Orlando (/ɔːrˈlændoʊ/) is a city in the
U.S. state of
the county seat of Orange County. Located in Central Florida, it is
the center of the Orlando metropolitan area, which had a population of
2,387,138, according to
U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau figures released in March
2016. These figures make it the 24th-largest metropolitan area in
the United States, the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the Southern
United States, and the third-largest metropolitan area in Florida. As
of 2015, Orlando had an estimated city-proper population of 270,934,
making it the 73rd-largest city in the United States, the
fourth-largest city in Florida, and the state's largest inland city.
City of Orlando is nicknamed "The
City Beautiful", and its symbol
is the fountain at Lake Eola. Orlando is also known as "The Theme Park
Capital of the World" and in 2016 its tourist attractions and events
drew more than 68 million visitors. The Orlando International
Airport (MCO) is the thirteenth-busiest airport in the United States
and the 29th-busiest in the world.
As one of the world's most visited tourist destinations, Orlando's
famous attractions form the backbone of its tourism industry. the two
most significant of these attractions are
Walt Disney World, opened by
Walt Disney Company
Walt Disney Company in 1971, and located approximately 21 miles
(34 km) southwest of
Downtown Orlando in Bay Lake; and the
Universal Orlando Resort, opened in 1999 as a major expansion of
Universal Studios Florida. With the exception of
Walt Disney World,
most major attractions are located along
International Drive with one
of these attractions being the famous Orlando Eye. The city is also
one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions;
Orange County Convention Center
Orange County Convention Center is the second-largest convention
facility in the United States.
Like other major cities in the Sun Belt, Orlando grew rapidly from the
1980s up into the first decade of the 21st century. Orlando is home to
the University of Central Florida, which is the largest university
campus in the
United States in terms of enrollment as of 2015[update].
In 2010, Orlando was listed as a "Gamma−" level global city in the
World Cities Study Group's inventory. Orlando ranks as the
fourth-most popular American city based on where people want to live
according to a 2009
Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center study.
1.1 Orlando Reeves
1.2 Orlando (As You Like It)
2.1 Pre-European history
2.3 Post-Industrial Revolution
2.4 Tourism in history
2.5 21st century
2.5.1 2016 mass shooting
3 Geography and cityscape
3.1.1 Downtown Orlando
3.1.2 Outside Downtown Orlando
4.2 Metropolitan statistical area
5.2 Film, television, and entertainment
5.4 Housing and employment
6.1 Entertainment and performing arts
6.2 Local culture
6.3 Shopping malls
6.4 In popular culture
9.1 Area institutions of higher education
9.1.1 State universities
9.1.2 State colleges
9.1.3 Private universities, colleges, and others
9.1.4 Supplementary schools
11.2.1 Major highways
11.3.1 Commuter rail
11.3.2 High-speed rail
11.6 Airport shuttles
12 Notable people
13 Sister cities
13.1 Foreign consulates
14 See also
18 External links
Fort Gatlin, as the Orlando area was once known, was established at
what is now just south of the city limits by the 4th U.S. Artillery
under the command of Ltc. Alexander C. W. Fanning on November 9, 1838,
during the construction of a series of fortified encampments across
Florida during the Second
Seminole War. The fort and surrounding
area were named for Dr. John S. Gatlin, an Army physician who was
Dade's Massacre on Dec. 28, 1835. The site of construction
for Fort Gatlin, a defensible position with fresh water between three
small lakes, was likely chosen because the location was on a main
trail and is less than 250 yards from a nearby Council Oak tree where
Native Americans had traditionally met. King Phillip and Coacoochee
frequented this area and the tree was alleged to be the place where
the previous 1835 ambush that had killed over 100 soldiers had been
planned. When the U.S. military abandoned the fort in 1839, the
surrounding community was built up by settlers.
Prior to being known by its current name, Orlando was once known as
Jernigan. This name originates from the first permanent settlers,
Issac and Aaron Jernigan, cattlemen who acquired land two miles
northwest of Fort Gatlin along the west end of Lake Holden in July
1843 by the terms of the Armed Occupation Act. Aaron
Jernigan became Orange County's first State Representative in 1845 but
his pleas for additional military protection went unanswered.
Fort Gatlin was briefly reoccupied by the military for a few weeks
during October and November 1849 and subsequently a volunteer militia
was left to defend the settlement. A historical marker indicates
that by 1850 the Jernigan homestead (or Fort Gatlin in some
sources) served as the nucleus of a village named Jernigan.
According to an account written years later by his daughter, at that
time, about 80 settlers were forced to shelter for about a year in "a
Aaron Jernigan built on the north side of Lake Conway".
One of the county's first records, a grand jury's report, mentions a
stockade where it states homesteaders were ``driven from their homes
and forced to huddle together in hasty defences [sic]." Aaron Jernigan
led a local volunteer militia during 1852.
A Post Office opened at Jernigan in 1850. Jernigan appears on an 1855
Florida and by 1856 the area had become the county seat of
Orange County. In 1857, the Post Office was removed from
Jernigan, and opened under the name of Orlando at a new location in
present-day downtown Orlando. During the American Civil War, the
Post Office closed, but reopened in 1866. The move is believed to be
sparked, in part, by Aaron Jernigan's fall from grace after he was
relieved of his militia command by military officials in 1856. His
behavior was so notorious that Secretary of War
Jefferson Davis wrote,
"It is said they [Jernigan's militia] are more dreadful than the
Indians." In 1859, Jernigan and his sons were accused of
committing a murder at the towns post office. They were then
transported to Ocala, but escaped.
There are at least five stories as to how Orlando got its name. The
most common stories are that the name Orlando originated from the tale
of a man who died in 1835 during a attack by Native Americans in the
area during the Second
Seminole War. Several of the stories relay an
oral history of the marker for a person named Orlando, and the double
entendre, "Here lies Orlando." One variant includes a man named
Orlando who was passing by on his way to
Tampa with a herd of ox,
died, and was buried in a marked grave.
At a meeting in 1857, debate had grown concerning the name of the
town. Pioneer William B. Hull recalled how James Speer (a local
resident, and prominent figure in the stories behind the naming of
Orlando) rose in the heat of the argument and said, "This place is
often spoken of as 'Orlando's Grave.' Let's drop the word 'grave' and
let the county seat be Orlando."
Through a retelling of history, it is believed that a marker of some
sort was indeed found by one of the original pioneers. However, others
claim Speer simply used the
Orlando Reeves legend to help push his
plan for naming the settlement after the Shakespearean character.
Historians agree that there was likely not a soldier named Orlando
Folklore is that Reeves was acting as a sentinel for an
company of soldiers that had set up camp for the night on the banks of
Sandy Beach Lake. Several different lakes are mentioned in the
various versions, as no soldiers were in what is now downtown during
The legend grew throughout the early 1900s, particularly with local
historian Olive Brumbaugh (or Kena Fries[verification needed])
retelling in various writings and on local radio station WDBO in
1929. Another historian, Eldon H. Gore, promoted the Reeves legend
in History of Orlando published in 1949. A memorial beside Lake
Eola – originally placed by students of Orlando's Cherokee Junior
School in 1939 and updated in 1990 – designates the spot where the
city's supposed namesake fell.
There are conflicting legends. One legend has Reeves killed during an
extended battle with the Seminoles after being field promoted after
his platoon commander fell. However, an in-depth review of
military records in the 1970s and 1980s turned up no record of Orlando
Reeves ever existing. Some versions attempt to account for
Reeves having no military records by using the name of other people
named 'Orlando' that exist in some written records – Orlando Acosta;
however, not much is known about Acosta or whether he even existed.
Another version of the story has Orlando Reed, supposedly an
Englishman and mail carrier between Fort Gatlin and Fort Mellon,
allegedly killed while camping with his friends near Fort Gatlin.
A second variation also places the story in 1835 during the Second
Seminole War. This name is taken from a
South Carolinian cattle
rancher named Orlando Savage Rees. Rees owned a
Volusia County sugar
mill and plantation as well as several large estates in
Mississippi. Rees' sugar farms in the area were burned out in the
Seminole attacks of 1835 (the year
Orlando Reeves supposedly died).
Subsequently, Rees led an expedition to recover stolen slaves and
cattle. In 1837, Rees also attempted to stop a peace treaty with the
Seminoles because it did not reimburse him for the loss of slaves and
It is believed Rees could have left a pine-bough marker with his name
next to the trail; later residents misread "Rees" as "Reeves" and also
mistook it as a grave maker. In subsequent years, this story has
merged with the
Orlando Reeves story (which may have originally
incorporated part of Dr. Gatlin's story).
On two separate occasions, relatives of Rees claimed their ancestor
was the namesake of the city. F.K. Bull of
South Carolina (Rees'
great-grandson) told an Orlando reporter of a story in 1955; years
later, Charles M. Bull Jr. of Orlando (Rees' great-great-grandson)
offered local historians similar information. Unlike Orlando
Reeves who cannot be traced to any historical record, there is
considerable record that Orlando Rees did exist and was in Florida
during that time period. For example, in 1832
John James Audubon
John James Audubon met
with Rees in his large estate at Spring Garden, about 45 minutes away
Orlando (As You Like It)
The final variation has the city named after the protagonist in the
Shakespeare play As You Like It.
In 1975, Judge Donald A. Cheney put forth a new version of the story
Orlando Sentinel article. Cheney (a local historian and then
chairman of the county historical commission) recounted a story told
to him by his father, Judge
John Moses Cheney (a major figure in
Orlando's history who arrived in Orlando in 1885).
The elder Cheney recounted that another gentleman at that time, James
Speer, proposed the name Orlando after the character in As You Like
It. According to Cheney, Speer, "was a gentleman of culture and an
admirer of William Shakespeare... Quoting a letter that Speer
wrote, "Orlando was a veritable Forest of Arden, the locale of As You
Like It." Speer's descendants have also confirmed this version of
the naming and the legend has continued to grow.
This account also has some validity in that, as mentioned above, Speer
was instrumental in changing the name of the settlement from Jernigan
to Orlando, though he may have used the
Orlando Reeves legend in lieu
of his true intent to use the Shakespearean character. According to
yet another version of the story Orlando may have been the name of one
of his employees. It should also be noted that one of downtown
Orlando's major streets is named Rosalind Avenue; Rosalind is the
heroine of As You Like It, but this could also be a simple
Lake Lucerne, c. 1905
See also: Timeline of Orlando, Florida
Before European settlers arrived in 1536, the area of Orlando was
sparsely populated by the
Seminole tribe. There are very few
archaeological sites in the area today, except for the former site of
Fort Gatlin along the shores of modern-day Lake Gatlin, which is south
of downtown Orlando.
Mosquito County was divided in 1845, Fort Gatlin became the
county seat of the newly created Orange County in 1856. It
remained a rural backwater during the Civil War and suffered greatly
during the Union blockade. The
Reconstruction Era brought on a
population explosion, resulting in the incorporation of the
Orlando on July 31, 1875 with 85 residents (22 voters). For a short
time in 1879 the town revoked its charter, and was subsequently
re-incorporated. Orlando was established as a city in 1885.
The period from 1875 to 1895 is remembered as Orlando's Golden Era,
when it became the hub of Florida's citrus industry. The period ended
Great Freeze of 1894–95, which forced many owners to give
up their independent citrus groves, thus consolidating holdings in the
hands of a few "citrus barons" who shifted operations south, primarily
around Lake Wales in Polk County. The freeze caused many in
Florida, including many Orlandoans, to move elsewhere, mostly to the
North, California, or the Caribbean.
The Wyoming Hotel, c. 1905
Notable homesteaders in the area included the Curry family. Through
their property in east Orlando flowed the Econlockhatchee River, which
travelers crossed by fording. This would be commemorated by the
street's name, Curry Ford Road. Also, just south of the Orlando
International Airport in the Boggy Creek area is 150 acres
(0.61 km2) of property homesteaded in the late 19th century by
the Ward family. This property is still owned by the Ward family, and
can be seen from southbound flights out of Orlando International
Airport immediately on the south side of SR 417.
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Orlando, as Florida's largest inland city, became a popular resort
during the years between the
Spanish–American War and World War I.
In the 1920s, Orlando experienced extensive housing development during
Florida Land Boom, causing land prices to soar. During this
period, several neighborhoods in downtown were constructed, endowing
it with many bungalows. The boom ended when several hurricanes hit
Florida in the late 1920s, along with the Great Depression.
During World War II, a number of Army personnel were stationed at the
Orlando Army Air Base and nearby Pinecastle Army Air Field. Some of
these servicemen stayed in Orlando to settle and raise families. In
1956 the aerospace and defense company
Martin Marietta (now Lockheed
Martin) established a plant in the city. Orlando AAB and Pinecastle
AAF were transferred to the
United States Air Force in 1947 when it
became a separate service and were re-designated as air force bases
(AFB). In 1958, Pinecastle AFB was renamed
McCoy Air Force Base
McCoy Air Force Base after
Colonel Michael N. W. McCoy, a former commander of the 320th
Bombardment Wing at the installation, killed in the crash of a B-47
Stratojet bomber north of Orlando. In the 1960s, the base subsequently
became home to the 306th Bombardment Wing of the Strategic Air Command
B-52 Stratofortress and
KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft,
in addition to detachment operations by
EC-121 and U-2 aircraft.
In 1968, Orlando AFB was transferred to the
United States Navy and
became Naval Training Center Orlando. In addition to boot camp
facilities, NTC Orlando was home of one of two Navy Nuclear Power
Schools, and home of the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems
Division. When McCoy AFB closed in 1975, its runways and territory to
its south and east were imparted to the city to become Orlando
International Airport, while a small portion to the northwest was
transferred to the Navy as McCoy NTC Annex. That closed in 1996, and
became housing, though the former McCoy AFB still hosts a Navy
Exchange, as well as National Guard and Reserve units for several
branches of service. NTC Orlando was closed in 1993 by the Base
Realignment and Closure Commission, and converted into the Baldwin
Park neighborhood. The Naval Air Warfare Center had moved to Central
Florida Research Park near UCF in 1988.
Lucerne Circle c. 1905
Tourism in history
Perhaps the most critical event for Orlando's economy occurred in 1965
Walt Disney announced plans to build
Walt Disney World. Although
Disney had considered the regions of
Tampa for his park, one
of the major reasons behind his decision not to locate there was due
to hurricanes – Orlando's inland location, although not free from
hurricane damage, exposed it to less threat than coastal regions. The
vacation resort opened in October 1971, ushering in an explosive
population and economic growth for the Orlando metropolitan area,
which now encompasses Orange, Seminole, Osceola, and Lake counties. As
a result, tourism became the centerpiece of the area's economy.
Orlando now has more theme parks and entertainment attractions than
anywhere else in the world.
Another major factor in Orlando's growth occurred in 1962, when the
new Orlando Jetport, the precursor of the present day Orlando
International Airport, was built from a portion of the McCoy Air Force
Base. By 1970, four major airlines (Delta Air Lines, National
Eastern Airlines and Southern Airways) were providing
McCoy Air Force Base
McCoy Air Force Base officially closed in 1975, and
most of it is now part of the airport. The airport still retains the
former Air Force Base airport code (MCO).
Downtown Orlando (center) and periphery to Lake Apopka
(upper-right); January 2011
Today, the historic core of "Old Orlando" resides in Downtown Orlando
along Church Street, between Orange Avenue and Garland Avenue. Urban
development and the Central Business District of downtown have rapidly
shaped the downtown skyline during recent history. The present-day
historic district is primarily associated with the neighborhoods
Lake Eola where century-old oaks line brick streets. These
neighborhoods, known as "
Lake Eola Heights" and "Thornton Park",
contain some of the oldest homes in Orlando.
2016 mass shooting
Main article: 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting
On June 12, 2016, more than 100 people were shot at Pulse, a gay
nightclub in Orlando. Fifty (including the gunman) were killed and 58
were wounded. The gunman, whom the police
SWAT team shot to death, was
identified as 29-year-old Omar Mir Seddique Mateen, an American
security guard of
Afghan descent. The act of terrorism was both the
deadliest mass shooting in modern
United States history at the time
and one of the deadliest mass shootings perpetrated by a single person
in recorded world history. Mateen pledged allegiance to the Islamic
State during his unsuccessful negotiations with police. After the
shooting, the city held many vigils. In November 2016, Orlando Mayor
Buddy Dyer announced city's intention to acquire of the Pulse
Nightclub to build a permanent memorial for the 49 victims of the
shooting. The city offered to buy it for $2.25 million, but the club's
owner declined to sell.
Geography and cityscape
Lake Eola in 1911
The geography of Orlando is mostly wetlands, consisting of many lakes
and swamps. The terrain is generally flat, making the land fairly low
and wet. The area is dotted with hundreds of lakes,
the largest of which is Lake Apopka. Central Florida's bedrock is
mostly limestone and very porous; the Orlando area is susceptible to
sinkholes. Probably the most famous incident involving a sinkhole
happened in 1981 in Winter Park, a city immediately north of downtown
Orlando, dubbed "The Winter Park Sinkhole".
See also: List of neighborhoods in Orlando, Florida
There are 115 neighborhoods within the city limits and many
unincorporated communities. Orlando's city limits resemble a
checkerboard, with pockets of unincorporated Orange County surrounded
by city limits. Such an arrangement results in some areas being served
by both Orange County and the
City of Orlando. This also explains
Orlando's relatively low city population when compared to its
metropolitan population. The city and county are working together in
an effort to "round-out" the city limits with Orlando annexing
portions of land already bordering the city limits.[not in
Night view of the Orlando skyline in 2010.
Metro Orlando has a total of 19 completed skyscrapers. The majority
are located in
Downtown Orlando and the rest are located in the
tourist district southwest of downtown. Skyscrapers built in
downtown Orlando have not exceeded 441 ft (134 m), since
1988, when the
SunTrust Center was completed. The
main reason for this is the Orlando Executive Airport, just under 2
miles from the city center, which does not allow buildings to exceed a
Main article: List of tallest buildings in Orlando
See also: Financial District, Orlando
SunTrust Center, 1988, 441 ft (134 m), the tallest
skyscraper in Central Florida.
The Vue at Lake Eola, 2008, 426 ft (130 m)
Orange County Courthouse, 1997, 416 ft (127 m).
Bank of America Center, 1988, 409 ft (125 m)
55 West on the Esplanade, 2009, 377 ft (115 m)
Solaire at the Plaza, 2006, 359 ft (109 m)
Dynetech Center, 2009, 357 ft (109 m)
Citi Tower, 2017, 293 ft (89 m)
Citrus Center, 1971, 280 ft (85 m)
The Waverly on Lake Eola, 2001, 280 ft (85)
Premiere Trade Plaza Office Tower II 2006, 277 ft (84)
Building Meters Year Meters Ft 1
SunTrust Center 134 m 1988 134 440 2
The Vue at
Lake Eola 130 m 2007 130 427 3 Orange County Courthouse 127
m 1997 127 417 4 Bank of America Center 123 m 1988 123 404 5 55 West
on the Esplanade 115 m 2008 115 377 6
Solaire at the Plaza
Solaire at the Plaza 109 m 2006
109 358 7 One Eleven 109 m 2008 109 358 8 SkyHouse Orlando ≈89 m
2013 89 292 9
Citrus Center 85 m 1971 85 279 10 The Waverly on Lake
Eola ≈85 m 2001 85 279 11 Premiere Trade Plaza Office Tower II 84 m
2006 84 276 12 Regions Bank Tower ≈81 m 1986 81 266 13 530 East
Central Condominiums ≈78 m 1985 78 256 14 CNL Center I 76 m 1999 76
249 15 Westminster Towers ≈74 m 1975 74 243 16 One Orlando Centre
≈74 m 1987 74 243 17 Capital Plaza II 70 m 1999 70 230 18 The
Sanctuary ≈70 m 2005 70 230 19 Park Lake Towers ≈66 m 1973 66 217
20 The Fountains at Orlando Lutheran Towers ≈66 m 1979 66 217 21
Signature Plaza 63 m 1982 63 207 22 The Paramount on
Lake Eola ≈62 m
2008 62 203 23 The Star ≈62 m 2007 62 203 24 Wells Fargo Tower ≈62
m 1983 62 203 25 Gateway Center ≈62 m 1989 62 203 26 Southern
Community Bank Building ≈62 m 1965 62 203
Outside Downtown Orlando
Hyatt Regency Orlando, 2010, 428 ft (130 m)
SeaWorld SkyTower, 400 ft (122 m)
Orlando Eye, 2015, 400 ft (122 m)
Orlando International Airport's ATC tower, 2002, 346 ft
Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Orlando has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate
classification Cfa) like much of Florida. Orlando is located in USDA
Plant Hardiness Zones 9B. There are two basic seasons in Orlando, a
hot and rainy season, lasting from May until late September (roughly
coinciding with the Atlantic hurricane season), and a cool and dry
season from October through April. The area's warm
and humid climate is caused primarily by its low elevation, its
position relatively close to the Tropic of Cancer, and its location in
the center of a peninsula. Many characteristics of its climate are a
result of its proximity to the Gulf Stream, which flows around the
peninsula of Florida.
During the height of Orlando's humid summer season, high temperatures
are typically in the lower to mid 90s °F (32–36 °C), while
low temperatures rarely fall below the mid 70s °F (23-26 °C).
The average window for such temperatures is April 19 – October
11. The area's humidity acts as a buffer, usually preventing
actual temperatures from exceeding 100 °F (38 °C), but
also pushing the heat index to over 110 °F (43 °C). The
city's highest recorded temperature is 103 °F (39 °C), set
on September 8, 1921. During these months, strong afternoon
thunderstorms occur almost daily. These storms are caused by air
masses from the
Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean colliding over
Central Florida. They are highlighted by spectacular lightning and can
also bring heavy rain (sometimes several inches per hour) and powerful
winds as well as rare damaging hail.
During the cooler season, humidity is much lower and temperatures are
more moderate, and can fluctuate more readily. The monthly daily
average temperature in January is 60.2 °F (15.7 °C).
Temperatures dip below the freezing mark on an average of only 2.4
nights per annum, and the lowest recorded temperature is
18 °F (−8 °C), set on December 28, 1894. Because the
winter season is dry and freezing temperatures usually occur only
after cold fronts (and their accompanying precipitation) have passed,
snow is exceptionally rare. The only accumulation ever to occur in the
city proper since recordkeeping began was in 1948, although there was
some accumulation in surrounding areas in a snow event in January
1977. Flurries have also been observed in 1989 and 2006 and
The average annual rainfall in Orlando is 50.6 inches (1,290 mm),
a majority of which occurs in the period from June to September. The
months of October through May are Orlando's dry season. During this
period (especially in its later months), there is often a wildfire
hazard. During some years, fires have been severe. In 1998, a strong
El Niño caused an unusually wet January and February, followed by
drought throughout the spring and early summer, causing a record
wildfire season that created numerous air quality alerts in Orlando
and severely impacted normal daily life, including the postponement of
that year's Pepsi 400
NASCAR race in nearby Daytona Beach.
Orlando is a major population center and has a considerable hurricane
risk, although it is not as high as in South Florida's urban corridor
or other coastal regions. Since the city is located 42 miles
(68 km) inland from the Atlantic and 77 miles (124 km)
inland from the Gulf of Mexico,[a] hurricanes usually weaken before
arriving. Storm surges are not a concern since the region is 100 feet
(30 m) above sea level. Despite its location, the city does see
strong hurricanes. During the notorious 2004 hurricane season, Orlando
was hit by three hurricanes that caused significant damage, with
Hurricane Charley the worst of these. The city also experienced
widespread damage during
Hurricane Donna in 1960.
Tornadoes are not usually connected with the strong thunderstorms of
the summer. They are more common during the infrequent cold fronts of
winter, as well as in passing hurricanes. The two worst major
outbreaks in the area's history, a 1998 outbreak that killed 42 people
and a 2007 outbreak that killed 21, both happened in February.
Climate data for Orlando (Orlando Int'l), 1981–2010 normals,[b]
Record high °F (°C)
Mean maximum °F (°C)
Average high °F (°C)
Daily mean °F (°C)
Average low °F (°C)
Mean minimum °F (°C)
Record low °F (°C)
Average rainfall inches (mm)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in)
Average relative humidity (%)
Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–1990)
2012 Estimate Sources: 1895–1945,
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
Black or African-American
Native American or Native Alaskan
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian
Two or more races (Multiracial)
Map of racial distribution in Orlando, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is
25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanic or Other (yellow)
As of 2010, there were 121,254 households out of which 15.4% were
vacant. As of 2000, 24.5% of households had children under the age of
18 living with them, 32.4% were married couples living together, 15.4%
had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were
non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and
8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The
average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.97.
In 2014, the city's population was spread out with 12.0% under the age
of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64,
and 36.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33
years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males. As of 2/1/2018
Orlando is now 72 percent Puerto Rican due to the
evacuees. Orlando has the largest population of Puerto Ricans in
Florida and their cultural impact on Central
Florida is similar to
that of the large Cuban population in South Florida. Orlando is
home to the fastest growing Puerto Rican community in the country.
Between 1980 and 2010, Hispanic population share rose from 4.1 to
25.4%. Orlando also has a large and growing
with a large West Indian community (particularly Bahamians, Cubans,
Dominicans, Jamaicans, Virgin Islanders, Trinidadian and Tobagonian
population) and an established Haitian community. Orlando has an
active Jewish Community.
Orlando has a large LGBT population and is recognized[by whom?] as one
of the most accepting and tolerant cities in the Southeast. As of
2015[update], around 4.1% of Orlando's population identify as
LGBT, making Orlando the city with the 20th-highest percentage of
LGBT residents in the country. The city is host to Gay Days every
June (including at nearby
Walt Disney World), holds a huge Pride
festival every October, and is home to Florida's first openly gay City
Commissioner, Patty Sheehan.
U.S. Census map
As of 2000, 75% of all residents speak English as their first
language, while 16.60% speak Spanish, 1.9% speak Haitian Creole, 1.3%
speak French, 0.99% speak Portuguese, and 0.5% of the population speak
Arabic as their mother language. In total, 24% of the population 5
years and older speak a language other than English at home.
According to the American Community Survey of 2006–2008, 69% of
Orlando's residents over the age of five spoke only English at home.
Spanish-speakers represented 19.2% of Orlando's population. Speakers
Indo-European languages made up 9% of the city's population.
Those who spoke an Asian language made up 1% of the population, and
speakers of other languages made up the remaining 0.6% of the
Metropolitan statistical area
Main article: Greater Orlando
Orlando is the hub city of the Orlando-Kissimmee, Florida,
Metropolitan Statistical Area, colloquially known as "Greater Orlando"
or "Metro Orlando". The area encompasses four counties (Orange,
Seminole and Lake), and is the 26th-largest metro area in the
United States with a 2010 Census-estimated population of
In 2000, the population of Orlando's urban area was 1,157,431, making
it the third-largest in
Florida and the 35th-largest in the United
States. As of 2009, the estimated urban area population of Orlando is
When Combined Statistical Areas were instituted in 2000, Orlando was
initially joined together with The Villages, Florida, Micropolitan
Statistical Area, to form the Orlando-The Villages, Florida, Combined
Statistical Area. In 2006, the metropolitan areas of Deltona (Volusia
County) and Palm Coast (Flagler County) were added to create the
Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, Florida, Combined Statistical Area.
This new larger CSA has a total population (as of 2007) of
2,693,552, and includes three of the 25 fastest-growing counties
in the nation—Flagler ranks 1st; Osceola, 17th; and Lake, 23rd.
See also: List of
Florida companies and List of notable companies in
The North/South Concourse of the Orange County Convention Center
Orlando is a major industrial and hi-tech center. The metro area has a
$13.4 billion technology industry employing 53,000 people;[citation
needed] and is a nationally recognized cluster of innovation in
digital media, agricultural technology, aviation, aerospace, and
software design. More than 150 international companies, representing
approximately 20 countries, have facilities in Metro Orlando.
Orlando has the 7th-largest research park in the country, Central
Florida Research Park, with over 1,025 acres (4.15 km2). It is
home to over 120 companies, employs more than 8,500 people, and is the
hub of the nation's military simulation and training programs. Near
the end of each year, the
Orange County Convention Center
Orange County Convention Center hosts the
world's largest modeling and simulation conference:
Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference
(I/ITSEC). Metro Orlando is home to the simulation procurement
commands for the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard.
Lockheed Martin has a large manufacturing facility for missile
systems, aeronautical craft and related high tech research. Other
notable engineering firms have offices or labs in Metro Orlando: KDF,
General Dynamics, Harris,
Mitsubishi Power Systems, Siemens,
USAF facilities, Naval Air Warfare Center
Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD),
Delta Connection Academy,
Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, GE, Air Force Agency for
Modeling and Simulation (AFAMS), U.S. Army Program Executive Office
for Simulation, Training, and Instrumentation (PEO STRI), United
States Army Research, Development and Engineering Command United
States Army Simulation and Training Technology Center (STTC),
AT&T, Boeing, CAE Systems Flight and Simulation Training,
Hewlett-Packard, Institute for Simulation and Training, National
Center for Simulation, Northrop Grumman, and
Raytheon Systems. The
Naval Training Center until a few years ago was one of the two places
where nuclear engineers were trained for the US Navy. Now the land has
been converted into the Baldwin Park development. Numerous office
complexes for large corporations have popped up along the Interstate 4
corridor north of Orlando, especially in Maitland, Lake Mary and
Orlando is close enough to Patrick Air Force Base, Cape Canaveral Air
Force Station, and
Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center for residents to commute to
work from the city's suburbs. It also allows easy access to Port
Canaveral, a cruise ship terminal.
Orlando is the home base of Darden Restaurants, the parent company of
Olive Garden and LongHorn Steakhouse, and the largest operator of
restaurants in the world by revenue. In September 2009 it moved to a
new headquarters and central distribution facility.
Film, television, and entertainment
Another important sector is the film, television, and electronic
gaming industries, aided by the presence of Universal Studios,
Disney's Hollywood Studios, Full Sail University, UCF College of Arts
and Humanities, the
Florida Interactive Entertainment Academy, and
other entertainment companies and schools. The U.S. modeling,
simulation, and training (MS&T) industry is centered on the
Orlando region as well, with a particularly strong presence in the
Florida Research Park adjacent to University of Central
Florida (UCF). Nearby Maitland is the home of Tiburon, a division of
the video game company Electronic Arts. Tiburon Entertainment was
acquired by EA in 1998 after years of partnership, particularly in the
Madden NFL series and
NCAA Football series of video games. Nearby Full
Sail University, located in Winter Park, draws new-media students in
the areas of video game design, film, show production, and computer
animation, among others, its graduates spawning several start-ups in
these fields in the Orlando area. The headquarters of Ripley
Entertainment Inc. are also located in Orlando.
Orlando has two non-profit hospital systems:
Orlando Health and
Florida Hospital. Orlando Health's
Orlando Regional Medical Center
Orlando Regional Medical Center is
home to Central Florida's only Level I trauma center, and Winnie
Palmer Hospital for Women and Babies and
Florida Hospital Orlando have
the area's only Level III neonatal intensive care units. Orlando's
medical leadership was further advanced with the completion of
University of Central Florida's College of Medicine, a new VA Hospital
and the new Nemours Children's Hospital, which is located in a new
medical district in the Lake Nona area of the city.
Housing and employment
Historically, the unemployment rate in
Greater Orlando was low, which
resulted in growth that led to urban sprawl in the surrounding area
and, in combination with the
United States housing bubble, to a large
increase in home prices. Metro Orlando's unemployment rate in June
2010 was 11.1 percent, was 11.4 percent in April 2010, and was about
10 percent in about the same time of year in 2009. As of August
2013, the area's jobless rate was 6.6 percent. Housing prices in
Greater Orlando went up 37.08% in one year, from a median of $182,300
in November 2004 to $249,900 in November 2005, and eventually peaked
at $264,436 in July 2007. From there, with the economic meltdown,
prices plummeted, with the median falling below $200,000 in September
2008, at one point falling at an annual rate of 39.27%. The median
dipped below $100,000 in 2010 before stabilizing around $110,000 in
2011. As of April 2012, the median home price is $116,000.
See also: List of amusement parks in
Greater Orlando and List of
Cinderella Castle at the Magic Kingdom,
Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World Resort
One of the main driving forces in Orlando's economy is its tourism
industry and the city is one of the leading tourism destinations in
the world. Nicknamed the 'Theme Park Capital of the World', the
Orlando area is home to
Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World Resort, Universal Orlando
SeaWorld Orlando and the Fun Spot America Theme Parks. Over 68
million visitors came to the Orlando region in 2016, spending over $33
The Orlando area features 7 of the 10 most visited theme parks in
North America (5 of the top 10 in the world), as well as the 4 most
visited water parks in the U.S. The
Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World resort is
the area's largest attraction with its many facets such as the Magic
Kingdom, Epcot, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Disney's Animal Kingdom,
Typhoon Lagoon, Blizzard Beach, and Disney Springs. Universal Orlando,
Walt Disney World, is a multi-faceted resort comprising Universal
Studios Florida, Islands of Adventure, Volcano Bay, and Universal
SeaWorld Orlando is a large park that features numerous
zoological displays and marine animals alongside an amusement park
with roller coasters like Mako, Manta, and Kraken. The property also
comprises more than one park, alongside Aquatica water park and
Discovery Cove. Fun Spot Orlando and Kissimmee are more typical
amusement parks with big thrills in a small space with roller coasters
Freedom Flyer in Orlando and
Mine Blower and
Rockstar Coaster in Kissimmee. Orlando is also home to I-Drive 360 on
International Drive home to the Orlando Eye, Madame Tussauds, and
Sealife Aquarium. Orlando attractions also appeal to many locals who
want to enjoy themselves close to home.
The convention industry is also critical to the region's economy. The
Orange County Convention Center, expanded in 2004 to over two million
square feet (200,000 m²) of exhibition space, is now the
second-largest convention complex in terms of space in the United
States, trailing only
McCormick Place in Chicago. The city vies with
Las Vegas for hosting the most convention attendees in the
Numerous golf courses can be found in the city, with the most
famous being Bay Hill Club and Lodge, home to the
Arnold Palmer Invitational.
Entertainment and performing arts
The hip hop music, metal, rock music, reggaeton and Latino music
scenes are all active within the city. Orlando is known as "Hollywood
East" because of numerous movie studios in the area. Major motion
picture production was active in the city during the mid-to-late
1990s, but has slowed in the past decade. Probably the most famous
film-making moment in the city's history occurred with the implosion
of Orlando's previous
City Hall for the movie Lethal Weapon 3. Orlando
is now a large production center for television shows, direct-to-video
productions, and commercial production. In early 2011, filmmaker
Marlon Campbell constructed A-Match Pictures and Angel Media Studios;
a multimillion-dollar film and recording facility that has been added
to the list of major studios in the city.
Walt Disney Feature Animation operated a studio in
Disney's Hollywood Studios
Disney's Hollywood Studios at the
Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World Resort. Feature
Florida was primarily responsible for the films Mulan, Lilo
& Stitch, and the early stages of
Brother Bear and contributed on
various other projects. Universal Studios Florida's
Soundstage 21 is
home to TNA Wrestling's flagship show TNA Impact!. Nickelodeon
Studios, which through the 1990s produced hundreds of hours of
GAK-filled game shows targeted at children, no longer
operates out of Universal Studios Florida. The
Florida Film Festival
which takes place in venues throughout the area is one of the most
respected regional film festivals in the country and attracts budding
filmmakers from around the world. Orlando is very popular among
independent filmmakers. Orlando's indie film scene has been active
since Haxan Film's
The Blair Witch Project
The Blair Witch Project (1999) and a few years
Charlize Theron winning her
Academy Award for Monster
Florida state film incentive has also helped increase the
number of films being produced in Orlando and the rest of the state.
The Orlando Metropolitan Area is home to a substantial theater
population. Several professional and semi-professional houses and many
community theaters include the Central
Florida Ballet, Orlando Ballet,
Orlando Shakespeare Theater, Orlando Repertory Theatre, Mad Cow
Theatre, and IceHouse Theatre in Mount Dora. Orlando Theatre Project,
closed in 2009. Additionally, both University of Central
Rollins College (Winter Park) are home to theater departments that
attract an influx of young artists to the area.
Bob Carr Performing Arts Centre
Bob Carr Performing Arts Centre had hosted national Broadway tours
on a regular basis. This venue was built in 1926 and underwent a major
renovation in 1974. While waiting on the completion of Phase II
construction of the Dr. Phillips Center for Performing Arts, the newly
designated Bob Carr Theater will continue to host non-Broadway
The Orlando International Fringe Theater Festival, which draws touring
companies from around the world, is hosted in various venues over
Orlando's Loch Haven Park every spring. At the festival, there are
also readings and fully staged productions of new and unknown plays by
local artists. Also in the spring, there is The Harriett Lake
Festival of New Plays, hosted by Orlando Shakespeare Theater.
Founded in 2002, the Orlando Cabaret Festival showcases local,
national, and internationally renowned cabaret artist to Mad Cow
Downtown Orlando each spring.
A substantial amount of the teenage and young adult populations
identify as being goth, emo, or punk. Orlando experienced the
Second Summer of Love
Second Summer of Love between 1991 and 1992 that popularized the
subculture surrounding electronic dance music in Florida. The
culture progressed as time went on, starting in 1995 from when
alternative-rock band Matchbox Twenty, and pop bands
Backstreet Boys originated. Over the years, the intensity of the music
increased. In the late 1990s, Skrape, a metal band, was established,
shortly followed by the screamo band
From First to Last
From First to Last as well as the
alternative metal band Fireflight. In the early 2000s, the heavy metal
bands Trivium and
Mindscar formed. In the later 2000s, more screamo
bands, such as Blood on the Dance Floor (duo), Sleeping with Sirens,
Broadway (band) were established. Major companies, such as Hot
Vans have noticed and taken advantage of this. Hot Topic, an
emo retailer, established 5 stores in Orlando. The
Vans Warped Tour, a
concert containing metalcore/screamo/punk bands, takes place in
Florida Mall is the largest mall in Orlando and one of the largest
single-story malls in the USA at over 1,849,000 sq ft
(171,800 m2). There are over 250 stores, seven anchor department
stores, and the
Florida Mall Hotel & Conference Center Tower. It
is located outside the city proper in unincorporated Orange County.
The Mall at Millenia
The Mall at Millenia is a contemporary two-level upscale shopping
mall, including the department stores of Bloomingdale's, Macy's, and
Neiman Marcus. The mall covers an area of 1,118,000 ft² (103,866
IKEA Orlando opened adjacent to the mall on November 14, 2007.
Orlando Fashion Square is located on East Colonial Drive, near
Downtown Orlando. Seritage Growth Properties (NYSE: SRG) is planning a
late-summer 2017 completion of a major renovation that will welcome
new shops and restaurants to the East Colonial Drive area. In 2017,
Sears closed their location at
Orlando Fashion Square Mall.
In popular culture
The films The
Florida Project, Ernest Saves Christmas, Larry the Cable
Guy: Health Inspector, and
Never Back Down
Never Back Down take place in and were
filmed entirely in Orlando. Scenes were also filmed for Transformers:
Dark of the Moon at the
Orlando International Airport
Orlando International Airport in early October
2010. Orlando is also the city very prominently featured in the
ABC sitcom Fresh Off The Boat.
Orlando is home to numerous recording studios and producers, and as a
result, contributed heavily to the
Boy Band craze of the mid-1990s.
The groups Backstreet Boys, NSync, and
O-Town all started in Orlando
before becoming nationwide successes. The alternative groups Matchbox
Twenty, Seven Mary Three, and
Alter Bridge are from Orlando, as is the
Christian hip-hop act Group 1 Crew. Orlando also has a prominent metal
scene, spawning bands such as Death and Trivium.
The Amway Center
Main article: Sports in Orlando, Florida
Professional sports teams
Orlando Solar Bears
Florida Fire Frogs
Osceola County Stadium
Trinity Preparatory School
Orlando is the home city of two major league professional sports
Orlando Magic of the
National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association (NBA),
Orlando City SC
Orlando City SC of
Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer (MLS).
Orlando has two minor league professional teams: the Orlando Solar
ECHL ice hockey team and the
Orlando Anarchy of the Women's
Football Alliance. Orlando also hosts the University of Central
Florida (UCF) Knights college athletics teams, which compete in
Division I of the
National Collegiate Athletic Association
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) as a
member of the
American Athletic Conference
American Athletic Conference (The American). The
original Orlando Solar Bears were part of the International Hockey
League winning the last
Turner Cup championship in 2001, before the
league folded. From 1991 to 2016, the city was also home to the
Orlando Predators of the Arena Football League.
In 2016, the
Orlando Pride began play in the National Women's Soccer
League. Starting in 2017, they will be sharing Orlando
with Orlando City.
Orlando's sports teams have collectively won two Arena Bowls (1998,
2000), two titles in ice hockey, three titles in minor league
baseball, and two titles in soccer.
The city has hosted the
NBA All-Star Game twice: in 1992 at the old
Orlando Arena, and in 2012 at the current Amway Center. Orlando also
hosted the 2015
ECHL All-Star Game at Amway Center.
Camping World Stadium
Camping World Stadium (the former
Citrus Bowl stadium) hosts three
annual college football bowl games: the
Citrus Bowl, the Russell
Athletic Bowl, and the Cure Bowl. It also hosted the 1998 Major League
Soccer All-Star Game. Orlando is the host city for the annual Florida
Classic, one of the largest FCS football classics in the nation. It
will also begin hosting a series of FBS kickoff games called the
Orlando Kickoff in 2016, and will serve as host to the National
Football League's 2017 Pro Bowl.
Orlando was home to the
Orlando Renegades of the United States
Football League in 1985. The team folded along with the league in
Orlando is home to many notable athletes former and present, including
baseball players Carlos Peña, Frank Viola,
Ken Griffey, Jr.
Ken Griffey, Jr. and Barry
Larkin; basketball player Shaquille O'Neal; soccer player Kaká; and
many golfers, including Tiger Woods,
Mark O'Meara and Arnold
Community Effort Orlando
Community Effort Orlando (CEO) is the second-biggest
fighting game tournament of the country. Having grown since its
introduction in 2010, the event got over 4,000 attendees from more
than 25 different countries in 2016.
Main article: List of mayors of Orlando, Florida
Orlando is governed via the Mayor-council system. The mayor is elected
in a citywide vote. The six members of the city council are each
elected from districts.
Crime rates* (2014)
Total violent crime
Motor vehicle theft
Total property crime
*Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.
2014 population: 259,675
Source: 2014 FBI UCR Data
Mayor: Buddy Dyer
District 1: Jim Gray
District 2: Tony Ortiz
District 3: Robert Stuart
District 4: Patty Sheehan
District 5: Regina Hill
District 6: Samuel Ings
Public primary and secondary education is handled by Orange County
Public Schools. Some of the private schools include Saint James
Cathedral School (founded 1928), Orlando Lutheran Academy, Forest Lake
Academy, The First Academy, Ibn Seena Academy, Trinity Preparatory
School, Lake Highland Preparatory School,
Bishop Moore High School
Bishop Moore High School and
Orlando Christian Prep.
Area institutions of higher education
The University of Central
Full Sail University
University of Central Florida
Florida A&M University College of Law
Florida State University College of Medicine
Seminole State College of
Florida (Sanford, Oviedo, & Altamonte
Private universities, colleges, and others
Adventist University of Health Sciences, Main Campus
Ana G. Méndez University System
Anthem College, Orlando Campus
Asbury Theological Seminary, Orlando Campus
Belhaven University, Orlando Campus
Columbia College, Orlando Campus
Connecticut School of Broadcasting, Orlando Campus
DeVry University, Orlando campus
Dwayne O. Andreas School of Law, Barry University
Everest University, Orlando campus
Florida Institute of Technology, Orlando campus
Full Sail University
Full Sail University (in Winter Park)
Herzing College (in Winter Park)
Hindu University of America
International Academy of Design & Technology-Orlando
ITT Technical Institute, Lake Mary Campus
Keiser University, Orlando Campus
Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts, Orlando Campus
McBurney College (Orlando Campus)
Nova Southeastern University, Orlando campus
Palm Beach Atlantic University, Orlando Campus
Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando campus
Remington College of Nursing (in Lake Mary)
Rollins College (in Winter Park)
Southern Technical College
Strayer University, Orlando campus
Florida College of Pharmacy (in Apopka)
The Orlando Hoshuko, a weekend supplementary school for Japanese
children, is held at the
Lake Highland Preparatory School
Lake Highland Preparatory School in
See also: List of newspapers in Florida, List of radio stations in
Florida, and List of television stations in Florida
Orlando is the center of the 19th-largest media market in the United
States according to
Nielsen Media Research
Nielsen Media Research as of the 2010–11 TV
season. Three major network affiliates operate in the city:
WKMG-TV 6 (CBS),
WFTV 9 (ABC) and Fox O&O
WFTV and WOFL
operate additional stations in Orlando, with
WRDQ 27 and
WRBW 65. The market's
WESH 2, is licensed to Daytona
Beach and also owns and operates CW affiliate
WKCF 18, licensed to
Clermont; both stations operate out of studios based in nearby
The city is also served by three public television stations: WUCF-TV
24, the market's
PBS member station operated by the University of
Central Florida, and two independent stations: Daytona State College's
WDSC-TV 15 in New Smyrna Beach and Eastern
Florida State College's
WEFS 68 in Cocoa.
Four Spanish-language channels are licensed in Orlando, including
WOTF-DT 43 and
WVEN-TV 26, which operates
WOTF-DT under a LMA, is
based in Daytona Beach. Several English-language stations also operate
The city's cable system is run by Bright House Networks, which merged
with Charter in May 2016, and is now called Spectrum. Spectrum
operates News 13, a cable-exclusive regional 24/7 news channel which
Florida news, including that of Orlando.
Orlando is also home to
Golf Channel cable television
network. Facilities, including studios and administration, are located
Golf Channel Drive, just blocks from the I-Drive tourism
25 AM and 28 FM stations transmit to the Orlando area. Some of the
country's biggest radio station owners have major presences in
Orlando, including iHeartMedia, Cox Communications, and
CBS Radio. One
of the country's notable internet radio stations, D100 Radio, was
founded in Orlando.
Orlando's primary newspaper, the Orlando Sentinel, is the
second-largest newspaper in
Florida by circulation. The Sentinel's
Spanish language edition, El Sentinel, is the largest Spanish language
newspaper in Florida.
The city is also served by the following newspapers:
Orlando Business Journal
Orlando uses the Lynx bus system as well as a downtown bus service
called Lymmo. Orlando and other neighboring communities are also
serviced by SunRail, a local commuter rail line that began service in
Orlando International Airport
Orlando International Airport (MCO) is Orlando's primary airport
and the busiest airport in the state of Florida. The airport serves as
a hub and a focus hub city for Frontier Airlines,
JetBlue Airways and
Southwest Airlines. The airport serves as a major international
gateway for the mid-
Florida region with major foreign carriers
including Aer Lingus, Aeroméxico, Air Canada, British Airways,
Emirates Airlines, TAM and Virgin Atlantic
Orlando Sanford International Airport
Orlando Sanford International Airport (SFB) in nearby suburb of
Florida serves as a secondary airport for the region and is a
focus city airport for Allegiant Air.
Orlando Executive Airport
Orlando Executive Airport (ORL) near
Downtown Orlando serves
primarily executive jets, flight training schools, and general
Orlando, like other major cities, experiences gridlock and traffic
jams daily, especially when commuting from the northern suburbs in
Seminole County south to downtown and from the eastern suburbs of
Orange County to Downtown. Heavy traffic is also common in the tourist
district south of downtown. Rush hours (peak traffic hours) are
usually weekday mornings (after 7 am) and afternoons (after
4 pm). There are various traffic advisory resources available for
commuters including downloading the Tele-Traffic App (available for
iPhone and Android), dialing
5-1-1 (a free automated traffic advisory
system provided by the
Florida Department of Transportation, available
by dialing 511), visiting the
Florida 511 Web site, listening to
traffic reports on major radio stations, and reading electronic
traffic advisory displays (also called Variable-message signs,
information is also provided by FDOT) on the major highways and
Interstate 4 is Orlando's primary interstate highway. Orlando is the
second-largest city served by one interstate, preceding Austin, Texas,
and is the largest metropolitan area in the US serviced by a single
interstate. The interstate begins in Tampa, Florida, and travels
northeast across the midsection of the state directly through Orlando,
ending in Daytona Beach. As a key connector to Orlando's suburbs,
downtown, area attractions, and both coasts, I-4 commonly experiences
heavy traffic and congestion. I-4 is also known as State Road 400.
East-West Expressway (Toll 408) is a major east–west highway
managed by the Central
Florida Expressway Authority. The highway
intersects with I-4 in Downtown Orlando, providing a key artery for
residents commuting from eastern and western suburbs including the
University of Central
Florida and Waterford Lakes area. The highway
also intersects with the Central
Florida Greeneway (Toll 417) and
Florida's Turnpike. By late 2006, the I-4/408 interchange had almost
completed undergoing a major overhaul that creates multiple fly-over
bridges and connectors to ease heavy traffic. The agency
recently[when?] finished construction of lane expansions, new toll
plazas, and sound barriers along the roadway, though much work remains
to be done.
Beachline Expressway (Toll 528) provides key access to the Orlando
International Airport and serves as a gateway to the Atlantic coast,
Cocoa Beach and Cape Canaveral.
Florida Greenway (Toll 417) is a key highway for East
Orlando, the highway is also managed by the Central
Authority and serves as Orlando's eastern beltway. The highway
intersects with the East-West Expressway (Toll 408), the Beachline
Expressway (Toll 528), and begins and ends on Interstate 4.
Daniel Webster Western Beltway (Toll 429) serves as Orlando's western
beltway. The highway serves as a "back entrance" to
Walt Disney World
from Orlando's northwestern suburbs including Apopka via Florida's
John Land Apopka Expressway (Toll 414) A new east to west tollway
serving northern Orlando. Phase I opened on February 14, 2009 and
extends from US 441 to State Road 429. Phase II will link SR 429 to US
441 several miles west of the current SR 429 intersection.
Florida's Turnpike (Toll 91) is a major highway that connects
Florida with Orlando and terminates in Miami.
The Orlando area is served by one through railroad. The line, now
known as the Central
Florida Rail Corridor (CFRC), was previously
known as the "A" line (formerly the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad's
main line). The line was purchased from
CSX Transportation by the
Florida in 2013 and is now used by SunRail, the Central
Florida commuter rail system. Some freight spurs still exist off of
the line, which are operated by the
Florida Central Railroad. Amtrak
passenger service runs along CFRC. See also a map of these railroads.
Amtrak intercity passenger rail service operates from the Orlando
Amtrak Station south of downtown. The Mission Revival-style station
has been in continuous use since 1927, first for the Atlantic
Coast Line, then the
Seaboard Coast Line Railroad
Seaboard Coast Line Railroad (signage for which
is still displayed over the station's main entrance). Amtrak's Silver
Meteor and Silver Star service Orlando four times daily, twice bound
for points north to New York
City and twice bound for points south to
Miami. Orlando also serves as a transfer hub for
Motorcoach bus service. Orlando Station has the highest Amtrak
ridership in the state, with the exception of the
Auto Train depot
located in nearby Sanford.
Historically, Orlando's other major railroad stations have included:
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Orlando station (now Church Street
Station, a commercial development)
Seaboard Air Line Railroad Orlando station (Central Avenue Station;
Main article: SunRail
In 2005, federal and state funding was granted for the establishment
of SunRail, a local commuter rail service, to operate on the former
CSX "A" line tracks between DeLand and Poinciana, passing through the
downtown area and surrounding urban neighborhoods along the way. The
service is expected to substantially reduce traffic congestion along
the I-4 corridor, especially between
Downtown Orlando and the suburban
Seminole and Volusia Counties. Federal and state funds
covered approximately 80% of the estimated $400 million cost for track
modifications and construction of stations along the route. The
counties involved approved local matching funds in 2007 and the line
was originally projected to begin operations in 2011. However, the
project was ultimately voted down by
Florida State Senate in 2008 and
again in 2009 due to an amendment that would have approved a $200
million insurance policy for the system. Although there had been
growing concern the system would be scrapped, a deadline extension
combined with a new insurance arrangement with CSX brought new hope
SunRail will be completed after all. In a special session in
December 2009, the
Florida Legislature approved commuter rail for
Florida, which also enabled high-speed rail federal funding. SunRail
began passenger service on May 1, 2014. Phase I of the rail system
runs from DeBary to Sand Lake Road in South Orlando. Phase II, which
isn't expected to be completed until 2018, will connect from DeBary
and continue north to DeLand, as well as extend from Sand Lake Road in
Orlando south to Poinciana. Attempts to establish a smaller light rail
service for the Orlando area were also considered at one time,[when?]
but were also met with much resistance.
Florida High Speed Rail
On January 28, 2010, President
Barack Obama said that
Florida would be
receiving $1.25 billion to start the construction of a statewide
high-speed rail system with Orlando as its central hub. The first
stage would have connected Orlando and Tampa,
Florida and was expected
to be completed by 2014. The second stage was to connect Orlando and
Miami, Florida. The project was canceled by Gov. Rick Scott in
2011, and on March 4, 2011, the
Florida Supreme Court unanimously
turned down the request of two state senators to force Scott to accept
federal funding for the project.
A privately funded initiative known as All Aboard Florida, which would
provide higher-speed rail service from
Miami to Orlando, was announced
in March 2012. Now known as Brightline, the train currently runs
Fort Lauderdale to
West Palm Beach
West Palm Beach with service to MiamiCentral
expected to start in the first quarter of 2018. The Orlando extension
will include 40 miles of new railway track and terminate at the new
Orlando International Airport
Orlando International Airport South Intermodal Center. Service to
Orlando is slated to be launched in 2020.
Lynx provides local transit service covering a five-county area:
Orange, Seminole, Osceola, Polk, and Volusia.
Greyhound Lines offers intercity bus service from Orlando to multiple
locations across the country. The Orlando Greyhound Station is located
west of Downtown Orlando.
Orlando is served by a collection of independently owned taxi
companies. In downtown Orlando, taxis can be hailed on a regular
basis. Taxis are also available in and around the Amway Center,
Orlando Convention Center, and all major attractions/theme parks.
Orlando also has service from car sharing companies like Uber and
Lyft, which offers service at all airports.
Transportation between the
Orlando International Airport
Orlando International Airport and various
locations in and around Orlando are provided by airport shuttle
services. Several shuttles operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Main article: List of people from Orlando, Florida
See also: List of sister cities in Florida
Orlando has nine international sister cities as listed by the
Orlando Office of International Affairs.
Valladolid, Valladolid, Castile and León, Spain
Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico
Marne-la-Vallée, Île-de-France, France
Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
Urayasu, Chiba, Japan
Guilin, Guangxi, People's Republic of China
Given Orlando's status as a busy international tourist destination and
growing industrial and commercial base, there are several foreign
consulates and honorary consulates in Orlando including Argentina,
Colombia, Czech Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Switzerland, the Netherlands,
and the Ivory Coast. As a result, Orlando now has the second-highest
number of foreign consulates in
Florida next to Miami. The British
Government operated a Consulate from 1994 to 2014 when all services
transferred to the British Consulate General in Miami.
United States portal
List of mayors of Orlando
^ Distance measured from Orlando
City Hall to nearest Atlantic
coastline, near Oak Hill, Brevard County, and nearest Gulf coastline,
near, Pine Island, Hernando County, using Google Earth's Ruler tool.
^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest
temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based
on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
^ Orlando Int'l became the official station of record for Orlando in
^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".
United States Census
Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files".
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved
Jul 7, 2017.
^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names".
United States Geological Survey.
October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
^ 2010 List of Populations of Urban Areas. U.S. Census Bureau.
census.gov. Accessed February 22, 2015.
^ "Population xurityEstimates".
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved
October 24, 2014.
^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9,
^ Brinkmann, Paul. "New stats show Orlando grew faster than 30 biggest
metros". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
^ Pedicini, Sandra (May 11, 2017). "Visit Orlando: Record 68 million
people visited last year". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the
original on July 18, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
^ Passenger Traffic for past 12 months ending May 2011 Archived August
12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Airports.org. Retrieved August 21,
^ "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2010". Lboro.ac.uk. September
14, 2011. Archived from the original on October 10, 2013. Retrieved
December 10, 2011.
^ "For Nearly Half of America, Grass Is Greener Somewhere Else; Denver
Tops List of Favorite Cities Pew Research Center's Social &
Demographic Trends Project". Pewresearch.org. Retrieved August 2,
^ a b c d "Fort Gatlin established". myfloridahistory.org. Florida
Historical Society. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
^ Wallace Dickinson, Joy (July 6, 2003). "Giant Council Oak Is Gone,
But Its Presence Is Felt". orlandosentinel.com. The Orlando Sentinel.
Retrieved March 1, 2017.
^ Dickinson, Joy Wallace (2003). Orlando : city of dreams.
Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Pub. pp. 21–22.
^ a b c d e Andrews, Mark (May 7, 2000). "Site's Key To Orlando
History: Fort Gatlin". orlandosentinel.com. The Orlando Sentinel.
Retrieved March 1, 2017.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Andrews, Mark (January 18, 1998).
Orlando Reeves Was A Remarkable Man – Or Was He?".
orlandosentinel.com. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
^ a b Orlando's First Settler,
Aaron Jernigan Retrieved March 2, 2017.
^ Dickinson, Joy Wallace (March 13, 2005). "You're Really Living In
The Land Of Jernigan". orlandosentinel.com. The Orlando Sentinel.
Retrieved March 4, 2017.
^ a b c d e f g h i Dickinson, Joy Wallace (2003). Orlando : city
of dreams. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Pub. pp. 24–25.
^ a b c History of Orlando
Florida Backroads Travel. Retrieved March
^ a b c Dickinson, Joy Wallace (January 28, 2001). "Mystery Of Name
Tracked Down Long, Winding Trail". orlandosentinel.com. Orlando
Sentinel. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
^ a b c d Dickinson, Joy Wallace (2003). Orlando : city of
dreams. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Pub. pp. 13–14, 24.
^ Andrews, Mark (November 13, 1994). "The Legend Of Orlando's Name
Crumbles Under Expert Scrutiny". orlandosentinel.com. Orlando
Sentinel. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
^ Reflections, Fall 2015 Vol. 13 No. 4. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
^ Mosier, Tana (2009). "Historic Orange County:The Story of Orlando
and Orange County". Texas: Mahler Books. p. 51.
^  Archived March 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "10 Best Hotels in Orlando for AARP Members in 2017". AARP Travel
Center. Expedia. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
^ "Map of Orlando" (PDF). Cityoforlando.net. Archived from the
original (PDF) on July 13, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2014.
^ "Buildings of Orlando". Emporis.com. Retrieved November 17,
^ a b c "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
^ Snow falls in central
Florida as state endures unusual Nov. cold
snap USA Today; Retrieved May 23, 2012
Florida cold spell brings flurries to Orlando The Washington Post;
Retrieved May 23, 2012
^ "Pepsi 400 Postponed By Fires – Sun Sentinel".
Articles.sun-sentinel.com. July 3, 1998. Retrieved October 16,
^ "Station Name: FL ORLANDO INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
^ "WMO Climate Normals for ORLANDO/JETPORT, FL 1961–1990". National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
^ "Census Of Population And Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved
October 25, 2008.
^ "Census 2010 News
U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Florida's 2010
Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic
Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting". 2010.census.gov. March 17,
2011. Archived from the original on December 14, 2012. Retrieved
November 17, 2012.
^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July
1, 2012". Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved
November 18, 2013.
Florida Department of Agriculture (1906). Census of the State of
Florida. Urbana, I.L.
^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder – Results".
factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
^ "Puerto Ricans Gain Political Clout In Florida". NPR. Retrieved
November 17, 2012.
^ "Orlando (city), Florida". State & County QuickFacts. U.S.
Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
Florida – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other
Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from
the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
^ "The Art of Parenting course offered at JLI". Heritage Florida
Jewish News. January 16, 2015.
^ Sheskin, Ira M. (December 1994). "Jewish identity in the sunbelt:
the Jewish population of Orlando, Florida". Contemporary Jewry. 15
(1): 26–38. doi:10.1007/BF02986640.
^ Leonhardt, David; Miller, Claire Cain (March 20, 2015). "The Metro
Areas With the Largest, and Smallest, Gay Populations". Retrieved June
8, 2017 – via NYTimes.com.
^ "Disney Gay Days 2017". www.WDWInfo.com. Retrieved June 8,
^ "Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Orlando,
Florida". MLA.org. March 15, 2006. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
^ "Orlando city,
Florida – Selected Social Characteristics in the
United States: 2006–2008". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved November
^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan
Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011". 2011 Population
United States Census Bureau, Population Division. April
2012. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 27, 2012. Retrieved
April 12, 2012.
^  Archived August 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas:
April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007" (.xls). U.S. Census Bureau. March 27,
2010. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
^ "Darden headquarters to open Wednesday in Orlando". Orlando
Sentinel. September 26, 2009. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
^ "Lake Nona Is Site Of New VA Hospital". Internet Broadcasting
Systems/WKMG-TV. March 2, 2007. Archived from the original on February
12, 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2008.
"Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando". Nemours Foundation. Archived
from the original on October 17, 2011. Retrieved November 18,
^ Stratton, Jim. "
Florida jobless rate drops to 11.7 percent", Orlando
Sentinel, June 18, 2010.
^ Stratton, Jim (September 20, 2013). "
Florida unemployment rate falls
to 7 percent". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
^ "Metropolitan Orlando Housing Trends Summary[permanent dead link]."
Orlando Regional Realtor Association. May 9, 2012. Retrieved on My 17,
^ "Orlando Press & Media Visit Orlando News & Information".
Corporate.visitorlando.com. Retrieved August 2, 2014.
^ 2012 TEA AECOM Themed Index Archived November 27, 2013, at the
Wayback Machine.. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original
(PDF) on November 27, 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-23. , May 23, 2014
^ Bergen, Kathy.
Las Vegas and Orlando Bruising Chicago's Trade Show
Business. The Chicago Tribune, September 11, 2003
^ "What Happened to Hollywood East?" Southwest Orlando Bulletin, July
^ "Bob Carr Performing Arts Centre".
City of Orlando Venues. Archived
from the original on September 24, 2014.
^ "Dr. Phillips Center's 3-month-out update". mynews13.com.
^ "2010 Orlando Fringe Festival Orlando International Fringe Theatre
Festival". Orlandofringe.org. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
^ "PLAYFEST! The Harriet Lake Festival of New Plays".
Vroomvroomvroom.com. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
^ "About Us – Orlando Cabaret Festival". Orlandocabaret.com.
Retrieved November 17, 2012.
^ "Thee Grotto carves out dance floor space in downtown Orlando".
^ Kelemen, Matt (September 2, 1998). "Wizards of Aahz: The Florida
winter had ju..." orlandoweekly.com. The Orlando Weekly. Retrieved
November 30, 2015. Collins could not be aware of it at the time, but
those Saturday nights -- eventually known as "Aahz"-- would kick-start
an underground culture and spawn countless DJ careers. Orlando would
never be the same...By 1991–1992, Orlando experienced its own
"summer of love" through the culture that sprang up around the weekend
acid-house nights at the Beacham Theatre presided over by Collins and
Dave Cannalte, and nurtured by Beacham promoter StaceBass...only New
York, San Francisco and L.A. had similar scenes, and they were
characterized by warehouse parties. Orlando had a headquarters in the
heart of its downtown district...From then on the crowds would refer
to the Beacham as "Aahz" no matter what the owners called it.
^ Epitaph Records (March 21, 2006). "From First To Last". Epitaph
^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
Vans Warped Tour 2014". last.fm.
^  Archived June 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
ECHL Attendance Down 2%; Ontario (CA) Reign Lead In Final Season
With League", May 12, 2015.
^ "USFL.info – Orlando Renegades". www.usfl.info. Retrieved December
^ Richardson, Matthew (June 1, 2016). "3 new things coming to
Orlando's biggest video game tournament". Orlando Business
^ Alphonse, Craig (June 23, 2016). "
Community Effort Orlando
Community Effort Orlando is What
it Sounds Like". Red Bull.
^ "地図 Archived February 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.."
Orlando Hoshuko. Retrieved on February 16, 2015. "住所：901
Highland Ave. Orlando,
Florida 32803 "
^ "Number of U.S. TV Households Climbs by One Million for 2010–11 TV
Season Nielsen Wire". Blog.nielsen.com. August 27, 2010. Retrieved
December 10, 2011.
^ "Highest Circulation
Florida Newspapers – the biggest newspapers
Florida at Mondo Times". Mondonewspapers.com. Archived from the
original on August 19, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
^ Mulligan, M. "Railroad Depots of Central Florida", page 42. Arcadia
Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2009". Amtrak. Retrieved February 2,
^ "A Better Way To Go". SunRail. Retrieved August 2, 2014.
^  Archived July 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
^ Hinman, Michael (January 28, 2010). "High-speed rail details show 16
Tampa-Orlando round trips".
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 9, 2015.
^ "Orlando". Brightline. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
^ Rodriguez, Rene. "The massive station is rising. But the train
service is not quite ready to roll".
Miami Herald. Retrieved 17
^ "The Central
Florida Regional Transportation Authority—LYNX".
Golynx.com. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
^ "Lake County to End Commuter Contract to LYNX". Golynx.com. August
City of Orlando International Affairs". Cityoforlando.net.
Retrieved November 17, 2014.
^ "Foreign Embassies and Consulates in United States".
Embassiesabroad.com. September 15, 1999. Retrieved November 17,
^ "Changes to UK government representation in Orlando,
News articles". GOV.UK. January 29, 2014. Retrieved August 2,
See also: Bibliography of the history of Orlando, Florida
Find more aboutOrlando, Floridaat's sister projects
Definitions from Wiktionary
Media from Wikimedia Commons
News from Wikinews
Quotations from Wikiquote
Texts from Wikisource
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Travel guide from Wikivoyage
Learning resources from Wikiversity
Florida at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Greater Orlando Metropolitan Area
Apopka, Astatula, Mount Dora, Eustis, Tavares, Leesburg, The Villages
Eatonville, Maitland, Altamonte Springs, Longwood, Lake Mary, Sanford,
Deltona, DeBary, Orange City, DeLand
Winter Park, Casselberry, Oviedo, Winter Springs, Daytona Beach, New
Smyrna Beach, Ormond Beach
Windermere, Ocoee, Winter Garden, Clermont, Bushnell
Union Park, Avalon Park, Chuluota, Bithlo, Christmas, Titusville,
Cocoa Beach, Cape Canaveral
Lake Buena Vista, Celebration, Davenport, Winter Haven, Lakeland,
Edgewood, Belle Isle, Kissimmee, Poinciana
Saint Cloud, Harmony, Holopaw, Kenansville, Yeehaw Junction,
Melbourne, Palm Bay
Articles relating to Orlando and Orange County
Radio stations in the Orlando market
By AM frequency
By FM frequency
90.3 (Eustis) 90.3 (Haines City)
92.7 (Kissimmee) 92.7 (Winter Garden) 92.7 (Winter Park)
93.5 (Orlando) 93.5 (Union Park)
95.9 (Orlando) 95.9 (St. Cloud)
96.9 (Leesburg) 96.9 (Orlando)
97.1 (Debary) 97.1 (Kissimmee)
99.5 (Central Orlando) 99.5 (South Orlando)
99.7 (Kissimmee) 99.7 (Winter Haven/WDDT-LP) 99.7 (Winter
99.9 (Apopka) 99.9 (Orlando)
NOAA Weather Radio
NOAA Weather Radio frequency
by frequency & subchannel
WRAP 833 AM
Satellite radio local traffic/weather
XM Channel 229
Sirius Channel 158
Nearby radio markets
Fort Pierce-Stuart-Vero Beach
List of radio stations in Florida
Broadcast television in East Central
Florida and the Space Coast,
Daytona Beach and Melbourne
Reception may vary by location and some stations may only be viewable
with cable television
Network O&Os are in bold
WESH (2.1 NBC, 2.2 MeTV)
WKMG-TV (6.1 CBS, 6.2 Cozi TV, 6.3 Decades)
WFTV (9.1 ABC, 9.2 Laff, 9.3 Escape)
WKCF (18.1 CW, 18.2 Justice)
WRDQ (27.1 Ind, 27.2 Antenna TV, 27.3 Grit)
WFEF-LD (28.1 Comet, 28.2 AccuWX, 28.3 ASN, 28.4 Liquidation, 28.5
QVC, 28.6 QVC+)
WRCF-CD (29.1 Escape, 29.2 Quest, 29.3 TCN)
WSCF-LP 31 (Ind)
WOFL (35.1 Fox, 35.2 Light TV)
WZXZ-CD (36.1 SSN)
WHDO-CD (38.1 Ind)
WTGL (45.1 TLN /
FamilyNet / WHT / Worship, 45.2 Nacion, 45.3 Aliento
Vision, 45.4 CTNi)
WATV-LD (47.4 Infomercials)
WACX (55.1 Ind/Rel, 55.2 God TV, 55.3/55.5
WACX encores, 55.4 SBN,
55.6 Portuguese Prog.)
WRBW (65.1 MNTV, 65.2 Movies!, 65.3 H&I, 65.4 Buzzr)
W32DJ-D (32.1 3ABN, 32.2 3ABN Proclaim!, 32.3 3ABN Latino, 32.4 3ABN
Radio, 32.5 Radio 74)
WVEN-TV (43.2 GetTV, 43.3 Bounce, 43.4 Escape, 43.5 Quest)
WHLV-TV (52.1 TBN, 52.2 Hillsong, 52.3 JUCE TV/Smile, 52.4 Enlace,
WOPX-TV (56.1 Ion, 56.2 qubo, 56.3 Ion Life, 56.4 Ion Shop, 56.5 QVC
Over Air, 56.6 HSN)
W07BP-D 7 (Edu.)
WOFT-LD (8.1 Ind/Classic Movies, 8.3/.4 Infomercials)
WOCD-LD 27 (Daystar)
W42DJ-D (42.1 CBS, 42.2 Cozi TV, 42.3 Decades)
WOGX (51.1 Fox, 51.2 Movies!, 51.3 Ion)
WDSC-TV (15.1 Public Ind, 15.3 MHz WV)
WUCF-TV (24.1 PBS, 24.2 Create, 24.3
PBS Kids, 24.4 NHK World, 24.5
WEFS (68.1 Public Ind, 68.2 CAS, 68.3 NASA, 68.4 FL Channel)
WOFT-LD (8.2 Spanish Infomercials)
WKCF (18.3 Estrella TV)
W21AU-D (21.1 América Tevé, 21.2 TeLe-Romántica)
WOTF-TV (26.1 UniMás, 26.2 LATV)
WTMO-CD (31.1 TMD)
WHDO-CD 38.2 (Mega TV)
WVEN-TV (43.1 UNI)
WATV-LD (47.1 NCN Television, 47.2 Mi Musica, 47.3 TV Reino)
WUFT (5.1 PBS, 5.2 Create, 5.3 World)
WNBW (9.1 NBC, 9.2 Charge!, 9.3 Comet, 9.4 MeTV)
WCJB (20.1 ABC, 20.2 CW+)
WGFL (28.1 CBS, 28.2 MNTV, 28.3 TBD)
WEDU (3.1 PBS, 3.2 World, 3.3 FL Chan, 3.4 PBS+, 3.5
PBS Kids, 3.6
WFLA (8.1 NBC, 8.2 MeTV)
WTSP (10.1 CBS, 10.2 ANT, 10.3 Justice)
WTVT (13.1 Fox, 13.2 Movies!, 13.3 Buzzr, 13.4 H&I)
WFTS (28.1 ABC, 28.2 Laff, 28.3 Grit)
WMOR (32.1 Ind, 32.2 This TV)
WTTA (38.1 MNTV, 38.2 Cozi TV)
WTOG (44.1 CW, 44.2 Decades)
West Palm Beach
WPTV-TV (5.1 NBC, 5.2 MeTV, 5.3 Laff)
WPEC (12.1 CBS, 12.2 WeatherNation TV, 12.3 Comet)
WTCE-TV (21.1 TBN, 21.2 Hillsong, 21.3 JUCE TV/Smile, 21.4 Enlace,
WPBF (25.1 ABC, 25.2 Estrella TV)
WTVX (34.1 The CW, 34.2 AZA, 34.3 MNTV, 34.4 LATV)
Fox Sports Florida
Fox Sports Sun
Spectrum News 13
WNDS-LD 44 (DrTV)
Florida broadcast television areas by city
West Palm Beach
Municipalities and communities of Orange County, Florida, United
County seat: Orlando
Lake Buena Vista
Lake Mary Jane
Reedy Creek Improvement District‡
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or
State of Florida
Seal of Florida
North Central Florida
Tampa Bay Area
Cape Coral–Fort Myers
Deltona–Daytona Beach–Ormond Beach
Fort Walton Beach–Crestview–Destin
Miami–Fort Lauderdale–Pompano Beach
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton
Panama City–Lynn Haven–Panama
Port St. Lucie
Port St. Lucie
West Palm Beach
Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Florida
Lenny Curry (R)
Tomás Regalado (R)
Bob Buckhorn (D)
Buddy Dyer (D)
Rick Kriseman (D)
Carlos Hernández (R)
Andrew Gillum (D)
Jack Seiler (D)
Gregory J. Oravec (D)
(Port St. Lucie)
Marni Sawicki (D)
Frank C. Ortis (D)
Peter Bober (D)
Wayne M. Messam (D)
Lauren Poe (D)
Vincent Boccard (R)
Oliver Gilbert III (D)
George Cretekos (R)
Guillermo "William" Capote (D)
Lamar Fisher (D)
Jeri Muoio (D)
(West Palm Beach)
Howard Wiggs (R)
ISNI: 0000 0004 0429 6208