The Info List - Ordinance Of Villers-Cotterêts

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The ORDINANCE OF VILLERS-COTTERêTS (French : Ordonnance de Villers-Cotterêts) is an extensive piece of reform legislation signed into law by Francis I of France
Francis I of France
on August 10, 1539 in the city of Villers-Cotterêts
and the oldest French legislation still used partly by French courts.

Largely the work of Chancellor Guillaume Poyet , the legislative edict had 192 articles and dealt with a number of government, judicial and ecclesiastical matters (ordonnance générale en matière de police et de justice).


* 1 Articles 110 and 111 * 2 Goals * 3 Effects * 4 See also * 5 Gallery


Articles 110 and 111, the most famous, and the oldest still in use in the French legislation, called for the use of French in all legal acts, notarised contracts and official legislation to avoid any linguistic confusion:

CX. Que les arretz soient clers et entendibles. Et afin qu'il n'y ayt cause de doubter sur l'intelligence desdictz arretz. Nous voulons et ordonnons qu'ilz soient faictz et escriptz si clerement qu'il n'y ayt ne puisse avoir aulcune ambiguite ou incertitude, ne lieu a en demander interpretacion.

CXI. De prononcer et expedier tous actes en langaige françoys Et pour ce que telles choses sont souventesfoys advenues sur l'intelligence des motz latins contenuz es dictz arretz. Nous voulons que doresenavant tous arretz ensemble toutes aultres procedeures, soient de nous cours souveraines ou aultres subalternes et inferieures, soient de registres, enquestes, contractz, commisions, sentences, testamens et aultres quelzconques actes et exploictz de justice ou qui en dependent, soient prononcez, enregistrez et delivrez aux parties en langage maternel francoys et non aultrement.

110. THAT DECREES BE CLEAR AND UNDERSTANDABLE. And in order that there may be no cause for doubt over the meaning of the said decrees. We will and order that they be composed and written so clearly that there be not nor can be any ambiguity or uncertainty, nor grounds for requiring interpretation thereof.

111. ON PRONOUNCING AND DRAWING UP ALL LEGAL DOCUMENTS IN THE FRENCH LANGUAGE. And because so many things often hinge on the meaning of Latin
words contained in the said documents. We will that from henceforth all decrees together with all other proceedings, whether of our royal courts or others subordinate or inferior, whether records, surveys, contracts, commissions, awards, wills, and all other acts and deeds of justice or dependent thereon be spoken, written, and given to the parties in the French mother tongue and not otherwise.


The major goal of these articles was to discontinue the use of Latin in official documents (although Latin
continued to be used in church registers in some regions of France), but they also had an effect on the use of the other languages and dialects spoken in many regions of France

Other articles required that priests record baptisms (needed for determining the age of candidates for ecclesiastical office) and burials, and that these acts be signed by notaries .

Another article prohibited guilds and trade federations (toute confrérie de gens de métier et artisans) in an attempt to suppress workers' strikes (although mutual-aid groups were unaffected).


Many of these clauses marked a move towards an expanded, unified and centralized state and the clauses on the use