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, established in 1999, is the
holding company A holding company is a company whose primary business is holding a controlling interest in the securities of other companies. A holding company usually does not produce goods or services itself. Its purpose is to own shares of other companies ...
at the head of a Japanese
corporate group A corporate group or group of companies is a collection of parent and subsidiary corporations A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity ...
that supplies
statistics Statistics is the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data. In applying statistics to a scientific, industrial, or social problem, it is conventional to begin with a statistical ...

statistics
and information on music and the
music industry The music industry consists of the individuals and organizations that earn money by Musical composition, writing songs and musical compositions, creating and selling Sound recording and reproduction, recorded music and sheet music, presenting l ...
in
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an in . It is situated in the northwest , and is bordered on the west by the , while extending from the in the north toward the and in the south. Japan is a part of the , and spans of coveri ...

Japan
and
Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western Junction, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western world, countries that ide ...
music. It started as, which was founded by Sōkō Koike in November 1967 and became known for its
music chart A record chart, also called a music chart, is a ranking of Sound recording and reproduction, recorded music according to certain criteria during a given period. Many different criteria are used in worldwide charts, often in combination. These in ...
s. Oricon Inc. was originally set up as a subsidiary of Original Confidence and took over the latter's Oricon record charts in April 2002. The charts are compiled from data drawn from some 39,700 retail outlets (as of April 2011) and provide sales rankings of music CDs, DVDs, electronic games, and other entertainment products based on weekly tabulations. Results are announced every Tuesday and published in ''Oricon Style'' by subsidiary Oricon Entertainment Inc. The group also lists panel survey-based popularity ratings for
television commercial Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty; it answers the question of "What an ...
s on its official website. Oricon started publishing Combined Chart, which includes CD sales, digital sales, and streaming together, on December 19, 2018.


History

Original Confidence Inc., the original Oricon company, was founded by the former
Snow Brand Milk Products , formerly is one of the largest dairy A dairy is a business enterprise Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling Product (business), products (such as goods and services). Simply put ...
promoter Sōkō Koike in 1967. That November, the company began publishing a singles chart on an experimental basis. Entitled , this went official on January 4, 1968. Like the preceding Japanese music charts provided by Tokushin Music Report which was started in 1962, early ''Original Confidence'' was an exclusive information magazine only for the people who worked in the music industry. However, in the 1970s, Koike willingly advertised his company's charts to make its existence prevail among the Japanese public. Thanks to his intensive promotional efforts through multiple media including television programs, the hit parade became known by its abbreviation "Oricon" by the late 1970s. The company shortened its name to Oricon in 1992 and was split into a holding company and several subsidiaries in 1999. Since Sōkō Koike's death, Oricon has been managed by the founder's relatives.


Policy

Oricon monitors and reports on sales of CDs, DVDs, video games, and entertainment content in several other formats; manga and book sales were also formerly covered. Charts are published every Tuesday in ''Oricon Style'' and on Oricon's official website. Every Monday, Oricon receives data from outlets, but data on merchandise sold through certain channels does not make it into the charts. For example, the debut single of
NEWS News is information Information is processed, organised and structured data. It provides context for data and enables decision making process. For example, a single customer’s sale at a restaurant is data – this becomes informatio ...
, a pop group, was released only through
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stores, which are not covered by Oricon, and its sales were not reflected in the Oricon charts. Oricon's rankings of record sales are therefore not completely accurate. Before data was collected electronically, the charts were compiled on the basis of faxes that were sent from record shops.


Controversy

In 2006, Oricon sued journalist Hiro Ugaya when he was quoted in a ''Saizo'' (or ''Cyso'') magazine article as suggesting that Oricon was manipulating its statistics to benefit certain management companies and labels, specifically
Johnny and Associates is a Japanese talent agency, formed by Johnny Kitagawa in 1962, which trains and promotes groups of male Japanese idol, entertainers known as . History 1962–1989 In 1962, Kitagawa launched his first group, Johnnys. In early days, Kitagawa's ag ...
. Ugaya condemned the lawsuit as an example of a
strategic lawsuit against public participation A strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP), SLAPP suit, or intimidation lawsuit is intended to censor Censor may refer to: People with the name *Cato the Elder, also known as Cato the Censor (Marcus Porcius Cato, 234–149 BC), ...
(SLAPP) in Japan. The lawsuit, filed by Oricon on November 17, 2006, accused Ugaya of "mendacious comments" and demanded 50 million yen (318,000 euros) in damages. In the interview, Ugaya questioned the validity of Oricon's hit chart on the grounds that its statistical methods were not transparent. Many
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NGO
s, including
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Reporters Without Borders
, denounced the lawsuit as a violation of free expression. A Tokyo District Court initially ordered Ugaya to pay 1 million yen (7,400 euros) in damages, but Ugaya appealed to the Tokyo high court. Oricon later dropped the charges, after a 33-month battle. No criminal charge was laid against the journalist. Dropping a lawsuit is rare in Japan; for example, only 0.1% of cases that ended in 2007 being done by the plaintiff ceasing the case.


Shareholders

(''as of March 31, 2012'') * LitruPond LLC – 29.34% * Yoshiaki Yoshida ( DHC Corp. president) – 8.94% * Hikari Tsushin, Inc. – 4.94% * Ko Koike (CEO) – 2.75% * Lawson, Inc. – 1.98% * Hidekō Koike – 1.89% * Naoko Koike – 1.87% * DHC Corp. – 1.59% * Yumi Koike – 1.55%


Charts


Current charts

* Oricon Singles Chart, Singles Chart (January 4, 1968 – present) * Oricon Albums Chart, Albums Chart (October 5, 1987 – present) * Oricon Karaoke Chart, Karaoke Chart (December 26, 1994 – present) * DVD Chart (April 5, 1999 – present) * Book Chart (April 7, 2008 – present) * Comic Chart (February 6, 1995 – March 26, 2001; April 7, 2008 – present) * Bunkobon Chart (April 7, 2008 – present) * Blu-ray Disc Chart (September 7, 2008 – present) * Music DVD & Blu-ray Disc Chart (October 14, 2013 – present) * Long Hit Album Catalogue Chart (April 2, 2001 – present) * Digital Albums Chart (November 14, 2016 – present) * Digital Singles Chart (December 25, 2017 – present) * Streaming Chart (December 24, 2018 – present) * Combined Albums Chart (December 24, 2018 – present) * Combined Singles Chart (December 24, 2018 – present)


Past charts

* Long play, LP Chart (January 5, 1970 – November 27, 1989) * Cassette tape, CT Chart (December 2, 1974 – April 24, 1978) * 8-track tape, Cartridges Chart (December 2, 1974 – April 24, 1978) * Compact disc, CD Chart (February 6, 1984 – April 21, 1997) * LaserDisc, LD Chart (February 6, 1984 – January 31, 2000) * Sell-Video Chart (February 6, 1984 – May 30, 2005) * Video High Density, VHD Chart (February 6, 1984 – November 27, 1989) * MiniDisc, MD Chart (1994) * Game Software Chart (February 20, 1995 – November 28, 2005) * All-Genre Formats Ranking (May 24, 1984 – April 2, 2001) * New Media Chart (January 2004 – 2005) * Tracks Chart (September 6, 2004 – August 31, 2008)


Artists' total sales revenue by year


See also

* List of Oricon number-one singles * List of Oricon number-one albums * List of best-selling singles in Japan * List of best-selling albums in Japan


References


External links


Oricon website
{{Authority control Oricon, Companies listed on the JASDAQ Securities Exchange Music companies of Japan Japanese record charts