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The Info List - Outline Of Chocolate



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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to CHOCOLATE :

CONTENTS

* 1 What is chocolate?

* 1.1 What type of thing is chocolate?

* 1.2 What is chocolate made of?

* 1.2.1 Necessary ingredients

* 1.2.1.1 Substances found in cacao * 1.2.1.2 Source of the cocao bean

* 1.2.2 Optional ingredients * 1.2.3 Ingredients of white chocolate

* 2 Types * 3 Production methods * 4 Producers and trade organizations * 5 Brands

* 6 Edibles

* 6.1 Drinks

* 7 History * 8 Effects on health * 9 Other articles * 10 References * 11 External links

WHAT IS CHOCOLATE?

* CHOCOLATE – raw or processed food produced from the seed of the tropical Theobroma cacao
Theobroma cacao
tree. The seeds of the cacao tree have an intense bitter taste, and must be fermented to improve the flavor. Chocolate
Chocolate
is a popular ingredient in confectionery items and candies .

WHAT TYPE OF THING IS CHOCOLATE?

Chocolate
Chocolate
is a type of:

* Food
Food
– substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body, ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells in an effort to produce energy, maintain life, and/or stimulate growth.

* Confectionery – the set of food items that are rich in sugar, any one or type of which is called a confection. Modern usage may include substances rich in artificial sweeteners as well.

* Candy
Candy
– confection made from a concentrated solution of sugar in water, to which flavorings and colorants are added. Candies come in numerous colors and varieties and have a long history in popular culture.

* Ingredient – substance that forms part of a mixture (in a general sense). For example, in cooking, recipes specify which ingredients are used to prepare a specific dish. Chocolate
Chocolate
is often used as an ingredient in dessert items, such as cakes and cookies.

WHAT IS CHOCOLATE MADE OF?

Chocolate
Chocolate
is created from the cacao bean. A cacao tree with fruit pods in various stages of ripening

Necessary Ingredients

* Cacao bean
Cacao bean
– the primary ingredient which characterizes chocolate

* Chocolate
Chocolate
liquor or mass – ground or melted state of the nib of the cacao bean * Cocoa butter – the fat component * Cocoa solids , the nonfat part of the cacao bean which is ground into cocoa powder

Substances Found In Cacao

* Antioxidants
Antioxidants

* Flavonols – * Catechins –

* Caffeine
Caffeine
– psychoactive stimulant drug found in coffee * Phenethylamine – psychoactive drug that is usually inactive when orally ingested because most of it is metabolized into phenylacetic acid by monoamine oxidase (MAO), preventing significant concentrations from reaching the brain * Theobromine – also known as xantheose, it contains no bromine and has a similar, but lesser, effect to caffeine * Theophylline
Theophylline
– methylxanthine drug found in tea leaves

Source Of The Cocao Bean

* Cacao tree

* Forastero – 80% made with this tree group

* Criollo – 10% made with this tree group

* Cacao bean
Cacao bean

* Côte d\'Ivoire –

* Cocoa production in Côte d\'Ivoire – accounts for 43% of cocoa

* Children in cocoa production
Children in cocoa production

Optional Ingredients

* Lecithin – * Vanilla – * Sugar
Sugar
– * Milk
Milk
– * Caramel
Caramel
- * Peanuts

Ingredients Of White Chocolate

* White chocolate
White chocolate
– Contains the same ingredients as chocolate but lack cocoa solids.

TYPES

Types of chocolate

* Unsweetened chocolate – pure chocolate liquor mixed with fat to produce a solid substance; also known as "bitter", "baking chocolate " and "cooking chocolate" * Dark chocolate
Dark chocolate
– * Milk
Milk
chocolate – * Semisweet chocolate – * Bittersweet chocolate – * Couverture – * White chocolate
White chocolate
– * Cocoa powder
Cocoa powder
– * Compound chocolate
Compound chocolate
– * Dutch process chocolate – * Scho-Ka-Kola – a chocolate brand containing coffee and cola nut

PRODUCTION METHODS

* Broma process
Broma process
– * Dutch process chocolate

PRODUCERS AND TRADE ORGANIZATIONS

* International Cocoa Initiative – * Cocoa Processing Company Limited – a Ghanaian cocoa processing company * Kuapa Kokoo – a Ghanaian farmers' cooperative organisation * List of bean-to-bar chocolate manufacturers * Chocolaterie
Chocolaterie
* Chocolatier
Chocolatier

See also: Fairtrade labelling

BRANDS

* List of chocolate bar brands
List of chocolate bar brands

EDIBLES

* Chocolate
Chocolate
pudding – * Chocolate
Chocolate
syrup –

* Chocolate
Chocolate
cake –

* German chocolate cake
German chocolate cake
– * Wacky cake – * Devil\'s food cake –

* Cookies – (see also: List of cookies )

* Chocolate
Chocolate
chip – * Chocolate
Chocolate
biscuit – * Chocolate
Chocolate
chip cookie – * Black and white cookie – * Afghan biscuit – a traditional New Zealand biscuit * Chocolate
Chocolate
brownie –

* Chocolate
Chocolate
spread –

* Confectionery

* Chocolate
Chocolate
truffle – * Chocolate
Chocolate
crackles – * Choco pie – * Rum ball

* Chocolates –

* Swiss chocolate
Swiss chocolate
– * Mint chocolate
Mint chocolate
– * Chocolate
Chocolate
money –

* Desserts –

* Molten chocolate cake – * Chocolate
Chocolate
salami –

* Ice cream
Ice cream

* Mint Chocolate
Chocolate
Chip – * Chocolate
Chocolate
Chip –

* Candy
Candy

* Chocolate
Chocolate
bar – * Chocolate-coated raisin – * Chocolate-coated peanut – * Chocolate-coated marshmallow treats

* Cereals – (see also: List of breakfast cereals ):

* Cocoa Frosted Flakes – * Cocoa Puffs – * Cocoa Krispies
Cocoa Krispies
– * Cookie
Cookie
Crisp –

* Brand names:

* Death by Chocolate
Chocolate

DRINKS

A mug of hot chocolate. Chocolate
Chocolate
was first drunk rather than eaten.

* Cafe mocha
Cafe mocha

* Chocolate
Chocolate
milk –

* Swiss Miss – * Nesquik – * Banania – * Yoo-hoo

* Crème de cacao
Crème de cacao
– * Hot chocolate
Hot chocolate
– * mexican hot chocolate - * MORE...

HISTORY

* History of chocolate

EFFECTS ON HEALTH

Health effects of chocolate

* Theobromine poisoning –

OTHER ARTICLES

* United States military chocolate – * Couverture chocolate – * Chocolataire - * Chocolate
Chocolate
fountain – * Compound chocolate
Compound chocolate
– * Chocolate
Chocolate
agar – named for its color, does not contain cocoa * Chocolate
Chocolate
spread – * Modeling chocolate
Modeling chocolate

REFERENCES

* ^ " Theobroma cacao". Hort.purdue.edu. 1998-01-09. Retrieved April 2013. Check date values in: access-date= (help ) * ^ CMA – Chocolate
Chocolate
Manufacturers Association Archived February 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Yang HY, Neff NH (November 1973). "Beta-phenylethylamine: a specific substrate for type B monoamine oxidase of brain". Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 187 (2): 365–71. ISSN 0022-3565 . PMID 4748552 . * ^ Suzuki O, Katsumata Y, Oya M (March 1981). "Oxidation of beta-phenylethylamine by both types of monoamine oxidase: examination of enzymes in brain and liver mitochondria of eight species". Journal of Neurochemistry. 36 (3): 1298–301. doi :10.1111/j.1471-4159.1981.tb01734.x . ISSN 0022-3042 . PMID 7205271 . * ^ William Marias Malisoff (1943). Dictionary of Bio-Chemistry and Related Subjects. Philosophical Library. pp. 311, 530, 573. ASIN B0006AQ0NU . * ^ Bennett, Alan Weinberg; Bonnie K. Bealer (2002). The World of Caffeine: The Science and Culture of the World's Most Popular Drug. Routledge , New York. ISBN 0-415-92723-4 . * ^ "Understanding cacao beans: Criollo, Trinitario and Forastero". Store.chocolatceleste.