Paul Kenneth Baillie Reynolds,
CBE (1896 – 1973) was a British
classical scholar and archaeologist who studied specialised Roman
troops such as the frumentarii and the vigiles.
He studied at Hertford College, Oxford between 1915–1919, his
studies being interrupted by World War I. He served in the Royal
By 1921, he had become a Pelham student at the British School in Rome.
While Rome he wrote books and articles for which he is well remembered
(e.g., The Troops Quartered in the Castra Peregrina JRS 13 1923, pages
Vigiles of Imperial Rome, Oxford 1926). Baillie Reynolds
extensively researched the remains of ancient Rome's aqueducts. He
stayed at Rome until 1923.
In 1924, Baillie Reynolds became a lecturer on Ancient history at
Aberystwyth University. While at Aberystwyth, he also directed the
excavations of Kanovium, the Roman fort at Caerhun, North Wales, over
a period of four summers from 1926. He published a series of reports
on these excavations in Archaeologia Cambrensis, which were published
as a collection in 1938; they are considered a classic study of their
type. At this time he also published numerous books and reports on
archaeological sites in Britain and beyond. He is best known for his
Vigiles of Imperial Rome" (1926). In 1934 he became an
Inspector of Ancient Monuments, England, and Chief Inspector from 1954
to 1961. As an Inspector, he wrote guide books for some of the many
sites under Government care, some of which remained in print for over
twenty years (e.g., "Chysauster" Cornwall, HMSO Guides, London
His last significant task was to oversee repairs to the Aqua Claudia
aqueduct in Rome, which ran through the grounds of the British
Embassy. A report of this work was published in the journal
Archaeologia Volume 100, 1966. It was his last publication, and he
died in 1973.
Baillie Reynolds had a distinguished career, recognised by his
honours, firstly becoming an Officer of the Order of the British
Empire and subsequently made a Commander of the Order.
During World War II, Baillie-Reynolds was one of the founding members
Monuments Men (M.F.A.A.), who sought to protect European art
treasures during and after the war.
Publications below are listed in order of first known date of
publication. Known subsequent publication dates are mentioned at the
end of each listing.
Baillie Reynolds, P.K. (1926), "'Two fragments of Samian pottery, in
the museum of the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth'",
Aberystwyth Studies, 8: 11–5
Baillie Reynolds, P.K. (1996) . The
Vigiles of Imperial Rome.
Chicago, Illinois: Ares. ISBN 0-89005-552-1. Originally
published in 1926 by Oxford University Press, London. 133 pages.
Baillie Reynolds, P.K.; James Frederick Mountford (1928). One Hundred
Post-Classical Latin. Aberystwyth: S.V. Galloway.
Baillie Reynolds, P.K.; Frederic James Edward Raby (1936). Castle Acre
Priory. London: Ministry of Works. Ancient Monuments and Historic
Buildings. Official Guides. ISBN 1-85074-105-0 OCLC
21886380 (for 1986 publication). Other publication dates found: 1937,
1946, 1951, 1952, 1975.
Baillie Reynolds, P.K.; F.J.E. Raby (1938). Framlingham Castle,
Suffolk. London: Ministry of Works. Ancient Monuments and Historic
Buildings. Official Guides. . Other publication dates found:
1946, 1959, 1977.
Baillie Reynolds, P.K. (February 1938). Excavations on the site of the
Roman fort of Kanovium at Caerhun, Caernarvonshire: collected reports
on the excavations of the years 1926–1929 and on the pottery and
other objects found. Kanovium Excavation Committee. Cardiff: William
Lewis, Printers. 282 pages. Baillie Reynolds' reports were
originally published in Archaeologia Cambrensis. They included:
‘The coarse pottery’, originally published as the 6th interim
report, Archaeologia Cambrensis, 89  37–82
Other reports from Archaeologia Cambrensis, 82–91 (1927–36);
Baillie Reynolds, P.K. (1946). Croxden Abbey, Staffordshire. London:
Ministry of Works, Ancient Monuments and Historic Buildings, leaflet
Baillie Reynolds, P.K. (1948). Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire.
London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office (H.M.S.O.). Part of the
Ancient monuments and historic buildings series, published by Ministry
of Public Building and Works, via H.M.S.O.
Baillie Reynolds, P.K.; Sir Alfred William Clapham (1956). Thornton
Abbey, Lincolnshire. London: Ministry of Works. Ancient Monuments and
Historic Buildings. Official Guides. . Also published as Thornton
Abbey, Humberside. ISBN 0-11-670019-X
Rose, Graham; P.K. Baillie Reynolds (1958). Egglestone Abbey,
Yorkshire. London: Ministry of Works. Ancient Monuments and Historic
Buildings. Official Guides. , 24 pages. Also published 1976,
Baillie Reynolds, P.K. (1960). Chysauster, Cornwall. London: Her
Majesty's Stationery Office (H.M.S.O.). Part of the Ancient
monuments and historic buildings series, published by Ministry of
Public Building and Works, via H.M.S.O. Other publication dates found:
1965, 1968, 1978. ISBN 0-11-671460-3 (for 1978)
Baillie Reynolds, P.K.; & T.A. Bailey (1966), "The aqueduct in the
grounds of the British embassy in Rome", Archaeologia, Oxford: Printed
by Vivian Ridler for the Society of Antiquaries of London, 100:
ISBN 0-85431-066-5 . Also ISBN 978-0-85431-066-1(Note:
not all isbn search engines yield results using just the ISBN.
Internet Book Database, Shelfari do yield the correct title. A search
using P.K. Baillie Reynolds on Worldcat yields his known publications,
including this title).
^ a b c d e "The Excavations on the Site of The Roman Fort Kanovium at
Caerhun 1926-9 By P.K Baillie Reynolds OBE, CBE". KANOVIUM PROJECT.
Retrieved 6 March 2014.
^ "Read a book Visit a Museum: Kanovium Project Book Reviews".
Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 28 October
^ "The Monuments Men". Retrieved 6 March 2014.