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The Info List - Outline Of Chocolate


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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chocolate:

Contents

1 What is chocolate?

1.1 What type of thing is chocolate? 1.2 What is chocolate made of?

1.2.1 Necessary ingredients

1.2.1.1 Substances found in cacao 1.2.1.2 Source of the cocao bean

1.2.2 Optional ingredients 1.2.3 Ingredients of white chocolate

2 Types 3 Production methods 4 Producers and trade organizations 5 Brands 6 Edibles

6.1 Drinks

7 History 8 Effects on health 9 Other articles 10 References 11 External links

What is chocolate?[edit]

Chocolate
Chocolate
– raw or processed food produced from the seed of the tropical Theobroma cacao
Theobroma cacao
tree.[1] The seeds of the cacao tree have an intense bitter taste, and must be fermented to improve the flavor. Chocolate
Chocolate
is a popular ingredient in confectionery items and candies.

What type of thing is chocolate?[edit] Chocolate
Chocolate
is a type of:

Food
Food
– substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body, ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells in an effort to produce energy, maintain life, and/or stimulate growth.

Confectionery
Confectionery
– the set of food items that are rich in sugar, any one or type of which is called a confection. Modern usage may include substances rich in artificial sweeteners as well.

Candy
Candy
– confection made from a concentrated solution of sugar in water, to which flavorings and colorants are added. Candies come in numerous colors and varieties and have a long history in popular culture.

Ingredient
Ingredient
– substance that forms part of a mixture (in a general sense). For example, in cooking, recipes specify which ingredients are used to prepare a specific dish. Chocolate
Chocolate
is often used as an ingredient in dessert items, such as cakes and cookies.

What is chocolate made of?[edit]

Chocolate
Chocolate
is created from the cacao bean. A cacao tree with fruit pods in various stages of ripening

Necessary ingredients[edit]

Cacao bean
Cacao bean
– the primary ingredient which characterizes chocolate

Chocolate
Chocolate
liquor or mass – ground or melted state of the nib of the cacao bean Cocoa butter
Cocoa butter
– the fat component Cocoa solids, the nonfat part of the cacao bean which is ground into cocoa powder [2]

Substances found in cacao[edit]

Antioxidants
Antioxidants

Flavonols
Flavonols
– Catechins –

Caffeine
Caffeine
– psychoactive stimulant drug found in coffee Phenethylamine
Phenethylamine
– psychoactive drug that is usually inactive when orally ingested because most of it is metabolized into phenylacetic acid by monoamine oxidase (MAO), preventing significant concentrations from reaching the brain[3][4] Theobromine
Theobromine
– also known as xantheose,[5] it contains no bromine [6] and has a similar, but lesser, effect to caffeine Theophylline
Theophylline
– methylxanthine drug found in tea leaves

Source of the cocao bean[edit] [7]

Cacao tree[8] –

Forastero – 80% made with this tree group Criollo – 10% made with this tree group

Cacao bean
Cacao bean

Côte d'Ivoire
Côte d'Ivoire

Cocoa production in Côte d'Ivoire
Côte d'Ivoire
– accounts for 43% of cocoa

Children in cocoa production
Children in cocoa production

Optional ingredients[edit]

Lecithin
Lecithin
Vanilla
Vanilla
Sugar
Sugar
Milk
Milk
– Caramel- Peanuts -

Ingredients of white chocolate[edit]

White chocolate
White chocolate
– Contains the same ingredients as chocolate but lack cocoa solids.[9]

Types[edit]

Types of chocolate

Unsweetened chocolate – pure chocolate liquor mixed with fat to produce a solid substance; also known as "bitter", "baking chocolate" and "cooking chocolate"[10] Dark chocolate
Dark chocolate
Milk
Milk
chocolate – Semisweet chocolate
Semisweet chocolate
Bittersweet chocolate
Bittersweet chocolate
– Couverture – White chocolate
White chocolate
Cocoa powder
Cocoa powder
Compound chocolate
Compound chocolate
Dutch process chocolate
Dutch process chocolate
Scho-Ka-Kola
Scho-Ka-Kola
– a chocolate brand containing coffee and cola nut[11]

Production methods[edit]

Broma process
Broma process
Dutch process chocolate
Dutch process chocolate

Producers and trade organizations[edit]

International Cocoa Initiative – Cocoa Processing Company Limited – a Ghanaian cocoa processing company Kuapa Kokoo – a Ghanaian farmers' cooperative organisation List of bean-to-bar chocolate manufacturers Chocolaterie Chocolatier

See also: Fairtrade labelling Brands[edit]

List of chocolate bar brands

Edibles[edit]

Chocolate
Chocolate
pudding – Chocolate
Chocolate
syrup – Chocolate
Chocolate
cake –

German chocolate cake
German chocolate cake
Wacky cake
Wacky cake
Devil's food cake
Devil's food cake

Cookies – (see also: List of cookies)

Chocolate
Chocolate
chip – Chocolate
Chocolate
biscuit – Chocolate
Chocolate
chip cookie – Black and white cookie
Black and white cookie
Afghan biscuit
Afghan biscuit
– a traditional New Zealand biscuit[12] Chocolate
Chocolate
brownie –

Chocolate
Chocolate
spread – Confectionery
Confectionery

Chocolate
Chocolate
truffle – Chocolate
Chocolate
crackles – Choco pie
Choco pie
Rum ball
Rum ball

Chocolates –

Swiss chocolate
Swiss chocolate
Mint chocolate
Mint chocolate
Chocolate
Chocolate
money –

Desserts –

Molten chocolate cake
Molten chocolate cake
Chocolate
Chocolate
salami –

Ice cream
Ice cream

Mint Chocolate
Chocolate
Chip – Chocolate
Chocolate
Chip –

Candy
Candy

Chocolate
Chocolate
bar – Chocolate-coated raisin
Chocolate-coated raisin
Chocolate-coated peanut
Chocolate-coated peanut
Chocolate-coated marshmallow treats
Chocolate-coated marshmallow treats

Cereals – (see also: List of breakfast cereals):

Cocoa Frosted Flakes
Cocoa Frosted Flakes
Cocoa Puffs
Cocoa Puffs
Cocoa Krispies
Cocoa Krispies
Cookie
Cookie
Crisp –

Brand names:

Death by Chocolate
Chocolate

Drinks[edit]

A mug of hot chocolate. Chocolate
Chocolate
was first drunk rather than eaten.[10]

Cafe mocha
Cafe mocha
Chocolate
Chocolate
milk –

Swiss Miss
Swiss Miss
Nesquik
Nesquik
Banania
Banania
Yoo-hoo
Yoo-hoo

Crème de cacao
Crème de cacao
Hot chocolate
Hot chocolate
– mexican hot chocolate - more...

History[edit]

History of chocolate

Effects on health[edit] Health effects of chocolate

Theobromine
Theobromine
poisoning –

Other articles[edit]

United States military chocolate
United States military chocolate
Couverture chocolate
Couverture chocolate
Chocolataire
Chocolataire
- Chocolate
Chocolate
fountain – Compound chocolate
Compound chocolate
Chocolate
Chocolate
agar – named for its color, does not contain cocoa Chocolate
Chocolate
spread – Modeling chocolate
Modeling chocolate

References[edit]

^ "Theobroma cacao". Hort.purdue.edu. 1998-01-09. Retrieved April 2013.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ CMA – Chocolate
Chocolate
Manufacturers Association Archived February 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Yang HY, Neff NH (November 1973). "Beta-phenylethylamine: a specific substrate for type B monoamine oxidase of brain". Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 187 (2): 365–71. ISSN 0022-3565. PMID 4748552.  ^ Suzuki O, Katsumata Y, Oya M (March 1981). "Oxidation of beta-phenylethylamine by both types of monoamine oxidase: examination of enzymes in brain and liver mitochondria of eight species". Journal of Neurochemistry. 36 (3): 1298–301. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.1981.tb01734.x. ISSN 0022-3042. PMID 7205271.  ^ William Marias Malisoff (1943). Dictionary of Bio-Chemistry and Related Subjects. Philosophical Library. pp. 311, 530, 573. ASIN B0006AQ0NU.  ^ Bennett, Alan Weinberg; Bonnie K. Bealer (2002). The World of Caffeine: The Science and Culture of the World's Most Popular Drug. Routledge, New York. ISBN 0-415-92723-4.  ^ "Understanding cacao beans: Criollo, Trinitario and Forastero". Store.chocolatceleste.com. Retrieved April 2013.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "All about Chocolate
Chocolate
– Varieties". Xocoatl.org. Retrieved April 2013.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ The Nibble (2008-04-01). "White Chocolate". Thenibble.com. Retrieved April 2013.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ a b [1] Archived March 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Sarotti SCHO-KA-KOLA 100g (High Caffein Dark Chocolate
Chocolate
3.5oz)". Germandeli.com. Retrieved April 2013.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "Anne's Guiding Pages – Some Kiwi Recipes". Azmetro.com. Retrieved April 2013.  Check date values in: access-date= (help)

External links[edit]

Find more aboutChocolateat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Learning resources from Wikiversity

Outline of chocolate
Outline of chocolate
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Glossary of Chocolate
Chocolate
Terms  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chocolate". Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 259.  Food
Food
of the Gods A Popular Account of Cocoa – Freely downloadable book from Project Gutenberg 10 Reasons Chocolate’s Good for You Find out how chocolate is good for you at Ekapiens.com

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