Oomathurai (real name Duraisingam), died 16 November 1801) was an
Poligar (Palaiyakkarar) from Tamil Nadu, who fought against the
India Company in the Polygar Wars. He was the younger
brother of Veerapandiya Kattabomman.
2 In popular culture
4 Further reading
Oomathurai was born to the
Panchalankurichi - Adi
Kattabomman and Arumugattammal. His birth name was Duraisingam. He was
nicknamed as Ooomaithurai (lit. the dumb prince). Different reasons
are given for this nickname. While contemporary Tamil accounts say he
was nicknamed as the dumb one as a parody of his oratorical ability,
European accounts refer to him as "dumby" or "dumb brother" because of
his speech impairment. His elder brothers were Veerapandiya
Kattabomman and Dalavai Kumarasami (Sivathiah).
involved in the Polygar Wars against the East
India Company. In the
Poligar war, he was captured and imprisoned in Palayamkottai
prison. In February 1801, he escaped from
Palayamkottai and rebuilt
Panchalankurichi fort which had been razed in the first war. In
Poligar war that followed, he allied himself with Maruthu
brothers (who ruled Sivagangai) and was part of a grand alliance
against the Company which included
Dheeran Chinnamalai and Kerala
Verma. The Company forces led by Lt. Colonel Agnew laid siege to the
Panchalankurichi fort and captured it in May 1801 after a prolonged
siege and artillery bombardment.
Oomaithurai escaped the fall of the
fort and joined Marudu brothers at their jungle fort at Kalayar Kovil.
The Company forces pursued him there and eventually captured Kalayar
Kovil in October 1801.
Oomaithurai along with the Marudu brothers was
hanged on 16 November 1801.
In popular culture
In the 1959
portrayed by O. A. K. Thevar.
Dirks, Nicholas B. (1987). The Hollow Crown: Ethnohistory of an Indian
Kingdom. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-