The OREGON TREATY is a treaty between the United Kingdom and the
United States that was signed on June 15, 1846, in Washington, D.C.
Signed under the presidency of
James K. Polk , the treaty brought an
end to the
Oregon boundary dispute by settling competing American and
British claims to the
Oregon Country ; the area had been jointly
occupied by both Britain and the U.S. since the
* 1 Background
* 2 Negotiations
* 6 References and footnotes
* 6.1 Bibliography
* 7 External links
Main article: Oregon boundary dispute
Joint control steadily grew less tolerable for both sides. After a British minister rejected U.S. President James K. Polk 's offer to settle the boundary at the 49th parallel north , Democratic expansionists called for the annexation of the entire region up to Parallel 54°40′ north , the southern limit of Russian America as established by parallel treaties between the Russian Empire and the United States (1824) and Britain (1825). However, after the outbreak of the Mexican-American War in April 1846 diverted U.S. attention and military resources, a compromise was reached in the ongoing negotiations in Washington, D.C., and the matter was settled by the Polk administration (to the dismay of its own party's hardliners) to avoid a two-war situation and a third war with the formidable military strength of Great Britain in less than 70 years.
The treaty was negotiated by U.S. Secretary of State
The treaty defined the border in the Strait of Juan de Fuca through the major channel. The "major channel" was not defined, giving rise to further disputes in the San Juan Islands in 1859. Other provisions included:
* Navigation of "channel and straits, south of the forty-ninth
parallel of north latitude, remain free and open to both parties."
* The "Puget\'s Sound Agricultural Company " (a subsidiary of the
Hudson's Bay Company) retains the right to their property north of the
ISSUES ARISING FROM TREATY
Ambiguities in the wording of the Oregon
The treaty also had the unintended consequence of putting what became Point Roberts, Washington on the "wrong" side of the border. A peninsula, jutting south from Canada into Boundary Bay , was made by the agreement, as land south of the 49th parallel, a separate fragment of the United States.
Wikisource has original text related to this article: OREGON TREATY
REFERENCES AND FOOTNOTES
* ^ officially titled the TREATY BETWEEN HER MAJESTY AND THE UNITED
STATES OF AMERICA, FOR THE SETTLEMENT OF THE OREGON BOUNDARY and
styled in the United States as the TREATY WITH GREAT BRITAIN, IN
REGARD TO LIMITS WESTWARD OF THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS, and also known as
the BUCHANAN-PAKENHAM (or PACKENHAM) TREATY or (sharing the name with
several other unrelated treaties) the TREATY OF WASHINGTON
* ^ "Convention of Commerce between His Majesty and the United
States of America.—Signed at London, 20th October 1818".
_Canado-American Treaties_. Université de Montréal. 2000. Archived
from the original on April 11, 2009. Retrieved 2006-03-27.
* ^ Churchill 1958
* ^ Walker, Dale L. (1999). _Bear Flag Rising: The Conquest of
California, 1846_. New York: Macmillan. p. 60. ISBN 0312866852 .
* ^ "
* Winston S. Churchill (1958). _The Great Democracies_. A History of the English-Speaking Peoples. 4.