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The OUTER SPACE TREATY, formally the TREATY ON PRINCIPLES GOVERNING THE ACTIVITIES OF STATES IN THE EXPLORATION AND USE OF OUTER SPACE, INCLUDING THE MOON AND OTHER CELESTIAL BODIES, is a treaty that forms the basis of international space law . The treaty was opened for signature in the United States
United States
, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, and the Soviet Union on 27 January 1967, and entered into force on 10 October 1967. As of July 2017, 107 countries are parties to the treaty, while another 23 have signed the treaty but have not completed ratification. In addition, the Republic of China
Republic of China
(Taiwan), which is currently only recognized by 19 UN member states , ratified the treaty prior to the United Nations General Assembly
United Nations General Assembly
's vote to transfer China\'s seat to the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
(PRC) in 1971.

CONTENTS

* 1 Key points

* 2 Responsibility for activities in space

* 2.1 Follow-ups

* 3 Status

* 3.1 List of parties * 3.2 Partially recognized state abiding by treaty * 3.3 States that have signed but not ratified

* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

KEY POINTS

The Outer Space Treaty
Treaty
represents the basic legal framework of international space law . Among its principles, it bars states party to the treaty from placing weapons of mass destruction in orbit of Earth
Earth
, installing them on the Moon
Moon
or any other celestial body , or otherwise stationing them in outer space . It exclusively limits the use of the Moon
Moon
and other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes and expressly prohibits their use for testing weapons of any kind, conducting military maneuvers, or establishing military bases, installations, and fortifications (Article IV). However, the Treaty does not prohibit the placement of conventional weapons in orbit and thus some highly destructive attack strategies such as kinetic bombardment are still potentially allowable. The treaty also states that the exploration of outer space shall be done to benefit all countries and that space shall be free for exploration and use by all the States.

The treaty explicitly forbids any government from claiming a celestial resource such as the Moon
Moon
or a planet. Article II of the Treaty
Treaty
states that "outer space, including the Moon
Moon
and other celestial bodies, is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means". However, the State that launches a space object retains jurisdiction and control over that object. The State is also liable for damages caused by their space object.

RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACTIVITIES IN SPACE

Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty
Treaty
deals with international responsibility, stating that "the activities of non-governmental entities in outer space, including the Moon
Moon
and other celestial bodies, shall require authorization and continuing supervision by the appropriate State Party to the Treaty" and that States Parties shall bear international responsibility for national space activities whether carried out by governmental or non-governmental entities.

As a result of discussions arising from Project West Ford in 1963, a consultation clause was included in Article IX of the Outer Space Treaty: "A State Party to the Treaty
Treaty
which has reason to believe that an activity or experiment planned by another State Party in outer space, including the Moon
Moon
and other celestial bodies, would cause potentially harmful interference with activities in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon
Moon
and other celestial bodies, may request consultation concerning the activity or experiment."

FOLLOW-UPS

* The Rescue Agreement of 1968. * The Space Liability Convention of 1972. * The Registration Convention of 1976. * The Moon
Moon
Treaty
Treaty
of 1979 was meant to be the follow-up to the Outer Space Treaty, but failed to be ratified by any major space-faring nation such as those capable of orbital spaceflight .

The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space ( COPUOS ) oversees these treaties and other questions of space jurisdiction .

STATUS

LIST OF PARTIES

The Outer Space Treaty
Treaty
was opened for signature in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
on 27 January 1967, and entered into force on 10 October 1967. As of July 2017, 107 countries are parties to the treaty, while another 23 have signed the treaty but have not completed ratification.

Multiple dates indicate the different days in which states submitted their signature or deposition, which varied by location. This location is noted by: (L) for London, (M) for Moscow, and (W) for Washington, DC.

STATE SIGNED DEPOSITED METHOD

Afghanistan
Afghanistan
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-01-30-0000Jan 30, 1967 (M) 000000001988-03-17-0000Mar 17, 1988 (L, M) 000000001988-03-21-0000Mar 21, 1988 (W) Ratification

Algeria
Algeria

000000001992-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1992 (W) Accession

Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda

000000001988-11-16-0000Nov 16, 1988 (W) 000000001988-12-26-0000Dec 26, 1988 (M) 000000001989-01-26-0000Jan 26, 1989 (L) Succession from United Kingdom

Argentina
Argentina
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-04-18-0000Apr 18, 1967 (M) 000000001969-03-26-0000Mar 26, 1969 (M, W) Ratification

Australia
Australia
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1967 (L, M, W) Ratification

Austria
Austria
000000001967-02-20-0000Feb 20, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001968-02-26-0000Feb 26, 1968 (L, M, W) Ratification

Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan

000000002015-09-09-0000Sep 9, 2015 (L) Accession

Bahamas

000000001976-08-11-0000Aug 11, 1976 (L) 000000001976-08-13-0000Aug 13, 1976 (W) 000000001976-08-30-0000Aug 30, 1976 (M) Succession from United Kingdom

Bangladesh
Bangladesh

000000001986-01-14-0000Jan 14, 1986 (L) 000000001986-01-17-0000Jan 17, 1986 (W) 000000001986-01-24-0000Jan 24, 1986 (M) Accession

Barbados
Barbados

000000001968-09-12-0000Sep 12, 1968 (W) Accession

Belarus
Belarus
000000001967-02-10-0000Feb 10, 1967 (M) 000000001967-10-31-0000Oct 31, 1967 (M) Ratification

Belgium
Belgium
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M) 000000001967-02-02-0000Feb 2, 1967 (W) 000000001973-03-30-0000Mar 30, 1973 (W) 000000001973-03-31-0000Mar 31, 1973 (L, M) Ratification

Benin
Benin

000000001986-06-19-0000Jun 19, 1986 (M) 000000001986-07-02-0000Jul 2, 1986 (L) 000000001986-07-07-0000Jul 7, 1986 (W) Accession

Brazil
Brazil
000000001967-01-30-0000Jan 30, 1967 (M) 000000001967-02-02-0000Feb 2, 1967 (L, W) 000000001969-03-05-0000Mar 5, 1969 (L, M, W) Ratification

Bulgaria
Bulgaria
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001967-03-28-0000Mar 28, 1967 (M) 000000001967-04-11-0000Apr 11, 1967 (W) 000000001967-04-19-0000Apr 19, 1967 (L) Ratification

Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
000000001967-03-03-0000Mar 3, 1967 (W) 000000001968-06-18-0000Jun 18, 1968 (W) Ratification

Canada
Canada
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001967-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1967 (L, M, W) Ratification

Chile
Chile
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-02-03-0000Feb 3, 1967 (L) 000000001967-02-20-0000Feb 20, 1967 (M) 000000001981-10-08-0000Oct 8, 1981 (W) Ratification

China
China

000000001983-12-30-0000Dec 30, 1983 (W) 000000001984-01-06-0000Jan 6, 1984 (M) 000000001984-01-12-0000Jan 12, 1984 (L) Accession

Cuba
Cuba

000000001977-06-03-0000Jun 3, 1977 (M) Accession

Cyprus
Cyprus
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-02-15-0000Feb 15, 1967 (M) 000000001967-02-16-0000Feb 16, 1967 (L) 000000001972-07-05-0000Jul 5, 1972 (L, W) 000000001972-09-20-0000Sep 20, 1972 (M) Ratification

Czech Republic
Czech Republic

000000001993-01-01-0000Jan 1, 1993 (M, W) 000000001993-09-29-0000Sep 29, 1993 (L) Succession from Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia

Denmark
Denmark
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001967-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1967 (L, M, W) Ratification

Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001968-11-21-0000Nov 21, 1968 (W) Ratification

Ecuador
Ecuador
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-05-16-0000May 16, 1967 (L) 000000001967-06-07-0000Jun 7, 1967 (M) 000000001969-03-07-0000Mar 7, 1969 (W) Ratification

Egypt
Egypt
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (M, W) 000000001967-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1967 (W) 000000001968-01-23-0000Jan 23, 1968 (M) Ratification

El Salvador
El Salvador
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001969-01-15-0000Jan 15, 1969 (W) Ratification

Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea

000000001989-01-16-0000Jan 16, 1989 (M) Accession

Estonia
Estonia

000000002010-04-19-0000Apr 19, 2010 (M) Accession

Fiji
Fiji

000000001972-07-18-0000Jul 18, 1972 (W) 000000001972-08-14-0000Aug 14, 1972 (L) 000000001972-08-29-0000Aug 29, 1972 (M) Succession from United Kingdom

Finland
Finland
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001967-07-12-0000Jul 12, 1967 (L, M, W) Ratification

France
France
000000001967-09-25-0000Sep 25, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001970-08-05-0000Aug 5, 1970 (L, M, W) Ratification

Germany
Germany
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001971-02-10-0000Feb 10, 1971 (L, W) Ratification

Greece
Greece
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001971-01-19-0000Jan 19, 1971 (L) Ratification

Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau

000000001976-08-20-0000Aug 20, 1976 (M) Accession

Hungary
Hungary
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001967-06-26-0000Jun 26, 1967 (L, M, W) Ratification

Iceland
Iceland
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001968-02-05-0000Feb 5, 1968 (L, M, W) Ratification

India
India
000000001967-03-03-0000Mar 3, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001982-01-18-0000Jan 18, 1982 (L, M, W) Ratification

Indonesia
Indonesia
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-01-30-0000Jan 30, 1967 (M) 000000001967-02-14-0000Feb 14, 1967 (L) 000000002002-06-25-0000Jun 25, 2002 (L) Ratification

Iraq
Iraq
000000001967-02-27-0000Feb 27, 1967 (L, W) 000000001967-03-09-0000Mar 9, 1967 (M) 000000001968-12-04-0000Dec 4, 1968 (M) 000000001969-09-23-0000Sep 23, 1969 (L) Ratification

Ireland 000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, W) 000000001968-07-17-0000Jul 17, 1968 (W) 000000001968-07-19-0000Jul 19, 1968 (L) Ratification

Israel
Israel
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001977-02-18-0000Feb 18, 1977 (W) 000000001977-03-01-0000Mar 1, 1977 (L) 000000001977-04-04-0000Apr 4, 1977 (M) Ratification

Italy
Italy
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001972-05-04-0000May 4, 1972 (L, M, W) Ratification

Jamaica
Jamaica
000000001967-06-29-0000Jun 29, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001970-08-06-0000Aug 6, 1970 (W) 000000001970-08-10-0000Aug 10, 1970 (L) 000000001970-08-21-0000Aug 21, 1970 (M) Ratification

Japan
Japan
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001967-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1967 (L, M, W) Ratification

Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan

000000001998-06-11-0000Jun 11, 1998 (M) Accession

Kenya
Kenya

000000001984-01-19-0000Jan 19, 1984 (L) Accession

North Korea
North Korea

000000002009-03-05-0000Mar 5, 2009 (M) Accession

South Korea
South Korea
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-10-13-0000Oct 13, 1967 (W) Ratification

Kuwait
Kuwait

000000001972-06-07-0000Jun 7, 1972 (W) 000000001972-06-20-0000Jun 20, 1972 (L) 000000001972-07-04-0000Jul 4, 1972 (M) Accession

Laos
Laos
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-01-30-0000Jan 30, 1967 (L) 000000001967-02-02-0000Feb 2, 1967 (M) 000000001972-11-27-0000Nov 27, 1972 (M) 000000001972-11-29-0000Nov 29, 1972 (W) 000000001973-01-15-0000Jan 15, 1973 (L) Ratification

Lebanon
Lebanon
000000001967-02-23-0000Feb 23, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001969-03-31-0000Mar 31, 1969 (L, M) 000000001969-06-30-0000Jun 30, 1969 (W) Ratification

Libya
Libya

000000001968-07-03-0000Jul 3, 1968 (W) Accession

Lithuania
Lithuania

000000002013-03-25-0000Mar 25, 2013 (W) Accession

Luxembourg
Luxembourg
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (M, W) 000000001967-01-31-0000Jan 31, 1967 (L) 000000002006-01-17-0000Jan 17, 2006 (L, M, W) Ratification

Madagascar
Madagascar

000000001968-08-22-0000Aug 22, 1968 (W) Accession

Mali
Mali

000000001968-06-11-0000Jun 11, 1968 (M) Accession

Malta
Malta

000000002017-05-22-0000May 22, 2017 (L) Accession

Mauritius
Mauritius

000000001969-04-07-0000Apr 7, 1969 (W) 000000001969-04-21-0000Apr 21, 1969 (L) 000000001969-05-13-0000May 13, 1969 (M) Succession from United Kingdom

Mexico
Mexico
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001968-01-31-0000Jan 31, 1968 (L, M, W) Ratification

Mongolia
Mongolia
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (M) 000000001967-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1967 (M) Ratification

Morocco
Morocco

000000001967-12-21-0000Dec 21, 1967 (L, M) 000000001967-12-22-0000Dec 22, 1967 (W) Accession

Myanmar
Myanmar
000000001967-05-22-0000May 22, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001970-03-18-0000Mar 18, 1970 (L, M, W) Ratification

Nepal
Nepal
000000001967-02-03-0000Feb 3, 1967 (M, W) 000000001967-02-06-0000Feb 6, 1967 (L) 000000001967-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1967 (L) 000000001967-10-16-0000Oct 16, 1967 (M) 000000001967-11-22-0000Nov 22, 1967 (W) Ratification

Netherlands
Netherlands
000000001967-02-10-0000Feb 10, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001969-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1969 (L, M, W) Ratification

New Zealand
New Zealand
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001968-05-31-0000May 31, 1968 (L, M, W) Ratification

Nicaragua
Nicaragua
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-02-13-0000Feb 13, 1967 (L) 000000002017-06-30-0000Jun 30, 2017 (W) 000000002017-08-14-0000Aug 14, 2017 (L) Ratification

Niger
Niger
000000001967-02-01-0000Feb 1, 1967 (W) 000000001967-04-17-0000Apr 17, 1967 (L) 000000001967-05-03-0000May 3, 1967 (W) Ratification

Nigeria
Nigeria

000000001967-11-14-0000Nov 14, 1967 (L) Accession

Norway
Norway
000000001967-02-03-0000Feb 3, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001969-07-01-0000Jul 1, 1969 (L, M, W) Ratification

Pakistan
Pakistan
000000001967-09-12-0000Sep 12, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001968-04-08-0000Apr 8, 1968 (L, M, W) Ratification

Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea

000000001980-10-27-0000Oct 27, 1980 (L) 000000001980-11-13-0000Nov 13, 1980 (M) 000000001981-03-16-0000Mar 16, 1981 (W) Succession from Australia
Australia

Paraguay
Paraguay

000000002016-12-22-0000Dec 22, 2016 (L) Accession

Peru
Peru
000000001967-06-30-0000Jun 30, 1967 (W) 000000001979-02-28-0000Feb 28, 1979 (M) 000000001979-03-01-0000Mar 1, 1979 (L) 000000001979-03-21-0000Mar 21, 1979 (W) Ratification

Poland
Poland
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001968-01-30-0000Jan 30, 1968 (L, M, W) Ratification

Portugal
Portugal

000000001996-05-29-0000May 29, 1996 (L) Accession

Qatar
Qatar

000000002012-03-13-0000Mar 13, 2012 (W) Accession

Romania
Romania
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001968-04-09-0000Apr 9, 1968 (L, M, W) Ratification

Russia
Russia
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001967-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1967 (L, M, W) Ratification

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

000000001999-05-13-0000May 13, 1999 (L) Succession from United Kingdom
United Kingdom

San Marino
San Marino
000000001967-04-21-0000Apr 21, 1967 (W) 000000001967-04-24-0000Apr 24, 1967 (L) 000000001967-06-06-0000Jun 6, 1967 (M) 000000001968-10-29-0000Oct 29, 1968 (W) 000000001968-11-21-0000Nov 21, 1968 (M) 000000001969-02-03-0000Feb 3, 1969 (L) Ratification

Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia

000000001976-12-17-0000Dec 17, 1976 (W) Accession

Seychelles
Seychelles

000000001978-01-05-0000Jan 5, 1978 (L) Accession

Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M) 000000001967-05-16-0000May 16, 1967 (W) 000000001967-07-13-0000Jul 13, 1967 (M) 000000001967-07-14-0000Jul 14, 1967 (W) 000000001967-10-25-0000Oct 25, 1967 (L) Ratification

Singapore
Singapore

000000001976-09-10-0000Sep 10, 1976 (L, M, W) Accession

Slovakia
Slovakia

000000001993-01-01-0000Jan 1, 1993 (M, W) 000000001993-05-17-0000May 17, 1993 (L) Succession from Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia

South Africa
South Africa
000000001967-03-01-0000Mar 1, 1967 (W) 000000001968-09-30-0000Sep 30, 1968 (W) 000000001968-10-08-0000Oct 8, 1968 (L) 000000001968-11-14-0000Nov 14, 1968 (M) Ratification

Spain
Spain

000000001968-11-27-0000Nov 27, 1968 (L) 000000001968-12-07-0000Dec 7, 1968 (W) Accession

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
000000001967-03-10-0000Mar 10, 1967 (L) 000000001986-11-18-0000Nov 18, 1986 (L, M, W) Ratification

Sweden
Sweden
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001967-10-11-0000Oct 11, 1967 (L, M, W) Ratification

Switzerland
Switzerland
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, W) 000000001967-01-30-0000Jan 30, 1967 (M) 000000001969-12-18-0000Dec 18, 1969 (L, M, W) Ratification

Syria
Syria

000000001968-11-19-0000Nov 19, 1968 (M) Accession

Thailand
Thailand
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001968-09-05-0000Sep 5, 1968 (L) 000000001968-09-09-0000Sep 9, 1968 (M) 000000001968-09-10-0000Sep 10, 1968 (W) Ratification

Togo
Togo
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001989-06-26-0000Jun 26, 1989 (W) Ratification

Tonga
Tonga

000000001971-06-22-0000Jun 22, 1971 (M) 000000001971-07-07-0000Jul 7, 1971 (L, W) Succession from United Kingdom

Tunisia
Tunisia
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, W) 000000001967-02-15-0000Feb 15, 1967 (M) 000000001968-03-28-0000Mar 28, 1968 (L) 000000001968-04-04-0000Apr 4, 1968 (M) 000000001968-04-17-0000Apr 17, 1968 (W) Ratification

Turkey
Turkey
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001968-03-27-0000Mar 27, 1968 (L, M, W) Ratification

Uganda
Uganda

000000001968-04-24-0000Apr 24, 1968 (W) Accession

Ukraine
Ukraine
000000001967-02-10-0000Feb 10, 1967 (M) 000000001967-10-31-0000Oct 31, 1967 (M) Ratification

United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates

000000002000-10-04-0000Oct 4, 2000 (W) Accession

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001967-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1967 (L, M, W) Ratification

United States
United States
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, M, W) 000000001967-10-10-0000Oct 10, 1967 (L, M, W) Ratification

Uruguay
Uruguay
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-01-30-0000Jan 30, 1967 (M) 000000001970-08-31-0000Aug 31, 1970 (W) Ratification

Venezuela
Venezuela
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001970-03-03-0000Mar 3, 1970 (W) Ratification

Vietnam
Vietnam

000000001980-06-20-0000Jun 20, 1980 (M) Accession

Yemen
Yemen

000000001979-06-01-0000Jun 1, 1979 (M) Accession

Zambia
Zambia

000000001973-08-20-0000Aug 20, 1973 (W) 000000001973-08-21-0000Aug 21, 1973 (M) 000000001973-08-28-0000Aug 28, 1973 (L) Accession

PARTIALLY RECOGNIZED STATE ABIDING BY TREATY

The Republic of China
Republic of China
(Taiwan), which is currently only recognized by 19 UN member states , ratified the treaty prior to the United Nations General Assembly 's vote to transfer China\'s seat to the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
(PRC) in 1971. When the PRC subsequently ratified the treaty, they described the Republic of China's (ROC) ratification as "illegal". The ROC has committed itself to continue to adhere to the requirements of the treaty, and the United States
United States
has declared that they still consider them to be "bound by its obligations".

STATE SIGNED DEPOSITED METHOD

Republic of China
Republic of China
000000001967-01-27-000027 Jan 1967 000000001970-07-24-000024 Jul 1970 Ratification

STATES THAT HAVE SIGNED BUT NOT RATIFIED

STATE SIGNED

Bolivia
Bolivia
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Botswana
Botswana
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Burundi
Burundi
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Cameroon
Cameroon
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Central African Republic
Central African Republic
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Colombia
Colombia
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-04-29-0000Apr 29, 1967 (M) 000000001967-05-04-0000May 4, 1967 (L)

Ethiopia
Ethiopia
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, W) 000000001967-02-10-0000Feb 10, 1967 (M)

Gambia 000000001967-06-02-0000Jun 2, 1967 (L)

Ghana
Ghana
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W) 000000001967-02-15-0000Feb 15, 1967 (M) 000000001967-03-03-0000Mar 3, 1967 (L)

Guyana
Guyana
000000001967-02-03-0000Feb 3, 1967 (W)

Haiti
Haiti
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Holy See
Holy See
000000001967-04-05-0000Apr 5, 1967 (L)

Honduras
Honduras
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Iran
Iran
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L)

Jordan
Jordan
000000001967-02-02-0000Feb 2, 1967 (W)

Lesotho
Lesotho
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Malaysia
Malaysia
000000001967-02-20-0000Feb 20, 1967 (W) 000000001967-02-21-0000Feb 21, 1967 (L) 000000001967-05-03-0000May 3, 1967 (M)

Panama
Panama
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Philippines
Philippines
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (L, W) 000000001967-04-29-0000Apr 29, 1967 (M)

Rwanda
Rwanda
000000001967-01-27-0000Jan 27, 1967 (W)

Somalia
Somalia
000000001967-02-02-0000Feb 2, 1967 (W)

Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
000000001967-07-24-0000Jul 24, 1967 (L) 000000001967-08-17-0000Aug 17, 1967 (M) 000000001967-09-28-0000Sep 28, 1967 (W)

SEE ALSO

* High-altitude nuclear explosion (HANE) * Lunar Flag Assembly * Militarization of space * Apollo 1
Apollo 1
– the first NASA astronaut spacecraft fatality (occurred on January 27, 1967, the day the Outer Space Treaty
Treaty
was signed) * SPACE Act of 2015

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D " Treaty
Treaty
on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies". United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs . Retrieved 2013-04-18. * ^ A B "China: Accession to Outer Space Treaty". United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs . Retrieved 2015-03-01. * ^ Jennifer Frakes, (2003) The Common Heritage of Mankind Principle and the Deep Seabed, Outer Space, and Antarctica: Will Developed and Developing Nations Reach a Compromise? Wiscoscin International Law Journal, 21, at 409 * ^ Wikisource:Outer Space Treaty
Treaty
of 1967#Article VIII * ^ Wikisource:Outer Space Treaty
Treaty
of 1967#Article VII * ^ Terrill Jr., Delbert R. (May 1999), Project West Ford, "The Air Force Role in Developing International Outer Space Law" (PDF), Air Force History and Museums:63–67 * ^ Wikisource:Outer Space Treaty
Treaty
of 1967#Article IX * ^ Status of international agreements relating to activities in outer space as at 1 January 2008 United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, 2008

* ^ "TREATY ON PRINCIPLES GOVERNING THE ACTIVITIES OF STATES IN THE EXPLORATION AND USE OF OUTER SPACE, INCLUDING THE MOON AND OTHER CELESTIAL BODIES". Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-04. Retrieved 2015-02-28. " Treaty
Treaty
on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon
Moon
and other Celestial Bodies ". Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
. Retrieved 2015-02-28. * ^ " Treaty
Tr