ORTHODOXY (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία, orthodoxia – "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds , especially in religion. In the Christian sense the term means "conforming to the Christian faith as represented in the creeds of the early Church". The first seven Ecumenical Councils were held between the years of 325 and 787 with the aim of formalizing accepted doctrines.
In some English speaking countries, Jews who adhere to all the
traditions and commandments of the
* 1 Religious
* 2 Non-religious contexts * 3 Related concepts * 4 See also * 5 Bibliography * 6 References
ORTHODOXY IN CHRISTIANITY
The Orthodox Cross , flanked by the Greek letters "ICXC NIKA" which means "JESUS CHRIST CONQUERS".
In classical Christian usage, the term orthodox refers to the set of
doctrines which were believed by the early Christians . A series of
ecumenical councils , also known as the First seven Ecumenical
Councils , were held over a period of several centuries to try to
formalize these doctrines. The most significant of these early
decisions was that between the
Homoousian doctrine of Athanasius and
Eustathius (which became Trinitarianism ) and the Heteroousian
Arius and Eusebius (called
The earliest (first) recorded use of the term "orthodox" is in the Codex Iustinianus of 529–534, but "heterodoxy " was in use from the beginning of the first century of Christianity.
Following the 1054 Great Schism , both the Western and Eastern
Churches continued to consider themselves uniquely orthodox and
catholic . Over time, the Western Church gradually identified with the
"Catholic" label, and people of Western Europe gradually associated
the "Orthodox" label with the Eastern Church (in some languages the
"Catholic" label is not necessarily identified with the Western
Church). This was in note of the fact that both
ORTHODOXY IN JUDAISM
ORTHODOXY IN ISLAM
Main article: Orthodox Islam
ORTHODOXY IN HINDUISM
Main article: Orthodox Hinduism
SLAVIC NATIVE FAITH
Main article: Slavic Native Faith
Slavic Native Faith (Rodnovery) claims to be
Outside the context of religion, the term "orthodoxy" is often used to refer to any commonly held belief or set of beliefs in some field, in particular when these tenets, possibly referred to as "dogmas ", are being challenged. In this sense, the term has a mildly pejorative connotation.
Among various "orthodoxies" in distinctive fields, most common terms are:
* Political orthodoxy, * Social orthodoxy, * Economic orthodoxy, * Scientific orthodoxy, * Artistic orthodoxy.
The concept of orthodoxy is prevalent in many forms of organized
monotheism . However, orthodox belief is not usually overly emphasized
in polytheistic or animist religions, in which there is often little
or no concept of dogma , and varied interpretations of doctrine and
theology are tolerated and sometimes even encouraged within certain
* Protestant movements:
* John B. Henderson: The Construction of
* ^ Harper, Douglas. "orthodoxy".
Online Etymology Dictionary .
* ^ orthodox. Dictionary.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of
the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004.
Dictionary definition (accessed: March 03, 2008).
* ^ Robert M. Wills (2013). Taking Caesar Out of Jesus: Uncovering
the Lost Relevance of Jesus. Xlibris Corporation. p. 246. ISBN
* ^ Liddell Code of Justinian Archived July 27, 2013, at the