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Ourense
Ourense
(Galician: [owˈɾɛnse]; Spanish: Orense [oˈɾense]) is a city in northwestern Spain, the capital of the province of the same name in Galicia. It is on the Portuguese Way path of the Road of St James, the Camino de Santiago.

Contents

1 Population 2 History 3 Geography and geothermal springs 4 Climate 5 Economy 6 Sights 7 Politics 8 Transport 9 Barallete 10 Notable residents 11 Images 12 References 13 External links

Population[edit] Its population of 106,905 (2014) accounts for 30% of the population of the province and makes it the third largest city of Galicia. In 2010 there were 5,943 foreigners living in the city, representing 5.46% of the total population. The main nationalities are Portuguese (18%), Colombians (12%) and Brazilians
Brazilians
(11%).[3] By language, according to 2008 data, 19% of the population always speak in Galician, 25% always speak in Spanish and the rest use both interchangeably.[4] History[edit] The origin of the town can be traced to the Romans and the presence of hot springs called the Burgas. These can still be seen today. There was also the need to fortify the place to protect one of the easiest ways to cross the Miño River. After the Romans, Ourense
Ourense
was part of the Suebi (Suevi) kingdom during most of the 5th, 6th and 7th centuries and was destroyed by the Moors
Moors
in 716. It was later rebuilt by Alfonso III of Asturias
Alfonso III of Asturias
about 877. The Norse invasions as well as attacks from the Arab warlord Al-Mansur once more laid the city to waste. It was only under Sancho II and his sister Doña Elvira that the city was resettled during the 11th century. The definitive urban impulse did not arrive until the 12th century when Ourense
Ourense
became an important center of services. Recently the city has made many efforts to provide new parks, bridges, fountains and geothermal springs installations to make the city more attractive. Geography and geothermal springs[edit] The ancient city of Auria is located on both banks of the Minho (Miño) River in the south-central part of Galicia, at an elevation of 128 m above sea level. Four rivers cross the town: Miño (the main river), Barbaña, Loña and Barbañica. The biggest river divides a rather industrial western suburb, which contains the railroad station, from the main town. Three highway and one railroad bridge cross the river in addition to the famous Roman bridge, Ponte Vella, which is now closed to vehicle traffic. The town is surrounded by forests, mainly oak and pine. One of the main tourist attractions is related to hot springs, as Ourense
Ourense
holds one of the greatest amount of geothermal water in Europe. There are several places called pozas, with or without entrance fee, where you can have a bath outdoors. One of them is located inside the old town, relating to the ancient Roman tradition, as ruins of a Roman bath were discovered and are now open to visitors. There are more hot springs located along the river Miño: A Chavasqueira, Manantial-bouvette do Tinteiro, Burga do Muíño, Burgas de Outariz, which offer baths at different temperatures, ranging from 36 - 60 degrees Celsius. Climate[edit] Ourense
Ourense
has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa).[5] Summers have hot daytime temperatures around 30 °C (86 °F), whilst winters are wet with daytime highs at 12 °C (54 °F) and lows a few degrees above freezing.[6]

Climate data for Ourense

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 22.0 (71.6) 25.0 (77) 30.6 (87.1) 32.9 (91.2) 37.4 (99.3) 40.9 (105.6) 42.6 (108.7) 42.2 (108) 41.2 (106.2) 34.9 (94.8) 26.3 (79.3) 22.4 (72.3) 42.6 (108.7)

Average high °C (°F) 12.7 (54.9) 15.1 (59.2) 18.7 (65.7) 19.8 (67.6) 22.9 (73.2) 27.5 (81.5) 30.2 (86.4) 30.6 (87.1) 27.5 (81.5) 21.7 (71.1) 15.9 (60.6) 12.8 (55) 21.3 (70.3)

Daily mean °C (°F) 8.0 (46.4) 9.2 (48.6) 11.9 (53.4) 13.3 (55.9) 16.2 (61.2) 20.2 (68.4) 22.5 (72.5) 22.6 (72.7) 19.9 (67.8) 15.6 (60.1) 11.1 (52) 8.5 (47.3) 14.9 (58.8)

Average low °C (°F) 3.4 (38.1) 3.2 (37.8) 5.0 (41) 6.7 (44.1) 9.5 (49.1) 12.8 (55) 14.8 (58.6) 14.5 (58.1) 12.3 (54.1) 9.6 (49.3) 6.3 (43.3) 4.1 (39.4) 8.5 (47.3)

Record low °C (°F) −7 (19) −8 (18) −6.8 (19.8) −3.2 (26.2) −0.4 (31.3) 2.4 (36.3) 6.4 (43.5) 1.5 (34.7) 3 (37) −3 (27) −6.8 (19.8) −8 (18) −8 (18)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 89 (3.5) 66 (2.6) 59 (2.32) 72 (2.83) 64 (2.52) 36 (1.42) 20 (0.79) 22 (0.87) 57 (2.24) 112 (4.41) 103 (4.06) 112 (4.41) 811 (31.93)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 10.2 8.6 8.4 11.1 9.5 4.6 2.9 3.3 5.8 10.4 10.5 11.2 96.9

Mean monthly sunshine hours 87 115 166 180 205 249 278 268 204 138 84 70 2,052

Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[7]

Economy[edit] The economy in the city of Ourense
Ourense
is marked by a predominance of service sector, the city has the largest shopping and leisure in the province, and administrative services ( Xunta
Xunta
delegation, central and provincial government offices), educational (campus of the University of Vigo) and health ( Ourense
Ourense
Hospital Complex) of reference. Construction industry is also important (Copasa, one of the biggest Galician construction companies, has its headquarters in the city). The industrial area of San Cibrao das Viñas
San Cibrao das Viñas
has many light industries including several important clothing factories, like Adolfo Dominguez and Roberto Verino (gl), as well as automotive supplier industries. Tecnopole, Technology Park of Galicia, situated in the outskirts of the city, is a 550.000 square metre area with advanced services for companies with a technological basis and high innovating profile. The following centres do their business work from the Tecnopole: the wood technological centres (CIS-Madeira), the meat technological centre (Centro Tecnolóxico da Carne), the metallurgy centre (Aimen) and the Coren Incubation Centre (CTI), the Research, Transfer and Innovation Centre (Centro de Innovación, Transferencia e Investigación or CITI) of the University of Vigo, and the Official Laboratory of Meteorology of Galicia ( Laboratorio Oficial de Metereoloxía de Galicia or LOMG). Ourense
Ourense
is a well known producer of European chestnuts (Castanea sativa). Coren, one of the Spanish agricultural sector's most important companies, has its headquarters in Ourense. The most read province newspaper is La Región. Sights[edit]

Ourense
Ourense
Cathedral.

Although mainly a town of services, Ourense
Ourense
is not without its tourist sites. The town has three parts: the medieval, the area of 19th-century expansion, and the modern perimeter. Many who pass by on the highway linking Madrid
Madrid
to Vigo
Vigo
are unaware of the medieval quarter, with its narrow streets and tiny plazas. Once an area of a certain dilapidated charm the area is now undergoing renovation and is full of typical restaurants and bars patronized by the university students of the town. The Plaza Mayor is the center of city life with its arcaded shops and the Town Hall. The Cathedral is the most important monument in Ourense. This cathedral (founded 572; rebuilt in the 13th century) is the second oldest in Galicia. It occupies the same site as the Suevian basilica that stood there in earlier times. Romanesque in structure, but with a mixture of Romanesque and Gothic styles, it is rather hidden away but, contains a façade with the Door of Paradise in imitation of the Door of Glory of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. Inside, the Capilla del Cristo, or Christ's Chapel (16th century), contains a crucifix venerated throughout Galicia. The Miño is crossed at Ourense
Ourense
by the Ponte Vella
Ponte Vella
(Old Bridge). With Roman foundations, it was reconstructed by Bishop Lorenzo in 1230 but frequently repaired since then; it has seven arches and a central span of 141 feet (43 m).[8] Politics[edit]

Municipal elections

Party/List 1979 1983 1987[9] 1991[9] 1995[9] 1999[9] 2003[9] 2007[9] 2011[10] 2015[11]

AP / PP 5 11 11 12 14 14 14 13 11 10

PSdeG-PSOE 5 10 10 10 7 6 6 8 11 6

BN-PG / BNG 2 - - 2 6 7 7 6 3 -

DO

2 8

Ourense
Ourense
in Common

3

CG / CPG

4 -

IDEGA

3

UCD / CDS 9

PCG / EU 2 - - - - - - - -

Independents 2

Total 25 25 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27

Transport[edit]

Ourense
Ourense
railway station

The city is served by the Ourense
Ourense
Railway Station. Barallete[edit] Barallete was the name of an argot employed by the traditional knife-sharpeners and umbrella holders (afiadores e paragüeiros) of Ourense. It was based on the Galician language
Galician language
as spoken in Ourense, but its users substituted everyday words with invented ones of no linguistic connection, making it impossible for other people to understand it. Notable residents[edit]

Antonia Ferrín Moreiras, mathematician, professor, and the first Galician woman astronomer, was born in Ourense. [12]

Los Muchachos circus has a permanent polyhedron tent in Benposta, Seixalbo, Ourense. Images[edit]

Main square

María Auxiliadora Collegiate Church

References[edit]

^ "IGE. Táboas". www.ige.eu (in Galician). Retrieved 2017-10-11.  ^ "IGE - Principais resultados". www.ige.eu (in Galician). Retrieved 2017-10-11.  ^ "IGE. Táboas". Ige.eu. Retrieved 2015-02-22.  ^ "IGE. Táboas". Ige.eu. Retrieved 2015-02-22.  ^ "Ourense, Spain
Spain
Climate Summary". Weatherbase. Retrieved 22 July 2015.  ^ "Standard climate values for Ourense". Aemet.es. Retrieved 22 July 2015.  ^ "Standard climate values. Ourense". AEMet. Retrieved 2015-07-22.  ^ Ponte Vella
Ponte Vella
at Structurae ^ a b c d e f Dirección General de Política Interior ^ Elecciones Locales 2011 ^ Elecciones Locales 2015 ^ "Antonia Ferrín Moreiras. La primera astrónoma gallega" (in Spanish). Retrieved June 28, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ourense.

Concello de Ourense
Ourense
(In Galician) La Región, Ourense's local newspaper founded in 1910 Galicia Turismo: Turgalicia Ourenet: Buscador da la Provincia de Ourense Map of Ourense
Ourense
by MapQuest General information, images, forums and more Photographs of Ourense

v t e

Cities in Galicia

A Coruña Pontevedra Santiago de Compostela Ourense Lugo Vigo Ferrol

v t e

Municipalities in Province of Ourense

Allariz Amoeiro A Arnoia Avión Baltar Bande Baños de Molgas Barbadás O Barco de Valdeorras Beade Beariz Os Blancos Boborás A Bola O Bolo Calvos de Randín Carballeda de Avia Carballeda de Valdeorras O Carballiño Cartelle Castrelo de Miño Castrelo do Val Castro Caldelas Celanova Cenlle Chandrexa de Queixa Coles Cortegada Cualedro Entrimo Esgos Gomesende A Gudiña O Irixo Larouco Laza Leiro Lobeira Lobios Maceda Manzaneda Maside Melón A Merca A Mezquita Montederramo Monterrei Muíños Nogueira de Ramuín Oímbra Ourense Paderne de Allariz Padrenda Parada de Sil O Pereiro de Aguiar A Peroxa Petín Piñor A Pobra de Trives Pontedeva Porqueira Punxín Quintela de Leirado Rairiz de Veiga Ramirás Ribadavia Riós A Rúa Rubiá San Amaro San Cibrao das Viñas San Cristovo de Cea San Xoán de Río Sandiás Sarreaus Taboadela A Teixeira Toén Trasmiras A Veiga Verea Verín Viana do Bolo Vilamarín Vilamartín de Valdeorras Vilar de Barrio Vilar de Santos Vilardevós Vilariño de Conso Xinzo de Limia Xunqueira de Ambía Xunqueira de Espadanedo

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Capitals of provinces of Spain

A Coruña Albacete Alicante Almería Ávila Badajoz Barcelona Bilbao Burgos Cáceres Cádiz Castellón de la Plana Ciudad Real Córdoba Cuenca Donostia-San Sebastián Girona Granada Guadalajara Huelva Huesca Jaén Logroño Las Palmas León Lleida Lugo Madrid Málaga Murcia Ourense Oviedo Palencia Palma Pamplona Pontevedra Salamanca Santander Santa Cruz Segovia Seville Soria Tarragona Teruel Toledo Valencia Valladolid Vitoria-Gasteiz Zamora Zaragoza

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 148895968 LCCN: n86058

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