The Open Archives Initiative (OAI) was an in formal organization, in the circle around the colleagues Herbert Van de Sompel, Carl Lagoze, Michael L. Nelson and Simeon Warner, to develop and apply technical interoperability standards for archives to share catalogue information (metadata).Open Archives Initiative -> About OAI
/ref> The group got together in the late late 1990s and was active for around twenty years. OAI coordinated in particular three specification activities: OAI-PMH, OAI-ORE and ResourceSync. All along the group worked towards building a "low-barrier interoperability framework" for archives (institutional repositories) containing digital content (digital libraries) to allow people (service providers) harvest metadata (from data providers). Such sets of metadata are since then harvested to provide "value-added services", often by combining different data sets. OAI has been involved in developing a technological framework and interoperability standards for enhancing access to eprint archives, which make scholarly communications like academic journals available, associated with the open access publishing movement. The relevant technology and standards are applicable beyond scholarly publishing. The OAI technical infrastructure, specified in the Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) version 2.0, defines a mechanism for data providers to expose their metadata. This protocol mandates that individual archives map their metadata to the Dublin Core, a common metadata set for this purpose. OAI standards allow a common way to provide content, and part of those standards is that the content has metadata that describes the items in Dublin Core format. Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE) defines standards for the description and exchange of aggregations of web resources. Funding for the initiative came from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Coalition for Networked Information (CNI), Digital Library Federation (DLF), National Science Foundation (NSF), the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and other organizations.

See also

*Analytical Sciences Digital Library (ASDL) *Digital preservation *National Digital Library Program (NDLP) *National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP) *Scientific Commons *Self-archiving * E-Theses Online Service EThOS a service provided by the British Library using OAI *World Wide Molecular Matrix (WWMM)


External links

Suleyman Demirel University Open Archives Harvester
via archive.org
Largest OAI-Harvester (OAIster)ScientificCommons.orgISIDORE : a french portal in arts & humanities based on OAI and SemWebUIUC OAI Metadata Harvesting Project
Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals
Openarchives.eu - The European Guide to OAI-PMH compliant repositories in the world
{{DEFAULTSORT:Open archives initiative Category:Academic publishing Category:Online archives Category:Archival science Category:Open-access archives Category:Open access projects