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Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
(13 November 1922 – 23 October 1984) was an Austrian stage and cinema actor whose prominent roles include two 1965 films, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold and Ship of Fools. Other notable films include Decision Before Dawn (1951), Jules and Jim (1962), Fahrenheit 451 (1966), The Shoes of the Fisherman (1968) and Voyage of the Damned
Voyage of the Damned
(1976). Werner accepted both stage and film roles throughout his career. He won a Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor, and had been nominated several times for the Golden Globe, the Academy Award as well as the BAFTA Award.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Early career 2.2 Later career

3 Health 4 Death and burial 5 Filmography and television work 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] Born Oskar Josef Bschließmayer in Vienna, Werner spent much of his childhood in the care of his grandmother, who entertained him with stories about the Burgtheater, the Austrian state theatre, where he was accepted at the age of 18 by Lothar Müthel. He was the youngest person to receive this recognition. He made his theatre debut using the stage name Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
in October 1941.[1] In December 1941, Werner was drafted into the Deutsche Wehrmacht. As a pacifist and staunch opponent of National Socialism, he was determined to avoid advancement in the military.

So many officers had been killed on the Russian front that they needed replacements desperately. And, I was for them the embodiment of the Aryan type. But I am a pacifist. I didn't want any responsibility, so I behaved stupidly. I fell from my horse and made mistakes reading the range finders on the cannon, and finally they kicked me out of training school.[2]

He was assigned to peeling potatoes and cleaning latrines instead of being sent to the Eastern Front. In 1944, he secretly married actress Elisabeth Kallina (de), who was half Jewish.[3] They had a daughter Eleanore. That December, he deserted the Wehrmacht and fled with his wife and daughter to the Wienerwald ( Vienna
Vienna
Woods), where they remained in hiding until the end of the war.[1] He would later remember, "The artillery fire was constant for two and a half days. The shells hit all around our little hut and it was shaking like a leaf ... We knew that to go out there would be suicide, but it was better than to have to wait for execution."[2] Career[edit]

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Early career[edit] Werner returned to the Burgtheater
Burgtheater
and acted in productions at the Raimund Theater
Raimund Theater
and the Theater in der Josefstadt, frequently playing character roles. He made his film debut in Der Engel mit der Posaune, directed by Karl Hartl, in 1948.[1] The following year he portrayed Ludwig van Beethoven's nephew Karl in Eroica.[citation needed] In 1950, Werner journeyed to the United Kingdom to reprise the role he had played in Der Engel mit der Posaune in its English-language version The Angel with the Trumpet, directed by Anthony Bushell. He and his wife divorced at about this time but remained friends.[1] He appeared in a few more German-Austrian films before going to Hollywood for a lead role in the 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
war film Decision Before Dawn.[citation needed] When the subsequent roles promised by the studio failed to materialize, he returned to Europe and settled in Triesen, Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
in a home he designed and built with a friend. He returned to the stage and performed in Hamlet, Danton's Death, Henry IV, Henry V, Torquato Tasso, and Becket. In 1954, he married Anne Power, the daughter of French actress Annabella and adopted daughter of Tyrone Power.[1] After a period of inactivity in films, Werner appeared in five in 1955, including Mozart, in which he played the title role, and Lola Montès, directed by Max Ophüls. It was not until 1962, when he appeared in Jules and Jim, that he began to draw critical acclaim and international recognition.[citation needed] Later career[edit] Werner's portrayal of the philosophical Dr. Schumann in the 1965 film Ship of Fools won him the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor and nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actor, the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, and the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor. His portrayal of Fiedler in The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965) won him the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture and his second BAFTA nomination. In 1966, he played book-burning fireman Guy Montag
Guy Montag
in François Truffaut's Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury. He played an orchestra conductor in Interlude and a Vatican priest loosely based on Pierre Teilhard de Chardin in The Shoes of the Fisherman in 1968, the same year he divorced Power.[citation needed] In the early 1970s, Werner returned to the stage and spent time traveling in Israel, Italy, Malta, France, and the United States.[1] He appeared in the episode of Columbo
Columbo
titled "Playback" in 1975, and the following year made his final screen appearance in Voyage of the Damned, for which he received another Golden Globe nomination.[citation needed] Health[edit] Werner was an alcoholic, which was a deciding factor in the decline of his health and career.[4] His last stage appearance was in a production of The Prince of Homburg in 1983, and he made his last public appearance at the Mozart Hall in Salzburg
Salzburg
10 days before his death.[citation needed] Death and burial[edit] On 22 October 1984, Werner cancelled a reading at the Hotel Europäischer Hof in Marburg
Marburg
an der Lahn, Germany, feeling ill. He was found dead of a heart attack the following morning. He is buried in Liechtenstein.[1] Filmography and television work[edit]

Year Film Role Notes

1938 Geld fällt vom Himmel

1939 Hotel Sacher Liftboy

Linen from Ireland Hotelpage Uncredited

1948 Der Engel mit der Posaune Hermann Alt

1949 Eroica Karl van Beethoven

1950 The Angel with the Trumpet Herman Alt

1951 Das gestohlene Jahr Peter Brück

Call Over the Air Der Student

Wonder Boy Rudi

Ein Lächeln im Sturm Francois Mercier

Decision Before Dawn Cpl. Karl "Happy" Maurer First American film. Film nominated for Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Best Film Editing and Best Picture

1955 The Last Ten Days Hauptmann Wüst

Spionage (it) Lt. Zeno von Baumgarten

Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Lola Montès Student

1958 Ein gewisser Judas Judas TV movie

1962 Jules and Jim Jules

1964 Torquato Tasso[5] Torquato Tasso TV movie

1965 The Spy Who Came in from the Cold Fiedler Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Nominated–BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role

Ship of Fools Dr. Schumann New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor Nominated–Academy Award for Best Actor Nominated–BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Nominated–Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama

1966 Fahrenheit 451 Guy Montag

1968 Interlude Stefan Zelter

The Shoes of the Fisherman Fr. David Telemond

1975 Columbo Harold Van Wick Episode: "Playback"

1976 Voyage of the Damned Professor Egon Kreisler Nominated–Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture, (final film role)

See also[edit]

List of Austrian film actors List of German-speaking Academy Award winners and nominees List of Liechtensteiners List of people from Vienna

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g Robert Dachs, Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
Gebundene Ausgabe: 224 Seiten Verlag: Kremayr & Scheriau; Auflage: N.-A. (1 January 1992); ISBN 3218004780/ISBN 978-3218004787.(in German) ^ a b Armbrister, Trevor (8 October 1966). "A Very Phony Profession". The Saturday Evening Post
The Saturday Evening Post
(21): 100.  ^ Staff (6 September 2004). "Elisabeth Kallina" Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. (in German), Der Spiegel; retrieved 9 February 2013. ^ Krebs, Albin (24 October 1984). "Oskar Werner, Actor, Dies; Acclaimed for 'Ship of Fools'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016.  ^ Torquato Tasso on IMDb

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oskar Werner.

Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
on IMDb Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
at Find a Grave

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture

Akim Tamiroff
Akim Tamiroff
(1943) Barry Fitzgerald
Barry Fitzgerald
(1944) J. Carrol Naish
J. Carrol Naish
(1945) Clifton Webb
Clifton Webb
(1946) Edmund Gwenn
Edmund Gwenn
(1947) Walter Huston
Walter Huston
(1948) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
(1949) Edmund Gwenn
Edmund Gwenn
(1950) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1951) Millard Mitchell
Millard Mitchell
(1952) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1953) Edmond O'Brien
Edmond O'Brien
(1954) Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
(1955) Earl Holliman
Earl Holliman
(1956) Red Buttons
Red Buttons
(1957) Burl Ives
Burl Ives
(1958) Stephen Boyd
Stephen Boyd
(1959) Sal Mineo
Sal Mineo
(1960) George Chakiris
George Chakiris
(1961) Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(1962) John Huston
John Huston
(1963) Edmond O'Brien
Edmond O'Brien
(1964) Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
(1965) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1966) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1967) Daniel Massey (1968) Gig Young
Gig Young
(1969) John Mills
John Mills
(1970) Ben Johnson (1971) Joel Grey
Joel Grey
(1972) John Houseman
John Houseman
(1973) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1974) Richard Benjamin
Richard Benjamin
(1975) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Peter Firth
Peter Firth
(1977) John Hurt
John Hurt
(1978) Melvyn Douglas/ Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1979) Timothy Hutton
Timothy Hutton
(1980) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1981) Louis Gossett Jr.
Louis Gossett Jr.
(1982) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1983) Haing S. Ngor
Haing S. Ngor
(1984) Klaus Maria Brandauer
Klaus Maria Brandauer
(1985) Tom Berenger
Tom Berenger
(1986) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1987) Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1988) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(1989) Bruce Davison
Bruce Davison
(1990) Jack Palance
Jack Palance
(1991) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1992) Tommy Lee Jones
Tommy Lee Jones
(1993) Martin Landau
Martin Landau
(1994) Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
(1995) Edward Norton
Edward Norton
(1996) Burt Reynolds
Burt Reynolds
(1997) Ed Harris
Ed Harris
(1998) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1999) Benicio del Toro
Benicio del Toro
(2000) Jim Broadbent
Jim Broadbent
(2001) Chris Cooper
Chris Cooper
(2002) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(2003) Clive Owen
Clive Owen
(2004) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2005) Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
(2006) Javier Bardem
Javier Bardem
(2007) Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
(2008) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2009) Christian Bale
Christian Bale
(2010) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(2011) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2012) Jared Leto
Jared Leto
(2013) J. K. Simmons
J. K. Simmons
(2014) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(2015) Aaron Taylor-Johnson
Aaron Taylor-Johnson
(2016) Sam Rockwell
Sam Rockwell
(2017)

v t e

New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor

Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
(1935) Walter Huston
Walter Huston
(1936) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1937) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1938) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1939) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1940) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1941) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1942) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1943) Barry Fitzgerald
Barry Fitzgerald
(1944) Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1946) William Powell
William Powell
(1947) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1948) Broderick Crawford
Broderick Crawford
(1949) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1950) Arthur Kennedy
Arthur Kennedy
(1951) Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
(1952) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1953) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) David Niven
David Niven
(1958) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1959) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1960) Maximilian Schell
Maximilian Schell
(1961) No award (1962) Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(1963) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1964) Oskar Werner
Oskar Werner
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
(1967) Alan Arkin
Alan Arkin
(1968) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1969) George C. Scott
George C. Scott
(1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1972) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1973) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1976) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1983) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(1984) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1985) Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
(1986) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1987) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1988) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(1989) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1990) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(1992) David Thewlis
David Thewlis
(1993) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Peter Fonda
Peter Fonda
(1997) Nick Nolte
Nick Nolte
(1998) Richard Farnsworth
Richard Farnsworth
(1999) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2000) Tom Wilkinson
Tom Wilkinson
(2001) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2002) Bill Murray
Bill Murray
(2003) Paul Giamatti
Paul Giamatti
(2004) Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2013) Timothy Spall
Timothy Spall
(2014) Michael Keaton
Michael Keaton
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Timothée Chalamet
Timothée Chalamet
(2017)

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