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OTTO JOHANN MAXIMILIAN STRASSER (also German : Straßer, see ß ; 10 September 1897 – 27 August 1974) was a German politician and an early member of the Nazi Party . Otto Strasser, together with his brother Gregor Strasser , was a leading member of the party's left-wing faction , and broke from the party due to disputes with the dominant ‘Hitlerite ’ faction. He formed the Black Front , a group intended to split the Nazi Party and take it from the grasp of Hitler. This group also functioned during his exile and World War II
World War II
as a secret opposition group .

His brand of National Socialism
National Socialism
is now known as Strasserism .

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography

* 1.1 After expulsion * 1.2 Exile * 1.3 Return to Germany
Germany

* 2 Written works * 3 See also * 4 References

BIOGRAPHY

Part of a series on

NAZISM

Organizations

* National Socialist
Socialist
German Workers' Party (NSDAP) * Sturmabteilung (SA) * Schutzstaffel (SS) * Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo) * Hitler Youth (HJ) * Deutsches Jungvolk (DJ) * League of German Girls
League of German Girls
(BDM) * National Socialist
Socialist
German Students\' League (NSDStB) * National Socialist League of the Reich for Physical Exercise (NSRL) * National Socialist Flyers Corps (NSFK) * National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK) * National Socialist
Socialist
Women\'s League (NSF) * Combat League of Revolutionary National Socialists (KGRNS)

History

* Early timeline * Hitler\'s rise to power * Machtergreifung * German re-armament * Nazi Germany
Germany
* Religion in Nazi Germany
Germany
* Night of the Long Knives
Night of the Long Knives
* Nuremberg Rally
Nuremberg Rally
* Anti-Comintern Pact * Kristallnacht * World War II
World War II
* Tripartite Pact * The Holocaust * Nuremberg trials * Neo- Nazism

Ideology

* Fascism * Totalitarianism * Führerprinzip * Anti-democratic thought * Houston Stewart Chamberlain * Gleichschaltung * Hitler\'s political views * Mein Kampf * The Myth of the Twentieth Century * Militarism
Militarism
* National Socialist Program * New Order * Preussentum und Sozialismus * Propaganda * Religious aspects * Strasserism * Syncretic politics * Symbolism * Women in Nazi Germany
Germany

Racial ideology

* Aryan race * Blood and Soil * Eugenics * The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century * Greater Germanic Reich
Greater Germanic Reich
* Heim ins Reich * Lebensraum * Master race
Master race
* Racial policy of Nazi Germany
Germany
* Völkisch equality

Final Solution

* Concentration camps * Deportations * Doctors\' trial * Extermination camps * Genocide * Ghettos * Human experimentation * Labour camps * Pogroms * Racial segregation

People

* Adolf Hitler * Joseph Goebbels * Heinrich Himmler * Hermann Göring * Gregor Strasser * Otto Strasser

Nazism outside of Germany
Germany

* American Nazi Party * Aria Party (Persia) * Arrow Cross Party
Arrow Cross Party
(Hungary) * Bulgarian National Socialist Workers Party * German American Bund * German National Movement in Liechtenstein * Greek National Socialist Party * South African Gentile National Socialist Movement * Hungarian National Socialist Party * Nasjonal Samling (Norway) * National Movement of Switzerland * National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands
National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands
* National Socialist Bloc (Sweden) * National Socialist League (UK) * National Socialist Movement of Chile

* National Socialist
Socialist
Movement (United States) * National Socialist
Socialist
Workers\' Party of Denmark * National Unity Party (Canada) * Nazism in Brazil * Nationalist Liberation Alliance
Nationalist Liberation Alliance
(Argentina) * SUMKA * Ossewabrandwag (South Africa) * World Union of National Socialists

Lists

* Books by or about Adolf Hitler * Nazi ideologues * Nazi Party leaders and officials * Nazi Party members * Speeches given by Adolf Hitler * SS personnel

Related topics

* Antisemitism * Denazification * Enabling Act of 1933 * Fascism * Glossary of Nazi Germany
Germany
* The Holocaust * Neo- Nazism * Völkisch movement * Zweites Buch

* Category * Nazi Germany
Germany
portal

* v * t * e

Born at Windsheim in Bavaria , Otto Strasser
Otto Strasser
took an active part in World War I
World War I
. On 2 August 1914 he joined the Bavarian Army as a volunteer. He rose through the ranks to lieutenant and was twice wounded. He returned to Germany
Germany
in 1919 where he served in the Freikorps that put down the Bavarian Soviet Republic
Bavarian Soviet Republic
which was organized on the principles of workers\' councils . At the same time, he also joined the Social Democratic Party . In 1920 he participated in the opposition to the Kapp Putsch . However, he grew increasingly alienated with that reformist-socialist party's stand, particularly when it put down a workers' uprising in the Ruhr
Ruhr
, and he left the party later that year. In 1925 he joined the NSDAP, in which his brother had been a member for several years, and worked for its newspaper as a journalist , ultimately taking it over with his brother. He was focused particularly on the socialist elements of the party\'s programme and lead a very left-wing faction of the party in northern Germany
Germany
together with his brother Gregor and Joseph Goebbels . His faction advocated support for strikes , nationalisation of banks and industry, and — despite acknowledged differences — closer ties with the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. Some of these policies were opposed by Hitler, who thought they were too radical and too alienating from parts of the German people (middle class and Nazi-supporting nationalist industrialists in particular), and the Strasser faction was defeated at the Bamberg Conference (1926), with Joseph Goebbels joining Hitler. Humiliated, he nonetheless, along with his brother Gregor, continued as a leading Left Nazi within the Party, until expelled from the NSDAP by Hitler in 1930.

AFTER EXPULSION

Following his expulsion, he set up his own party, the Black Front , composed of radical ex-Nazis , in an attempt to split the Nazi Party. His party proved unable to counter Hitler's rise to power in 1933, and Strasser spent the years of the Nazi era in exile. The Nazi Left itself was annihilated during the Night of the Long Knives
Night of the Long Knives
in 1934 (in which his brother was killed), leaving Hitler as undisputed party leader and able to pacify both industrialists and the military into accepting his new National Socialist
Socialist
regime. In addition to the "Black Front", Strasser at this time headed the Free German Movement outside Germany
Germany
which sought to enlist the aid of Germans
Germans
throughout the world in bringing about the downfall of Hitler and Nazism.

EXILE

Strasser fled first to Austria, then to Prague
Prague
(where he resisted Hitler), Switzerland and France. In 1940, he went to Bermuda
Bermuda
by way of Portugal
Portugal
, leaving a wife and two children behind in Switzerland. In 1941, he emigrated to Canada
Canada
, where he was the famed "Prisoner of Ottawa". During this time, Goebbels denounced Strasser as the Nazis' "Public Enemy Number One" and a price of $500,000 was set on his head. He settled for a time in Montreal
Montreal
. In 1942 he lived for a time in Clarence , Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
on a farm owned by a German-speaking Czech, Adolph Schmidt, then moved to nearby Paradise where he lived for more than a decade in a rented apartment above a general store . As an influential and uncondemned former Nazi Party member still faithful to many doctrines of National Socialism
National Socialism
, he was initially prevented from returning to West Germany after the war, first by the Allied powers and then by the West German government.

During his exile, he wrote articles on Nazi Germany
Germany
and its leadership for a number of British, American and Canadian newspapers, including the New Statesman , and a series for the Montreal
Montreal
Gazette , which was ghostwritten by then Gazette reporter and later politician Donald C. MacDonald .

RETURN TO GERMANY

After having been denied for many years entry by the West German government, Otto Strasser
Otto Strasser
was allowed to return to West Germany in 1955 by a ruling of the Federal Administrative Court . He regained his citizenship and settled in Munich
Munich
.

He attempted to create a new "nationalist and socialist"-oriented party in 1956, the German Social Union (often called a successor to the 1949–1952, eventually forbidden Socialist
Socialist
Reich Party of Germany), but his organisation was unable to attract any support. For the rest of his life, Strasser continued to advocate for Strasserite National Socialism
National Socialism
until his death in Munich
Munich
in 1974.

Otto Strasser
Otto Strasser
claimed he was a dissenting Nazi regarding racial policies. During his later life, he claimed to have actively opposed such policies within the national socialist movement; for example, by organizing the removal of Julius Streicher
Julius Streicher
from the German Völkisch Freedom Party .

WRITTEN WORKS

* Hitler and I (translated by Douglas Reed) * A History in My Time (translated by Douglas Reed) * Germany
Germany
Tomorrow (translated by Douglas Reed) * Gregor Strasser (written under the pseudonym of “Michael Geismeier”) * We Seek Germany
Germany
(written under the pseudonym of “D.G.”) * Whither Hitler? (written under the pseudonym of “D.G.”) * Europe Tomorrow (written under the pseudonym of “D.G.”) * Structure of German Socialism * The German St. Bartholomew’s Night * European Federation * The Gangsters Around Hitler * Hitler tritt auf der Stelle. Oxford gegen Staats-Totalität. Berlin – Rom – Tokio. Neue Tonart in Wien. NSDAP-Kehraus in Brasilien. Die dritte Front, Band 1937,6. Grunov, Prag 1937. * Kommt es zum Krieg? Periodische Schriftenreihe der „Deutschen Revolution“, Band 3. Grunov, Prag 1937. * Der Faschismus. Geschichte und Gefahr. Politische Studien, Band 3. Günter-Olzog-Verlag, München (u.a.) 1965. * Mein Kampf. Eine politische Autobiografie. Streit-Zeit-Bücher, Band 3. Heinrich-Heine-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1969.

SEE ALSO

* Strasserism * The European magazine

REFERENCES

* ^ Strasser, Otto. Germany
Germany
Tomorrow. Jonathan Cape LTD, 1940, p. 11. p. 12. * ^ On 4 May 1951, the West German cabinet decided to file an application to the Federal Constitutional Court to find the SRP anti-constitutional and to impose a ban. On 23 October 1952, the Court, citing Article 21 Paragraph 2 of the Basic Law , adjudicated the party unconstitutional and dissolved it, prohibited the founding of any successor organisations, withdrew all Bundestag and Landtag mandates and seized the party's assets. BVerfGE 2, 1

* v * t * e

National Socialist
Socialist
German Workers\' Party

LEADER

* Anton Drexler (1919-1921) * Adolf Hitler (1921-1945) * Martin Bormann (1945)

RELATED ARTICLES

* Germany
Germany
and World War I
World War I
* Stab-in-the-back myth
Stab-in-the-back myth
* Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
* Treaty of Versailles * Occupation of the Ruhr
Ruhr
* Politischer Arbeiter-Zirkel * German Workers\' Party * Thule Society * National Socialist Program * Nuremberg Rally
Nuremberg Rally
* Ranks and insignia * Sturmabteilung (SA) * Beer Hall Putsch * Brown House, Munich
Munich
* Horst-Wessel-Lied
Horst-Wessel-Lied
* Party songs * Adolf Hitler\'s rise to power * Night of the Long Knives
Night of the Long Knives
* Schutzstaffel (SS) * Enabling Act of 1933 * NSDAP/AO * Greater German Reich * Hitler Youth * World War II
World War II
* Operation Werwolf
Werwolf
* Denazification * Article 21 Paragraph 2 (de facto prohibition) * National Socialism
National Socialism
* German Question * Anti-Semitism in Germany
Germany

PARTY OFFICES

* NSDAP Office of Racial Policy * NSDAP Office of Foreign Affairs * NSDAP Office of Colonial Policy * NSDAP Office of Military Policy * Hitler\'s Chancellery (Kanzlei des Führers) * Nazi Party Chancellery * Amt Rosenberg

PUBLICATIONS

* Völkischer Beobachter
Völkischer Beobachter
* Das Schwarze Korps * Der Stürmer
Der Stürmer
* Das Reich * Innviertler Heimatblatt * Arbeitertum * Der Angriff
Der Angriff

MEMBERS

* Gottfried Feder * Dietrich Eckart * Alfred Rosenberg
Alfred Rosenberg
* Joseph Goebbels * Heinrich Himmler * Reinhard Heydrich * Hermann Göring * Gregor Strasser * Otto Strasser * Albert Speer * Rudolf Hess
Rudolf Hess
* Ernst Kaltenbrunner * Adolf Eichmann * Joachim von Ribbentrop * Houston Stewart Chamberlain * Hans Frank * Rudolf Höss * Richard Walther Darré * Baldur von Schirach * Artur Axmann * Ernst Röhm * Wilhelm Frick * Josef Mengele * Ernst Hanfstaengl * Julius Streicher
Julius Streicher
* Hermann Esser

DERIVATIVES

* Black Front ( Strasserism ) / German Social Union * Deutsche Rechtspartei (through entryism) / Deutsche Reichspartei / National Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
* Socialist
Socialist
Reich Party

* v * t * e

Nazism

ORGANIZATIONS

* National Socialist
Socialist
German Workers\' Party (NSDAP) * Sturmabteilung (SA) * Schutzstaffel (SS) * Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo) * Hitler Youth (HJ) * National Socialist Flyers Corps (NSFK) * National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK) * League of German Girls
League of German Girls
(BDM) * National Socialist League of the Reich for Physical Exercise (NSRL) * National Socialist
Socialist
Women\'s League (NSF) * Reich Labour Service (RAD) * Werwolf
Werwolf

HISTORY

* Early timeline * Adolf Hitler\'s rise to power * Machtergreifung * Re-armament * Nazi Germany
Germany
* Night of the Long Knives
Night of the Long Knives
* Nuremberg Rally
Nuremberg Rally
* Anti-Comintern Pact * Kristallnacht * World War II
World War II
* Tripartite Pact * The Holocaust * Nuremberg trials * Denazification * Consequences

IDEOLOGY

* Architecture * Gleichschaltung * Anti-democratic thought * Strasserism * Hitler\'s political views * Mein Kampf (Hitler ) * Der Mythus des Zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts (Rosenberg ) * National Socialist Program * New Order * Propaganda * Religious aspects * Women in Nazi Germany
Germany

RACE

* Blood and Soil * Eugenics * Greater Germanic Reich
Greater Germanic Reich
* Heim ins Reich * Lebensborn
Lebensborn
* Master race
Master race
* Racial policy * Religion

ATROCITIES

* Action T4 * Final Solution * Human experimentation * Porajmos
Porajmos

Outside Germany
Germany

* Nazism in the United States

* American Nazi Party * German American Bund * National Socialist Movement (United States)

* Arrow Cross Party
Arrow Cross Party
(Hungary) * Bulgarian National Socialist Workers Party * German National Movement in Liechtenstein * Greek National Socialist Party * South African Gentile National Socialist Movement * Hungarian National Socialist Party * Nasjonal Samling (Norway) * National Movement of Switzerland * National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands
National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands
* National Socialist Bloc (Sweden) * National Socialist League (UK) * National Socialist Movement of Chile * National Socialist
Socialist
Workers\' Party of Denmark * National Unity Party (Canada) * Nationalist Liberation Alliance
Nationalist Liberation Alliance
(Argentina) * Nazism in Brazil * Ossewabrandwag (South Africa) * World Union of National Socialists

LISTS

* Books by or about Hitler * Ideologues * Leaders and officials * Nazi Party members * Speeches given by Hitler * SS personnel

PEOPLE

* Adolf Hitler * Joseph Goebbels * Heinrich Himmler * Hermann Göring * Martin Bormann * Reinhard Heydrich * Gregor Strasser * Otto Strasser * Albert Speer * Rudolf Hess
Rudolf Hess
* Ernst Kaltenbrunner * Adolf Eichmann * Joachim von Ribbentrop * Houston Stewart Chamberlain * Alfred Rosenberg
Alfred Rosenberg
* Wilhelm Frick * Hans Frank * Rudolf Höss * Josef Mengele * Richard Walther Darré * Baldur von Schirach * Artur Axmann * Ernst Röhm * Dietrich Eckart * Gottfried Feder * Ernst Hanfstaengl * Julius Streicher
Julius Streicher
* Hermann Esser * George Lincoln Rockwell

Related topics

* Esoteric Nazism * Far-right politics * German resistance * Glossary of Nazi Germany
Germany
* Nazi salute * Neo- Nazism * Social Darwinism
Social Darwinism
* Stormfront * Swastika
Swastika
* Völkisch movement * Zweites Buch

* CATEGORY

* v * t * e

Neo- Nazism

GROUPS

EXTANT

GERMANY AND AUSTRIA

* National Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
* Autonome Nationalisten * Artgemeinschaft

EUROPE

* Nordic Resistance Movement
Nordic Resistance Movement
* National Socialist
Socialist
Movement of Denmark * National Socialist
Socialist
Movement of Norway * British Movement
British Movement
* November 9th Society * Combat 18 * Order of Nine Angles * National Action * Russian National Unity * Russian National Socialist
Socialist
Party * Slavic Union * Golden Dawn * Pax Hungarica Movement * Bosnian Movement of National Pride

INTERNATIONAL

* Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging * Blanke Bevrydingsbeweging * NSDAP/AO (1972) * World Union of National Socialists * Blood border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

GERMANY AND AUSTRIA

* Deutsche Rechtspartei (infiltrated) * Socialist
Socialist
Reich Party * Deutsche Reichspartei * Wiking-Jugend * German Social Union * Volkssozialistische Bewegung Deutschlands/Partei der Arbeit * Action Front of National Socialists/National Activists * Deutsche Heidnische Front * Nationalist Front * National Offensive * National Socialist
Socialist
Underground * German Alternative * Free German Workers\' Party * Gesinnungsgemeinschaft der Neuen Front * The Immortals * Landig Group * National Democratic Party (Austria)

EUROPE

* European Liberation Front * CEDADE * National Socialist
Socialist
Movement (UK) * Ordine Nuovo
Ordine Nuovo
* Avanguardia Nazionale * Ordine Nero
Ordine Nero
* Volkspartei der Schweiz * National Socialist
Socialist
Action Party * Bloed, Bodem, Eer en Trouw * Unified Lithuanian National Workers Movement * Russian National Union * Nordic Reich Party * National Socialist
Socialist
Front * Party of the Swedes
Party of the Swedes
* Norwegian Germanic Army * Hungarian National Front * Order of Flemish Militants * Heathen Front

INTERNATIONAL

* National Renaissance Party * American Nazi Party * Canadian Nazi Party * SUMKA * Patrol 36 * National Socialist
Socialist
Party of America * National Socialist
Socialist
Liberation Front * National Socialist
Socialist
Party of Australia * Australian National Socialist
Socialist
Party * National Socialist
Socialist
Party of New Zealand * Unit 88 * New Triumph Party

PEOPLE

* Otto Ernst Remer
Otto Ernst Remer
* Fritz Rössler * Hans-Ulrich Rudel * Otto Strasser * Otto Skorzeny * Léon Degrelle * Savitri Devi
Savitri Devi
* Francis Parker Yockey * Miguel Serrano * Jacques de Mahieu * Davud Monshizadeh * George Lincoln Rockwell * William John Beattie * James H. Madole * H. Keith Thompson * Eustace Mullins
Eustace Mullins
* Françoise Dior * Florentine Rost van Tonningen * Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe * Colin Jordan * John Tyndall * Martin Webster * Manfred Roeder
Manfred Roeder
* Mark Fredriksen * Salvador Borrego * Matthias Koehl * Franco Freda * Ernst Zündel * Michael Kühnen * Christian Worch * Bela Ewald Althans * Gottfried Küssel * Horst Rosenkranz * Bert Eriksson * Povl Riis-Knudsen * Gaston-Armand Amaudruz * René Binet * Albert Spaggiari * Gary Lauck * Michael McLaughlin * István Győrkös * Ian Stuart Donaldson * Nicky Crane * Harold Covington * Joseph Tommasi * James Mason * David Myatt * Kerry Bolton * Tom Metzger * Colin King-Ansell * Jack van Tongeren * Alexander Barkashov * Konstantin Kasimovsky * Varg Vikernes
Varg Vikernes
* Horst Mahler * Klas Lund * Terry Tremaine * Eugène Terre\'Blanche

* CATEGORY

* v * t * e

The far right in post-war Germany
Germany

Political parties and groups

* Action Front of National Socialists/National Activists * Artgemeinschaft * Autonome Nationalisten * Deutsche Heidnische Front * Deutsche Rechtspartei * Deutsche Reichspartei * Free German Workers\' Party * German Alternative * German League for People and Homeland * German People\'s Union * German Social Union * Gesinnungsgemeinschaft der Neuen Front * Identitarian movement * National Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
* National Offensive * Nationalist Front * Pegida * The Republicans * Socialist
Socialist
Reich Party * Volkssozialistische Bewegung Deutschlands/Partei der Arbeit * Wiking-Jugend

PEOPLE

* Bela Ewald Althans * Holger Apfel * Wilhelm Bittrich
Wilhelm Bittrich
* Friedhelm Busse
Friedhelm Busse
* Günter Deckert * Sepp Dietrich
Sepp Dietrich
* Gerhard Frey * Herbert Gille * Wolf Rüdiger Hess * Erich Kern * Götz Kubitschek * Michael Kühnen * Otto Kumm * Horst Mahler * Hubert Meyer * Kurt Meyer * Armin Mohler * Martin Mussgnug * Harald Neubauer * Frauke Petry
Frauke Petry
* Paul Hausser
Paul Hausser
* Otto Ernst Remer
Otto Ernst Remer
* Jürgen Rieger * Hans-Ulrich Rudel * Franz Schönhuber * Fritz Rössler * Wilhelm Stäglich * Felix Steiner * Otto Strasser * Michael Swierczek * Adolf von Thadden * Friedrich Thielen * Udo Voigt *