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The Info List - Pčinja District



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The PčINJA DISTRICT (Serbian : Пчињски округ / Pčinjski okrug, pronounced ) is one of nine administrative districts of Southern and Eastern Serbia
Serbia
. It covers the southern part of Serbia
Serbia
, bordering the disputed territory of Kosovo
Kosovo
, Bulgaria
Bulgaria
and the Republic of Macedonia . Its administrative center is the city of Vranje
Vranje
.

It has a population of 159,081, according to the 2011 census. It is possible that the actual population is greater than is stated in the official statistics, because most Albanians boycotted the census; an estimate is that between 20,000–50,000 more people than recorded live in the district.

The Vranjska Banja
Vranjska Banja
spa plays a particular part in this region, with its multi-medicinal thermal mineral waters.

CONTENTS

* 1 Municipalities * 2 Culture and history * 3 Economy

* 4 Demographics

* 4.1 Ethnic composition

* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

MUNICIPALITIES

It encompasses the municipalities of:

* Vladičin Han * Surdulica
Surdulica
* Bosilegrad
Bosilegrad
* Trgovište
Trgovište
* Vranje
Vranje
* Bujanovac * Preševo
Preševo

Pčinja District
Pčinja District

CULTURE AND HISTORY

The ancient Paeonian
Paeonian
tribe of Agrianians (Agrianes) ruled the region of present Pčinja District.

The cultural-historic monuments date back over five centuries ago. The earliest military fortification: Marko's Fortress, originates from the thirteenth century. Also famous are the ancient Turkish Public Bath from the sixteenth century, and the Pasha's House from 1765, in which a Grammar School was opened in 1882.

In 2001, uprisings by Albanians occurred in the Albanian-majority municipalities of Preševo
Preševo
and Bujanovac. In addition, reports emerged in 2006 that the Trgovište
Trgovište
had threatened to secede to Macedonia, which were treated as noteworthy because the area has a majority Serb population. Representatives cited economic hardship and a declining population as grievances against Serbia's government.

ECONOMY

The economy of Vranje
Vranje
is based on industry, mining, building industry, trade, agriculture, and forestry. The best known factories are: DIV Tobacco Factory and holding companies: SIMPO and Jumko .

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

YEAR POP. ±% P.A.

1948 209,232 —

1953 220,910 +1.09%

1961 222,520 +0.09%

1971 230,373 +0.35%

1981 238,753 +0.36%

1991 243,529 +0.20%

2002 227,690 −0.61%

2011 159,081 −3.91%

Source:

ETHNIC COMPOSITION

1992

* Serbs = 60.4% * Albanians = 26.5% * Roma = 5.7% * Bulgarians = 4.4% * Others = 3%

2002

* Serbs = 147,046 (64.58%) * Albanians = 54,795 (24.07%) * Roma = 12,073 (5.3%) * Bulgarians = 8,491 (3.73%) * Others = 5,285 (2.32%)

2011

* Serbs = 132,601 (83,35%) * Roma = 13,826 (8.69%) * Bulgarians = 7,287 (4.58%) * Albanians = 680 (0.43%) * Others

SEE ALSO

* Administrative divisions of Serbia
Serbia
* Districts of Serbia
Serbia

PLACES ADJACENT TO PčINJA DISTRICT

Jablanica District

Kosovo
Kosovo

Bulgaria
Bulgaria

PčINJA DISTRICT

Macedonia

Coordinates : 42°33′N 21°54′E / 42.550°N 21.900°E / 42.550; 21.900

REFERENCES

* ^ "Lost in Shuffle, Serb Town Sees Future in Macedonia." New York Times, April 25, 2006. * ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.

* ^ Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia
Serbia
. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory . The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement . Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations
United Nations
member states .

a. ^ In the municipalities of