The PčINJA DISTRICT (Serbian : Пчињски округ / Pčinjski
okrug, pronounced ) is one of nine administrative districts of
Southern and Eastern
Serbia . It covers the southern part of
bordering the disputed territory of
Bulgaria and the Republic
of Macedonia . Its administrative center is the city of
It has a population of 159,081, according to the 2011 census. It is
possible that the actual population is greater than is stated in the
official statistics, because most
Albanians boycotted the census; an
estimate is that between 20,000–50,000 more people than recorded
live in the district.
Vranjska Banja spa plays a particular part in this region, with
its multi-medicinal thermal mineral waters.
* 1 Municipalities
* 2 Culture and history
* 3 Economy
* 4 Demographics
* 4.1 Ethnic composition
* 5 See also
* 6 References
* 7 External links
It encompasses the municipalities of:
CULTURE AND HISTORY
Paeonian tribe of
Agrianians (Agrianes) ruled the region
of present Pčinja District.
The cultural-historic monuments date back over five centuries ago.
The earliest military fortification: Marko's Fortress, originates from
the thirteenth century. Also famous are the ancient Turkish Public
Bath from the sixteenth century, and the Pasha's House from 1765, in
which a Grammar School was opened in 1882.
In 2001, uprisings by
Albanians occurred in the Albanian-majority
Preševo and Bujanovac. In addition, reports emerged
in 2006 that the
Trgovište had threatened to secede to Macedonia,
which were treated as noteworthy because the area has a majority Serb
population. Representatives cited economic hardship and a declining
population as grievances against Serbia's government.
The economy of
Vranje is based on industry, mining, building
industry, trade, agriculture, and forestry. The best known factories
are: DIV Tobacco Factory and holding companies:
SIMPO and Jumko .
Serbs = 60.4%
Albanians = 26.5%
* Roma = 5.7%
Bulgarians = 4.4%
* Others = 3%
Serbs = 147,046 (64.58%)
Albanians = 54,795 (24.07%)
* Roma = 12,073 (5.3%)
Bulgarians = 8,491 (3.73%)
* Others = 5,285 (2.32%)
Serbs = 132,601 (83,35%)
* Roma = 13,826 (8.69%)
Bulgarians = 7,287 (4.58%)
Albanians = 680 (0.43%)
* Administrative divisions of
* Districts of
PLACES ADJACENT TO PčINJA DISTRICT
Coordinates : 42°33′N 21°54′E / 42.550°N 21.900°E /
* ^ "Lost in Shuffle, Serb Town Sees Future in Macedonia." New York
Times, April 25, 2006.
* ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the
Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the
Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the
Kosovo and the Republic of
Serbia . The Republic of Kosovo
unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia
continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory . The two
governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the
Brussels Agreement .
Kosovo has received formal recognition as an
independent state from 111 out of 193
United Nations member states .
^ In the municipalities of