The OSLO MOSQUITO RAID (25 September 1942) was a British air raid on
Norway , during the Second World War . The target of the raid
Victoria Terrasse building, the headquarters of the
It was intended to be a "morale booster " for the Norwegian people and
was scheduled to coincide with a rally of Norwegian collaborators, led
Vidkun Quisling .
* 1 Preparation
* 2 The operation
* 3 Impact
* 4 References
* 5 See also
* 6 External links
The operation was carried out by four de Havilland Mosquito aircraft
No. 105 Squadron RAF , led by Squadron Leader George Parry, flying
with navigator Flying Officer "Robbie" Robson. The other three crews
* Flight Lieutenant Pete Rowland and Flying Officer Richard Reilly
* Flying Officer Alec Bristow and Pilot Officer Bernard Marshall
* Flight Sergeant Gordon Carter and Sergeant William Young.
In order to shorten the mission distance, the four aircraft were
RAF Leuchars in
Scotland , where they were refuelled
and loaded with four delayed action 500 pounds (230 kg) bombs each.
The operation involved a round trip distance of 1,100 miles (1,800
km), with a flying time of 4.75 hours, making it the longest mission
flown with Mosquitos to date. The bombers crossed the
North Sea at
heights of less than 100 ft (30 m) to avoid interception by enemy
aircraft and navigated by dead reckoning . Each aircraft was armed
with four 500 lb bombs with 11 second delayed action fuses since in
such a low level attack the bombs had the potential to damage the
aircraft that dropped them.
Despite their low altitude, the Mosquitos were intercepted by two
Fw 190 fighters of 3/JG 5 flying from
Stavanger , causing
Gordon Carter's Mosquito to make a forced landing in
Rowland and Reilly were pursued by the other
Fw 190 until it clipped a
tree and was forced to break off the attack.
At least four bombs penetrated the
Gestapo HQ; one failed to
detonate, while the other three crashed out through the opposite wall
before exploding. The building was not destroyed, but several civilian
residences were, and 80 civilians were killed or injured. The
Norwegian government in exile , which had not known about the raid,
later expressed serious concern to the British government. Official
announcements by the German occupation forces claimed that several
British aircraft had been shot down, when in reality a single Mosquito
had been lost.
Although the raid had failed fully to achieve its main objective, it
was considered dramatic enough to be used to reveal the existence of
the Mosquito to the British public, and the following day (26
September) listeners to the
BBC Home Service
BBC Home Service learned that a new
aircraft – the Mosquito – had been revealed for the first time by
the RAF, and that four had made a low level attack on Oslo. The
Mosquito bomber was featured in
The Times on 28 September, and the
next day the newspaper published two captioned photographs
Oslo bomb strikes and damage.
* ^ A B Bowman 1998, p. 13.
* ^ Dahl 1999, p. 277.
* ^ Our Aeronautical Correspondent. (28 September 1942). "Nazis
Stung By \'Mosquitoes\'". Times .
The Times Digital Archive. Web. 15
Dec. 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
* ^ Our Aeronautical Correspondent. (29 September 1942). "The
R.A.F. Raid On Oslo". Times .
The Times Digital Archive. Web. 15 Dec.
2013. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
* Bowman, Martin. Mosquito Fighter/Fighter-bomber Units of World War
2. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1998. ISBN 1-85532-731-7 .
* Dahl, Hans Fredrik and Anne-Marie Stanton-Ife (translator).
Quisling: A Study in Treachery. New York: Cambridge University Press,
1999. ISBN 0-521-49697-7 .
Aarhus Air Raid , a similar attack on
Gestapo headquarters in
Operation Carthage , a similar attack on
Gestapo headquarters in
Operation Jericho , a similar attack on Amiens Prison in