
Māori , who are also Polynesian , but arrived in New Zealand
New Zealand
centuries earlier.

In 2013 7.4 percent of the New Zealand
New Zealand
population identified with one or more Pacific ethnic groups, although 62.3 percent of these were born in New Zealand. Those with a Samoan background make up the largest proportion, followed by Cook Islands Maori, Tongan, and Niuean.

Some smaller island populations such as Niue
Niue
and Tokelau
Tokelau
have the majority of their nationals living in New Zealand
New Zealand
(Smelt, and Lin, 1998).

To celebrate the diverse Pacific island cultures, the Auckland region hosts several Pacific island festivals. Two of the major ones are Polyfest, which showcases performances of the secondary school cultural groups in the Auckland region, and Pasifika , a festival that celebrates Pacific island heritage through traditional food, music, dance, and entertainment.

UNITED STATES

According to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Estimates Program (PEP), a " Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
and Other Pacific Islander" is "A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific islands. It includes people who indicate their race as 'Native Hawaiian', 'Guamanian or "Chamorro', 'Samoan', and 'Other Pacific Islander' or provide other detailed Pacific Islander responses."

According to the Office of Management and Budget , "Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander" refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.

The term Pacific Islands American is used for ethnic Pacific islander residents in U.S. states , and in the territories of the United States in the region.

LIST OF PACIFIC PEOPLES

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (August 2008)

* Austronesian-speaking peoples

* Polynesians
Polynesians

* Western Polynesian-Melanesian region

* Samoans * Fijians Lauan Group * Rotumans * Uveans * Futunans * Tokelauans * Tongans
Tongans
* Tuvaluans * Niueans

* Northeast ">

* ^ " Pacific Islands on Encyclopædia Britannica". * ^ " South Sea Islander Project". ABC Radio Regional Production Fund. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2004. Retrieved 2008-08-27. Recognition for Australian South Sea Islanders (ASSI) has been a long time coming. It was not until 1994 that the federal government recognized them as a distinct ethnic group with their own history and culture and not until September 2000 that the Queensland government made a formal statement of recognition. * ^ " Pacific Island Labourers Act 1901 (Cth)" (PDF). Documenting a Democracy. National Archives of Australia. 1901. Retrieved 2008-08-27.

* ^ Australian Institute of Criminology: Australia\'s Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme: Managing vulnerabilities to exploitation * ^ "Pacific guestworker scheme to start this year". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-08-17. * ^ "Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme is more proof of Australia\'s new Pacific focus" (Press release). The Hon Duncan Kerr SC MP; Parliamentary Secretary for Pacific Island Affairs. 2008-08-20. * ^ Australian classification standards code Pacific islanders, Oceanians, South Sea islanders, and Australasians all with code 1000, i.e., identically. This coding can be broken down into the finer classification of 1,100 Australian Peoples; 1,200 New Zealand
New Zealand
peoples; 1,300 Melanesian and Papuan; 1,400 Micronesian; 1,500 Polynesian. There is no specific coding therefore for "Pacific islander"."Australian Standard Classification of Cultural and Ethnic Groups (ASCCEG) - 2nd edition" (pdf - 136 pages). Australian Bureau of Statistics . 2005-07-07. Retrieved 2008-08-27. * ^ "Pacific peoples ethnic group", 2013 Census, Statistics New Zealand * ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20130403171145/http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/meta/long_RHI525211.htm. Archived from the original on April 3, 2013. Retrieved March 27, 2013. Missing or empty title= (help ) * ^ Gary Y. Okihiro, American History Unbound: Asians and Pacific Islanders (University of California Press, 2015). xiv, 499 pp.

FURTHER READING

* Lal, B., & Fortune, K. (Eds.). (2000). The Pacific Islands: An encyclopedia. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press. * Okihiro, Gary Y. American History Unbound: Asians and Pacific Islanders (University of California Press, 2015). xiv, 499 pp. * Smelt, R., ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Culture of indigenous Oceania
Oceania

List of resources about traditional arts and culture of Oceania
Oceania

ART

* Ahu * Australia * Austronesia * Cook Islands * Hawaiʻi * kapa (Hawaiʻi) * Lei * magimagi * Māori * moai * New Zealand
New Zealand
* nguzu nguzu * Oceania
Oceania
* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
* reimiro * tā moko * tabua * ta\'ovala * tapa * tattoo * tēfui * tivaevae

BROAD CULTURE

* areca nut * kava, " ʻawa" (Hawaii) , "yaqona" (Fiji), or "sakau" (Pohnpei) * Kava
Kava
culture * Lapita * Māori * Polynesia * Polynesian navigation
Polynesian navigation
* Sāmoa \'ava ceremony * wood carving

Geo-specific, general

* Australia * Australian Aboriginal astronomy * Austronesia * Caroline Islands , - Pwo * Chatham Islands * Cook Islands * Easter Island
Easter Island

* Fiji
Fiji

* Lau Islands * traditions and ceremonies

* Guam
Guam

* Hawaiʻi

* Lomilomi massage

* Kiribati
Kiribati
* French Polynesia\'s Marquesas Islands

* Marshall Islands

* Stick charts of

* Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
* Nauru
Nauru
* New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* New Zealand
New Zealand
* Niue
Niue
* Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
* Palau
Palau
* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
* Pitcairn Islands * Sāmoa * Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
* Tonga
Tonga
* Torres Strait Islands * Tuvalu
Tuvalu
* Vanuatu
Vanuatu
* Wallis and Futuna

* Yap
Yap

* navigation * Weriyeng navigation school

CANOES

* Aboriginal Dugout * Alingano Maisu * Drua * Dugout (boat) * Hawaiʻiloa * Hōkūleʻa * Malia (Hawaiian) * Māori migration * Outrigger * Polynesian sailing * Proa

* Waka

* list

* Walap

DANCE

* \ 'Aparima * cibi * fara * fire dancing * firewalking * haka * hivinau * hula * kailao * kapa haka * Kiribati
Kiribati
* meke * \'ote\'a * pa\'o\'a * poi * Rotuma * siva * Tahiti
Tahiti
* tāmūrē * tautoga * Tonga
Tonga
* \'upa\'upa

FESTIVALS

* Australia

* Garma Festival

* Hawaiʻi

* Aloha Festivals * Merrie Monarch Festival * World Invitational Hula Festival

* Fiji
Fiji

* New Zealand
New Zealand

* Pasifika Festival

* The Pacific Community

* Festival of Pacific Arts

* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea

LANGUAGES

BY AREA

* v * t * e

Languages of Oceania
Oceania

SOVEREIGN STATES

* Australia * Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
* Fiji
Fiji
* Kiribati
Kiribati
* Marshall Islands * Nauru
Nauru
* New Zealand
New Zealand
* Palau
Palau
* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
* Samoa
Samoa
* Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
* Tonga
Tonga
* Tuvalu
Tuvalu
* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

Associated states of New Zealand
New Zealand

* Cook Islands * Niue
Niue

Dependencies and other territories

* American Samoa
American Samoa
* Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * Easter Island
Easter Island
* French Polynesia * Guam
Guam
* Hawaii * New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
* Northern Mariana Islands * Pitcairn Islands * Tokelau
Tokelau
* Wallis and Futuna

BY CATEGORY Languages of Oceania
Oceania

LITERATURE

* v * t * e

Literature of Oceania
Oceania

SOVEREIGN STATES

* Australia * Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
* Fiji
Fiji
* Kiribati
Kiribati
* Marshall Islands * Nauru
Nauru
* New Zealand
New Zealand
* Palau
Palau
* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
* Samoa
Samoa
* Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
* Tonga
Tonga
* Tuvalu
Tuvalu
* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

Associated states of New Zealand
New Zealand

* Cook Islands * Niue
Niue

Dependencies and other territories

* American Samoa
American Samoa
* Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * Easter Island
Easter Island
* French Polynesia * Guam
Guam
* Hawaii * New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
* Northern Mariana Islands * Pitcairn Islands * Tokelau
Tokelau
* Wallis and Futuna

MUSIC

* Austral Islands (French Polynesia) * Australia * Austronesia * Cook Islands * Easter Island
Easter Island
* Fiji
Fiji
* Guam
Guam
* Hawaiʻi * Kiribati
Kiribati
* Lali * Māori * Melanesia * Micronesia
Micronesia
* Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
* Nauru
Nauru
* New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* New Zealand
New Zealand
* Niue
Niue
* Northern Mariana Islands * Palau
Palau
* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
* Polynesia * Sāmoa * Slit drum * Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
* Tahiti
Tahiti
* Tokelau
Tokelau
* Tonga
Tonga
* Tuvalu
Tuvalu
* Vanuatu
Vanuatu
* Wallis and Futuna

MYTHOLOGY

* Australian Aboriginal * Fijian * Hawaiian * Mangarevan * Maohi * Māori * Melanesian * Menehune * Micronesian * Oceanian legendary creatures * Polynesian * Rapa Nui * Samoan * Tuvaluan * Vanuatuan

RESEARCH

* Asian American and Pacific Islander Policy Research Consortium * Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies

PEOPLE

* Indigneous Australian * Austronesian * Chamorro * Chatham Islander (Moriori _or_ Rekohu) * Fijian (iTaukei) * Hawaiian (kānaka maoli) * Māori * Marshallese * Melanesian * Micronesian * Negrito * Norfolk Islander * Papuan * Polynesian * Indigenous Polynesian (Mā’ohi) * Rapa Nui * Rotuman * Samoan (Tagata Māo‘i) * Tahitian * Tongan * Torres Strait Islander

RELIGION

* v * t * e

Religion in Oceania
Oceania

SOVEREIGN STATES

* Australia * Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
* Fiji
Fiji
* Kiribati
Kiribati
* Marshall Islands * Nauru
Nauru
* New Zealand
New Zealand
* Palau
Palau
* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
* Samoa
Samoa
* Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
* Tonga
Tonga
* Tuvalu
Tuvalu
* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

Associated states of New Zealand
New Zealand

* Cook Islands * Niue
Niue

Dependencies and other territories

* American Samoa
American Samoa
* Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * Easter Island
Easter Island
* French Polynesia * Guam
Guam
* Hawaii * New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
* Northern Mariana Islands * Pitcairn Islands * Tokelau
Tokelau
* Wallis and Futuna

Not included: Oceanian: cinema , (indigenous) currency, dress, folkore, cuisine . Also see Category:Oceanian culture .

* v * t * e

Indigenous peoples of the world by continent

Africa

Asia

Europe

North America

Oceania
Oceania

South America

INDIGENOUS PEOPLES BY GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS

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