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Orville Hickman Browning
Orville Hickman Browning
(February 10, 1806 – August 10, 1881) was an attorney in Illinois
Illinois
and a politician who was active in the Whig and Republican Parties. He is notable for his service as a U.S. Senator and the United States Secretary of the Interior. Born in Kentucky, and trained as a lawyer, Browning settled in Illinois, where he served in the militia during the Black Hawk War, established himself as a successful attorney, and became involved in politics as a Whig. He served in the Illinois
Illinois
State Senate and the Illinois
Illinois
House of Representatives, and ran unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives. When the Whig Party broke apart in the mid 1850s and the Republican Party was formed as the country's major anti-slavery party, Browning took part in the convention that organized the party in Illinois. In 1861, Browning was appointed to the United States Senate
United States Senate
seat left vacant by the death of Stephen A. Douglas; he served until January 1863, after which he resumed practicing law. After the death of Abraham Lincoln, Browning became a supporter of Andrew Johnson; in 1866, Johnson named Browning as U.S. Secretary of the Interior, and Browning served until the end of Johnson's term in March 1869. After leaving office, Browning practiced law in Washington, DC and Illinois. He was as a successful Democratic candidate for a delegate's position at the 1869-1870 Illinois
Illinois
constitutional convention. He died in Illinois
Illinois
in 1881.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Start of career 3 National politics 4 Later life 5 Death and burial 6 Family 7 References 8 Sources

8.1 Books 8.2 Newspapers

9 Notes 10 Bibliography 11 External links

Early life[edit] Browning was born in Cynthiana, Kentucky
Cynthiana, Kentucky
on February 10, 1806,[1] the son of the son of Sally (Brown) Browning and Micaijah Browning.[2] Sally Brown was the daughter of James Brown, a judge in Bourbon County.[2] Micaijah Browning was a prominent merchant and farmer who also served as a justice of the peace, member of the county court, and presiding county court judge.[2][a] Orville Browning attended Augusta College in Augusta, Kentucky,[1] studied law with his uncle William Brown,[3] and attained admission to the bar in 1831.[1] Start of career[edit] After becoming an attorney, Browning moved to Quincy, Illinois,[1] where he established a practice in partnership with Nehemiah Bushnell.[3] During the 1832 Black Hawk War
Black Hawk War
he served in the Illinois Militia.[1] Active in politics as a Whig,[1] he served in the Illinois State Senate from 1836 to 1840,[3] and the Illinois
Illinois
House of Representatives from 1842 to 1844.[3] His military and political careers overlapped Abraham Lincoln's;[3] as a result of their involvement in Whig politics and their shared Kentucky backgrounds, Lincoln and Browning became lifelong friends.[1] In 1844, Browning successfully defended five men who had been accused of the murder of Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement.[4] Browning was an unsuccessful candidate for election to Congress in 1843, 1850, and 1852. In May 1856, he was a delegate to the convention in Bloomington, Illinois
Illinois
which was held in opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, one of the events that led to the creation of the Republican Party.[1] National politics[edit] In 1861, Browning was appointed to the United States Senate, filling the vacancy created by the death of Stephen A. Douglas.[1] He did not run for a full term, and served from June 1861 to January 1863. During his time in the Senate Browning served as the chairman of the Committee on Enrolled Bills. He remained in Washington after his term expired, and resumed the practice of law. President Andrew Johnson appointed Browning as Secretary of the Interior in 1866, and he served until the end of Johnson's term in 1869.[1] From March to July, 1868 Browning also served as the interim U.S. Attorney General following the resignation of Henry Stanbery.[3] Later life[edit] After leaving office, he worked as a Washington lobbyist and lawyer[1] in partnership with Edgar Cowan, Thomas Ewing
Thomas Ewing
and others.[5] He won election as a Democrat to the Illinois
Illinois
Constitutional Convention of 1869-1870.[5] Death and burial[edit] Browning died in Quincy on August 10, 1881[1] and was buried at Woodland Cemetery in Quincy.[6] Family[edit] Browning's siblings included: Talitha Ann; Amanda; Miranda; Marcus Elliott; Milton Davis; Zelinda Field; Ann Davis; and Elizabeth Brown.[2] In 1836, Browning married Eliza H. Caldwell, a native of Kentucky.[2] They had no children, but became the parents of a foster daughter whose mother had died.[2] Emma Lord (1848-1885) resided with the Brownings from the age of five;[3] she became the wife of Orrin Skinner,[2] an attorney who practiced in New York and later moved to Chicago.[7] Skinner was later revealed to be a conman, and he was arrested several times for check forgery and other frauds.[3][8] Skinner died in New York's Auburn Prison in 1896.[9] References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection, p. 239. ^ a b c d e f g Genealogy of the Lewis Family in America, pp. 133-135. ^ a b c d e f g h Andrew Johnson: A Biographical Companion, pp. 137-139. ^ Carthage Conspiracy, pp. 79-83. ^ a b Biographical Directory of the United States Executive Branch, 1774-1989, p. 48. ^ Civil War High Commands, p. 149. ^ The Papers of Andrew Johnson, p. 674. ^ "Orrin Skinner's Operations". ^ "Notorious Swindler Dies in Prison", p. 2.

Sources[edit] Books[edit]

Eicher, John; Eicher, David (2001). Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.  Johnson, Andrew; Bergeron, Paul H. (2000). The Papers of Andrew Johnson. 16. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 978-1-57233-091-7.  Lewis, William Terrell (1893). Genealogy of the Lewis Family in America. 1. Louisville, KY: Courier-Journal Job Printing Co.  Oaks, Dallin H.; Hill, Marvin S. (1979). Carthage Conspiracy: The Trial of the Accused Assassins of Joseph Smith. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois
Illinois
Press. ISBN 978-0-252-00762-0.  Schroeder-Lein, Glenna R.; Zuczek, Richard (2001). Andrew Johnson: A Biographical Companion. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-57607-586-9.  Sobel, Robert (1990). Biographical Directory of the United States Executive Branch, 1774-1989. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-26593-8.  Tucker, Spencer C. (2013). American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection. I. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-85109-677-0. 

Newspapers[edit]

"Orrin Skinner's Operations: His Career in Chicago
Chicago
and Swindles in San Francisco". New York Times. New York, NY. December 29, 1884.  "Notorious Swindler Dies in Prison". Lawrence Weekly World. Lawrence, KS. September 24, 1896 – via Newspapers.com. (Subscription required (help)). 

Notes[edit]

^ The county court judges did not hear legal cases, but functioned the way a board of commissioners or a county legislature and executive does in most states.

Bibliography[edit]

Dictionary of American Biography. Baxter, Maurice G. (1957). Orville H. Browning, Lincoln's Friend and Critic. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.  Pease, Theodore Calvin; Randall, James G., eds. (1925–1931). The Diary of Orville H. Browning, 1850–1881 (2 vols. ed.). Springfield, Ill.: Illinois
Illinois
State Historical Society. 

External links[edit]

United States Congress. " Orville Hickman Browning
Orville Hickman Browning
(id: b000960)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.  Retrieved on 2009-5-13 Orville Browning at Mr. Lincoln's White House

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Stephen A. Douglas U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Illinois June 26, 1861 – January 11, 1863 Served alongside: Lyman Trumbull Succeeded by William Alexander Richardson

Political offices

Preceded by James Harlan U.S. Secretary of the Interior Served under: Andrew Johnson September 1, 1866 – March 4, 1869 Succeeded by Jacob Dolson Cox

v t e

United States Senators from Illinois

Class 2

Thomas McLean Baker Robinson McRoberts Semple S. Douglas Browning Richardson Yates Logan Davis Cullom Lewis McCormick Deneen Lewis Slattery Brooks P. Douglas Percy Simon Durbin

Class 3

Edwards McLean Kane Ewing Young Breese Shields Trumbull Oglesby Logan Farwell Palmer Mason Hopkins Lorimer Sherman McKinley Glenn Dieterich Lucas Dirksen Smith Stevenson III Dixon Moseley Braun Fitzgerald Obama Burris Kirk Duckworth

v t e

United States Secretaries of the Interior

Ewing McKennan Stuart McClelland Thompson C Smith Usher Harlan Browning Cox Delano Chandler Schurz Kirkwood Teller Lamar Vilas Noble M Smith Francis Bliss Hitchcock Garfield Ballinger Fisher Lane Payne Fall Work West Wilbur Ickes Krug Chapman McKay Seaton Udall Hickel Morton Hathaway Kleppe Andrus Watt Clark Hodel Lujan Babbitt Norton Kempthorne Salazar Jewell Zinke

v t e

Cabinet of President Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson
(1865–69)

Secretary of State

William H. Seward
William H. Seward
(1865–69)

Secretary of the Treasury

Hugh McCulloch
Hugh McCulloch
(1865–69)

Secretary of War

Edwin M. Stanton
Edwin M. Stanton
(1865–68) John M. Schofield (1868–69)

Attorney General

James Speed
James Speed
(1865–66) Henry Stanbery
Henry Stanbery
(1866–68) William M. Evarts
William M. Evarts
(1868–69)

Postmaster General

William Dennison (1865–66) Alexander W. Randall (1866–69)

Secretary of the Navy

Gideon Welles
Gideon Welles
(1865–69)

Secretary of the Interior

John P. Usher (1865) James Harlan (1865–66) Orville H. Browning (1866–69)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 28571779 LCCN: n86846242 US Congress: B000960 SN

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