OSWALD DURAND (September 17, 1840 - April 22, 1906) was a Haitian
poet and politician, said to be "to
his most famous works are Choucoune , a lyrical poem praising the beauty of a Haitian woman, and Chant National, a lyrical historic poem which became as popular as the presidential hymn.
Born in Saint Louis-du-Nord , Durand worked as a teacher before being elected to Congress in 1885, a position to which he was re-elected six times. He was involved with several periodicals and newspapers, serving as advisor, writer, and, in a few cases, founder.
* 1 Career
* 1.1 A patriot
* 2 Judicial Trouble * 3 Famous works * 4 Selected works * 5 Notes * 6 References
In 1860, he became a teacher in an elementary school and in 1867 he
held the post of director of a secondary school in the city of
Gonaives. Before he turns out to be a Professor he already created his
periodical. In 1868, he turns into the secretary of the council of
ministers and after elected delegate in 1885. In 1888, he became
president of the chamber, being a journalist he created his own
newspaper called "Bigailles". Before his death,
In Epopee des Aïeux he reveals himself as a patriot of the Haitian
nation. In his text, he extols the exploits of our ancestors who
bravely fight to free slaves from slavery. He presents the history of
his country as being the most wonderful of ancient stories with
glorious facts. Lucmane Vieux in his article Poetry / Battle of
Durand reveals as a patriot in his poem Ces Allemands where he describes the abuses that the Germans have done to the Haitian government. Bob Lapierre in his book said this: “Germans, dual Prussians we tossed the money, head up, with pride, just as we toss a bone to the dogs!” (Lapierre 19). During the Luders affair, Haiti was forced to yield to German orders. They asked the Haitian government for a $20000 ransom, a letter of apology, the return of the German who was exiled and an official ceremony should be organized in honor of the German charge affairs.
Besides the fact that
In his text, Choucoune
This text was also used by other people and later became very popular. Michel Mauleart Monton, a pianist of American origin, composed the music of the poem in 1893 . The music was performed for the first time in Port-au-Prince on May 14, 1893 . The same text Choukoun later becomes the lyric of a song. The lyric of this text for native English is known as yellow birds. The musical lyric was arranged in Calypso style. The lyric was performed by Harry Belafonte and Celia Cruz and was successful in the summer of 1961 when the band Arthur Lyman reached number 4 of Billboard Hot100 and number 2 of the brand new easy listening with its Hawaiian instrumental version.
* Rires et Pleurs - published 1897 * Choucoune - published 1883 * Chant National * Ces Allemands - published 14 June 1872 * Pantoum Triste * La Mort de nos Cocotiers
* ^ P. Schutt-Ainé, Haiti: A Basic Reference Book, 95 * ^ A B C D Lapierre, Bob (15 January 2017). Reclaiming Choukoun. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. pp. 11–20. ISBN 1542579309 . * ^ Lapierre, Bob (15 January 2017). Reclaiming Choukoun. Create Space Independent Publishing Platform. pp. 11–20. ISBN 1542579309 . * ^ A B Reinsel, Amy (2008). "Poetry of Revolution: Romanticism and National Projects in Nineteenth Century Haiti". * ^ Vieux, Lucmane (17 November 2014). "" L\'épopée des Aïeux " d\'Oswald Durand". Le Nouvelliste. * ^ Louis Etienne, Islam (4 November 2014). "Les Vautours Du 6 Décembre". Le Nouvelliste. * ^ A B C Lang, Georges (1 June 2004). "A Primer of Haitian Literature in Kreyol".
* Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. pp. 94–95. ISBN 978-0-9638599-0-7 . * Lang, George. "A Primer of Haitian Literature in Kreyól." Research in African Literatures, vol. 35, no. 2, Summer2004, pp. 128–140. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.lib.umb.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=12818584&site=ehost-live. * Reinsel, Amy. Poetry of Revolution: Romanticism and National Projects in Nineteenth-Century Haiti, University of Pittsburgh, Ann Arbor, 2008, ProQuest Dissertations border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">
* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 17232428 * LCCN : nr95020526 * ISNI : 0000 0000 5075 651X * GND : 130229865 * SUDOC : 02798043X * BNF : cb119907