Oswald Myconius (1488,
Lucerne – 14 October 1552, Basel) was Swiss
Protestant theologian. He was a follower of Huldrych Zwingli.
4 Further reading
He was born at Lucerne, Switzerland. His family name was Geisshüsler,
and his father was a miller; hence he was also called Molitoris (Latin
molitor, "miller"). The name Myconius is said to have been given him
by Erasmus; it alludes to the proverbial expression bald-headed
Myconian. From the school at
Lucerne he went to the University of
Basel to study classics. From 1514 he obtained teaching posts at
Basel, where he married, and made the acquaintance of
Erasmus and of
Hans Holbein, the painter. In 1516 he was called, as schoolmaster, to
Zürich, where (1518) he attached himself to the reforming party of
Zwingli. This led to his being transferred to Lucerne, and again
(1523) reinstated at Zürich.
On the death of Zwingli (1531) he moved to Basel, where he held the
office of town's preacher, and (till 1541) the chair of New Testament
exegesis. In 1534 he authored the Confession of Basel. In confessional
matters he was for a union of all Protestants. Although a Zwinglian,
his readiness to compromise with the advocates of consubstantiation
gave him trouble with the hard-line Zwinglians. He had, however, a
distinguished follower in Theodore Bibliander.
Among his several tractates, the most important is De H Zwinglii vita
et obitu (1536), translated into English by Henry Bennet (1561).
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Myconius,
Oswald". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University
Melchior Adam, Vita theologorum (1620);
M. Kirchhofer, O. Myconius (1813);
Karl Rudolf Hagenbach, J. Oekolampad und O. Myconius (1859);
F. M. Ledderhose, in Allgemeine deutsche Biog. (1886);
B. Riggenbach and Egli, in Hauck's Realencyklopadie (1903).
Antistes of Basel
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