The Info List - Operation Archery

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Civilian casualties 1 killed


Vågsøy, an island in Vågsøy Municipality
Vågsøy Municipality
in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway.

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German occupation of Norway

Operation Weserübung Norwegian Campaign Operation Archery Norwegian heavy water sabotage Telavåg Liberation of Finnmark

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Raids and Commando Actions in Norway
during World War II

Claymore Kirkenes & Petsamo Gauntlet Anklet Archery Fritham Musketoon Heavy water sabotage

Freshman SF Hydro

Cartoon Checkmate Zitronella Source

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Norwegian Campaigns (1941–45)

Claymore Gauntlet Anklet Archery Fritham Musketoon Oslo raid Cartoon Checkmate Attacks on Tirpitz

Source Tungsten Mascot Goodwood Paravane Obviate Catechism

Zitronella Leader Finnmark Provident 28 January 1945 Black Friday 9 February 1945 Haglebu Bjørn West Judgement Doomsday

Operation Archery, also known as the Måløy
Raid, was a British Combined Operations raid during World War II
World War II
against German positions on the island of Vågsøy, Norway, on 27 December 1941. The raid was conducted by British Commandos
British Commandos
of No. 3 Commando, two troops of No.2 Commando, a medical detachment of No.4 Commando, a demolition party from 101 Troop (canoe) of No. 6 Commando
No. 6 Commando
and a dozen Norwegians from Norwegian Independent Company 1. The action was supported by Royal Navy
Royal Navy
gunfire, led by the light cruiser HMS Kenya, with the destroyers HMS Onslow, Oribi, Offa and Chiddingfold.[2] The submarine HMS Tuna was in support as the force navigational check.[3] For troop transport the Prince Charles and Prince Leopold were used.[2] Also in support were Royal Air Force bombers and fighter-bombers.


1 Objectives 2 Raid 3 Aftermath 4 Gallery 5 Notes 6 References

Objectives[edit] The commando force of 570 troops was divided into five parties to

Secure the area north of the town of Måløy
in South Vågsøy and engage any enemy reinforcements Subdue and secure Måløy
town Eliminate the enemy on Måløy
which dominated the town Eliminate the enemy strongpoint at Holvik west of Måløy Provide a floating reserve offshore

Central to the operation was the destruction of fish-oil production and stores which the Germans used in the manufacture of high explosives. Another intention was to cause the Germans to maintain and increase forces in Norway
which might be employed on the Eastern Front. Raid[edit] The dawn landing was preceded by a very effective naval bombardment and objectives were achieved, except in Måløy. German opposition in the town was much stiffer than expected as, unknown to the British, a Gebirgsjäger
(mountain rangers) unit of experienced troops from the Eastern Front was there on leave. The defenders' experience in sniping and street fighting caused the operation to develop into a bitter house-to-house battle. The British commander, John Durnford-Slater, called on the floating reserve and troops from Vågsøy Island. A number of local citizens assisted the commandos by acting as porters for ammunition, grenades and other explosives and in carrying away the wounded. At around 14:00, the commandos started their withdrawal having destroyed four factories, the fish-oil stores, ammunition and fuel stores, the telephone exchange and various military installations, leaving much of the town in flames. The naval assault force of one cruiser and four destroyers had sunk 10 vessels, some found in the act of being scuttled to prevent capture. Technical difficulties had prevented the German coastal artillery from being fully effective, with one of their three 130 mm guns scoring one hit on the cruiser.[4] Aftermath[edit] No Royal Navy
Royal Navy
ships were lost but the navy suffered four men killed and four wounded. The Commandos sustained 17 killed and 53 wounded, the commander of the Norwegian Armed Forces in exile, Captain Martin Linge, was killed in an attack on the local German headquarters and eight Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
aircraft were shot down. (A Norwegian civilian was killed during the raid, probably by shrapnel.) The commandos accounted for at least 120 defenders killed and returned with 98 prisoners and a complete copy of the German Naval Code[clarification needed]. Captain O'Flaherty was hit by sniper fire and lost an eye, later wearing an eye-patch as a brigadier. Several Quislings and over 70 loyal Norwegians were also brought back. In conjunction with this raid, Operation Anklet
Operation Anklet
was mounted by No. 12 Commando
No. 12 Commando
on the Lofoten Islands as a diversion. The raid was enough to persuade Adolf Hitler to divert 30,000 troops to Norway
and to build more coastal and inland defences. Hitler thought that the British might invade northern Norway to put pressure on Sweden
and Finland. Gallery[edit]

Aircraft from No. 114 Squadron RAF
No. 114 Squadron RAF
attacking Herdla Airport
Herdla Airport
in preparation of the landings at Vagsøy

A wounded soldier is being helped onto a Landing Craft Assault

Commandos with captured German troops

Commandos watch as an ammunition dump burns

Wounded soldier, possibly Captain O'Flaherty

Play media

1941 US newsreel about the raid. Note that it disguises the purpose of the raid to destroy factories that produced fish-oil used to make nitro glycerin


^ [1] ^ a b London Gazette, 2 July 1948. ^ Combined Operations: Operation Archery ^ Berge, Kjell-Ragnar (19 March 2007). "The German Coastal Artillery Fortifications at Tangane". Retrieved 3 March 2016. 


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Operation Archery.

"SUPPLEMENT to The London Gazette Of FRIDAY the 2nd of July 1948 RAID ON MILITARY AND ECONOMIC OBJECTIVES IN THE VICINITY OF VAAGSO ISLAND. ibiblio.org Combined Operations: Operation Archery I Was There! – We Went to Vaagso with the Commando Men, The War Illustrated, 20 January 1942. Newsreel
coverage of the raid

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British Commando raids of the Second World War

Abstention Agreement Ambassador Anklet Archery Aquatint Aflame Anglo Amherst Archway Abercrombie Acid Drop Albumen Astrakan Baobab Basalt Biting Bigamy Batman Begonia Bulbasket Brandy Barricade Bardia Hill 170 Bristle Branford Litani River Candytuft Chestnut Clawhammer Claymore Cold Comfort Collar Colossus Cartoon Chariot Canuck Crackers Chess Checkmate Chopper Driftwood Dryad Defoe Dunhill Deep Cut Devon Exporter Flipper Frankton Freshman Fahrenheit Forfar Farrier Foxrock Gaff Gauntlet Grouse Gunnerside Hardtack Hardy Hawthorn Houndsworth Huckaback Infatuate Jaywick Jubilee J V Kitbag Keystone Loyton Maple Manacle Musketoon Myrmidon Narcissus Nelson Newton Nicety Noah Opossum Postmaster Partridge Pistol Rimau Roast Roundabout Rumford Saxifrage Savanna Sidi Haneish Sunstar Speedwell Tarbrush Thistledown Tombola Twin Pimples Wallace

British Commandos List of Commando raids on the A