The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to wine:

Winealcoholic beverage typically made of fermented grape juice.[1] The natural chemical balance of grapes is such that they can ferment without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes or other nutrients.[2] Wine is produced by fermenting crushed grapes using various types of yeast. Yeast consumes the sugars found in the grapes and converts them into alcohol.[1] Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts are used depending on the type of wine being produced.

What type of thing is wine?

  • Drink – liquid which is specifically prepared for human consumption. In addition to fulfilling a basic need, drinks form part of the culture of human society.

What is wine made of?

Wine includes the following ingredients:

  • Ethanol – the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. It is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid. It is also a psychoactive drug and one of the oldest recreational drugs.
  • Fermented grape juice – what wine is made from
    • Fermentation – catalyst function that turns grape juice into an alcoholic beverage. During fermentation yeast interact with sugars in the juice to create ethanol, commonly known as ethyl alcohol.
    • Grape – non-climacteric fruit that grows on the perennial and deciduous woody vines of the genus Vitis. Grapes can be eaten raw or used for making jam, juice, jelly, vinegar, wine, grape seed extracts, raisins, and grape seed oil.
    • Juice – the liquid that is naturally contained in fruit or vegetable tissue.

Types of wine

Wine styles

Grape varieties

Grape varieties – below are some examples of grape varieties from which wine is made, arranged by variety:

International varieties



Regional varieties



Wine by country and region

Classification Systems

Classification of wine

Wine industry

Wine professions and qualifications

Wine packaging

Trends and impacts

Wine production

Wine selecting

Wine in culture

Wine and health

Wine and health

History of wine

History of wine

By period

  • Ancient Greece and wine – The ancient Greeks pioneered new methods of viticulture and wine production which they shared with early winemaking communities in what are now France, Italy, Austria and Russia, as well as others through trade and colonization.
  • Ancient Rome and wine
  • Champagne Riots

By region

Organizations and institutions



Persons influential in the field of wine

Wine personalities

Wine scholars

Wine-related films and television

See also


  1. ^ a b Mauseth, James D. (2013). Plants & people (1st ed.). Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 366. ISBN 9780763785505. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  2. ^ Johnson, H. (1989). Vintage: The Story of Wine. Simon & Schuster. pp. 11–6. ISBN 0-671-79182-6. 

External links