The Info List - Organization Of Islamic Cooperation

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
(OIC; Arabic: منظمة التعاون الإسلامي‎; French: Organisation de la coopération islamique) is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with a collective population of over 1.6 billion as of 2008. The organisation states that it is "the collective voice of the Muslim world" and works to "safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world
Muslim world
in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony".[2] The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations
United Nations
and the European Union. The official languages of the OIC are Arabic, English, and French.


1 History

1.1 Al-Aqsa fire 1.2 Islamic Conference 1.3 Goals 1.4 Refugees 1.5 New name and emblem

2 Member states

2.1 Africa 2.2 Asia 2.3 Europe 2.4 South America

3 Positions

3.1 Israeli–Palestinian conflict 3.2 Cartoons of Muhammad 3.3 Human rights

3.3.1 LGBT rights

3.4 Science & Technology

3.4.1 Astana Declaration

3.5 Non-state terrorism 3.6 Dispute with Thailand 3.7 Dispute with India

4 Notable meetings

4.1 Ninth meeting of PUOICM 4.2 IPHRC Trip to Washington DC 4.3 Observer Status dispute

5 Structure and organisation

5.1 Islamic Summit 5.2 Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers 5.3 Secretary General 5.4 Permanent Secretariat 5.5 Subsidiary organisations 5.6 Specialised institutions 5.7 Affiliated institutions

6 Secretaries-General 7 Islamic Summits 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links


Islamic Summit Minar
Islamic Summit Minar
in Lahore, Pakistan.

Al-Aqsa fire[edit] On 21 August 1969 a fire was started in the Al-Aqsa Mosque
Al-Aqsa Mosque
in Jerusalem. Amin al-Husseini, the former Mufti of Jerusalem, called the arson a "Jewish crime" and called for all Muslim heads of state to convene a summit.[3] (The fire, which "destroyed part of the old wooden roof and a 800-year-old pulpit"[4] was blamed on the mental illness of the perpetrator — Australian Christian fundamentalist Denis Michael Rohan — by Israel, and on Zionists and Zionism in general by the Islamic conference.)[5] Islamic Conference[edit] On 25 September 1969, an Islamic Conference, a summit of representatives of 24 Muslim majority countries
Muslim majority countries
(most of the representatives being heads of state), was held in Rabat, Morocco.[3][2] A resolution was passed stating that

"Muslim government would consult with a view to promoting among themselves close cooperation and mutual assistance in the economic, scientific, cultural and spiritual fields, inspired by the immortal teachings of Islam."[3]

Six months later in March 1970, the First Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers was held in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.[5] In 1972, the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC, now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation) was founded.[6] While the al-Aqsa fire is regarded as one of the catalysts for the formation of the OIC, many Muslims
have aspired to a pan-Islamic institution that would serve the common political, economic, and social interests of the ummah (Muslim community) since the 19th century. In particular, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and the Caliphate
after World War I
World War I
left a vacuum. Goals[edit] According to its charter, the OIC aims to preserve Islamic social and economic values; promote solidarity amongst member states; increase cooperation in social, economic, cultural, scientific, and political areas; uphold international peace and security; and advance education, particularly in the fields of science and technology.[2] The emblem of the OIC contains three main elements that reflect its vision and mission as incorporated in its new Charter. These elements are: the Kaaba, the Globe, and the Crescent. On 5 August 1990, 45 foreign ministers of the OIC adopted the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam to serve as a guidance for the member states in the matters of human rights in as much as they are compatible with the Sharia, or Quranic Law.[7] In June 2008, the OIC conducted a formal revision of its charter. The revised charter set out to promote human rights, fundamental freedoms, and good governance in all member states. The revisions also removed any mention of the Cairo
Declaration on Human Rights in Islam. Within the revised charter, the OIC has chosen to support the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international law.[8] Refugees[edit] According to the UNHCR, OIC countries hosted 18 million refugees by the end of 2010. Since then OIC members have absorbed refugees from other conflicts, including the uprising in Syria. In May 2012, the OIC addressed these concerns at the "Refugees in the Muslim World" conference in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.[9] New name and emblem[edit] On 28 June 2011 during the 38th Council of Foreign Ministers meeting (CFM) in Astana, Kazakhstan, the organisation changed its name from Organisation of the Islamic Conference (Arabic: منظمة المؤتمر الإسلامي‎; French: Organisation de la Conférence Islamique) to its current name.[10] The OIC also changed its logo at this time. Member states[edit] Main article: Member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

A clickable Euler diagram
Euler diagram
showing the relationships between various multinational organisations within the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (note that Syria
is currently suspended from all organizations included in this diagram due to human rights abuses in the ongoing Syrian Civil War).v • d • e

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
has 57 members, 56 of which are also member states of the United Nations. Some, especially in West Africa and South America, are – though with large Muslim populations – not necessarily Muslim majority countries. A few countries with significant Muslim populations, such as Russia
and Thailand, sit as Observer States, while others, such as India
and Ethiopia, are not members. The collective population of OIC member states is over 1.6 billion as of 2008. Africa[edit]

 Algeria  Benin  Burkina Faso  Cameroon  Chad  Comoros  Djibouti  Egypt  Gabon  Gambia  Guinea  Guinea-Bissau  Ivory Coast  Libya  Mali  Mauritania  Morocco  Mozambique  Niger  Nigeria  Senegal  Sierra Leone  Somalia  Sudan  Togo  Tunisia  Uganda


 Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Bangladesh  Brunei  Indonesia  Iran  Iraq  Jordan  Kazakhstan  Kuwait  Kyrgyzstan  Lebanon  Malaysia  Maldives  Oman  Pakistan  Palestine  Qatar  Saudi Arabia   Syria
(Suspended)  Tajikistan  Turkey  Turkmenistan  United Arab Emirates  Uzbekistan  Yemen



South America[edit]

 Guyana  Suriname

Positions[edit] The Parliamentary Union of the OIC Member States
Parliamentary Union of the OIC Member States
(PUOICM) was established in Iran
in 1999, and its head office is situated in Tehran. Only OIC members are entitled to membership in the union.[11] On 27 June 2007, then- United States
United States
President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
announced that the United States
United States
would establish an envoy to the OIC. Bush said of the envoy, "Our special envoy will listen to and learn from representatives from Muslim states, and will share with them America's views and values."[12] As of June 2015[update], Arsalan Suleman is acting special envoy. He was appointed on 13 February 2015.[13] In an investigation of the accuracy of a series of chain emails, Snopes.com reported that during the October 2003 – April 2004 session of the General Assembly, 17 individual members of the OIC voted against the United States
United States
88% of the time.[14] The OIC, on 28 March 2008, joined the criticism of the film Fitna by Dutch lawmaker Geert Wilders, which features disturbing images of violent acts juxtaposed with alleged verses from the Quran.[15] In March 2015, the OIC announced its support for the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
against the Shia Houthis.[16] Israeli–Palestinian conflict[edit] The OIC supports a two-state solution to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The OIC has called for a boycott of Israeli products in effort to pressure Israel into ending the occupation of the Palestinian territories.[17][18] There was a meeting in Conakry
in 2013. Secretary-General Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu said that foreign ministers would discuss the possibility of cutting ties with any state that recognised Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel or that moves its embassy to its environs.[19] In December 2017, the extraordinary meeting held to response Donald Trump's decision on recognizing Jerusalem, resulting "Istanbul Declaration on Freedom for Al Quds."[20] Cartoons of Muhammad[edit] Main article: Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy Cartoons of Muhammad, published in a Danish newspaper in September 2005, were found offensive by a number of Muslims. Third Extraordinary Session of the Islamic Summit Conference in December 2005 condemned publication of the cartoons, resulting in broader coverage of the issue by news media in Muslim countries. Subsequently, violent demonstrations throughout the Islamic world resulted in several deaths.[21] Human rights[edit] OIC created the Cairo
Declaration of Human Rights in Islam.[7] While proponents claim it is not an alternative to the UDHR, but rather complementary to it, Article 24 states that "all the rights and freedoms stipulated in this Declaration are subject to the Islamic Shari'ah" and Article 25 follows with "the Islamic Shari'ah is the only source of reference for the explanation or clarification of any of the articles of this Declaration." Attempts to have it adopted by the United Nations
United Nations
Human Rights Council have met increasing criticism, because of its contradiction of the UDHR, including from liberal Muslim groups.[22] Critics of the CDHR state bluntly that it is "manipulation and hypocrisy," "designed to dilute, if not altogether eliminate, civil and political rights protected by international law" and attempts to "circumvent these principles [of freedom and equality]."[23][24][25] Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch
says that OIC has "fought doggedly" and successfully within the United Nations
United Nations
Human Rights Council to shield states from criticism, except when it comes to criticism of Israel. For example, when independent experts reported violations of human rights in the 2006 Lebanon
War, "state after state from the OIC took the floor to denounce the experts for daring to look beyond Israeli violations to discuss Hezbollah's as well." OIC demands that the council "should work cooperatively with abusive governments rather than condemn them." HRW responds that this works with those who are willing to cooperate; others exploit the passivity.[26][27] The OIC has been criticised for failing to discuss the treatment of ethnic minorities within member countries, such as the oppression of the Kurds in Syria
and Turkey, the Ahwaz
in Iran, the Hazaras
in Afghanistan, the 'Al-Akhdam' in Yemen, or the Berbers
in Algeria.[28] Along with the revisions of the OIC's charter in 2008, the member states created the Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC). The IPHRC is an advisory body, independent from the OIC, composed of eighteen individuals from a variety of educational and professional backgrounds. The IPHRC has the power to monitor human rights within the member states and facilitates the integration of human rights into all OIC mandates. The IPHRC also aids in the promotion of political, civil, and economic rights in all member states.[29] In September 2017, the Independent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) of the OIC strongly condemned the human rights violations against the Rohingya Muslims
in Myanmar.[30] LGBT rights[edit] Main article: LGBT rights at the United Nations In March 2012, the United Nations
United Nations
Human Rights Council held its first discussion of discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, following the 2011 passage of a resolution supporting LGBT rights proposed by the Republic of South Africa.[31] Pakistan's representative addressed the session on behalf of the OIC, denouncing the discussion and questioning the concept of sexual orientation, which he said was being used to promote "licentious behaviour ... against the fundamental teachings of various religions, including Islam". He stated that the council should not discuss the topic again. Most Arab countries and some African ones later walked out of the session.[32][33][34] Nonetheless, OIC members Albania, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, and Sierra Leone have signed a UN Declaration supporting LGBT rights in the General Assembly.[35][36] In May 2016, 57 countries including Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
and the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
from the Organization of Islamic Cooperation requested the removal of LGBT associations from 2016 High Level Meeting on Ending AIDS sparked protests by the United States, Canada, the European Union
European Union
and LGBT communities.[37][38] Science & Technology[edit]

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The Organization of Islamic Cooperation
Organization of Islamic Cooperation
(OIC) held its first science and technology summit at the level of head of state and government in Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan, on 10-11 September 2017. Astana Summit was a historic milestone as it unified a collective position at the highest levels of decision-making in OIC Member States with a view to advancing the different fields of science, technology and innovation, while emphasizing the Muslim world’s resolve to promote scientific and technical development. The Summit underscored the Member States’ support for scientific fields by demonstrating the Muslim world’s knowledge contributions away from the negative stereotypes that have become widespread recently. The Summit is also of significance considering that Muslims
constitute a quarter of the world population and their countries possess abundant natural resources, although many Islamic countries still suffer poverty and diseases. It is therefore imperative to address these challenges using available resources, especially as this Summit is only the starting point for finding solutions to the countless problems facing the Muslim world
Muslim world
using science and technology. Statistics have shown that OIC Member States are below the 2016 innovation index general rate standing at 36.9, particularly in the areas of space, information technologies, pharmaceutical industries and electronics. Muslim countries, however, have a large youth population; a situation that imposes more challenges but also offers greater opportunities. The Summit could contribute to combating extremism and terrorism by reducing unemployment rates and attracting the youth to work in scientific and technological fields. It is worth mentioning that Member States’ interest in the areas of science and technology started since the 10th Islamic Summit held in Malaysia
in 2003, the 3rd Extraordinary Islamic Summit in Makkah Al-Mukarramah which adopted the OIC 10-Year Programme of Action, and the 13th Islamic Summit Conference held in Istanbul
in 2016, which launched the 2nd 10-Year Programme of Action 2016-2025. The 12th Islamic Summit held in Cairo
in 2013 had mandated the OIC General Secretariat and the Standing Committee for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH) to organize the first Islamic summit on science and technology in the history of the OIC. All those summits emphasized the need to attach importance to the areas of science, technology and innovation for the development of socio-economic sectors in OIC countries. Astana Declaration[edit] The Astana Declaration is a policy guidance adopted by OIC members at the Astana Summit. The Astana Declaration commits members to increase investment in science and technology, education, eradicate extreme poverty, and implement UN Sustainable Development Goals.[39] Non-state terrorism[edit] In 1999, OIC adopted the OIC Convention on Combatting International Terrorism.[40] Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch
has noted that the definition of terrorism in article 1 describes "any act or threat of violence carried out with the aim of, among other things, imperiling people’s honour, occupying or seizing public or private property, or threatening the stability, territorial integrity, political unity or sovereignty of a state." HRW views this as vague, ill-defined and including much that is outside the generally accepted understandings of the concept of terrorism. In HRW's view, it labels, or could easily be used to label, as terrorist actions, acts of peaceful expression, association, and assembly.[41] Legal scholar Ben Saul of University of Sydney
University of Sydney
argues that the definition is subjective and ambiguous and concludes that there is "serious danger of the abusive use of terrorist prosecutions against political opponents" and others.[42] Furthermore, HRW is concerned by OIC's apparent unwillingness to recognise as terrorism acts that serve causes endorsed by their member states. Article 2 reads: "Peoples' struggle including armed struggle against foreign occupation, aggression, colonialism, and hegemony, aimed at liberation and self-determination." HRW has suggested to OIC that they embrace "longstanding and universally recognised international human rights standards",[41] a request that has as yet not led to any results.[citation needed] Contradictions between OIC's and other UN members' understanding of terrorism has stymied efforts at the UN to produce a comprehensive convention on international terrorism.[43] During a meeting in Malaysia
in April 2002, delegates discussed terrorism but failed to reach a definition of it. They rejected, however, any description of the Palestinian fight with Israel as terrorism. Their declaration was explicit: "We reject any attempt to link terrorism to the struggle of the Palestinian people in the exercise of their inalienable right to establish their independent state with Al-Quds Al-Shrif (Jerusalem) as its capital." In fact, at the outset of the meeting, the OIC countries signed a statement praising the Palestinians and their "blessed intifada." The word terrorism was restricted to describe Israel, whom they condemned for "state terrorism" in their war with the Palestinian people.[44] At the 34th Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (ICFM), an OIC section, in May 2007, the foreign ministers termed Islamophobia
"the worst form of terrorism".[45] Dispute with Thailand[edit] Thailand
has responded to OIC criticism of human rights abuses in the Muslim majority provinces of Pattani, Yala, and Narathiwat in the south of the country. In a statement issued on 18 October 2005, secretary-general Ihsanoglu vocalised concern over the continuing conflict in the south that "claimed the lives of innocent people and forced the migration of local people out of their places".[46] He also stressed that the Thai government's security approach to the crisis would aggravate the situation and lead to continued violence. On 18–19 April 2009, the exiled Patani leader Abu Yasir Fikri (see Patani United Liberation Organisation) was invited to the OIC to speak about the conflict and present a solution to end the violence between the Thai government and the ethnically Malay Muslims
living in the socioeconomically neglected south, that has been struggling against Thai assimilation policy and for self governance since it became annexed by Thailand
in 1902. Fikri presented a six-point solution at the conference in Jiddah that included obtaining the same basic rights as other groups when it came to right of language, religion, and culture. He also suggested that Thailand
give up its discriminatory policies against the Patani people and allow Patani to at least be allowed the same self-governing rights as other regions in Thailand already have, citing that this does not go against the Thai constitution since it has been done in other parts of Thailand
and that it is a matter of political will.[47] He also criticised the Thai government’s escalation of violence by arming and creating Buddhist militia groups and questioned their intentions. He added Thai policies of not investigating corruption, murder, and human rights violations perpetrated by Bangkok-led administration and military personnel against the Malay Muslim population was an obstacle for achieving peace and healing the deep wounds of being treated as third-class citizens.[47][48] Thailand
responded to this criticism over its policies. The Thai foreign minister, Kantathi Suphamongkhon, said: "We have made it clear to the OIC several times that the violence in the deep South is not caused by religious conflict and the government grants protection to all of our citizens no matter what religion they embrace." The Foreign Ministry issued a statement dismissing the OIC’s criticism and accusing it of disseminating misperceptions and misinformation about the situation in the southern provinces. "If the OIC secretariat really wants to promote the cause of peace and harmony in the three southern provinces of Thailand, the responsibility falls on the OIC secretariat to strongly condemn the militants, who are perpetrating these acts of violence against both Thai Muslims
and Thai Buddhists."[46][49][50] HRW[51] and Amnesty International[48] have echoed the same concerns as OIC, rebuffing Thailand's attempts to dismiss the issue. Dispute with India[edit] India
has pushed against the OIC for referring to the Northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
as "occupied by India".[52] Although 14.23% of India's population is Muslim, it has pushed for the OIC to make an exception to accept India
as a member, arguing that about 11% (roughly 172 million) of the Muslims
live in India. Pakistan
opposes India's entry into the OIC.[52][53][54] The reason of Pakistan's opposition to India's entry into the Organization of Islamic Cooperation
Organization of Islamic Cooperation
is due to the human rights issues and problems faced by the Kashmiris in the Indian-administered state of Jammu & Kashmir(J&K).[55] The Muslim world
Muslim world
has always supported Pakistan
rather than India, however the role of the OIC concerning the Kashmir issue is that India
has the largest Muslim minority and those people have shown desire to join the OIC. While the First Islamic Summit did not have the issue of the Kashmir people, granting the 60 million Muslims
living in India
membership in the OIC was discussed. While General Yayha Khan of Pakistan
did agree, he showed his extreme displeasure at the fact that at induction of Muslim representative Fakhruddin Ali Ahmad, he took a seat, which caused major controversy. Meanwhile, there were Muslims
killed in anti-Muslim riots in Ahmedabad. Pakistan
rejected this development and demanded the expulsion of India
from the summit.[56] The OIC noted that incidents of violence against the Muslim community were being committed by extremist Hindu groups and said it viewed such incidents “with grave concern”. Notable meetings[edit] A number of OIC meetings have attracted global attention. Ninth meeting of PUOICM[edit] The ninth meeting of Parliamentary Union of the OIC member states (PUOICM) was held on 15 and 16 February 2007 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.[57] The speaker of Malaysia's House of Representatives, Ramli bin Ngah Talib, delivered a speech at the beginning of the inaugural ceremony. OIC secretary-general Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
said prior to the meeting that one main agenda item was stopping Israel from continuing its excavation at the Western Wall
Western Wall
near the Al-Aqsa Mosque, Islam's third holiest site.[58] The OIC also discussed how it might send peacekeeping troops to Muslim states, as well as the possibility of a change in the name of the body and its charter.[58] Additionally, return of the sovereignty right to the Iraqi people along with withdrawal of foreign troops from Iraq
was another one of the main issues on the agenda.[59] Pakistani Foreign Minister Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri
Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri
told reporters on 14 February 2007 that the secretary general of OIC and foreign ministers of seven "like-minded Muslim countries" would meet in Islamabad
on 25 February 2007 following meetings of President Musharraf with heads of key Muslim countries to discuss "a new initiative" for the resolution of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Kasuri said this would be a meeting of foreign ministers of key Muslim countries to discuss and prepare for a summit in Makkah Al Mukarramah to seek the resolution of the Arab–Israeli conflict.[60] IPHRC Trip to Washington DC[edit] In December 2012, the IPHRC met in Washington, DC for the first time. The IPHRC held meetings at the National Press Club, Capitol Hill and Freedom House discussing the issues of human rights defense in the OIC member states. During their roundtable discussion with Freedom House the IPHRC emphasised the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the rejection of the Cairo
Declaration by the OIC.[61] Observer Status dispute[edit] The September 2014's high-level Summit of the OIC, in New York, ended without adopting any resolutions or conclusions, for the first time in several years in the modern history of the organization, due to a dispute regarding the status of one of its Observer states. Egypt, Iran
and the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
have demanded that the OIC remove the term ‘Turkish Cypriot State’ in reference to the unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
(TRNC), which has observer status within the organization. Egypt’s president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi insisted that any reference to the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus or Turkish Cypriot State" was unacceptable and was ultimately the reason for the OIC not adopting any resolutions or conclusions in the 2014 summit.[62][63][64] Structure and organisation[edit]

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Further information: Parliamentary Union of the OIC Member States The OIC system consists of: Islamic Summit[edit] The largest meeting, attended by the kings and the heads of state and government of the member states, convenes every three years.[clarification needed] The Islamic Summit takes policy decisions and provide guidance on all issues pertaining to the realisation of the objectives as provided for in the Charter and consider other issues of concern to the Member States and the Ummah.[65] Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers[edit] Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers meets once a year to examine a progress report on the implementation of its decisions taken within the framework of the policy defined by the Islamic Summit. Secretary General[edit] The Secretary General is elected by the Council of Foreign Ministers for a period of five years, renewable once. The Secretary-General is elected from among nationals of the Member States in accordance with the principles of equitable geographical distribution, rotation and equal opportunity for all Member States with due consideration to competence, integrity and experience.[66] Permanent Secretariat[edit] The Permanent Secretariat is the executive organ of the Organisation, entrusted with the implementation of the decisions of the two preceding bodies, and is located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation
Organization of Islamic Cooperation
(OIC) is Dr. Yousef A. Al-Othaimeen. He received his office on, Tuesday, 29 November 2016 Subsidiary organisations[edit]

The Islamic University of Technology
Islamic University of Technology
was set up by the OIC in Bangladesh

The Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries, in Ankara, Turkey. The Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA), located in Istanbul, Turkey. The Islamic University of Technology, located in Gazipur, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The Islamic Centre for the Development of Trade, located in Casablanca, Morocco. The Islamic Fiqh Academy, located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The Islamsate Islamic network, located at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
and Pakistan. The Executive Bureau of the Islamic Solidarity Fund and its Waqf, located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The Islamic University in Niger, located in Say, Niger. The Islamic University in Uganda, located in Mbale, Uganda. The Tabriz
Islamic Arts University, located in Tabriz, Iran.

Specialised institutions[edit]

The Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (ISESCO), located in Rabat, Morocco. The Islamic States Broadcasting Organisation (ISBO) and the International Islamic News Agency (IINA), located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Affiliated institutions[edit]

Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ICCI), located in Karachi, Pakistan. World Islamic Economic Forum (WIEF), located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Organisation of Islamic Capitals and Cities (OICC), located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Sports Federation of Islamic Solidarity Games, located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Islamic Committee of the International Crescent (ICIC), located in Benghazi, Libya. Islamic Shipowners Association (ISA), located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. World Federation of International Arab-Islamic Schools, located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Association of Islamic Banks (IAIB), located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation (ICYF-DC), located in Istanbul, Turkey. General Council for Islamic Banks and Financial Institutions (CIBAFI), located in Manama, Bahrain. Standards and Metrology Institute for Islamic Countries (SMIIC), located in Istanbul, Turkey.[67]


Secretaries-General of the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation[68]

No. Name Country of origin Took office Left office

1 Tunku Abdul Rahman  Malaysia 1970 1974

2 Hassan Al-Touhami  Egypt 1974 1975

3 Amadou Karim Gaye  Senegal 1975 1979

4 Habib Chatty  Tunisia 1979 1984

5 Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada  Pakistan 1984 1988

6 Hamid Algabid  Niger 1988 1996

7 Azeddine Laraki  Morocco 1996 2000

8 Abdelouahed Belkeziz  Morocco 2000 2004

9 Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu  Turkey 2004 2014

10 Iyad bin Amin Madani  Saudi Arabia 2014 2016

11 Yousef Al-Othaimeen  Saudi Arabia 2016 current

Islamic Summits[edit]

Number Date Country Place

1st 22–25 September 1969  Morocco Rabat

2nd[69] 22–24 February 1974  Pakistan Lahore

3rd[70] 25–29 January 1981  Saudi Arabia Mecca
and Ta’if

4th 16–19 January 1984  Morocco Casablanca

5th[71] 26–29 January 1987  Kuwait Kuwait

6th[72] 9–11 December 1991  Senegal Dakar

7th 13–15 December 1994  Morocco Casablanca

1st Extraordinary 23–24 March 1997  Pakistan Islamabad

8th 9–11 December 1997  Iran Tehran

9th 12–13 November 2000  Qatar Doha

2nd Extraordinary[73] 4–5 March 2003  Qatar Doha

10th 16–17 October 2003  Malaysia Putrajaya

3rd Extraordinary 7–8 December 2005  Saudi Arabia Mecca

11th[74] 13–14 March 2008  Senegal Dakar

4th Extraordinary[75] 14–15 August 2012  Saudi Arabia Mecca

12th[76] 6–7 February 2013  Egypt Cairo

5th Extraordinary[77] 6–7 March 2016  Indonesia Jakarta

13th[78] 14–15 April 2016  Turkey Istanbul

6th Extraordinary 13 December 2017  Turkey Istanbul

See also[edit]

Islam portal

Azerbaijan-the OIC relations Cairo
Declaration on Human Rights in Islam Developing 8 Countries Flag of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation Islamic Military Alliance Islamic Reporting Initiative Islamic University of Technology List of largest cities in Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
member countries Demographics of the member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation Pakistan
and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation


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Further reading[edit]

Ankerl, Guy Coexisting Contemporary Civilisations: Arabo-Muslim, Bharati, Chinese, and Western. Geneva, INUPress, 2000, ISBN 2-88155-004-5. Al-Huda, Qamar. "Organisation of the Islamic Conference." Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World. Edited by Martin, Richard C. Macmillan Reference, 2004. vol. 1 p. 394, 20 April 2008.

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