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Conflicts ongoing;

* Taliban
Taliban
regime overthrown but their forces still fight ISAF and Afghan government forces * Death of Osama bin Laden

BELLIGERENTS

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Denmark
Denmark
Estonia
Estonia
Taliban
Taliban
Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda

COMMANDERS AND LEADERS

Tony Blair
Tony Blair
(Prime Minister of the U.K 1997–2007) Gordon Brown
Gordon Brown
(Prime Minister of the U.K 2007–2010) David Cameron
David Cameron
(Prime Minister of the U.K 2010–2016) Mohammed Omar
Mohammed Omar
Osama Bin Laden
Osama Bin Laden

* v * t * e

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

TIMELINE

* 2001 * 2002 * 2003 * 2004 * 2005 * 2006 * 2007 * 2008 * 2009 * 2010 * 2011 * 2012 * 2013 * 2014 * 2015 * 2016 * 2017

BATTLES AND OPERATIONS

* v * t * e

Invasion

* Crescent Wind * Rhino * Mazar-i-Sharif * Kunduz * Herat * Kabul
Kabul
* Tawin Kowt * Trent * Kandahar * Qala-i-Jangi * Shawali Kowt * Sayyd Alma Kalay * Tora Bora

* v * t * e

Helmand Province
Helmand Province
campaign

* Lejay * Eagle Fury * Lashkar Gah
Lashkar Gah
* Mountain Thrust * 1st Sangin
Sangin
* Mountain Fury * Now Zad * Achilles * Musa Qala I * Volcano * Kryptonite * Silver * Pickaxe-Handle * Hammer * Nasrat * Musa Qala II * Garmsir * Eagle\'s Summit * Red Dagger * Shahi Tandar * Diesel * Mar Lewe * Panther\'s Claw * Nad * Strike of the Sword * Dahaneh * Cobra\'s Anger * Moshtarak * Tor Shezada * 2nd Sangin
Sangin
* Camp Bastion
Camp Bastion
* Fall of Sangin

* v * t * e

Kandahar Province
Kandahar Province

* Tarnak Farm Airstrike * Medusa * Avalanche * Kaika * Panjwaii * Falcon Summit * Hoover * Luger * Kamin * Shah Wali Kot * 1st Kandahar * Spin Boldak * Sarposa Prison * Arghandab * Wech Baghtu * 2nd Kandahar * Nadahan wedding bombing * Hamkari * Dragon Strike * Baawar * Kandahar

* v * t * e

Eastern Afghanistan
Afghanistan

* Hazar Qadam * Anaconda (Takur Ghar ) * Warrior Sweep * Jacana * Haven Denial * Mountain Resolve * Tar Heels * Korangal valley (Red Wings ) * Afghanya * Ebrahimkhel * Jaji border incident * Nangar Khel * South Korean hostages * Wanat * Alasay * Nishagam * Ganjal * Kamdesh * 2010 Badakhshan massacre
2010 Badakhshan massacre
* Narang * Khataba * Bad Pakh * Bulldog Bite * Do Ab * Asadabad * Battle of Barawala Kalay Valley * Nangarhar * Jani Khel * Tora Bora

* v * t * e

Kabul Province
Kabul Province

* 1st Kabul
Kabul
* Hotel Serena * 1st Indian Embassy * Uzbin * Feb 2009 Kabul
Kabul
raid * 2nd Indian Embassy * Bakhtar guest house * NATO
NATO
headquarters * Jan 2010 Kabul
Kabul
raid * Feb 2010 Kabul
Kabul
raid * May 2010 Kabul bombing * NATO
NATO
convoy * 2nd Kabul
Kabul

* v * t * e

Kunduz Province

* Kunduz airstrike * Oqab * Sahda Ehlm * Gala-e Gorg * Harekate Yolo * Karez * Halmazag * 1st Kunduz * 2nd Kunduz * 3rd Kunduz

* Mountain Viper * Asbury Park * Perth * Chora * Firebase Anaconda * Shewan * Balamorghab * Derapet * Doan * Omari * Tarinkot * 1st Darzab

AIRSTRIKES

* Azizabad * Baraki Barak * Deh Bala * Gora Prai * Granai * Hyderabad * Kapisa * Kunar Raid * Kunduz * Mano Gai * Sayyd Alma Kalay * Sangin
Sangin
* Uruzgan * Wech Baghtu * MSF hospital * Sangin
Sangin
* Nangarhar

MAJOR INSURGENT ATTACKS

2002 - 2007

* Kabul
Kabul
(2002) * 1st Bagram Airfield (2007) * South Korean hostage crisis (2007) * Baghlan (2007)

2008

* Kandahar * Spin Boldak * Khost * Kabul
Kabul
Indian Embassy * 1st Kabul
Kabul
Serena Hotel

2009

* Kabul
Kabul
raids * Kandahar * Kabul
Kabul
Indian Embassy * Kabul
Kabul
UN guesthouse * Camp Chapman

2010

* Kabul
Kabul
central district * Kabul
Kabul
guesthouses * Kabul
Kabul
U.S. convoy * Nadahan

2011

* Logar * Kabul
Kabul
Inter-Continental Hotel * Nimruz * Zabul * 1st Kabul
Kabul
embassy district * Kabul
Kabul
& Mazar-e-Sharif

2012

* April 2012 raids * Camp Bastion
Camp Bastion

2013

* Farah * 1st Kabul
Kabul
Supreme Court * Kabul
Kabul
Presidential palace * Jalalabad Indian embassy * Herat U.S. consulate

2014

* Kabul
Kabul
restaurant * 2nd Kabul
Kabul
Serena Hotel * Herat Indian consulate * 2nd Bagram Airfield * 1st Paktika * 2nd Paktika * Kabul
Kabul
French high school

2015

* Jalalabad * Kabul
Kabul
Park Palace Hotel * Kabul
Kabul
Parliament * Khost * Kabul
Kabul
Police Academy * Kabul
Kabul
Airport * Kabul
Kabul
NATO
NATO
convoy * Ghazni prison escape * Kandahar Airport * Kabul
Kabul
Spanish Embassy * 3rd Bagram Airfield

2016

* Kabul
Kabul
ANCOP * Jalalabad * Kabul
Kabul
NDS * Kunduz-Takhar highway * Kabul
Kabul
Canadian Embassy convoy * Wardak Province * Kabul
Kabul
Hazara protest * Kabul
Kabul
Northgate Hotel * Kabul
Kabul
American University * Kabul
Kabul
Defense Ministry * Mazar-i-Sharif German consulate * 4th Bagram Airfield * Kabul
Kabul
Shia mosque

2017

* 10 January bombings * 2nd Kabul
Kabul
Supreme Court * Kabul
Kabul
Sardar Daud Khan hospital * Camp Shaheen * 2nd Kabul
Kabul
embassy district * Kabul
Kabul
funeral * 1st Herat mosque * Kabul
Kabul
mosque * Lashkargah * Kabul
Kabul
Iraqi embassy * 2nd Herat mosque * Ghazni & Gardez * Kandahar Army base * Kabul
Kabul
"> A 12 Sqn Tornado GR4 at Kandahar Airfield

In 2004, a detachment of six Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
fighters from Joint Force Harrier was based at Kandahar Airfield to support American OEF forces there. A planned withdrawal in mid-2006 was postponed to provide air support for the new ISAF expansion across the south. The force was later reinforced with more Harriers and an RAF Regiment squadron. The Harriers were withdrawn in 2009 and replaced by a Panavia Tornado
Panavia Tornado
GR4 squadron on rotation.

On 2 September 2006, a Hawker Siddeley Nimrod
Hawker Siddeley Nimrod
MR2 patrol aircraft, serial number XV230 supporting Canadian forces in Operation Medusa crashed near Kandahar, killing all 14 service members aboard. It was an accident relating to fuel lines.

4 more Harrier GR9s were committed in May 2007 bringing them to a total of eleven, along with an extra C130 transport plane and four Westland Sea Kings from the Fleet Air Arm
Fleet Air Arm
. Harriers have been succeeded by Tornados. Merlin and Chinook helicopters are also based there.

The majority of aircraft deployed for Herrick are based at Kandahar.

HELMAND

MISSION

Map showing Helmand
Helmand
province in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
where British troops were mostly located.

In January 2006, Defence Secretary John Reid announced the UK would send a PRT with several thousand personnel to Helmand
Helmand
for at least three years. This had been planned as part of the gradual expansion of ISAF's area of responsibility from the Kabul
Kabul
region to the rest of Afghanistan. An initial strength of 5,700 personnel in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
was planned, which would stabilise to around 4,500 for the rest of the deployment.

The move was to be a coordinated effort with other NATO
NATO
countries to relieve the predominantly American OEF presence in the south. To this end, the Netherlands
Netherlands
and Canada
Canada
would lead similar deployments in Oruzgan and Kandahar respectively. Several other countries would support this move with troops. In the case of Helmand, Denmark
Denmark
sent 750 troops while Estonia
Estonia
would increase their Helmand
Helmand
force to 150 soldiers.

Local Taliban
Taliban
figures voiced opposition to the incoming force and pledged to resist it.

ACTIVITIES

A front end loader filling HESCO barriers during a project at Camp Bastion
Camp Bastion

Before the main deployment, the Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers
constructed a central fortification, Camp Bastion
Camp Bastion
, to serve as a main base. A camp for an Afghan force (Camp Shorabak, initially for 3rd Brigade, 205th Corps
205th Corps
) was built nearby. On 1 May, the US OEF force was relieved in a ceremony. At the same time, the United States
United States
began a major offensive, Operation Mountain Thrust , against the insurgency in south Afghanistan. This brought ISAF forces into open conflict with the Taliban.

British forces originally tried to provide security to reconstruction, but instead became engaged in combat. Platoon
Platoon
houses were soon established in northern settlements, due to pressure from the provincial governor for an aggressive stance. However, these quickly became a focus for heavy fighting. One of these was in Sangin , which was cut off and surrounded by the Taliban
Taliban
in early July. Eleven soldiers were killed in Sangin
Sangin
District over the subsequent period. On 16 July, with support from American and Canadian forces, 200 paratroopers were airlifted to take the town.

In early August, 500 paratroopers and Afghan National Army
Afghan National Army
(ANA) soldiers were airlifted to Musa Quala after violence flared around the platoon house. One British soldier was killed in the battle. On 25 August, several hundred soldiers were involved in a second operation to escort a group of Afghan policemen as a show of force.

The Taliban
Taliban
made direct assaults on the British-held compounds, attacking with small arms fire, RPGs, and mortar rounds at short range. The British responded with airstrikes and artillery, often aimed right outside their compound walls, in what became a close quarters battle .

Casualties increased on both sides, with many more Taliban
Taliban
casualties as their assault had exposed them to the full scope of NATO's heavier firepower. Numbers of civilian casualties and damage to local infrastructure increased. The NATO
NATO
forces grew increasingly concerned that they were alienating residents with heavy-handed tactics, in spite of their intention to win "hearts and minds ". It was also becoming clear that the British did not have the number of troops and helicopters to sustain the platoon house strategy indefinitely under the circumstances. Realising that the situation could not carry on unchanged, British commanders approached local tribal leaders to organise a temporary ceasefire.

Through pressure from the local tribal elders and their mounting casualties, the Taliban
Taliban
agreed to withdraw from the contested towns at the same time as the British, having been unable to realise their goal of forcibly expelling the foreign troops. NATO
NATO
estimated Taliban losses over the summer period to be around 1,000 killed in Helmand alone.

The British commander, Brigadier
Brigadier
Ed Butler, later said the deal had come just 48 hours before Musa Quala was planned to be abandoned because of the risks support helicopters were taking. As a result of the deal, British forces peacefully withdrew from the settlement in mid October. The truce drew criticism from American commanders who believed it showed a sign of weakness on NATO's part. The deal would again be called into question when the Taliban
Taliban
retook the town of Musa Qala by surprise in February 2007, following the killing of a leading commander in an American airstrike. The town was eventually retaken by British and Afghan forces.

By late September, 31 British soldiers had died in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
over the year. Two, Corporal Bryan Budd , awarded the Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
and Corporal Mark Wright , were posthumously awarded the British Armed Forces' highest awards for gallantry. Brigadier
Brigadier
Butler declared the Taliban
Taliban
to have been "tactically defeated" for the time being.

RESPONSE

The stress of operations was admitted to be unexpected by the Ministry of Defence , and there was increasing pressure to send more forces to Helmand. Lieutenant General David J. Richards said that this was the heaviest persistent combat the British Armed Forces had experienced since the Korean War
Korean War
or the Second World War
Second World War
.

As a result, Operation Herrick
Operation Herrick
was increased to 7,700 personnel. Additional aircraft, artillery pieces (including 4GMLRS ) and armoured vehicles (such as Warrior IFVs ), an additional Platoon
Platoon
of Snipers were also sent.

OPERATION MAR KARADAD

Main article: Battle of Musa Qala 3 Para in combat in near Kajaki

As of December 7, 2007, an alleged 2000 Taliban
Taliban
rebels occupied Musa Qala. Coalition forces prepared for a siege of the town. OPERATION MAR KARADAD (translated as Operation Snakebite) was commanded by HQ Task Force Helmand
Helmand
, a bolstered HQ 52 Infantry Brigade, supported by 82nd Airborne Task Force Corsair . Afghan troops supported by British, Danish and US troops fought for control of the town, which was a major Taliban
Taliban
drug trafficking station and the Taliban's only occupied village in the strategically crucial Helmand
Helmand
province. It was considered to be of symbolic importance to both international forces and insurgents operating in the area. There has been some civilian evacuation, partly aided by the aerial dropping of leaflets warning of the impending battle. In preparation, it was believed that the village was heavily mined by Taliban
Taliban
fighters. Sergeant Lee Johnson of the 2nd Bn The Yorkshire Regiment
Yorkshire Regiment
was killed shortly after 10am on 8 December 2007, whilst taking part in an operation to recapture the town, when a land mine exploded. The Taliban
Taliban
insurgents withdrew from the area by midday on 10 December leaving the Afghan army and NATO
NATO
forces in control of the town. This was the major operation of Operation HERRICK 7 for Task Force Helmand.

OPERATION VOLCANO

Main article: Operation Volcano
Operation Volcano

In early February 2007, at the end of a six-week operation, the Royal Marines cleared 25 Taliban
Taliban
compounds in the proximity of the Kajaki hydroelectric dam in order to allow repair work to be conducted on the machinery.

OPERATION ACHILLES

British Land Rovers patrol Sangin. Main article: Operation Achilles

In between early March to late May 2007, the British led Operation Achilles , NATO's drive to push the Taliban
Taliban
out of Helmand.

In early May 2007 Operation Silver, a sub-operation of Achilles, successfully expelled Taliban
Taliban
fighters from the town of Sangin
Sangin
. It was followed in mid-May by Operation Silicon, where British led forces removed the Taliban
Taliban
from Gereshk and much of the surrounding countryside. The Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers
then set up three camps in the area for the Afghan National Army
Afghan National Army
. The book "The Junior Officers Reading Club" documents Operation Silicon.

OPERATION LASTAY KULANG

Main article: Operation Pickaxe-Handle

A follow up to Achilles, Operation Lastay Kulang was launched on 30 May 2007 near the village of Kajaki Sofle, 10 kilometres to the south-west of Kajaki , to remove a Taliban
Taliban
force encamped there. A force of 1000 British troops, another thousand ISAF soldiers, and elements of the Afghan National Army
Afghan National Army
moved into the area to confront the insurgents. On the night of 30 May the American 82nd Airborne Division conducted an air assault on enemy positions during which one of their Chinook helicopters crashed, apparently due to enemy fire, killing five Americans, a Briton and a Canadian. By the second of June, ISAF and Afghan forces had isolated several pockets of insurgent fighters in the north and south of the Upper Sangin
Sangin
valley. In an effort to win over local support, the Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers
have started work on several reconstruction projects, such as digging irrigation ditches to help farmers in the area. Operation Lastay Kulang is described in the book, Attack State Red , about the Royal Anglian Battle Group in Helmand.

TALIBAN SPRING OFFENSIVE

A British Member of the Kajaki Operational Mentoring Liaison Team, discusses the local situation with a local resident via a translator and Afghan National Army
Afghan National Army
soldier during a patrol north of the Kajaki Dam.

By late May 2007 the Taliban
Taliban
spring offensive promised for March 2007 had failed to materialise. This is put down in part to the massive casualties the Taliban
Taliban
took while trying to storm British strongholds across Helmand
Helmand
and by systematic attacks on their mid-level commanders during operations over the winter, which has hampered their ability to coordinate large troop movements.

The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
reported that they wouldn't "discount the Taliban
Taliban
as a spent force just yet", as an "increase in enemy tempo" was expected. As of October 2008 the number of clashes has risen from five a day to 15, lasting from 10 minutes to 11 hours.

In a new development, it has been reported that the Taliban
Taliban
may be recruiting child soldiers from the tribal areas of neighbouring Pakistan
Pakistan
to fight coalition forces.

BUILD-UP TO SUMMER OFFENSIVE

In February 2008 the Taliban
Taliban
prepared for the summer offensive with a number of attacks on JTAC Hill .

BRITISH ROYAL FAMILY INVOLVEMENT

On 28 February an American website, the Drudge Report
Drudge Report
, reported that Prince Harry
Prince Harry
, a member of the Household Cavalry
Household Cavalry
, was operating as a Forward Air Controller on JTAC Hill with a Gurkha
Gurkha
unit. The MoD had made agreements with the British and a few other countries' media not to reveal that he was there until he came home or the news was otherwise released. An Australian weekly women’s magazine New Idea initially broke the story in January, but it was not followed up at the time. New Idea editors claimed ignorance of any news blackout. Then a German newspaper, the Berliner Kurier , published a short piece on 28 February 2008, also before Drudge.

KAJAKI DAM CONVOY

Main article: Operation Eagle\'s Summit

In late August one of the largest operations by British and NATO forces in Helmand
Helmand
province took place, with the aim of bringing electricity to the region. A convoy of 100 vehicles took five days to move massive sections of an electric turbine for the Kajaki Dam , covering 180 km (110 mi). The operation involved 2,000 British troops, 1,000 other NATO
NATO
troops from Australia, Canada, Denmark
Denmark
and the US, and 1,000 Afghan soldiers. The Canadians covered the first leg and the British took over at a meeting point in the desert, using 50 BvS 10 Viking armoured vehicles to escort the convoy. Hundreds of special forces troops went in first, sweeping the area and although difficult to verify, British commanders estimated that more than 200 insurgents were killed, without any NATO
NATO
casualties. British BAe Harrier GR9 and AgustaWestland Apaches , Dutch, French and US aircraft, helicopters and unmanned drones provided aerial reconnaissance and fire support. The turbine was never installed. Last British Chinook flight out of FOB Shawqat before handover to Afghan forces in August 2013

OTHER OPERATIONS

* OP Panchai Palang between 19 June 2009 and July 2009 * Garmsir Area of Operations handed from Task Force Helmand
Helmand
(TFH) to 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit (24 MEU) during June 2009 * Operation Moshtarak
Operation Moshtarak
starts during February 2010 * Musa Qaleh Area of Operations handed from TFH to I Marine Expeditionary Force (1 MEF) during March 2010. * Kajaki Area of Operations handed from TFH to 1 MEF during June 2010. * Sangin
Sangin
Area of Operations handed from TFH to 1 MEF during September 2010. * OP Qalai Sharqay during May 2011. * Lead security for Lashkar Gah
Lashkar Gah
transferred to ANSF during July 2011.

EQUIPMENT

During Operation Herrick
Operation Herrick
a wide variety of equipment was used by the British Army:

* Mastiff 1 from December 2006 and withdrawn during H 17. * Mastiff 2 from June 2009. * Lightweight remote control vehicle from November 2008. * Dragon Runner
Dragon Runner
from November 2008. * HORN Detector from May 2011. * RWMIK withdrawn during H 14 * Snatch Vixen withdrawn during H 14 * Jackal 1 withdrawn during H 17 * M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System
M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System
withdrawn during H 17 * Trojan Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers

BRITISH CASUALTIES

Main article: British Forces casualties in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
since 2001 Memorial Wall at Camp Bastion
Camp Bastion

At the 24 July 2015, British forces had suffered 454 fatalities.

404 fatalities are classed as "KIA ", and 49 are a result of illness, non-combat injuries or accidents, or have not yet officially been assigned a cause of death pending the outcome of an investigation.

615 people were seriously or very seriously wounded and 2187 people were wounded in action.

SEE ALSO

* International Security Assistance Force
International Security Assistance Force
* Operation Herrick order of battle * Provincial reconstruction team
Provincial reconstruction team
* Battle of Musa Qala * Battle of Now Zad * Siege of Sangin
Siege of Sangin
* Attack State Red

REFERENCES

CITATIONS

* ^ * ^ A B C "British fatalities - Operations in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
- British fatalities in Afghanistan". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 24 July 2015. * ^ A B "British soldier dies three years after Afghanistan shooting". BBC News
BBC News
Online. Retrieved 24 July 2015. * ^ "Last British troops leave Helmand". BBC News. 27 October 2014.

* ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2014-06-15. * ^ A B The Prime Minister Gordon Brown
Gordon Brown
speech to the International Institute for Strategic Studies on Afghanistan
Afghanistan
- National Security and Regional Stability, 4 September 2009, accessed: 16 October 2009, http://www.number10.gov.uk/Page20515 * ^ A B Mr David Cameron, Prime Minister's Statement on Afghanistan, 14 June 2010, http://www.number10.gov.uk/news/statements-and-articles/2010/06/pm-statement-on-afghanistan-51813 * ^ Operations in Afghanistan: Our Strategy, Ministry of Defence, http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/FactSheets/OperationsFactsheets/OperationsInAfghanistanOurStrategy.htm * ^ A B C D "Operations in Afghanistan: Background Briefing 1". Ministry of Defence . Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2016. * ^ A B C ""House of Commons Hansard Debates for 26 January 2006"". UK Parliament. * ^ "UK to send RAF jet to Afghanistan". BBC News
BBC News
18 September 2006. * ^ A B 34 Squadron RAF Regiment will deploy to Kandahar Airfield Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)
Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)
15 June 2006. Archived October 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "\'Fire reported\' by crashed Nimrod ". BBC News
BBC News
4 September 2006. * ^ "Danish Military Liaison Team to United States
United States
Central Command " The Scotsman
The Scotsman
17 July 2006 * ^ " Estonia
Estonia
To Increase Troops in Afghanistan" Defensenews.com 3 November 2005 * ^ "Taleban threat to kill UK troops". BBC News
BBC News
25 April 2006. * ^ "Taleban vow to defeat UK troops". BBC News
BBC News
7 June 2006. * ^ "UK troops take over Afghan duties" BBC News
BBC News
1 May 2006. * ^ "Revived Taliban
Taliban
waging \'full-blown insurgency\'" USA Today
USA Today
20 June 2006. * ^ A B C "Paras almost retreated under Taliban
Taliban
assault" The Telegraph 2 October 2006. * ^ "Troops die as UK holds back Afghan reinforcements" The Times 10 September 2006 . * ^ "UK troops take Taleban stronghold" BBC News
BBC News
16 July 2006 * ^ " Siege of Sangin
Siege of Sangin
crushed" The Scotsman
The Scotsman
17 July 2006 * ^ "Operation Snakebite dislodges Taliban
Taliban
Forces in Musa Qaleh" Ministry of Defence 8 August 2006. * ^ "British and Afghan forces flex their muscles in Musa Qaleh" Ministry of Defence 25 August 2006. * ^ "British troops in secret truce with the Taliban" The Times
The Times
. 1 October 2006 . * ^ "Can change in Afghan tactics bring peace?". BBC News. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
losses in Afghanistan, gains in Pakistan
Pakistan
- FDD\'s Long War Journal". 25 June 2006. * ^ "News". * ^ "UK troops redeploy from Musa Qala as Afghan Government hands security to local elders" Ministry of Defence 18 October 2006. * ^ "Taleban forces retake Afghan town". BBC News. * ^ "Can change in Afghan tactics bring peace?" BBC News
BBC News
17 October 2006. * ^ "Taleban fight \'hard but winnable\'". BBC News
BBC News
19 September 2006. * ^ "\'Aircraft needed\' in Afghanistan". BBC News
BBC News
1 July 2006. * ^ "UK general warns of Afghan threat" BBC News
BBC News
10 August 2006. * ^ "1,400 extra UK troops to deploy to Afghanistan" Archived September 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Ministry of Defence 26 February 2007. * ^ "British troops to be armed with "60km Sniper" (VIDEO)". * ^ Sunday Mirror Article. Fight to Death * ^ " Yorkshire Regiment
Yorkshire Regiment
News Page". * ^ "Afghan troops take Taleban town". BBC News. * ^ "Marines clear Taliban
Taliban
from key Afghan dam (VIDEO)". * ^ "UK-led operation helps ISAF take control in northern Helmand (VIDEO)". Archived from the original on 2007-06-07. * ^ "Success of Sangin
Sangin
operation allows troops to engage with Afghan locals". * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
\'stalled by lack of commanders\'". The Telegraph. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2007-05-24. * ^ Gah, By Thomas Harding in Lashkah. " Taliban
Taliban
\'stalled by lack of commanders\'". * ^ "Recruiting Taleban \'child soldiers\'". BBC News. * ^ British troops hold out at Afghan fort against Taliban * ^ "UK troops in huge turbine mission". BBC News. 2 September 2008. * ^ A B LandWarfareCentre 2015 , p. 3-6-2. * ^ LandWarfareCentre 2015 , p. 3-6-3. * ^ LandWarfareCentre 2015 , p. 28.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* LandWarfareCentre, AD (2015). Operation Herrick
Operation Herrick
Campaign Study. Land Warfare Centre , Warminster
Warminster
, Wiltshire, UK: MoD.

EXTERNAL

.