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An organic law is a
law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is described by its boundaries, ...
, or system of laws, that form the foundation of a
government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, Executive (government), ex ...
,
corporation A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company—authorized by the state to act as a single entity (a legal entity recognized by private and public law 'born out of statute"; a legal person in legal context) and rec ...
or any other organization's body of rules. A
constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation An organization, or organisation ( Commonwealth English; see spelling differences), is an ...
is a particular form of organic law for a sovereign state.


By country


France

Under Article 46 of the
Constitution of France The current Constitution of France was adopted on 4 October 1958. It is typically called the Constitution of the Fifth Republic, and it replaced the Constitution of the Fourth Republic, of 1946. Charles de Gaulle Charles André Joseph Marie ...
, organic laws (in French, ''lois organiques''; in English sometimes translated as Institutional Acts) are a short, fixed list of statutes (in 2005, there were about 30 of them) specified in the Constitution. They have constitutional force and so overrule ordinary statutes. They must be properly enacted by the Parliament of France and must be approved for constitutionality by the Constitutional Council of France before they can be promulgated. Organic laws allow flexibility if needed. An important category of organic laws includes the budgets of the French state and French social security. Other organic laws give the practical procedures for various
election An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold Public administration, public office.Spanish Constitution of 1978 The Spanish Constitution (Spanish language, Spanish, Asturleonese language, Asturleonese, and gl, Constitución Española; eu, Espainiako Konstituzioa; ca, Constitució Espanyola; oc, Constitucion espanhòla) is the Democracy, democratic law ...
, an Organic Law has an intermediate status between that of an ordinary law and of the constitution itself. It must be passed by an absolute majority of the Congress of Deputies. The Spanish Constitution specifies that some areas of law must be regulated by this procedure, such as the laws developing fundamental rights and freedoms recognized in the first section of Chapter Two of Title I of the Constitution, as well as the laws that approve the Statutes of Autonomy of the
autonomous communities of Spain eu, autonomia erkidegoa ca, comunitat autònoma gl, comunidade autónoma oc, comunautat autonòma an, comunidat autonoma ast, comunidá autónoma , alt_name = , map = , category = Autonomous administrative ...

autonomous communities of Spain
, among others. Prior to the 1978 constitution, the concept did not exist in Spain, but it is inspired by the similar concept in the 1958 French Constitution.


United States

The organic laws of the United States of America can be found in Volume One of the United States Code which contains the general and permanent laws of the United States. U.S. Code (2007) defines the organic laws of the United States of America to include the
Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776
Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776
, the Articles of Confederation of November 15, 1777, the Northwest Ordinance of July 13, 1787, and the Constitution of September 17, 1787.2007 Publication of the U.S. Code including the organic laws


See also

*Special law *Règlement Organique (Mount Lebanon) *Organic Laws of Oregon *Organic statute, United States *Regulamentul Organic, Wallachia (1831), Moldavia (1832) *Organic Statute of Macau (Estatuto Orgânico de Macau), a provisional constitution of Macau *Organic Statute of the Kingdom of Poland


References

;Notes ;Bibliography *http://edstudents.angelfire.com/papers/ORGANIC_LAW.pdf
Drafting Budget System Laws – IMF Technical Guidance Note, Ian Lienert and Israel Fainboim, IMF, 2007


External links


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