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The European rhinoceros beetle
European rhinoceros beetle
( Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis) is a large flying beetle belonging to the subfamily Dynastinae.

Female

Contents

1 Subspecies 2 Description 3 Distribution 4 Habitat 5 Life cycle 6 References 7 Notes 8 External links 9 See also

Subspecies[edit]

Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis afghanistanicus Endrödi, 1938 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis chersonensis Minck, 1915 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis corniculatus Villa & Villa, 1833 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis edithae Endrödi, 1938 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis grypus (Illiger, 1803) Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis hindenburgi Minck, 1915 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis holdhausi Minck, 1914 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis illigeri Minck, 1915 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis kuntzeni Minck, 1914 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis latipennis Motschulsky, 1845 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis mariei (Bourgin, 1949) Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis nasicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis ondrejanus Minck, 1916 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis polonicus Minck, 1916 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis przevalskii Semenow & Medvedev, 1932 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis punctipennis Motschulsky, 1860 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis shiraticus Endrödi & Petrovitz, 1974 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis transcaspicus Endrödi, 1938 Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis turkestanicus Minck, 1915

Description[edit] Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis reach a length of 20–40 millimetres (0.79–1.57 in), with a maximum of 47 millimetres (1.9 in).[1] It is one of the largest beetles found in Europe. Elytra are reddish brown with a glazed appearance, while head and pronotum are slightly darker. The underside of the body and the legs are covered with long red hair. It is a sexually dimorphic species. The male's head is topped by a long curved horn (hence its common name), while the females have no horns. Dim, the European rhinoceros beetle
European rhinoceros beetle
from the 1998 Disney/ Pixar
Pixar
film, A Bug's Life. Distribution[edit] Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis inhabits the Palaearctic
Palaearctic
region, excluding the British Isles. It is the only representative of the Dynastinae
Dynastinae
family found in Northern Europe. It is widespread in the Mediterranean basin up to Pakistan, the Near East
Near East
and North Africa. Habitat[edit] The rhinoceros beetle lives on wood, and the large larvae can be found in rotting wood stumps and around sawdust. At the margin of its distribution, the beetle is often found in connection with sawmills and horse racing tracks. Life cycle[edit] The larvae grow in decaying plants feeding on woody debris (xylophagy), generally non-resinous. They can reach a length of 60–100 millimetres (2.4–3.9 in). The development period lasts 2 to 3 or 4 years. The adult size can be influenced by the quality and abundance of food. The mammoth wasp (Megascolia maculata) is a parasite of European rhinoceros beetle larvae. A female wasp lays one egg inside the beetle larva; when the egg hatches, the wasp larva will feed on the beetle larva. The adult beetle emerges at the end of March, April or May, and lives several months until autumn. It occurs mainly during the months of June and July and it is very active, flying at dusk and by night, attracted by the lights. These beetles do not feed, consuming during the few weeks of adult life reserves accumulated during the larval stages.

Life cycle. From «Fauna Germanica: Die Käfer des deutschen Reiches»

Egg

Pupa

Adult

References[edit]

R.-P. Dechambre & G. Lachaume (2001). The genus Oryctes (Dynastidae). The Beetles of the World. 27. Hillside Books, Canterbury. Archived from the original on 2010-08-06. 

Notes[edit]

^ Marek Bunalski. Die Blatthomkäfer Mitteleuropas Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea. Bratislava, 1999

External links[edit]

Wikispecies
Wikispecies
has information related to Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis.

Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis ondrejanus BioLib - Taxonomic tree of plants and animals with photos Fauna Europaea Butterfly photo, print and images, Oryctes
Oryctes
nasicornis

See also[edit]

Asiatic rhinoceros beetle

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q729353 BioLib: 8136 EoL: 982103 EPPO: ORYCNA Fauna Europaea: 246915 Fossilworks: 292580 GBIF: 4995700 iNaturalist:

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