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Písac
Písac
or Pisac (possibly from Quechua for Nothoprocta, also spelled p'isaqa)[1] is a Peruvian village in the Sacred Valley
Sacred Valley
of the Incas. It is situated on the Vilcanota River. Pisac is most known for its Incan ruins and large market every Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, an event which attracts heavy tourist traffic from nearby Cusco.[2]

Contents

1 Notable Features 2 History 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Notable Features[edit] Pisac is perhaps best known for its Incan ruins, known as Inca Písac, which lie atop a hill at the entrance to the valley. The ruins are separated along the ridge into four groups: P'isaqa, Inti
Inti
Watana, Qalla Q'asa, and Kinchiraqay.[3] Inti
Inti
Watana group includes the Temple of the Sun, baths, altars, water fountains, a ceremonial platform, and an inti watana, a volcanic outcrop carved into a "hitching post for the Sun" (or Inti). The angles of its base suggest that it served to define the changes of the seasons.[4] Qalla Q'asa, which is built onto a natural spur and overlooks the valley, is known as the citadel.[5] The Inca constructed agricultural terraces on the steep hillside, which are still in use today. They created the terraces by hauling richer topsoil by hand from the lower lands. The terraces enabled the production of surplus food, more than would normally be possible at altitudes as high as 11,000 feet.[6] With military, religious, and agricultural structures, the site served at least a triple purpose. Researchers believe that Písac
Písac
defended the southern entrance to the Sacred Valley, while Choquequirao defended the western entrance, and the fortress at Ollantaytambo
Ollantaytambo
the northern. Inca Pisac controlled a route which connected the Inca Empire with the border of the rain forest. The sanctuary of Huanca, site of a sacred shrine, is also near the village. Pilgrims travel to the shrine every September. One of its more notable features was a large pisonay tree, which dominated the central plaza (it was destroyed by a 2013 thunderstorm).[2] History[edit] According to the scholar Kim MacQuarrie, Pachacuti erected a number of royal estates to memorialize victories over other ethnic groups. Among these royal estates are Písac
Písac
(victory over the Cuyos), Ollantaytambo (victory over the Tambos), and Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu
(conquest of the Vilcabamba Valley).[7] Other historians suggest that Písac
Písac
was established to protect Cusco
Cusco
from possible attacks of the Antis nations. It is unknown when Inca Písac
Písac
was built. Since it does not appear to have been inhabited by any pre-Inca civilization, it was most likely built no earlier than 1440. Francisco Pizarro
Francisco Pizarro
and the Spanish conquerors destroyed Inca Písac
Písac
in the early 1530s. The modern town of Písac
Písac
was built in the valley by Viceroy Toledo during the 1570s. Gallery[edit]

Footpath in Pisac

Marketplace sells typical Andean crafts

Inca structures in the urban sector of Pisac

Pisac main market. [1]

Qalla Q'asa, the citadel. [2]

View from Qalla Q'asa to Andenes

View of the Sacred Valley
Sacred Valley
from Inti
Inti
Watana. [3]

Ruins

See also[edit]

Ichhunayuq Machu Kuntur Sinqa Willka Raymi

References[edit]

^ Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary) ^ a b "Pisac Market and ruins". Retrieved 2006-03-21.  ^ Box, Ben; Alan Murphy (2003-07-01). Footprint Peru
Peru
Handbook. ISBN 1-903471-51-6.  ^ Elorrieta Salazar, Fernando E. & Elorrieta Salazar, Edgar (2005) Cusco
Cusco
and the Sacred Valley
Sacred Valley
of the Incas, pages 69-75, ISBN 978-603-45-0911-5 ^ Jenkins, Dilwyn (2003-10-06). The Rough Guide to Peru. Rough Guides. ISBN 1-84353-074-0.  ^ Readers Digest: "Mysteries of the Ancient Americas: The New World before Columbus" ^ MacQuarrie, Kim (2007-06-17). The last Days of the Incas. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-6049-7. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pisac.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Pisac.

Pisaq Inca Ruins, a Photo Gallery Overview of Inca Pisac

Coordinates: 13°25′27″S 71°51′28″W / 13.42417°S 71.85778°W / -13.42417; -71.85778

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Inti
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Inti
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Inti
Watana, Calca Inti
Inti
Watana, Urubamba Intikancha Intini Uyu Pata Intipa Ñawin Intiyuq K'uchu Iskuqucha Isog Jinkiori Jisk'a Iru Muqu Kanamarka Kanichi Kenko Killa Mach'ay Killa Rumi Killarumiyuq Kiswar Kotosh Kuelap Kukuli Kuntur Wasi Kunturmarka, Ayacucho Kunturmarka, Pasco Kuntur Qaqa Kuntuyuq Kusichaka valley Khichuqaqa Khuchi Mach'ay K'allapayuq Urqu K'ipakhara Laguna de las Momias Lauricocha Caves Layzón Llamachayuq Llamachayuq Qaqa Llamayuq Llamuqa Llaqta Qulluy, Acoria Llaqta Qulluy, Conayca Llaqta Qulluy, Tayacaja Llaqta Qulluy, Vilca Llaqtan Llaqtapata Machu Picchu Machu Pirqa Machu Pitumarka Machu Q'inti Machu Qullqa Mallkuamaya Mameria Maray Qalla Marayniyuq Marcahuamachuco Markahirka Markansaya Markapukyu Marpa Mawk'allaqta, Castilla Mawk'allaqta, Espinar Mawk'allaqta, La Unión Mawk'allaqta, Melgar Mawk'allaqta, Paruro Mawk'allaqta, Sandia Mawk'ataray Mazur Miculla Millka Miraflores Mirq'imarka Miyu Pampa Moray Mulinuyuq Mullu Q'awa Mulluq'u Muyu Muyu Muyu Urqu Muyuq Marka Nazca Lines Nina Kiru Ninamarca Ñawpallaqta, Huanca Sancos Ñawpallaqta, Fajardo Ñawpallaqta, Lucanas Ñusta Hispana Ollantaytambo Pacatnamu Pachacamac Pachatusan Paiján Pañamarca Paracas Candelabra Paraccra Patallaqta Phiruru Pikillaqta Pikimach'ay Pilluchu Pinkuylluna Pirca Pirca, La Libertad Pirca Pirca, Lima Pirhuaylla Pirwayuq Písac Puka Pukara Puka Tampu Puka Urqu Pukara, Coporaque Pukara, Fajardo Pukara, Puno Pukara, Vilcas Huamán Pukarani Pumamarka, San Sebastián Pumamarka, Urubamba Pumaq Hirka Pumawasi Punkuri Puqin Kancha Puruchuco Purunllacta, Cheto Purunllacta, Soloco Pusharo Pusuquy Pata Phuyupatamarka Qaqapatan Qenko Qillqatani Quchapata Qillqa Qillqay Mach'ay Quiaca Qullqapampa Qulu Qulu Qunchamarka Qunchupata Quri Winchus Qurimarka, Apurímac Qurimarka, Cusco Quriwayrachina, Anta Quriwayrachina, Ayacucho Quriwayrachina, La Convención Quyllur Q'arachupa Qasa Pata Qhapaq Kancha Q'illaywasin Raqch'i Revash Rumicolca Rumiwasi Runayuq Runkuraqay Saksaywaman Sara Sara Sayacmarca Sayhuite Sechín Sillustani Sipán Sóndor Susupillu Tambo Totem Tambomachay Tampu Mach'ay, Huancavelica Tampukancha Tanqa Tanqa Tantarica Taqrachullu Tarahuasi Tarmatambo Templo del Zorro The Toads of Wiraqucha Tikra Tinyaq Tipón Titiqaqa Toquepala Caves Toro Muerto Trinchera Túcume Tunanmarca Tunay Q'asa Tupu Inka T'akaq T'uqu T'uquyuq Uchkus Inkañan Urpish Uskallaqta Usnu, Ayacucho Usnu, Huánuco Usnu Muqu Usqunta Uyu Uyu Venado cautivo Ventanillas de Otuzco Ventarron Vilcabamba Vilcashuamán Viracochapampa Vitcos Wallpayunka Waman Pirqa Wamanilla Wamanmarka, Chumbivilcas Wamanmarka, Lima Wanakawri, Cusco Wanakawri, Huánuco Wanqaran Waqlamarka Waqra Pukara Waqutu Warahirka Waraqayuq Waraqu Urqu Warawtampu Wari Willka Waruq Wat'a, Cusco Wat'a, Huánuco Wayna Q'inti Wayna Tawqaray Wichama Wichqana Wich'un Wila Wilani Wilca Willkaraqay Willkawayin Wiñay Wayna Wiraqucha Pirqa Yanaca Yanaqi - Qillqamarka Yaynu Y

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