CIVILIAN CASUALTIES 1 killed
* v * t * e
German occupation of
* Operation Archery
Norwegian heavy water sabotage
* v * t * e
* Claymore * Kirkenes and Petsamo * Gauntlet * Anklet * Archery * Fritham * Musketoon
* Heavy water sabotage
* Freshman * SF Hydro
* Checkmate * Zitronella * Source
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Norwegian Campaigns (1941–45)
* Claymore * Anklet * Archery * Musketoon * Oslo raid * Checkmate * Cartoon
* Attacks on Tirpitz
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* Leader * Finnmark * Provident * 28 January 1945 * Black Friday * 9 February 1945 * Judgement * Doomsday
OPERATION ARCHERY, also known as the MåLøY RAID, was a British
Combined Operations raid during
World War II
The raid was conducted by
British Commandos of
No. 3 Commando , two
No.2 Commando , a medical detachment of
No.4 Commando , a
demolition party from 101 Troop (canoe) of
No. 6 Commando and a dozen
Norwegian Independent Company 1
* 1 Objectives * 2 Raid * 3 Outcome * 4 Notes * 5 References
The commando force of 570 troops was divided into five with these objectives.
* Secure the area north of the town of Måløy in South Vågsøy and engage any enemy reinforcements; * Subdue and secure Måløy town; * Eliminate the enemy on Måløy Island which dominated the town; * Eliminate the enemy strongpoint at Holvik west of Måløy; * Provide a floating reserve offshore.
Central to the operation was the destruction of fish-oil production
and stores which the Germans used in the manufacture of high
explosives. Another intention was to cause the Germans to maintain and
increase forces in
The dawn landing was preceded by a very effective naval bombardment
and objectives went according to plan except in the town of Måløy
itself. Opposition there was much stiffer than expected as, unknown to
the British, a
Their experience in sniping and street fighting caused the operation to develop into a bitter house-to-house battle . This caused the commander, John Durnford-Slater , to call in the floating reserve and troops from Vågsøy Island. A number of local citizens assisted the commandos by acting as porters for ammunition , grenades and other explosives, and in carrying away the wounded.
At around 14:00, the commandos started their withdrawal having destroyed four factories, the fish-oil stores, ammunition and fuel stores, the telephone exchange and various military installations. Much of the town was in flames. The naval assault force of one cruiser and four destroyers had meanwhile sunk 10 vessels, some found in the act of being scuttled to prevent capture. Technical difficulties had prevented the German coastal artillery from being fully effective, with one of their three 13 cm guns scoring only a single hit on the cruiser.
The raid was enough to persuade
A wounded soldier is being helped onto a Landing Craft Assault *
Commandos with captured German troops *
Commandos watch as an ammunition dump burns *
Wounded soldier, possibly Captain O'Flaherty
* ^ * ^ A B London Gazette, 2 July 1948. * ^ Combined Operations: Operation Archery * ^ Berge, Kjell-Ragnar (19 March 2007). "The German coastal artillery fortifications at Tangane". Retrieved 3 March 2016.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to OPERATION ARCHERY .
* "SUPPLEMENT to The London Gazette Of FRIDAY the 2nd of July 1948
RAID ON MILITARY AND ECONOMIC OBJECTIVES IN THE VICINITY OF VAAGSO
* Combined Operations: Operation Archery
* I Was There! – We Went to Vaagso with the Commando Men, The War
Illustrated , 20 January 1942.
* v * t * e
British Commando raids of the Second World War
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