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Orach Chayim (Hebrew: אורח חיים‎; manner of life) is a section of Rabbi
Rabbi
Jacob ben Asher's compilation of Halakha (Jewish law), Arba'ah Turim. This section treats all aspects of Jewish law primarily pertinent to the Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
(be it the daily, weekly, monthly, or annual calendar). Rabbi
Rabbi
Yosef Karo
Yosef Karo
modeled the framework of the Shulkhan Arukh
Shulkhan Arukh
(שולחן ערוך), his own compilation of practical Jewish law, after the Arba'ah Turim. Many later commentators used this framework, as well. Thus, Orach Chayim in common usage may refer to an area of halakha, non-specific to Rabbi
Rabbi
Jacob ben Asher's compilation. Orach Chayim deals with, but is not limited to:

Washing the hands in the morning, Tefillin Tzitzit
Tzitzit
(ritual fringes), Prayer, Sabbath, Festivals, Torah reading
Torah reading
in synagogue.

Contents

1 Famous commentaries on Orach Chayim 2 Maginei Eretz 3 See also 4 Bibliography 5 External links

Famous commentaries on Orach Chayim[edit]

Taz Magen Avraham Beur HaGra Pri Megadim Mishnah Berurah Shtilei Zeisim by the Maharashdam

Maginei Eretz[edit] Maginei Eretz was the first edition of the Orach Chaim published with the commentaries Magen David and Magen Avraham on either side of the main text. This format has been maintained and today is the standard format for the Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim. The name "Maginei Eretz" translates as "shields of the earth," a quote from Psalms 47:10 ("... for the shields of the earth belong to God: He is greatly exalted.") The Magen David was written by Rabbi
Rabbi
David HaLevi Segal, and has since been referred to as the "Taz" (The abbreviation for Turei Zahav), for consistency with Segal's commentary on the Yoreh Deah section of the Shulchan Aruch. The Magen Avraham was written by Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Gombiner. The Maginei Eretz was published by his son, Chaim, following his father's death. See also[edit] The other three sections of Arba'ah Turim
Arba'ah Turim
and other works borrowing its organizational scheme are:

Yoreh De'ah Choshen Mishpat Even HaEzer

Bibliography[edit]

Chabad.org article on Rabbi
Rabbi
David Halevi Segal

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Translation:Shulchan Aruch/Orach Chaim

Hebrew edition online

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