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Orissa Province was a province of
British India The provinces of India, earlier presidencies of British India and still earlier, presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a countr ...

British India
created in April 1936 by the partitioning of the
Bihar and Orissa Province
Bihar and Orissa Province
. Its territory corresponds with the modern-day State of Odisha. On 22 March 1912, both Bihar and Orissa divisions were separated from the Bengal Presidency as
Bihar and Orissa Province
Bihar and Orissa Province
. On 1 April 1936, Bihar and Orissa Province was split to form Bihar Province and Orissa Province. Parts of the Ganjam District and the Vizagapatam district of Madras Presidency were transferred to Orissa Province along with portions of the Vizagapatam Hill Tracts Agency and Ganjam Hill Tracts Agency.


History

On 14 October 1803, Orissa was occupied by the British Raj. Under the British Raj, Raj, it was a division of the Bengal Presidency with its capital in Cuttack. It had an area of 35,664 km² and 5,003,121 inhabitants in 1901. The province included the Orissa Tributary States. On 1 April 1912, the province of Bihar and Orissa was detached from Bengal, and the Orissa Tributary States were under the authority of the governor of Bihar and Orissa. In 1936, Orissa became a separate province with five districts. The Government of India Act 1935, Government of India Act provided for the election of a provincial legislative assembly and a responsible government. Elections were held in 1937, and the Indian National Congress took a majority of the seats but declined to form the government. A minority provisional government was formed under Krushna Chandra Gajapati, the Maharaja of Paralakhemundi.http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1937/apr/19/provincial-governments-ministers The Congress reversed its decision and resolved to accept office in July 1937. Therefore, the Governor invited Biswanath Das to form the government. In 1939, along with Congress ministries in other provinces, Das resigned in protest of the Governor-General's declaration of war on Germany without consulting with Indian leaders, and Orissa came under Governor's Rule till 1941 when Krushna Chandra Gajapati was again made the Premier. This government lasted till 1944. Another round of elections were held in 1946, yielding another Congress majority, and a government was formed under Harekrushna Mahatab.


Governors

* 1 April 1936 – 11 August 1938 Sir John Austen Hubback (1st time) (b. 1878 – d. 1968) *11 Aug 1938 – 8 December 1938 G. T. Boag (acting) (b. 1884 – d. 1969) * 8 December 1938 – 1 April 1941 Sir John Austen Hubback (2nd time) (s.a.) * 1 April 1941 – 1 April 1946 Sir William Hawthorne Lewis (b. 1888 – d. 1970) * 1 April 1946 – 15 August 1947 Sir Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi (b. 1893 – d. 1981)


Chief Ministers of Orissa

* 1 April 1937 – 19 July 1937 Krushna Chandra Gajapati, Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Deo (b. 1892 – d. 1974) Non-party (1st time) *19 Jul 1937 – 4 November 1939 Biswanath Das (b. 1889 – d. 1984) INC * 4 November 1939 – 24 November 1941 Governor's Rule *24 Nov 1941 – 29 June 1944 Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Deo (s.a.) Non-party (2nd time) *29 Jun 1944 – 23 April 1946 Governor's Rule *23 Apr 1946 – 15 August 1947 Harekrushna Mahatab (b. 1899 – d. 1987) INC


See also

*Eastern States Agency *Orissa Tributary States


References

{{Presidencies and provinces of British India Provinces of British India History of Odisha Bengal Presidency