The Info List - Overseas Collectivity

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(including overseas)

Departments (including overseas)



Intercommunality Métropole Communauté urbaine Communauté d'agglomération Communauté de communes

Communes Associated communes Municipal arrondissements

Others in Overseas France Overseas collectivities Sui generis
Sui generis
collectivity Overseas country Overseas territory Clipperton Island

The French overseas collectivities (French: collectivité d'outre-mer or COM), like the French regions, are first-order administrative divisions of France. The COMs include some former French overseas colonies and other French overseas entities with a particular status, all of which became COMs by constitutional reform on 28 March 2003. The COMs should not be confused with the overseas regions and overseas departments, which have no particular status.[clarification needed] As integral parts of France, overseas collectivities are represented in the National Assembly, Senate and Economic and Social Council. Only one COM, Saint Martin, is part of the European Union
European Union
and can vote to elect members of the European Parliament
European Parliament
(MEPs). The Pacific COMs use the CFP franc, a currency pegged to the euro, whereas the Atlantic COMs use the euro directly. As of 31 March 2011, there were five COMs:

French Polynesia
French Polynesia
became a COM in 2003. Its statutory law of 27 February 2004 gives it the designation of overseas country inside the Republic (French: pays d'outre-mer au sein de la République, or POM), but without legal modification of its status. French Polynesia
French Polynesia
has a great degree of autonomy, two symbolic manifestations of which are the title of the President of French Polynesia
French Polynesia
(Le président de la Polynésie française) and its additional designation as a pays d'outre-mer. Legislature: Assembly of French Polynesia
French Polynesia
since 2004. Saint Barthélemy, an island in the Lesser Antilles. St. Barthelemy was separated from the overseas department of Guadeloupe
in 2007. It has a territorial council and executive council, and with separation ceased to be part of the European Union. Saint Martin, the northern part of the island of Saint Martin
Saint Martin
in the Lesser Antilles. St. Martin was separated from the overseas department of Guadeloupe
in 2007. It has a territorial council and executive council, and with separation remained a part of the European Union. Saint Pierre and Miquelon, a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada. It has a territorial council. It is the last remaining part of New France
not ceded by France. Wallis and Futuna, three small islands in the Pacific Ocean. Has a high administrator and territorial assembly.


1 Former COMs and overseas territories 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Former COMs and overseas territories[edit]

was a COM from 1976 until 31 March 2011, when it became an overseas department.[1] New Caledonia
New Caledonia
was classified as an overseas territory beginning in 1946, but as a result of the 1998 Nouméa Accord, it gained a special status (statut particulier or statut original) in 1999. A New Caledonian citizenship was established, and a gradual transfer of power from the French state to New Caledonia
New Caledonia
itself was begun, to last from fifteen to twenty years.

See also[edit]

Administrative divisions of France Mahoran status referendum, 2009 Outremer Overseas department Overseas departments and territories of France Overseas region


^ Benoît Hopquin (31 March 2011). " Mayotte
accède à son statut de département dans la confusion". Le Monde. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 

External links[edit]

COM – Overseas communities at the far ends of the world – Official French website (in English) (in French) Official site (in French) past and current developments of France's overseas administrative divisions like collectivités d'outre-mer

v t e

Overseas France

Inhabited areas

Overseas departments1

French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique Mayotte2 Réunion

Overseas collectivities

French Polynesia St. Barthélemy St. Martin St. Pierre and Miquelon Wallis and Futuna

Sui generis
Sui generis

New Caledonia

Uninhabited areas

Pacific Ocean

Clipperton Island

Overseas territory (French Southern and Antarctic Lands)

Île Amsterdam Île Saint-Paul Crozet Islands Kerguelen Islands Adélie Land

Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean

Bassas da India3 Europa Island3 Glorioso Islands2, 3 Juan de Nova Island3 Tromelin Island4

1 Also known as overseas regions 2 Claimed by Comoros 3 Claimed by Madagascar 4 Claimed by Mauritius

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