The Info List - P A Sangma

Purno Agitok Sangma (1 September 1947 – 4 March 2016) was an Indian politician who served as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Speaker of the Lok Sabha
from 1996 to 1998 and Chief Minister of Meghalaya
Chief Minister of Meghalaya
from 1988 to 1990. [1]


1 Career 2 Chief Minister of Meghalaya 3 Formation of Nationalist Congress Party

3.1 Presidential election

4 Personal life 5 Death 6 Positions held 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Career[edit] In 1973, Sangma became Vice-President of the Pradesh Youth Congress in Meghalaya
and became the General Secretary of the party in 1975. He served in that position from 1975 to 1980. In 1977, he was elected to the 6th Lok Sabha from Tura in Meghalaya and was re-elected from the same constituency multiple times. He represented the Tura constituency in multiple Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
sessions - from the sixth Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
session to the eight Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
session. He did not contest re-election at the time of the formation of the 9th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
[2] but did regain his seat in 1991 at the commencement of the 10th Lok Sabha. He remained a member of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
till 2008. He became Speaker of Lok Sabha
Speaker of Lok Sabha
in 1996. Chief Minister of Meghalaya[edit] He was the Chief Minister of Meghalaya
Chief Minister of Meghalaya
from 1988 to 1990. [3] Formation of Nationalist Congress Party[edit] Sangma was expelled from the Congress on 20 May 1999, along with Sharad Pawar
Sharad Pawar
and Tariq Anwar, for raising the banner of revolt against Sonia Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
over the fact that she was a foreign-born citizen. Sangma along with Pawar and Anwar wanted a native-born citizen to be projected as the Prime Ministerial candidate. [4] After his departure from the Congress Party, he was one of the founders of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) along with Sharad Pawar
Sharad Pawar
and Tariq Anwar in 1999.[5] In January 2004, P.A. Sangma created a split in the NCP after Sharad Pawar
Sharad Pawar
became close to the NCP's former rival, Sonia Gandhi. After losing a battle for the NCP election symbol, Sangma later merged his faction with Mamata Banerjee's Trinamool Congress, forming the Nationalist Trinamool Congress. He resigned from his Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
seat on 10 October 2005 as a member of AITMC/TMC, and was re-elected as an NCP candidate in February 2006. In the 2004 Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
elections, Sangma was one of two NTC MPs elected. He resigned from the 14th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
in March 2008 to take part in the 2008 Meghalaya
Legislative Assembly election. On 5 January 2013, Sangma launched the National People's Party[6] on the national level. The National People's Party managed to win two seats in the Meghalaya
Legislative Assembly in the 2013 Meghalaya Legislative Assembly election. Presidential election[edit] Sangma's candidature was proposed by AIADMK and BJD, and later, supported by BJP as well. Sangma resigned from the NCP on 20 June 2012 after opposition from Sharad Pawar
Sharad Pawar
over his presidential candidature. Former Union Minister and a Congress tribal leader Arvind Netam also came out strongly in favour of the candidature of Sangma for the presidential post.[7][8][9] On 22 July 2012, Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
was declared the victor over P. A. Sangma, crossing the half-way mark of 525,140 votes after votes in half the states had been tallied. While securing the requires quota, Mukherjee secured 558,194 votes to Sangma's 239,966.[10][11] After the final results were published, Mukherjee secured 7,13,424 value of votes, while P. A. Sangma secured 3,17,032 values of votes. The Returning Officer for the Election, and the Secretary General of the Rajya Sabha, Vivek Agnihotri, then declared Mukherjee to be elected as President of India. Sangma subsequently accused the President-elect of graft.[12]

  MPs MLAs Total

Pranab Mukherjee[13] 373,116 340,647 713,763

P. A. Sangma[14] 145,848 170,139 315,987

Personal life[edit] Sangma was born on 1 September 1947 in Chapahati, a village in the erstwhile Garo Hills district of Assam
(in present-day West Garo Hills, Meghalaya), to Dipchon Ch. Marak and Chimri A. Sangma as one of their seven children.[15] He lost his father when he was 11 and had to quit studies due to poverty. He was helped to return to school by a Salesian Father Giovanni Battista Busolin. Later, he obtained a bachelor of arts degree from St. Anthony's College in Shillong
before shifting to Dibrugarh
in Assam, where he taught in the Don Bosco High School while pursuing master of arts in international politics from Dibrugarh
University.[16] Sangma married Soradini K. in 1973. They had two sons and two daughters together. Son Conrad was appionted as National President of Nationalist Youth Congress and daughter Agatha are politicians.[17] Agatha was elected from Tura to the 15th Lok Sabha
15th Lok Sabha
elections in 2009, and at 29, was the youngest minister in the UPA ministry.[18] Death[edit] On the morning of 4 March 2016, Sangma died from cardiac arrest in New Delhi.[19] He was aged 68. He was awarded a posthumous Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
in 2017 becoming the first recipient of Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
from Meghalaya. [20] Positions held[edit]

1974 - Vice President of Meghalaya
Pradesh Youth Congress 1975 - The General Secretary of the Meghalaya
Pradesh Congress Committee 1977 - Member of Parliament, Tura constituency 1980 - Joint Secretary of the All India
Congress Committee 1980 - Deputy Minister in charge of Industry 1982 - Deputy Minister, Ministry of Commerce 1984 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency 1984 - Minister of State holding charge of Commerce and Supply 1984 - Minister of State for Home Affairs 1986 - Minister of State for Labour with Independent Charge 1988 - Member, Meghalaya
Legislative Assembly 1988 - Chief Minister of Meghalaya 1990 - Leader of Opposition, Meghalaya
Legislative Assembly 1991 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency 1991-93 - Union Minister of State, Coal (Independent Charge) 1993-95 - Union Minister of State, Labour (Independent Charge) February–September 1995 - Union Minister of State, Labour 1995-96 - Union Cabinet Minister of Information and Broadcasting 1996 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency 1996-98 - Speaker of Lok Sabha
Speaker of Lok Sabha
-Chairman, (i) Business Advisory Committee; (ii) Rules Committee; (iii) General Purposes Committee; (iv) Standing Committee of the Conference of Presiding Officers of the Legislative Bodies in India; and (v) Institute of Constitutional and Parliamentary Studies;

President, (i) Indian Parliamentary Group, (ii) National Group of Inter-Parliamentary Union; and (iii) India
Branch of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association

1998 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency 1998 - Member, Committee on External Affairs and its Sub-Committee-I 1998 - Vice-President, Indian Institute of Public Administration 1998 - Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of External Affairs 1999 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency 1999 - Member, Committee on Labour and Welfare 2000 - Member, National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution 2002 - Member, Committee on External Affairs 2003 - Member, Committee on Home Affairs 2004 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency 2004 - Member, Committee on External Affairs, Member, Committee on Private Members Bills and Resolutions, Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Home Affairs 2006 - Re-elected to Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
as N.C.P. candidate on 23.2.2006, Tura constituency 2008 - Member, Meghalaya
Legislative Assembly

See also[edit]

Politics of India Nuclear disarmament


^ "PA Sangma (1947-2016): The short man from Garo Hills, the tallest North East leader in New Delhi".  ^ "Tura Constituency".  ^ "Who is P.A. Sangma?".  ^ "CWC expels threesome for six years". Rediff.com, 20 May 1999.  ^ "National Congress Party Origins". NCP official website, retrieved 21 May 2012. Archived from the original on 11 May 2012.  ^ news.oneindia.in/2013/01/05/sangma-launches-his-party-with-alliance-with-nda-1125781.html ^ "It's time that a tribal becomes President: Netam". 29 June 2012. Archived from the original on 29 June 2012.  ^ "Sangma withdraws himself from presidential race, seeks consensus for Abdual Kalam". Headlines today. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012.  ^ "I have quit NCP, will contest presidential polls: PA Sangma". 20 June 2012.  ^ " Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
voted India's 13th President". Times of India. 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2012-07-22.  ^ " Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
is 13th President". Deccan Herald. 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2012-07-22.  ^ "BJP supports Sangma after division in NDA". 21 June 2012.  ^ ^ ^ "Sangma, Shri Purno Agitok Biographical sketch". indiapress.org. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  ^ "P A Sangma: From tending cattle for food to minding the Lok Sabha". The Indian Express. 5 March 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  ^ Nayak, C. K. (21 March 2016). "'Unopposed Tura By-Poll Would Be Fitting Tribute To My Father'". The Shillong
Times. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  ^ " Agatha Sangma
Agatha Sangma
youngest minister in Manmohan ministry". The Times of India. 27 May 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2017.  ^ "Former Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Speaker PA Sangma Passes Away at 68". The Quint. Retrieved 2016-03-04.  ^ "P.A. Sangma awarded Padma Vibhushan, becomes first recipient from Meghalaya". 

External links[edit]

Biography - From Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Speakers' official site P. A. Sangma: Fourteenth Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Members Bioprofile XII LOK SABHA DEBATES - Sangma's famous debate against nuclear weapons Interview with Sangma by Rediff
on NCP split up

Lok Sabha

Preceded by K.R. Marak Member of Parliament for Tura 1977–1989 Succeeded by Sanford Marak

Preceded by Sanford Marak Member of Parliament for Tura 1991–2008 Succeeded by Agatha Sangma

Preceded by Agatha Sangma Member of Parliament for Tura 2014 – 2016 Succeeded by Conrad Sangma

Political offices

Preceded by Williamson Sangma Chief Minister of Meghalaya 6 February 1988 – 25 March 1990 Succeeded by Brington Buhai Lyngdoh

Preceded by Hari Krishan Lal Bhagat Minister of Human Resource Development 1995 – 1996 Succeeded by Jaipal Reddy

Preceded by Shivraj Patil Speaker of the Lok Sabha 25 May 1996 – 23 March 1998 Succeeded by Ganti Mohana Chandra Balayogi

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Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
award recipients


Ebrahim Alkazi Kishori Amonkar Amitabh Bachchan M. Balamuralikrishna T. Balasaraswati Asha Bhosle Nandalal Bose Hariprasad Chaurasia Girija Devi Kumar Gandharva Adoor Gopalakrishnan Satish Gujral Gangubai Hangal Bhupen Hazarika M. F. Husain Ilaiyaraaja Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer Bhimsen Joshi Ali Akbar Khan Amjad Ali Khan Allauddin Khan Bismillah Khan Ghulam Mustafa Khan Yamini Krishnamurthy Dilip Kumar R. K. Laxman Birju Maharaj Kishan Maharaj Lata Mangeshkar Sonal Mansingh Mallikarjun Mansur Zubin Mehta Mario Miranda Kelucharan Mohapatra Raghunath Mohapatra Jasraj
Motiram Benode Behari Mukherjee Hrishikesh Mukherjee Rajinikanth Ram Narayan D. K. Pattammal K. Shankar Pillai Akkineni Nageswara Rao Kaloji Narayana Rao Satyajit Ray S. H. Raza Zohra Sehgal Uday Shankar Ravi Shankar V. Shantaram Shivkumar Sharma Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman M. S. Subbulakshmi K. G. Subramanyan Kapila Vatsyayan Homai Vyarawalla K. J. Yesudas

Civil Service

Bimala Prasad Chaliha Naresh Chandra T. N. Chaturvedi Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri Suranjan Das Rajeshwar Dayal Basanti Devi P. N. Dhar Jyotindra Nath Dixit M. S. Gill Hafiz Mohamad Ibrahim H. V. R. Iyengar Bhola Nath Jha Dattatraya Shridhar Joshi Ajudhia Nath Khosla Rai Krishnadasa V. Krishnamurthy P. Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Pratap Chandra Lal K. B. Lall Sam Manekshaw Om Prakash Mehra Mohan Sinha Mehta M. G. K. Menon Brajesh Mishra Sumati Morarjee A. Ramasamy Mudaliar Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan Braj Kumar Nehru Bhairab Dutt Pande Ghananand Pande Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit T. V. Rajeswar C. R. Krishnaswamy Rao Pattadakal Venkanna R Rao V. K. R. V. Rao Khusro Faramurz Rustamji Harish Chandra Sarin Binay Ranjan Sen Homi Sethna Arjan Singh Harbaksh Singh Kirpal Singh Manmohan Singh Tarlok Singh Lallan Prasad Singh Balaram Sivaraman Chandrika Prasad Srivastava T. Swaminathan Arun Shridhar Vaidya Dharma Vira Narinder Nath Vohra

Literature and Education

V. S. R. Arunachalam Jagdish Bhagwati Satyendra Nath Bose Tara Chand Suniti Kumar Chatterji D. P. Chattopadhyaya Bhabatosh Datta Avinash Dixit Mahasweta Devi John Kenneth Galbraith Sarvepalli Gopal Lakshman Shastri Joshi Kaka Kalelkar Dhondo Keshav Karve Gopinath Kaviraj Kuvempu O. N. V. Kurup Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Sitakant Mahapatra John Mathai Kotha Satchidanda Murthy Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir Basanti Dulal Nagchaudhuri Bal Ram Nanda R. K. Narayan P. Parameswaran Amrita Pritam K. N. Raj C. Rangarajan Raja Rao Ramoji Rao Hormasji Maneckji Seervai Rajaram Shastri Kalu Lal Shrimali Govindbhai Shroff Khushwant Singh Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh Premlila Vithaldas Thackersey Mahadevi Varma Bashir Hussain Zaidi


Jasbir Singh Bajaj B. K. Goyal Purshotam Lal A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar S. I. Padmavati Autar Singh Paintal Kantilal Hastimal Sancheti Balu Sankaran V. Shanta Vithal Nagesh Shirodkar Prakash Narain Tandon Brihaspati Dev Triguna M. S. Valiathan


Sunderlal Bahuguna B. K. S. Iyengar Rambhadracharya Ravi Shankar Jaggi Vasudev

Public Affairs

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Science and Engineering

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Social Work

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Viswanathan Anand Edmund Hillary Sachin Tendulkar

Trade and Industry

Dhirubhai Ambani Ghanshyam Das Birla Ashok Sekhar Ganguly Karim Al Hussaini Aga Khan Lakshmi Mittal N. R. Narayana Murthy M. Narasimham Prithvi Raj Singh Oberoi Azim Premji Prathap C. Reddy J. R. D. Tata Ratan Tata

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Speakers of the Lok Sabha

Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar M. A. Ayyangar Sardar Hukam Singh Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Gurdial Singh Dhillon Bali Ram Bhagat K. S. Hegde Balram Jakhar Rabi Ray Shivraj Patil P. A. Sangma G. M. C. Balayogi Manohar Joshi Somnath Chatterjee Meira Kumar Sumitra Mahajan

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Members of the 1 6th Lok Sabha from Northeast states

GE 2014

Arunachal Pradesh

Kiren Rijiju Ninong Ering


Biren Singh Engti Sirajuddin Ajmal Badruddin Ajmal Rameswar Teli Bijoya Chakravarty Kamakhya Prasad Tasa Gaurav Gogoi

Radheshyam Biswas Naba Kumar Sarania Sarbananda Sonowal Ramen Deka Rajen Gohain Sushmita Dev Ram Prasad Sarmah


Thokchom Meinya Thangso Baite


Vincent Pala P. A. Sangma


C. L. Ruala


Neiphiu Rio


Prem Das Rai


Jitendra Choudhury Sankar Prasad Datta

Bye-elections 2016


Conrad Sangma

Pre-bye poll: P. A. Sangma - death


Pradan Baruah

Pre-bye poll: Sarbananda Sonowal
Sarbananda Sonowal
- resigned

15th LS members 17th LS members Members of the 1 6th Lok Sabha from



Union Territories AN CH DN DD LD DL PY

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 115271485 GND: 171582802

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Chief Ministers of Meghalaya

Williamson A. Sangma Darwin Diengdoh Pugh B. B. Lyngdoh Purno Agitok Sangma D.D. Lapang S. C. Marak E. K. Mawlong Flinder Anderson Khonglam J. D. Rymbai Donkupar Roy Mukul Sa