Onomastics or onomatology is the study of the etymology
, history, and use of proper name
s. An ''orthonym
'' is the proper name of the object in question, the object of onomastic study.
Onomastics can be helpful in data mining
, with applications such as named-entity recognition
, or recognition of the origin of names. It has also been used in historical research to identify ethnic minorities
within wider populations.
''Onomastics'' originates from the Greek
''onomastikós'' ( grc|ὀνομαστικός||of or belonging to naming|label=none), itself derived from ''ónoma'' ( grc|ὄνομα||name|label=none).
(or toponomastics), one of the principal branches of onomastics, is the study of place names.
is the study of personal names.
* Literary onomastics
is the branch that researches the names in works of literature and other fiction.
* Ancient Greek personal names
* Extinction of surnames
* Mononymous persons
* Naming convention
, listing the technical kinds of names
* American Name Society
* English Place-Name Society
* Guild of One-Name Studies
* International Council of Onomastic Sciences
* Society for Name Studies in Britain and Ireland
* UNGEGN Toponymic Guidelines
* United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names
Lexicon of Greek Personal Names
a Major Research Project of the British Academy, Oxford, contains over 35,000 published Greek names.
contains over 50,000 given names with the meanings and origins