Põlva (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈpɤlˑˈʋɑ]) is a town in
southeastern Estonia, the capital of
Põlva County, and the centre of
Põlva is home for the Intsikurmu Song Festival Grounds, which
regularly hosts concerts and summer activities, situated in a small
forested area on the west side of the town.
3 Culture and sport
5 Twin towns
7 External links
Estonian War of Independence
Estonian War of Independence monument in Põlva.
The name "Põlva" appears in the historical record in 1452. The name
seems to derive from the Estonian word for "knee" (põlv). Legend has
it that a girl was immured in a kneeling position in St. Mary's Church
to keep the devil away. This is reputedly how the town was named.
Põlva was an old military crossroad between the north and south of
Livonia. Around 1240, shortly after the Christianization of Estonia,
the Bernardine monks built a church, which they dedicated to the
Virgin Mary. The church was subordinate to the Bishopric of Dorpat.
The same parish was the result of the
Livonian War under Russian
domination in the 16th century. In 1582 it became part of Dorpat
Voivodeship under Polish sovereignty, and later it belonged to Sweden.
In 1721, in the Treaty of Nystad,
Livonia were then ceded
to Russia. Then
Põlva and its church parish belonged first to Tartu
County and from 1783 to newly established
Võru County, part of the
Governorate of Livonia.
Only with the political independence of
Estonia in 1918
national importance. The town grew around its artificial lake, whose
sandy shores teem with vacationers during the summer. The town was
developed around St. Mary's Church, which lay in ruins for a long time
until it was rebuilt after the Great Northern War. In 1931, a railway
Tartu to Petseri through
Põlva was completed. On 10 August 1993
Põlva gained town rights.
Põlva is twinned with Vårgårda, located
in Västergötland, Sweden.
The importance of education is indicated by the town's coat of arms,
which features a rooster with a pointer from an ABC primer. There are
eight educational institutions in Polva, including the following:
Põlva Coeducational Gymnasium, which has 737 students;
Põlva Secondary School, which has 387 students;
Roosi School, which has 28 students. This school is for
mentally impaired children.
Culture and sport
In summertime, interesting music festivals are held in Põlva. 2011
was the first time for harmonica players to get together and play
music. Festival of the Intsikurmu is mostly targeted to young people -
good music and visuals on the walls, taking place in tender August
nights. The inhabitants of
Põlva have always been positive, youthful
and fond of sports. In and outside the town one can practise lots of
activities, from swimming to riding. The new gymnasium provides
excellent opportunities for sports and the shooting gallery of Põlva
has been the hothouse of top sportsmen who hit targets at various
competitions. Handball, which can be practised in the local sports
school, has been undoubtedly popular in Põlva. The professional
players from the Serviti Handball Club have become the masters of
Estonia four times and the club is also a serious competitor outside
Estonia. The varied landscape offers inexhaustible opportunities for
those who like running, orienteering or cycling. This surely
facilitates the success of the sportsmen of the Kobras Orienteering
Club at competitions and urges them to organise sports events.
Põlva FC Lootos
Põlva FC Lootos was founded 1994. One of the biggest
sport clubs in county more than 30 players for Estonian national team
was grown up within club history.
Lootospark is a football stadium
which is a cooperative project between
Põlva Town, Estonian Football
Põlva FC Lootos. This stadium is covered with a 3rd
generation synthetic lawn and its lighting and underheating systems
are equipped according to international requirements. The stadium was
officially opened on November 7, 2004. In addition to sports the
Põlva are engaged in art and music. In the
School one can learn painting, graphic arts and ceramics; the works of
various artists are displayed in the Maarja Gallery. The Music School
provides musical education and the E STuudio, an ensemble of young
people, the brass band, the small symphony orchestra and a number of
choirs also practise actively.
In October 2013, after the municipal elections,
Põlva merged with the
Põlva Parish and therefore lost its municipal status.
Before that, the town council consisted of 17 members elected on 18
October 2009 by local votings. The government consisted of 5 members
that were elected by the council on 20 November 2009. Tarmo Tamm, who
was the mayor of
Põlva for more than 11 years, went to the parliament
in April 2011. Since 11 May 2011 the mayor was Georg
^ Official site of the parliament of Estonia, Retrieved 24.04.11 (in
^ An interview with Tarmo Tamm, where he states that he worked as
mayor for 11,5 years, Retrieved 24.04.11 (in Estonian)
^ "Georg Pelisaar was elected as the mayor of Põlva", Retrieved
12.05.11 (in Estonian)
This article is based on the translation of the corresponding article
of the German. A list of contributors can be found there at
the History section.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Põlva.
Cities and towns (Linnad) of Estonia
Jaanilinn (Ivangorod) and Petseri (Pechory) were annexed by the Soviet
Union in 1945 and are currently part of Russia.