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Oswald Norman Morris, OBE, DFC, AFC, BSC (22 November 1915 – 17 March 2014) was a British cinematographer. Known to his colleagues by the nicknames "Os" or "Ossie",[1] Morris' career in cinematography spanned six decades.

Contents

1 Life and career 2 Honours 3 Additional credits 4 Awards and nominations 5 References 6 External links

Life and career[edit] Morris was raised in Middlesex
Middlesex
(now the London Borough
London Borough
of Hillingdon), and attended the Bishopshalt School. His interest in film began at an early age; during summer vacations, he would work as a projectionist at the local cinema. Dropping out in 1932, he started working in the film industry at Wembley Studios as an unpaid gofer for Michael Powell, among others, eventually graduating to the positions of clapper boy and camera assistant on quota quickies. By his 20s, Morris was a camera operator, first at Wembley, and later at Elstree.[2] His career was interrupted by the Second World War, during which he served as a bomber pilot with the RAF, achieving the rank of flight lieutenant and winning both the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Force Cross.[citation needed] After his war service, Morris worked at Pinewood Studios
Pinewood Studios
as an assistant to such people as Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
and David Lean
David Lean
at their company Cineguild. He was the camera operator during the shooting of Lean's Oliver Twist (1948). He first acted as director of photography on Golden Salamander (1950). Neame referred to Morris as "probably the greatest cameraman in the world".[1] Morris collaborated with film director John Huston
John Huston
on eight films, beginning with Moulin Rouge (1952), and also including Moby Dick (1956). Although his previous experience with Technicolor
Technicolor
had been limited, for Moulin Rouge he devised many stylish effects - through the use of diffused and filtered light, fog, and bold color choices - for the film, and his innovations drew critical praise from the critics. For Moby Dick, Morris developed what David Peloquin has called a "retro-silvered pictorial" which "was designed to capture the look of nineteenth-century whaling prints with their muted colors and silver sheen".[3] Morris wrote in his autobiography that he and Huston wanted a "soft wash" effect "in which we would etch in the characters". To achieve this, in prints for the original release, colour was effectively printed over a black and white image using two negatives.[4] For the film of John Osborne's The Entertainer (1960), on which Morris was the cinematographer, his name was incorporated into the story in one scene where a radio transmission mentioned the fictional "Sergeant Ossie Morris". He received three nominations for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Cinematography, for his work on the musicals Oliver! (1968), Fiddler on the Roof (1971), and The Wiz (1978), and won the award for his work on Fiddler on the Roof. Morris' brother Reginald Herbert Morris was also a cinematographer based in Canada. Morris was a Fellow of The Royal Photographic Society
Royal Photographic Society
and was named an Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
in 1998. He published his memoirs, Huston, We Have a Problem: A Kaleidoscope of Filmmaking Memories (ISBN 978-0810857063), in 2006. In his later years, Morris participated in the film course at Bournemouth University.[2] Morris was married twice. His first marriage to the former Connie Sharp produced three children, Gillian, Christine and Roger. The marriage lasted from 1939 until she died in 1963.[5] In 1966, Morris married Lee Turner a member of the continuity production staff on the Franco Zeffirelli
Franco Zeffirelli
film of The Taming of the Shrew (1967). This marriage lasted until she died in 2003. His survivors included his three children, 10 grandchildren, and 18 great-grandchildren.[2] He was one of the interviewees in the book Conversations with Cinematographers by David A. Ellis, published by Scarecrow Press. Honours[edit] In June 2009, the recently completed central building of the National Film and Television School was officially named The Oswald Morris Building in his honour. Additional credits[edit]

The Card (1952) Moulin Rouge (1952) So Little Time (1952) Beat the Devil (1953) South of Algiers
South of Algiers
(1953) Beau Brummell (1954) The Man Who Never Was (1956) Moby Dick (1956) Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison
Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison
(1957) A Farewell to Arms (1957) Look Back in Anger (1959) The Entertainer (1960) Our Man in Havana (1960) The Guns of Navarone (1961) Lolita (1962) The Pumpkin Eater
The Pumpkin Eater
(1964) Of Human Bondage (1964) Mister Moses
Mister Moses
(1965) The Battle of the Villa Fiorita
The Battle of the Villa Fiorita
(1965) The Hill (1965) Life at the Top (1965) The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965) Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967) The Taming of the Shrew (1967) Oliver! (1968) Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969) Scrooge (1970) Fiddler on the Roof (1971) Sleuth (1972) Lady Caroline Lamb (1972) The Mackintosh Man
The Mackintosh Man
(1973) Dracula (1973) The Man with the Golden Gun (1974) The Odessa File (1974) The Man Who Would Be King (1975) Equus (1977) The Seven-Per-Cent Solution (1977) The Wiz (1978) Just Tell Me What You Want
Just Tell Me What You Want
(1980) The Great Muppet Caper
The Great Muppet Caper
(1981) The Dark Crystal
The Dark Crystal
(1982)

Awards and nominations[edit]

1953 British Society of Cinematographers
British Society of Cinematographers
Golden Camera (Moulin Rouge, winner) 1956 British Society of Cinematographers
British Society of Cinematographers
Golden Camera (Moby Dick, nominee) 1965 BAFTA for Best British Cinematography, Black-and-White (The Pumpkin Eater, winner) 1966 British Society of Cinematographers
British Society of Cinematographers
Golden Camera (The Spy Who Came In from the Cold, winner) 1966 BAFTA for Best British Cinematography, Black-and-White (The Hill, winner) 1967 British Society of Cinematographers
British Society of Cinematographers
Golden Camera (The Taming of the Shrew, winner) 1967 BAFTA for Best British Cinematography, Black-and-White (The Spy Who Came in from the Cold, winner) 1969 Academy Award for Best Cinematography
Academy Award for Best Cinematography
(Oliver!, nominee) 1971 British Society of Cinematographers
British Society of Cinematographers
Golden Camera (Fiddler on the Roof, winner) 1972 Academy Award for Best Cinematography
Academy Award for Best Cinematography
(Fiddler on the Roof, winner) 1972 BAFTA for Best Cinematography (Fiddler on the Roof, nominee) 1974 BAFTA for Best Cinematography (Sleuth, nominee) 1976 BAFTA for Best Cinematography (The Man Who Would Be King, nominee) 1979 Academy Award for Best Cinematography
Academy Award for Best Cinematography
(The Wiz, nominee) 1999 American Society of Cinematographers International Award (winner)

References[edit]

^ a b Sweet, Matthew (19 October 2003). " Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(2003 interview at the National Film Theatre)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 18 August 2006. Retrieved 27 November 2016.  ^ a b c Baxter, Brian (19 March 2014). " Oswald Morris obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 November 2016.  ^ Peloquin, David (June 2017). "John Huston's 1956 Film Moby Dick: A 60th-Anniversary Appreciation". Leviathan. pp. 111–4.  ^ Morris, Oswald; Bull, Geoffrey (2006). Huston, We Have a Problem: A Kaleidoscope of Filmmaking Memories. Lanham, Maryland & Oxford, UK: Scarecrow Press. pp. 83–4.  ^ Hayward, Anthony (21 March 2014). "Oswald Morris: Cinematographer who developed a fruitful relationship with John Huston
John Huston
and worked on a host of classic films". The Independent. Retrieved 27 November 2016. 

External links[edit]

Oswald Morris on IMDb Oswald Morris at the British Film Institute's Screenonline Oswald Morris at AllMovie.com[permanent dead link] Oswald Morris at FilmReference.com Sandra Brennan, Allmovie, short biography of Oswald Morris

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Cinematography

1928–1950

Charles Rosher
Charles Rosher
and Karl Struss
Karl Struss
(1928) Clyde De Vinna
Clyde De Vinna
(1929) Joseph T. Rucker and Willard Van der Veer (1930) Floyd Crosby (1931) Lee Garmes
Lee Garmes
(1932) Charles Lang
Charles Lang
(1933) Victor Milner
Victor Milner
(1934) Hal Mohr (1935) Tony Gaudio
Tony Gaudio
(1936) Karl Freund
Karl Freund
(1937) Joseph Ruttenberg
Joseph Ruttenberg
(1938) Gregg Toland
Gregg Toland
/ Ernest Haller and Ray Rennahan (1939) George Barnes / George Perinal (1940) Arthur C. Miller / Ernest Palmer (1941) Joseph Ruttenberg
Joseph Ruttenberg
/ Leon Shamroy (1942) Arthur C. Miller / Hal Mohr (1943) Joseph LaShelle
Joseph LaShelle
/ Leon Shamroy (1944) Harry Stradling
Harry Stradling
/ Leon Shamroy (1945) Arthur C. Miller / Charles Rosher, Leonard Smith, and Arthur Arling (1946) Guy Green / Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1947) William Daniels / Joseph A. Valentine, William V. Skall, and Winton Hoch (1948) Paul C. Vogel / Winton Hoch (1949) Robert Krasker / Robert Surtees (1950)

1951–1975

William C. Mellor / Alfred Gilks
Alfred Gilks
and John Alton
John Alton
(1951) Robert Surtees / Winton Hoch and Archie Stout (1952) Burnett Guffey
Burnett Guffey
/ Loyal Griggs
Loyal Griggs
(1953) Boris Kaufman / Milton R. Krasner (1954) James Wong Howe
James Wong Howe
/ Robert Burks (1955) Joseph Ruttenberg
Joseph Ruttenberg
/ Lionel Lindon (1956) Jack Hildyard (1957) Sam Leavitt
Sam Leavitt
/ Joseph Ruttenberg
Joseph Ruttenberg
(1958) William C. Mellor / Robert Surtees (1959) Freddie Francis / Russell Metty
Russell Metty
(1960) Eugen Schüfftan / Daniel L. Fapp (1961) Jean Bourgoin and Walter Wottitz / Freddie Young (1962) James Wong Howe
James Wong Howe
/ Leon Shamroy (1963) Walter Lassally
Walter Lassally
/ Harry Stradling
Harry Stradling
(1964) Ernest Laszlo / Freddie Young (1965) Haskell Wexler
Haskell Wexler
/ Ted Moore (1966) Burnett Guffey
Burnett Guffey
(1967) Pasqualino De Santis (1968) Conrad L. Hall (1969) Freddie Young (1970) Oswald Morris (1971) Geoffrey Unsworth (1972) Sven Nykvist
Sven Nykvist
(1973) Fred J. Koenekamp and Joseph F. Biroc (1974) John Alcott (1975)

1976–2000

Haskell Wexler
Haskell Wexler
(1976) Vilmos Zsigmond
Vilmos Zsigmond
(1977) Néstor Almendros (1978) Vittorio Storaro
Vittorio Storaro
(1979) Geoffrey Unsworth and Ghislain Cloquet (1980) Vittorio Storaro
Vittorio Storaro
(1981) Billy Williams and Ronnie Taylor (1982) Sven Nykvist
Sven Nykvist
(1983) Chris Menges (1984) David Watkin (1985) Chris Menges (1986) Vittorio Storaro
Vittorio Storaro
(1987) Peter Biziou (1988) Freddie Francis (1989) Dean Semler (1990) Robert Richardson (1991) Philippe Rousselot (1992) Janusz Kamiński
Janusz Kamiński
(1993) John Toll (1994) John Toll (1995) John Seale (1996) Russell Carpenter (1997) Janusz Kamiński
Janusz Kamiński
(1998) Conrad Hall
Conrad Hall
(1999) Peter Pau
Peter Pau
(2000)

2001–present

Andrew Lesnie (2001) Conrad Hall
Conrad Hall
(2002) Russell Boyd (2003) Robert Richardson (2004) Dion Beebe (2005) Guillermo Navarro
Guillermo Navarro
(2006) Robert Elswit (2007) Anthony Dod Mantle
Anthony Dod Mantle
(2008) Mauro Fiore (2009) Wally Pfister (2010) Robert Richardson (2011) Claudio Miranda (2012) Emmanuel Lubezki (2013) Emmanuel Lubezki (2014) Emmanuel Lubezki (2015) Linus Sandgren (2016) Roger Deakins
Roger Deakins
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Cinematography

1963–1967

colour

Ted Moore (1963) Geoffrey Unsworth (1964) Otto Heller (1965) Christopher Challis (1966) Ted Moore (1967)

black and white

Douglas Slocombe
Douglas Slocombe
(1963) Oswald Morris (1964) Oswald Morris (1965) Oswald Morris (1966) Gerry Turpin (1967)

1968–2000

Geoffrey Unsworth (1968) Gerry Turpin (1969) Conrad Hall
Conrad Hall
(1970) Pasqualino De Santis (1971) Geoffrey Unsworth (1972) Anthony B. Richmond (1973) Douglas Slocombe
Douglas Slocombe
(1974) John Alcott (1975) Russell Boyd (1976) Geoffrey Unsworth (1977) Douglas Slocombe
Douglas Slocombe
(1978) Vilmos Zsigmond
Vilmos Zsigmond
(1979) Giuseppe Rotunno (1980) Geoffrey Unsworth, Ghislain Cloquet (1981) Jordan Cronenweth (1982) Sven Nykvist
Sven Nykvist
(1983) Chris Menges (1984) Miroslav Ondříček
Miroslav Ondříček
(1985) David Watkin (1986) Bruno Nuytten
Bruno Nuytten
(1987) Allen Daviau
Allen Daviau
(1988) Peter Biziou (1989) Vittorio Storaro
Vittorio Storaro
(1990) Pierre Lhomme
Pierre Lhomme
(1991) Dante Spinotti (1992) Janusz Kamiński
Janusz Kamiński
(1993) Philippe Rousselot (1994) John Toll (1995) John Seale (1996) Eduardo Serra
Eduardo Serra
(1997) Remi Adefarasin (1998) Conrad Hall
Conrad Hall
(1999) John Mathieson (2000)

2001–present

Roger Deakins
Roger Deakins
(2001) Conrad Hall
Conrad Hall
(2002) Andrew Lesnie (2003) Dion Beebe/Paul Cameron (2004) Dion Beebe (2005) Emmanuel Lubezki (2006) Roger Deakins
Roger Deakins
(2007) Anthony Dod Mantle
Anthony Dod Mantle
(2008) Barry Ackroyd (2009) Roger Deakins
Roger Deakins
(2010) Guillaume Schiffman
Guillaume Schiffman
(2011) Claudio Miranda (2012) Emmanuel Lubezki (2013) Emmanuel Lubezki (2014) Emmanuel Lubezki (2015) Linus Sandgren (2016) Roger Deakins
Roger Deakins
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 51297189 LCCN: no97058573 ISNI: 0000 0001 1026 602X GND: 131606158 SUDOC: 06112236X BNF: cb141231260 (data) BNE: XX1065827 SN

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