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The Ordovices
Ordovices
were one of the Celtic tribes living in Great Britain before the Roman invasion. Their tribal lands were located in present-day North Wales
Wales
and England between the Silures
Silures
to the south and the Deceangli
Deceangli
to the north-east. The Ordovices
Ordovices
were conquered by the Roman governor Gnaeus Julius Agricola
Gnaeus Julius Agricola
in the campaign of AD 77–78. The Celtic name *ordo-wik- could be cognate with the words for "hammer": Irish 'Ord', Welsh 'Gordd' (with a G- prothetic) and Breton 'Horzh' (with a H- prothetic). The Ordovices
Ordovices
farmed and kept sheep, and built fortified strongholds and hill forts. They were among the few British tribes that resisted the Roman invasion. The resistance was mainly organised by the Celtic leader Caratacus, exiled in their lands after the defeat of his tribe in the Battle of the Medway. Caratacus
Caratacus
became the warlord of the Ordovices
Ordovices
and neighbouring Silures, and a Roman public enemy in the 50s AD. Following the Battle of Caer Caradoc, where governor Publius Ostorius Scapula defeated Caratacus, the Ordovices
Ordovices
were no longer a threat to Rome, probably due to heavy losses. In the 70s, the Ordovices
Ordovices
rebelled against Roman occupation and destroyed a cavalry squadron. This act of war provoked an equally strong response from Agricola, who, according to Tacitus, exterminated almost the whole tribe.[1] No other mention of the tribe appears in the historical records, but in view of the mountainous terrain of the lands of the Ordovices, it is questionable whether Agricola could have wiped out the entire population. The name of this tribe appears to be preserved in the place name Dinorwig
Dinorwig
("Fort of the Ordovices") in North Wales. The Ordovician
Ordovician
geological period was first described by Charles Lapworth in 1879, based on rocks located in the lands of the Ordovices. See also[edit]

List of Celtic tribes Prehistoric Wales

References[edit]

^ Agricola c. 18, caesaque prope universa gente, "with almost the whole tribe having been cut down"

External links[edit]

Ordovices
Ordovices
at Roman-Britain.org Ordovices
Ordovices
at Romans in Britain

v t e

Iron Age tribes in Britain

Atrebates Belgae Brigantes Caereni Caledonii Cantiaci Carnonacae Carvetii Catuvellauni Coritani Corionototae Cornovii (Central) Cornovii (Northern) Creones Damnonii Decantae Deceangli Demetae Dobunni Dumnonii Durotriges Epidii Gabrantovices Iceni Lopocares Lugi Novantae Ordovices Parisi Regnenses Selgovae Setantii Silures Smertae Suessiones Taexali Textoverdi Trinovantes Vacomagi Venicones Votadini

Part of: Celti

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