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The Organic Centre-left (Italian: Centro-sinistra Organico), was a coalition of four Italian political parties that formed governments throughout the 1960s and the middle 1970s.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Programme 3 Composition 4 Electoral results

4.1 Italian Parliament

5 References

History[edit] In 1962 the Christian Democracy (DC) leader Amintore Fanfani
Amintore Fanfani
formed a cabinet with members of the Italian Social Democratic Party
Italian Social Democratic Party
(PSDI) and the Italian Republican Party
Italian Republican Party
(PRI); it is considered the beginning of the Organic Centre-left. The Fanfani cabinet, even if it can not be considered a traditional centre-left government, approved many social reforms, such as the nationalisation of industries like ENEL, which are considered left-leaning policies. On 4 December 1963, Aldo Moro
Aldo Moro
formed the first government with the support of the Italian Socialist Party
Italian Socialist Party
(PSI). Prominent socialist politicians, such as Pietro Nenni
Pietro Nenni
and Antonio Giolitti, were appointed ministers. In 1968 Moro resigned as Prime Minister and the new Premier, Giovanni Leone, formed a cabinet composed only of DC members. After few years the Christian Democratic leader Mariano Rumor, proposed a new government coalition composed of centre-left parties. The Rumor cabinets approved the divorce law, a new Workers' Statute, the creation of the Antimafia Commission
Antimafia Commission
and a reform to give more powers and autonomy to the Regions. The coalition still judged the Italian Communist Party
Italian Communist Party
and the Italian Social Movement as too extreme for participation in government. Internationally, the coalition relied on a strong pro-Europeanism and atlanticism from a pro-Arab policy, (Craxi and Andreotti). This fact caused many frictions between the Liberals and the Socialists, and was one of the causes of disintegration of the coalition. The successor of the Organic Centre-left was the Pentapartito, a coalition between the four parties that formed the Centre-left with the Italian Liberal Party. Programme[edit] The coalition programme was based on an extensive reformist agenda:

Extension of compulsory education from elementary school to secondary school Free school books Nationalization
Nationalization
of the electric industry Creation of Enel Divorce Law (1970), refused by the DC despite the 1974 referendum Worker's Statute Law Creation of the Antimafia Commission Creation of the Regions.

Composition[edit]

Party Main ideology Leader/s

Christian Democracy Christian democracy Amintore Fanfani, Aldo Moro

Italian Socialist Party Democratic socialism Pietro Nenni, Francesco De Martino

Italian Democratic Socialist Party Social democracy Giuseppe Saragat

Italian Republican Party Social liberalism Ugo La Malfa

Electoral results[edit] Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/– Prime Minister

1963 18,325,502 (#1) 59.6

386 / 630

Aldo Moro

1968 17,667,573 (#1) 55.6

366 / 630

20

Mariano Rumor

1972 18,793,462 (#1) 56.3

371 / 630

5

Giulio Andreotti

Senate of the Republic

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/– Prime Minister

1963 15,834,690 (#1) 57.6

187 / 315

Aldo Moro

1968 15,949,408 (#1) 55.7

183 / 315

4

Mariano Rumor

1972 17,223,486 (#1) 57.2

184 / 315

1

Giulio Andreotti

References[edit]

^ Sabattini, Gianfranco (November 28, 2011). "Cinquant'anni fa nasceva il centrosinistra poi arrivarono i 'nani' della politica".  ^ Cinquant’anni fa nasceva il centrosinistra poi arrivarono i ‘nani’ della politica

v t e

Italian Socialist Party

Secretary

Carlo Dell'Avalle (1892-1894) Filippo Turati
Filippo Turati
(1895-1896) Enrico Ferri (1896) Carlo Dell'Avalle (1896-1898) Alfredo Bertesi (1898-1899) Enrico Bertini (1899-1900) Savino Varazzani (1900-1904) Enrico Ferri (1904-1906) Oddino Morgari (1906-1908) Pompeo Ciotti (1908-1912) Costantino Lazzari
Costantino Lazzari
(1912-1918) Egidio Gennari (1918) Costantino Lazzari
Costantino Lazzari
(1918-1919) Arturo Vella (1919) Nicola Bombacci
Nicola Bombacci
(1919-1920) Egidio Gennari (1920-1921) Giovanni Bacci
Giovanni Bacci
(1921) Domenico Fioritto (1921-1923) Tito Oro Nobili (1923-1925) Olindo Vernocchi (1925-1930) Ugo Coccia (1930-1932) Pietro Nenni
Pietro Nenni
(1933-1939) Giuseppe Saragat, Oddino Morgari and Angelo Tasca (1939-1942) Giuseppe Romita (1942–1943) Pietro Nenni
Pietro Nenni
(1943–1945) Sandro Pertini
Sandro Pertini
(1945) Rodolfo Morandi (1945–1946) Ivan Matteo Lombardo (1946–1947) Lelio Basso
Lelio Basso
(1947–1948) Alberto Jacometti (1948–1949) Pietro Nenni
Pietro Nenni
(1949–1963) Francesco De Martino (1963–1968) Mario Tanassi
Mario Tanassi
(1966–1968) Mauro Ferri (1968–1969) Francesco De Martino (1969–1970) Giacomo Mancini (1970–1972) Francesco De Martino (1972–1976) Bettino Craxi
Bettino Craxi
(1976–1993) Giorgio Benvenuto
Giorgio Benvenuto
(1993) Ottaviano Del Turco (1993–1994) Valdo Spini (1994)

Related articles

Italian Labour Party Italian Revolutionary Socialist Party Fasci Siciliani Avanti! Critica Sociale Marxism Revolutionary socialism Maximalists National syndicalism Reformist socialism Democratic socialism Division over World War I National Liberation Committee Italian resistance movement Craxism Sigonella incident Banco Ambrosiano
Banco Ambrosiano
scandal Mani pulite

Derivatives

Italian Reformist Socialist Party Fasci of Revolutionary Action / National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party
/ Republican Fascist Party Communist Party of Italy
Communist Party of Italy
/ Italian Communist Party
Italian Communist Party
/ International Communist Party Unitary Socialist Party Maximalist Italian Socialist Party Socialist Unity Italian Democratic Socialist Party Italian Socialists
Italian Socialists
/ Italian Democratic Socialists
Italian Democratic Socialists
/ Socialist League Labour Federation Reformist Socialist Party Socialist Party / New Italian Socialist Party Forza Italia
Forza Italia
(social-democrats faction) Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy
Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy
(social-democrats faction)

Alliances

Popular Democratic Front (1947-1948) Organic Centre-left (1962-1976) Unified Socialist Party (1966-1971) Pentapartito
Pentapartito
(1981-1993) Alliance of Progressives
Alliance of Progressives
(1994)

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Historical political parties in Italy

Communist

Communist Party of Italy Proletarian Unity Party Italian Communist Party Proletarian Democracy Movement of Unitarian Communists Party of Italian Communists

Socialist and post-communist

Italian Revolutionary Socialist Party Italian Labour Party Italian Socialist Party
Italian Socialist Party
of Proletarian Unity Democratic Party of the Left Democratic Left Movement for the Left Left Ecology Freedom

Social-democratic

Italian Reformist Socialist Party Unitary Socialist Party Labour Democratic Party Action Party Unitary Socialist Party Socialist Autonomy Popular Unity Unified Socialist Party Italian Socialist Party Democrats of the Left Labour Federation Social Christians Italian Socialists Italian Democratic Socialist Party Italian Democratic Socialists

Green

Rainbow Greens Green Lists

Radical and social-liberal

Action Party (1848) Dissident Left Historical Far Left Italian Radical Party Constitutional Democratic Party Democratic Liberal Party Italian Social Democratic Party Radical Party Democratic Alliance Republican Left Democratic Union The Network Italy
Italy
Work in Progress

Centrist and centrist-liberal

Historical Left Liberal Union Democratic Union for the Republic Pannella List Union for the Republic Italian Renewal The Democrats Segni Pact Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy Bonino List Bonino-Pannella List Alliance for Italy

Christian-democratic

Conservative Catholics Italian Catholic Electoral Union Italian People's Party (1919) Christian Democracy Italian People's Party (1994) Christian Democrats for the Republic Christian Democratic Centre United Christian Democrats European Democracy Christian Democracy for the Autonomies Liberal Populars Union of Democrats for Europe

Conservative-liberal

Moderate Party Historical Right Italian Liberal Party Union of the Centre Act to Stop the Decline

Liberal-conservative

Economic Party National Democratic Alliance Forza Italia The People of Freedom Future and Freedom New Centre-Right Conservatives and Reformists

National-conservative

Common Man's Front Monarchist National Party People's Monarchist Party Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity National Democracy National Alliance The Right

Nationalist, fascist and post-fascist

Combatants' Party Italian Nationalist Association National Fascist Party Republican Fascist Party Italian Social Movement

Regionalist and federalist

Federalist Italian League Federalists and Liberal Democrats Autonomists for Europe Force of the South

Coalitions of parties

Leftist coalitions

Popular Democratic Front Alliance of Progressives

Centre-left electoral coalitions

The Olive Tree The Union Italy. Common Good

Centrist electoral coalitions

Pact for Italy New Pole for Italy With Monti for Italy

Centre-right electoral coalitions

Pole of Freedoms Pole of Good Government Pole for Freedoms House of Freedoms

Government-only coalitions

Centrist coalition Organic Centre-left Pentapartito Grand coalition

List of political parties in Italy 19th-century Italian political groups Early 20th-century Italian political parties 1950s–1990s Italian political parties Current Italian

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