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The European rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes nasicornis) is a large flying beetle belonging to the subfamily Dynastinae.

Female

Contents

1 Subspecies 2 Description 3 Distribution 4 Habitat 5 Life cycle 6 References 7 Notes 8 External links 9 See also

Subspecies[edit]

Oryctes nasicornis afghanistanicus Endrödi, 1938 Oryctes nasicornis chersonensis Minck, 1915 Oryctes nasicornis corniculatus Villa & Villa, 1833 Oryctes nasicornis edithae Endrödi, 1938 Oryctes nasicornis grypus (Illiger, 1803) Oryctes nasicornis hindenburgi Minck, 1915 Oryctes nasicornis holdhausi Minck, 1914 Oryctes nasicornis illigeri Minck, 1915 Oryctes nasicornis kuntzeni Minck, 1914 Oryctes nasicornis latipennis Motschulsky, 1845 Oryctes nasicornis mariei (Bourgin, 1949) Oryctes nasicornis nasicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) Oryctes nasicornis ondrejanus Minck, 1916 Oryctes nasicornis polonicus Minck, 1916 Oryctes nasicornis przevalskii Semenow & Medvedev, 1932 Oryctes nasicornis punctipennis Motschulsky, 1860 Oryctes nasicornis shiraticus Endrödi & Petrovitz, 1974 Oryctes nasicornis transcaspicus Endrödi, 1938 Oryctes nasicornis turkestanicus Minck, 1915

Description[edit] Oryctes nasicornis reach a length of 20–40 millimetres (0.79–1.57 in), with a maximum of 47 millimetres (1.9 in).[1] It is one of the largest beetles found in Europe. Elytra are reddish brown with a glazed appearance, while head and pronotum are slightly darker. The underside of the body and the legs are covered with long red hair. It is a sexually dimorphic species. The male's head is topped by a long curved horn (hence its common name), while the females have no horns. Dim, the European rhinoceros beetle from the 1998 Disney/Pixar film, A Bug's Life. Distribution[edit] Oryctes nasicornis inhabits the Palaearctic region, excluding the British Isles. It is the only representative of the Dynastinae family found in Northern Europe. It is widespread in the Mediterranean basin up to Pakistan, the Near East and North Africa. Habitat[edit] The rhinoceros beetle lives on wood, and the large larvae can be found in rotting wood stumps and around sawdust. At the margin of its distribution, the beetle is often found in connection with sawmills and horse racing tracks. Life cycle[edit] The larvae grow in decaying plants feeding on woody debris (xylophagy), generally non-resinous. They can reach a length of 60–100 millimetres (2.4–3.9 in). The development period lasts 2 to 3 or 4 years. The adult size can be influenced by the quality and abundance of food. The mammoth wasp (Megascolia maculata) is a parasite of European rhinoceros beetle larvae. A female wasp lays one egg inside the beetle larva; when the egg hatches, the wasp larva will feed on the beetle larva. The adult beetle emerges at the end of March, April or May, and lives several months until autumn. It occurs mainly during the months of June and July and it is very active, flying at dusk and by night, attracted by the lights. These beetles do not feed, consuming during the few weeks of adult life reserves accumulated during the larval stages.

Life cycle. From «Fauna Germanica: Die Käfer des deutschen Reiches»

Egg

Pupa

Adult

References[edit]

R.-P. Dechambre & G. Lachaume (2001). The genus Oryctes (Dynastidae). The Beetles of the World. 27. Hillside Books, Canterbury. Archived from the original on 2010-08-06. 

Notes[edit]

^ Marek Bunalski. Die Blatthomkäfer Mitteleuropas Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea. Bratislava, 1999

External links[edit]

Wikispecies has information related to Oryctes nasicornis

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oryctes nasicornis.

Oryctes nasicornis ondrejanus BioLib - Taxonomic tree of plants and animals with photos Fauna Europaea Butterfly photo, print and images, Oryctes nasicornis

See also[edit]

Asiatic rhinoceros beetle

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q729353 BioLib: 8136 EoL: 982103 EPPO: ORYCNA Fauna Europaea: 246915 Fossilworks: 292580 GBIF: 4995700 iNaturalist:

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