Pčinja District (Serbian: Пчињски округ / Pčinjski
okrug, pronounced [ptʃǐɲskiː ôkruːɡ]) is one of nine
administrative districts of Southern and Eastern Serbia. It covers the
southern part of Serbia, bordering the disputed territory of Kosovo,
Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia. Its administrative center is
the city of Vranje.
It has a population of 159,081, according to the 2011 census. It is
possible that the actual population is greater than is stated in the
official statistics, because most
Albanians boycotted the census; an
estimate is that between 20,000–50,000 more people than recorded
live in the district.
Vranjska Banja spa plays a particular part in this region, with
its multi-medicinal thermal mineral waters.
2 Culture and history
4.1 Ethnic composition
5 See also
8 External links
It encompasses the municipalities of:
Culture and history
Paeonian tribe of
Agrianians (Agrianes) ruled the region
of present Pčinja District.
The cultural-historic monuments date back over five centuries ago. The
earliest military fortification: Marko's Fortress, originates from the
thirteenth century. Also famous are the ancient Turkish Public Bath
from the sixteenth century, and the Pasha's House from 1765, in which
a Grammar School was opened in 1882.
In 2001, uprisings by
Albanians occurred in the Albanian-majority
Preševo and Bujanovac. In addition, reports emerged
in 2006 that the
Trgovište had threatened to secede to Macedonia,
which were treated as noteworthy because the area has a majority Serb
population. Representatives cited economic hardship and a declining
population as grievances against Serbia's government.
The economy of
Vranje is based on industry, mining, building industry,
trade, agriculture, and forestry. The best known factories are: DIV
Tobacco Factory and holding companies:
SIMPO and Jumko.
Serbs = 60.4%
Albanians = 26.5%
Roma = 5.7%
Bulgarians = 4.4%
Others = 3%
Serbs = 147,046 (64.58%)
Albanians = 54,795 (24.07%)
Roma = 12,073 (5.3%)
Bulgarians = 8,491 (3.73%)
Others = 5,285 (2.32%)
Serbs = 132,601 (83,35%)
Roma = 13,826 (8.69%)
Bulgarians = 7,287 (4.58%)
Albanians = 680 (0.43%)
Administrative divisions of Serbia
Districts of Serbia
^ In the municipalities of
Preševo (parts of Pčinja
District) there was undercoverage of the census units owing to the
boycott by most of the members of the Albanian ethnic community.
^ "Lost in Shuffle, Serb Town Sees Future in Macedonia." New York
Times, April 25, 2006.
^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic
of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of
Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
Note: All official material made by Government of
Serbia is public by
law. Information was taken from official website.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pčinja District.
Пчињски управни округ (Serbian)
Places adjacent to Pčinja District
Districts of Serbia
City of Belgrade
Šumadija and Western Serbia
Southern and Eastern Serbia
Kosovo and Metohija1
Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the
Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo
unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia
continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two
governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the
Kosovo has received formal recognition as an
independent state from 113 out of 193
United Nations member states.
Coordinates: 42°33′N 21°54′E / 42.550°N 21.900°E /