ORISTANO listen (help ·info ) (Sardinian : Aristanis) is an
Italian city and comune , and capital of the
Province of Oristano
The economy of
* 1 History * 2 Main sights
* 3 Culture
* 3.1 Sa Sartiglia and other events
* 4 Transport * 5 Climate * 6 Twin towns – sister cities * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links
Port'a Ponti Door Tower in Piazza Roma
In medieval times
Thereafter, Oristano's history was that of the island of
Oristano Cathedral The Christ in the Church of St. Francis
* The Tower of St. Christophoros, otherwise known as Tower of Mariano II, was built in 1290, is 19 metres (62 ft) tall and the most striking remaining evidence of the old walls built at the time of the Giudicato, as it was one of the main gates thereof. * Torrione ("Big Tower") of Portixedda. * St. Mary's Cathedral (1130) was rebuilt during the reign of Mariano II after being destroyed in a siege. Of the original structure of Mariano, only parts of the apse and base of the campanile are left, as well as the Gothic Chapel of the Rimedio, which houses some medieval sculptures. Parts of a more ancient Byzantine edifice can be seen in the court. To the 17th century renovation belongs the Chapel of the Archivietto ("Chapel of the Small Archive"). The current Baroque style is largely from the 19th-century restoration. It has been supposed that the Cathedral was used for the burials of the giudici and their families, but the subsequent dominations have deleted all traces of them. In the interior is a wooden statue of the Annunziata, attributed to Nino Pisano . * The Church of St. Francis of Assisi was built around 1200 and is currently in neo-classical style. Therewithin is the Christ of Nicodemus, a wooden sculpture believed to be the work of Valencian masters, dating back to the 14th century. * The Franciscan church of Santa Chiara (consecrated in 1428) is an edifice in French-Gothic style with a single nave and a square apse. * The Church and cloister of the Carmine is one of the best examples of Baroque-Roccoco architecture in Oristano. * The Church of Saint Sebastian is the only medieval extramural church, i.e. it is located outside the walls. * The Church of Saint Dominic (San Domenico) was built in 1634 at the initiative of friar Pietro Flores and financially supported by local nobleman Baldassarre Dedoni. Citizens also made donations in exchange for 2 square metres (22 sq ft) of floor space for a tomb therewithin. The building is a rectangularly-shaped chamber with two chapels formed in its right side wall: one of them is dedicated to Saint Vincent and the other one to the name of Jesus. Most notably, it has a wood retable that served as the main altar and includes several niches dedicated to Saint Dominic and other Saints. Upon the suppression of religious orders in 1832 the Dominicans, who had been in charge until then, bequeathed the church to the archconfraternity of the Saint Name of Jesus. It was thereafter refurbished several times, deconsecrated and currently serves as an Auditorium for congresses and concerts. * In the village of Massama is the small pre-Romanesque church called Oratory of the Souls, showing influences from the Visigothic art of the 8th century.
SA SARTIGLIA AND OTHER EVENTS
Sartiglia Costumes of
Sa Sartiglia, otherwise known at its inception as Sartilla, is an
equestrian tournament held in
The name "Sartiglia" comes from Sortija which, in turn, evolved from the Latin word Sorticola, the diminutive form of Sors which does not only mean fate and fortune, but also "ring".
The ring is a tin star provided with a hole at its centre, hanging from a ribbon strung above horseman's height across the street near the Cathedral, at which masked horsemen aim with their swords on steeds galloping at breath-taking speed, after being announced by trumpets and drums and having gathered pace down a route, covered with sand, snaking across the town centre. The number of stars caught on each day is a sign of the wealth that the harvest and carpentry work will bring to the corporations.
At the end of Sa Sartiglia, elsewhere within the old walls, another sand covered route will be trodden by horses ridden by those same masked horsemen and women showing their stunning prowess, while engaging in all sorts of acrobatics on two and three galloping steeds at a time. This is called La Pariglia, and ends at sunset. Su Componidori
The leader of both trials is called Su Componidori, meaning "the one who marshals". He is chosen by the members of the Corporations, who do not disclose his name until Candlemas, when Su Majorale announces it directly to the appointee and a careful selection of the horses as well as adequate practice can start. He is neither a man, nor a woman but androgynous, much akin to the land and, at the end of the tournament, blesses bystanders and the town with the "little doll of May" (Sa Pippia 'e maiu), a bunch of flowers swaddled in a ribbon, believed to pre-date the tournament itself, followed by the other horsemen at a canter first, and then alone, riding with his back on his galloping steed's, face up gazing at the Heavens.
CLIMATE DATA FOR ORISTANO, SARDINIA
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 13.2 (55.8) 13.2 (55.8) 14.7 (58.5) 16.7 (62.1) 20.8 (69.4) 24.5 (76.1) 27.8 (82) 28.8 (83.8) 26.0 (78.8) 21.9 (71.4) 17.3 (63.1) 14.4 (57.9) 19.9 (67.8)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 7.6 (45.7) 7.5 (45.5) 8.6 (47.5) 10.3 (50.5) 13.7 (56.7) 17.3 (63.1) 20.1 (68.2) 21.1 (70) 18.7 (65.7) 15.3 (59.5) 11.3 (52.3) 8.8 (47.8) 13.4 (56.1)
AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 50.0 (1.969) 60.5 (2.382) 44.4 (1.748) 51.4 (2.024) 32.8 (1.291) 16.7 (0.657) 4.4 (0.173) 7.3 (0.287) 34.2 (1.346) 69.7 (2.744) 92.5 (3.642) 65.0 (2.559) 528.9 (20.822)
AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 1 MM) 8 8 7 8 5 2 1 1 4 8 10 9 71
TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
* Sartiglia, La grande Giostra equestre di Oristano. Sassari: Soter. 1994. * Oristano, La Sartiglia. Cagliari: L\'Unione Sarda . 1992.
* ^ All demographics and other statistics: National Institute of Statistics (Italy) (Istat). * ^ Weather Service of the Italian Air Force " Servizio Meteorologico dell\' Aeronautica Militare"