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One Canada Square, sometimes called Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Tower or simply Canary Wharf,[17] is a skyscraper in Canary Wharf, London. It is the second tallest building in the United Kingdom at 770 feet (235 m) above ground level[18] containing 50 storeys. One Canada Square
Canada Square
was designed by Cesar Pelli, Adamson Associates and Frederick Gibberd Coombes. The design and shape is based on earlier precedents buildings that include Brookfield Place and Elizabeth Tower. The building is clad with durable stainless steel. One of the predominant features of the building is the pyramid roof, which contains a flashing aircraft warning light, a rare feature for buildings in the United Kingdom. The distinctive pyramid pinnacle is 800 feet (240 m) above sea level.[6] One Canada Square
Canada Square
is primarily used for offices, though there are some retail units on the lower ground floor. There is no observation floor. It is a prestigious location for offices and as of October 2017 was 100% let.[19] The building is recognised as a London
London
landmark, and it has gained much attention through film, television, and other media as one of the tallest buildings in the United Kingdom.

Contents

1 History and design

1.1 The original plans 1.2 Architects/design 1.3 Construction 1.4 Opening 1.5 Post-completion

2 Building technical details

2.1 Building name 2.2 Building height 2.3 Pyramid
Pyramid
roof

2.3.1 Water 2.3.2 Window washing machines 2.3.3 Aircraft warning lights 2.3.4 Electrical equipment 2.3.5 Roof material 2.3.6 Cleaning the roof 2.3.7 Pyramid
Pyramid
roof lights 2.3.8 Lightning conductors

2.4 HVAC 2.5 Windows 2.6 External lighting 2.7 Fire system

2.7.1 Procedure for fire alarm

2.8 Tuned mass damper 2.9 Lobby

2.9.1 Art works

2.10 Lifts 2.11 Observation floor 2.12 General figures

3 Building internal relations

3.1 Public access 3.2 One Canada Square
Canada Square
restaurant 3.3 Environmental rating 3.4 Maintenance 3.5 Light usage 3.6 Tenants

3.6.1 Current office tenants 3.6.2 Previous office tenants

3.7 Ownership 3.8 Charity abseil events

4 External relations

4.1 Height ranking 4.2 Titles 4.3 Terrorism 4.4 Community relations

4.4.1 Television interference

4.5 In popular culture

4.5.1 Cinema 4.5.2 Television 4.5.3 Literature 4.5.4 Video games

5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History and design[edit] The original plans[edit] The original plans for a business district on Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
came from G Ware Travelstead. He proposed three 260 m (850 ft) towers. Travelstead was unable to find the money for his project, so he sold the plans to Olympia & York in 1987.[11] Olympia & York grouped all three towers into an area[11] known as Docklands Square, and the main tower was designated DS7[20] during planning. Docklands Square was later renamed Winston Square before finally being renamed as Canada Square. Architects/design[edit] The architects chosen to design One Canada Square
Canada Square
were Cesar Pelli & Associates, Adamson Associates, and Frederick Gibberd Coombes & Partners.[9][11] They designed the tower with a similar shape to 200 Vesey Street
200 Vesey Street
(formerly Three World Financial Center), New York City, which was also developed by Olympia & York and designed by Cesar Pelli. The shape was also made reminiscent of "Big Ben".[21] Olympia & York wanted to clad One Canada Square
Canada Square
in stone, just like the Brookfield Place (New York City)
Brookfield Place (New York City)
buildings, but the architects first wanted to use aluminium for its low density, before insisting on steel[11] to reflect Britain's heritage as an industrial nation.[21] One Canada Square
Canada Square
was originally designed to be 864 feet (263 m) high at 55 storeys, but that penetrated the permitted projection height of the flight obstruction area of the airport approach district to London
London
City Airport, but this was extended to a height of 30 feet (9.1 m) above kerb level in consideration of the fact that One Canada Square
Canada Square
was on the external zone of the airport approach. To comply with air traffic safety regulations, the architects took five floors[11][21] off the tower. The final height of 824 feet (251 m) was permitted, otherwise, the developers would have had to dismantle what was necessary to fit the height restriction. After losing five floors, Olympia & York insisted the other floors had to make up the lost floor space[11][21] by increasing mass to the remaining floor space which created a tower that was not as slim as Pelli desired. Pelli and the other architects proposed alternatives, such as building more floors below ground and creating an extension of the tower into Docklands Square, which were similar ideas based upon previous Olympia & York buildings, though the ideas were rejected as it did not fit the basis of prime office space. The design of the tower received a fair share of criticism. According to Cesar Pelli, the most damaging criticism came from Prince Charles, who said on national television, "I personally would go mad if I had to work in a place like that".[22] Other criticisms came from former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who said that the building was "not quite stunning". Construction[edit] Construction on the tower began in 1988.[11] Construction was given to Sir Robert McAlpine
Sir Robert McAlpine
& Sons in association with Ellis Don of Toronto,[11] but they were slow at building the tower, partly due to building workers going on strike in the summer of 1989,[23] so Lehrer McGovern took over.[11] Lehrer McGovern contracted out most of the work to Balfour Beatty because the Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Tower was a difficult building to build. In total, about 27,500 metric tonnes of British steel and 500,000 bolts were used during construction.[6] By June 1990, the tower had overtaken Tower 42
Tower 42
(previously known as the Nat West Tower), becoming the tallest building in the United Kingdom. On 8 November 1990, the tower was topped out when the top piece of the pyramid roof was put in place by crane. The celebration was attended by many famous architects, recognised engineers and political leaders. Amongst them were César Pelli, Brian Mulroney, Peter Rice, Man-Chung Tang, and Margaret Thatcher. Paul Reichmann, the owner of Olympia & York gave credit to Pelli for his building design as "this inauguration symbolises the spirit with which buildings can be achieved". Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher
told the distinguished audience that the tower can become a "national recognised landmark". Opening[edit] In August 1991, One Canada Square
Canada Square
was completed[11] and open for business. His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh
The Duke of Edinburgh
officially opened One Canada Square
Canada Square
on the morning of 26 August 1991, and unveiled a commemorative plaque at the entrance to the building. Hundreds of construction workers attended the opening ceremony. The Duke of Edinburgh addressed some 800 invited guests, many of whom had been involved in the project. He spoke of the "large, airy space and clean, efficient office layout", as he declared the building ready for business. The attendees heard a specially-commissioned piece of music performed by a 30-strong choir. Paul Reichmann, Chairman of Olympia & York said:

"The Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Tower marks the start of a new beginning for Canary Wharf, for London, and for the United Kingdom. It is by any standard a triumph of ambition, commitment and collaboration. It will breathe life into Canary Wharf, allowing us to continue our transformation of the rest of the wharf, and will put Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
at the leading edge of real estate."

—Paul Reichmann, Chairman, Olympia & York (1991)

And Cesar Pelli, main architect, gave his speech that included:

"According to Lao Tse, the reality of a hollow object is in the void and not in the walls that define it. He was speaking, of course, of spiritual realities. These are the realities also of the Canary Wharf Tower. The power of the void is increased and... with its supporting structure creates a portal to the sky ... a door to the infinite."

—Cesar Pelli, architect (1991)

Post-completion[edit] The majority of the tower was empty after opening because most tenants had not moved in yet and there was a global recession. To brighten up the tower, lights and lasers[24] were installed during the Christmas celebrations of 1991. Building technical details[edit] Building name[edit] The name given to the building by the developers is 'One Canada Square', but it is often incorrectly called ' Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Tower' or simply 'Canary Wharf'. Building height[edit] The Civil Aviation Authority shows the building at 235 metres (771 ft) above ground level, or 245.8 metres (806 ft) above sea level. Pyramid
Pyramid
roof[edit]

The pyramid roof at night

The pyramid roof is an important feature of the building, enclosing a maintenance plant and housing facilities for water supply and window washing, and an aircraft warning beacon. The pyramid itself is 40 metres high[25] and 30 metres square at the base.[25] It is made from stainless steel[25] and is held together by 100,000 nuts and bolts,[25] with a weight of over 100 tons.[25] A louvre access door opens to allow a shining beacon to identify the building to passing aircraft.[25] Water[edit] Water is pumped up to the pyramid roof, and is continuously replenished. A common sound that is heard inside the pyramid roof is water being moved around. The water is used for general water requirements, such as toilets, etc. The tower consumes an average of 200,000 imperial gallons (910,000 L) of water per day. Window washing machines[edit] The machines for washing the building windows are stored on the roof of the building. There are two types: one is automatic and the other is manual. The automatic window washing machines run on rails on the sides of the building. This machine can clean a window in 2.6 seconds. It consumes 426,000 gallons of water per run to clean the entire tower. The other machine is a manual window washing cradle. Both of these machines for cleaning the windows are supported by rails that run around the outside of the pyramid roof and that are bolted down into the maintenance floor itself.

Canary Wharf: Aircraft warning lights

Aircraft warning lights[edit] The aircraft warning light is at the very top of the pyramid. Access is via a ladder with a warning sign stating that unauthorised entry will lead to dismissal. The tower uses an omni-directional light usual for marking hazards. It has a very long life and requires little maintenance. Light intensity achieved is well in excess of the required 2,000 candelas. It uses low power consumption and the unit can be flashing or steady. Electrical equipment[edit] There is electrical equipment that regulates the power to the rest of the building on the mezzanine floor. Some of the electrical generators on the mezzanine floor are powered by micro-hydro water turbines, sourced by water pumped up to the roof. Roof material[edit] The steel comprises a galvanised steel core, with a multi-layered protective coating and granular finish for better performance characteristics. The tile is in three satin finishes and a high-gloss silver and can be transported in situ in a building's roof. Cleaning the roof[edit] The pyramid itself is cleaned by special maintenance personnel who abseil from the light beacon opening at the very top of the roof. Not only do they have to deal with the height, as well as the winds that interfere with their ropes, but they also need to inspect the steel roof. Pyramid
Pyramid
roof lights[edit] The pyramid roof lights up in the evenings and can be seen 20 miles (32 km) away.[26] It is a permanent lighting of the One Canada Square pyramid using a thousand electronically controlled fluorescent tubes capable of sequence programming for special occasions and festive seasons. The 4000 lights are highly energy efficient, and have an annual running cost of £23,360, rather than £116,800 if traditional incandescent bulbs had been used. Lightning conductors[edit] One Canada Square
Canada Square
uses a traditional roof circuit for its lightning protection system. The roof holds 5 lightning conductor rods. This rooftop network of conductors contain multiple conductive copper paths from the roof to the ground. The steel cladding does not form part of the lightning protection system, as it was considered too dangerous. HVAC[edit] At the peak cooling times, the HVAC
HVAC
(climate control) system requires cooling equivalent to that provided by 2,000 t of melting ice in one day. The building has a condensate collection system, which uses the hot and humid outside air, combined with the cooling requirements of the building and results in a significant amount of condensation of moisture from the air. The condensed water is collected and drained into a holding tank located in the basement car park. Windows[edit] One Canada Square
Canada Square
has 3,960 windows[6] and was one of the first buildings to incorporate metallicised windows and other advanced window technologies, to assist with the building's energy efficiency plans. The tower uses super-insulated windows at triple-pane glazing (with a high solar heat-gain coefficient), low-emissivity (low-e) coatings to prevent heat loss in winter months, UV coatings, scratch resistant outer layers, sealed argon / krypton gas filled inter-pane voids, 'warm edge' insulating glass spacers, air-seals and specially developed thermally designed window frames. The windows were manufactured with ehigh R-values [low U-values, 0.90 W/(m².K)] for the time, thereby the thermal resistance is one of the highest rated in the world for the entire window including the frame. External lighting[edit] The tower uses low energy consumption external lighting through intelligent lighting controls systems. This computer controlled system generates the visually interesting lighting displays on the exterior of the building. The uplighters that are usually seen on the exterior of the building are inductive fluorescent lamps that can be colour rendered and dimmed. The floodlights use compact fluorescent lamps used to provide controlled lighting at the base of the tower. The lighting control system has photocells that will automatically switch on the display when it is dark. The tower also has a synchronised building exterior decorative light and laser multimedia display. The technology was developed by Australian firm Laservision and cost approximately £2 million. Fire system[edit] In the event of a fire, One Canada Square
Canada Square
is not fully evacuated. The floor that has the fire and all other floors above are evacuated. The air conditioning is set to work in reverse to extract smoke and fresh air is blown into the fire escape staircases to increase air pressure and therefore slow the entry of smoke into these areas. The sprinkler system will not operate unless there is sufficient heat acting on any sprinkler head (which are independent of each other and do not operate in unison). The only time when One Canada Square
Canada Square
was fully evacuated was on 30 October 2001,[27] during a test drill in response to the 11 September 2001 attacks. The test drill was unsuccessful as tenants were notified beforehand, hence evacuation was much quicker than expected by Canary Wharf Security. Procedure for fire alarm[edit] When the fire alarm activates on a floor, audio instructions tailored to each floor of the building sound. All floors will receive an evacuation message, with a controlled evacuation message replayed to each floor in order of priority. On floors below the source of the alarm a stand-by notification is given. Digital signage throughout the building displays alert messages followed by instructions tailored to each floor of the building. On certain floors, the instructions ask employees to leave the floor. Exit signs flash. The access control system unlocks doors as necessary. Fire dampers open. Throughout the building, cameras turn on and look for problems that intelligent video software applications have been programmed to detect. Within 2 minutes, the access control system sends a memo to the Security Director itemising how many people have left the affected floor and how many remain. Tuned mass damper[edit] One Canada Square
Canada Square
has a steel pendulum that serves as a tuned mass damper. The pendulum sways to offset movements in the building caused by strong gusts of wind. The building can sway 33.02 centimetres (13 inches) in the strongest winds.[6] Lobby[edit]

One of the tondi of The 20th Century–Thames (Keith Milow, 1998)

The lobby is 36 feet (11 m) high, clad in 90,000 square feet (8,000 m2) of marble imported from Italy,[6] Guatemala[6] and Turkey[11] The stained glass and the roundel in the foyer were designed by Charles Rennie, and are an original design. The design represents Canary Wharf, Water and Boats, illustrating the signs of London Docklands. The slate used here and in various places around the foyer on site is made from the Welsh slate shelving used in the repositories of the original Banana Warehouse at Canary Wharf. Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Winter Lights usually are on display during January.[28][29][30] Art works[edit] The staircases in the four corners of the lobby leading down to the basement floor were originally embellished with a four-piece commissioned sculpture, The 20th Century–Thames by Keith Milow.[31] Around 2014, one of the tondi was removed to make room for a restaurant. The other three remain in situ. Other art works on display included Sergio Germariello's Guerrieri (Warriors) 2013, which is displayed in the lobby. The work is a aluminium laser cut out that has been painted.[32] Blade of Venus 1985, by William Turnbull, is on display, part of a series of bronzes that originated in the shape of Japanese swords and Chinese chopping knives. [32] Lawson Oyekan's Trail With Light (LIP) Series 1998, are terracotta vessels on permanent display. The concept is that it is suppose to reflect emotional experience and look if they have been exploded and put back together again.[32] The lobby is also used for temporary art displays. In 2017, the artist Richard Rome showed several of his bronze and steel sculptures here.[33] This was followed by an exhibition of bronze sculptures by Auguste Rodin.[34] Lifts[edit] The tower has thirty two lifts for tenants to use, where 8 lifts serve roughly ten floors of the building. All tenant passenger lifts serve the ground floor and the following groups of floors – floors 5–17, floors 18–28, floors 28–39 and floors 39–50 (note that level 5 is the first office floor and there is no level 13). In addition there are 2 firemen's lifts which serve all floors in the building. These have colour designations with blue being in the northeast core of the building and green being in the southwest. From the building's initial construction until late 2009 there were 2 large freight lifts at which point another was added. This lift was built inside a vacant lift shaft and has the designation GL37 (GL for goods lift and 37 as it is the 37th lift in the building).[6] The tower uses 'Gearless Traction Elevators' by Otis. These lifts were installed in 1990 (aside from GL37 – 2009) using a gearless traction machine. They have woven steel cables called hoisting ropes that are attached to the top of the lift cabin and wrapped around the drive sheave in special grooves. The other ends of the cables are attached to a counterweight that moves up and down in the hoistway on its own guiderails. It takes 40 seconds by lift from lobby to top floor[6] (The Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
website has not been updated to include the new goods lift GL37). Observation floor[edit] There is currently no public observation floor. However, there was an exception from 12 October 1992 to 15 December 1992, when bankruptcy administrators for Olympia & York Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Limited opened the 50th floor to the public, to maintain interest in Canary Wharf. The scheme was stopped on 15 December 1992 when the IRA attempted to bomb the tower[35] (see Terrorism section). General figures[edit]

28,000 square feet (2,600 m2) average floor size[6] 4,388 internal steps[6] 130,000 deliveries to the loading bay each year[6]

Building internal relations[edit] Public access[edit]

A view from the top floor, May 2000

The ground floor, foyer area and basement levels of One Canada Square are open to the general public, having an underground retail area and a transport interchange from Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
tube and Docklands Light Railway stations. Access from the basement also links to Canada Square shopping mall.[36] The floors above the lobby are not open to the public, as they contain offices. One Canada Square
Canada Square
restaurant[edit] In November 2013, a new restaurant opened in the lobby called One Canada Square
Canada Square
Restaurant and Bar, serving high-end food and drinks. The bar only has 30 places, and the restaurant has 100 places. It is the only retailer in the main lobby, whereas the others retailers at One Canada Square
Canada Square
are below ground. Environmental rating[edit] The international BREEAM standard has awarded One Canada Square
Canada Square
for best practice in sustainable design and environmental performance for buildings. To achieve the rating, the building had to meet or exceed a challenging score of 85% against strict criteria, and included environmental innovations such as the use of 80% recycled aggregate within the concrete used, and the recycling of waste heat to cool and warm the building. Aggregates used in the office build were from predominantly recycled sources, part of a strategy to integrate sustainable products and materials throughout the site, delivering both affordable and sustainable environmentally friendly features to the building. Maintenance[edit] Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Management Ltd are responsible for the maintenance of the building. There are about 130 in-house and contract staff who maintain, manage, secure and clean the building. There are normally ten maintenance personnel on-site during working hours and three at night to attend to routine repairs and adjustments to the internal environment. Critical spare parts for the electricity, gas and water systems are kept within the building. Light usage[edit] One Canada Square
Canada Square
has been 'named and shamed' for being the top building to leave the lights on unnecessarily.[37] The research carried out by the BBC's Inside Out programme found that on midnight Sunday, One Canada Square
Canada Square
left more lights on than any other building in London.[37] However, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group said that some tenants have staff working around the clock,[37] and 100% of the energy comes from renewable resources.[37] Tenants[edit] Current office tenants[edit] (This listing differs from Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group's list[8] as it is outdated. This listing also does not match Royal Mail / The Post Office list when searching for companies in One Canada Square[38])

SoftServe
SoftServe
SoftServe
SoftServe
Inc Abbey business centres[39] Trading as Abbey Offices Minotaur FX Group Bank of New York Mellon[39] BBVA Cad & the Dandy – Bespoke Savile Row tailors. 29th Floor, 1 Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London[40] Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group PLC[8][39] (including Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Contractors and Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Management) CFA Institute Citihub Ltd Clearstream
Clearstream
Banking / Deutsche Börse AG[8][39] Clydesdale Bank[39] Coutts
Coutts
& Co[8][39] Currencies Direct Diligence[39] Engageability Euler Hermes[8][39] UK (formerly Trade Indemnity) Financial Conduct Authority[41] Gekko Global Markets HSBC High Speed Two International Business Times
International Business Times
UK IBTimes International Grains Council [1][8][39] International Sugar Organization[8][39] JP Morgan K&B Accountancy Group Mahindra Satyam Moody's[39] MetLife[39] NatWest Bank plc[39] Netscout Newland Chase NYSE Euronext[39] Ocean Media Group Regus
Regus
Business Centers[8][39] Samsung Electronics London
London
2012 Olympic Office SAMGarde State Street Bank[8][39] Trinity Mirror
Trinity Mirror
Group[8][39] (which includes The Daily Mirror, "The Wharf", The Sunday Mirror
The Sunday Mirror
and The Sunday People) Wide Network Solutions

Previous office tenants[edit]

Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé[8] Alvarez & Marsal[39] Atkins[39] (Faithful+Gould) Bear Stearns
Bear Stearns
International[8][39] Cheltenham & Gloucester Citibank[42] City University, London, (Cass Business School) (Canary Wharf Campus)[39] ConocoPhillips Burlington Resources[8][39] European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries Associations[8] E-Trade[8][39] GATX
GATX
International Limited[43] Global Sage[39] Hartford Life[39] Knight Frank[39] KPMG[8][39] London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games
London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games
(LOCOG) / London 2012[39][44][45] Maersk[43] Maine Tucker[42] Médecins du Monde UK[39] Michael Page International[39] Michael Stone Associates Ltd Morgan Stanley Dean Witter[46] Novartis[8][39] Europharm Primus Communication[8][39] QSR Management[39] Quadrant Capital[39] Royal Bank of Scotland Satyam Computer Services Ltd[39] Sirhowy Group[39] Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom[43] SWX Swiss Exchange/Virt-X (Swiss Stock Exchange)[8][39] Teach First[8][39] Telegraph Media Group.[43] The Daily (and Sunday) Telegraph moved to Victoria[47] in late 2006. The Daily Telegraph
Daily Telegraph
formerly occupied floors 11–16. Van der Moolen
Van der Moolen
Holding NV[8][39]

Ownership[edit] The ownership of One Canada Square
Canada Square
has changed since it was constructed. The table below shows who have previously owned One Canada Square, and also who are the current owners. Any use of a holding company has been excluded from this list, as it is easier to trace the true owner.

Date Owner

1988–1991 (Building under construction) Olympia & York Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Limited (Ultimate parent: Olympia & York Developments Limited)

1991–1992 Olympia & York Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Limited (Ultimate parent: Olympia & York Developments Limited)

1992–1992 None (previous owners were in administration due to bankruptcy)

1992–1992 Cheung Kong (Holdings) Limited

1992–1993 None (Return to administration)

1993–1995 Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Limited (Parent: Sylvester Investments) (Ultimate parent: a consortium of 11 banks owned by Barclays Bank, CIBC, Chemical Bank, Citibank, Commerzbank, Crédit Lyonnais, Credit Suisse, Kansallis-Osake-Pankki, Lloyds Bank, National Bank of Canada, and Royal Bank of Canada)

1993–1995 Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Limited (Parent: Tomcat Investments – transitional use to International Property Corporation Limited) (Ultimate parent: a consortium of 5 banks owned by Citibank, Commerzbank, Crédit Lyonnais, Credit Suisse, and Royal Bank of Canada)

1995–1999 Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Limited (Parent: International Property Corporation Limited) (Ultimate parent: a consortium owned by CNA Financial Corporation, Franklin Mutual Series Fund, HRH Prince Al Waleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz al Saud, affiliates of Republic New York Corporation, Paul Reichmann)

1999–2004 Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc (public company, no majority shareholder)

2004–2010 Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc (public company, majority shareholder is Songbird Estates plc)

2010-2015 British Land[48]

2015 on Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc (public company, 69 percent controlled by Songbird Estates which have major shareholders being Qatar Investment Authority [QIA], Simon Glick family, China Investment Corporation, Morgan Stanley, Third Avenue, Madison International Realty, EMS and 22 percent controlled by Brookfield Properties.)[49]

Charity abseil events[edit] One Canada Square
Canada Square
regularly holds charity abseiling events during weekends. Various charities are given permission to use the building for their abseil challenges to raise money. Participants abseil down from the pyramid roof to street level. Abseilers normally use only 2 ropes and have to put up with windy conditions at 800 feet, whilst enjoying the views of London
London
as they abseil down the steel clad. The first abseil was on 21 July 2001, when a team of Royal Marines, and members of various companies including a team led by David Levy from HSBC, and this team, raised in excess of £45,000 for 5 different children's charities. The event earned a World Record and was covered by BBC
BBC
Record Breakers. External relations[edit] Height ranking[edit]

Title Rank

Tallest completed building in the world 326

Tallest completed building in Europe 17

Tallest completed building in the European Union 8

Tallest completed building in the United Kingdom 2

Tallest completed building in Canary Wharf 1

Titles[edit] Once the holder of many height records, newer buildings have slowly chipped away at this office block's titles. One Canada Square
Canada Square
achieved the title of tallest skyscraper in the UK in June 1990. It is a record it held until July 2012 when The Shard
The Shard
was completed. One Canada Square will also be soon stripped of its second tallest skyscraper status with the completion of 22 Bishopsgate. As for the tallest building at Canary Wharf, One Canada Square
Canada Square
is currently the tallest building there, but it may be overtaken as the tallest building by Riverside Tower 1. As for the tallest building in the European Union, One Canada Square never achieved the title as tallest skyscraper in the European Union's because in accordance to the CTBUH method, a building has to be completed before its receives its title, so as Messeturm
Messeturm
in Frankfurt was completed in 1990, and One Canada Square
Canada Square
was completed in 1991, it cannot claim that title. Terrorism[edit] On 15 November 1992, the Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
attempted to place a large improvised explosive device[35] near the tower. The IRA had already worked out that to cause maximum damage, the bomb had to be placed under the Docklands Light Railway
Docklands Light Railway
bridge to disrupt infrastructure near the Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Tower for a devastating effect. The bomb was in a van which was driven to the designated place. As the bombers were about to make their escape, security guards approached the van because it was parked illegally on double yellow lines. Two men got out of the vehicle and one pointed a revolver at one of the security guards. The gun failed to fire. The terrorists were then pursued as far as the boundary of the wharf, but they escaped. Armed police were on the scene within minutes and the army bomb squad discovered that the vehicle contained a bomb. The detonator failed to ignite the main charge,[50] and the bomb did not go off, so there was no bomb damage to Canary Wharf. The wharf was sealed off for a couple of days whilst an intensive search took place for further devices. A few days later, the IRA described it as 'sheer ill luck' as the bomb failed to detonate. There was criticism that the intelligence services did not know about this massive bomb travelling through London. As a result of this attempted bombing, the observation floor was closed (see Public access section) and security was dramatically increased at Canary Wharf. On 9 February 1996, the Provisional IRA did detonate a large bomb at South Quay, south of Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
(outside Canary Wharf), which killed two people and devastated several buildings. This explosion is commonly, but erroneously, referred to as the "Canary Wharf bomb".[51][52] There have been many news articles in recent years stating that the towers at Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
have been a target for terrorism.[53][54][55] However, some of these plots have been denied by the government.[56] One plot was confirmed on 4 April 2008, when a terror cell appeared at Woolwich Crown Court accused of targeting Canary Wharf. The men denied the charges,[57][58] but were found guilty for planning attacks on the Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
skyscrapers.[59] Community relations[edit] Television interference[edit] As the Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Tower is the first skyscraper to be clad in stainless steel with metallised windows, this may have caused television reception interference for local people living in the area. In the case Patricia Hunter and others v. Canary Wharf Ltd.[1997],[60][61] the House of Lords concluded there is no legal right to receive good television reception.[62] Patricia Hunter and others lost the case because of a variety of reasons that included:

the BBC
BBC
built a new relay station so there was no long-term television interference it was interference with a purely recreational facility, as opposed to interference with the health or physical comfort or well-being of the plaintiffs nothing was emitted from the defendants' land

In Spring 2001, the BBC
BBC
received some television interference complaints from residents in the Poplar area[63] (north of Canary Wharf). A possible cause for the interference are the other Canary Wharf towers being built.[63] Their advice was to get digital television, satellite or cable.[63] In popular culture[edit] Cinema[edit] One Canada Square
Canada Square
has been featured in many films. It was featured many times in the movie 28 Weeks Later[64] where the tower and the Docklands area around it are one of the main settings for the post-apocalyptic horror-thriller. Another high-profile film was Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, where Harry and some members of the Order of the Phoenix pass next to One Canada Square
Canada Square
as they head to Grimmauld Place near the beginning of the movie on their broomsticks. A further high-profile film was Mission: Impossible Ghost Protocol (2011) featuring One Canada Square
Canada Square
as the building where the IMF is located. Various shots of One Canada Square
Canada Square
was featured including shots of Ethan Hunt climbing on the outside of the building. The tower has also been featured in a few spy films. Exposure was given to the tower in The World Is Not Enough, as James Bond sails past One Canada Square.[64] Another spy film was The Bourne Supremacy[64] where One Canada Square
Canada Square
appeared as the CIA's London listening station. In the film Johnny English,[64] One Canada Square had another identical building next to it, where one of the One Canada Square buildings was a hospital and the other was villain Pascal Sauvage's HQ. Other films featuring the Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Tower can be read from a publication called Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
And Isle of Dogs Movie Map.[64] Television[edit] One Canada Square
Canada Square
has appeared many times on British television. It has appeared in the television series Doctor Who
Doctor Who
(in the episodes Army of Ghosts and Doomsday), as the location of the Torchwood Institute, under the name "Torchwood Tower". In the episodes a hall on the top floor contains a hole to a parallel universe that the tower was specifically built for to reach.[65] It has appeared in the series The Tomorrow People, as the headquarters for Sam Rees.[66] The tower also made multiple appearances on the television show The Apprentice and the popular BBC
BBC
soap EastEnders.[64] It was also shown as the headquarters of the fictional 'Olympic Deliverance Commission' in the BBC
BBC
comedy Twenty Twelve, a mockumentary based on the organising committee of the London
London
2012 Olympic Games. LOCOG, the real-life organising committee of the Games, was in fact based in nearby buildings One Churchill Place, 10 Upper Bank Street
10 Upper Bank Street
and 25 Canada Square. During the 1990s, One Canada Square
Canada Square
was home to the television station L!VE TV, which broadcast live from the tower.[64] Literature[edit] A near future sequence in the novel Freezeframes by Katharine Kerr, shows One Canada Square
Canada Square
as a free college and youth drop-in centre. It is nicknamed "Major's Last Erection", referring to John Major. One Canada Square
Canada Square
previously appeared in the Virgin Missing Adventures novel Millennial Rites
Millennial Rites
in which the top floor was the headquarters of a yuppie who inadvertently turned London
London
into a "dark fantasy" kingdom in which he was a powerful sorcerer, with the tower as his citadel; and the Past Doctor Adventures novel The Time Travellers, in which it was the headquarters of the British Army
British Army
in an alternate timeline. One Canada Square
Canada Square
also features prominently in an early issue of the Grant Morrison
Grant Morrison
comic series The Invisibles, in which Dane MacGowan is encouraged to jump from the top by his mentor, Tom O'Bedlam, as an initiation rite that will allow him to see beyond reality and join The Invisibles. Video games[edit] One Canada Square
Canada Square
is featured in Sim City 3000
Sim City 3000
as a placeable landmark. Gallery[edit]

Street view of One Canada Square

Side view of One Canada Square

One Canada Square, London

A view from the top floor of One Canada Square

One Canada Square
Canada Square
from the DLR

Sculpture at Canada Square, London. On the right is the Citigroup building, and on the left is Waitrose.

See also[edit]

Canary Wharf List of tallest buildings in the United Kingdom

References[edit]

^ a b c Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2008.  The Estate – Buildings – One Canada Square
Canada Square
– More information – One Canada Square
Canada Square
Facts, official Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
website, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc. Retrieved 25 May 2008 14:45 BST. ^ Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Contractors Limited, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 15 July 2007.  Some of our projects – One Canada Square
Canada Square
– One Canada Square, Canary Wharf Contractors website, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Contractors Limited. Retrieved 25 May 2008 15:30 BST. ^ a b Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 December 2007. Retrieved 15 August 2006.  History, official Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
website, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc. Retrieved 25 May 2008 14:38 BST. ^ The Open University http://www.open2.net/modernity/3_17.htm A-Z Index – From Here to Modernity – Buildings – Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
– Canary Wharf, Open2 website, The Open University. Retrieved 25 May 2008 15:39 BST. WARNING: THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS ERRORS. ^ Songbird Estates plc "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 May 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2008.  Company Overview / AIM Rule 26 – 'Company Overview and Alternative Investment Market ("AIM") Rule 26', Songbird Estates website, Songbird Estates plc, 25 May 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008 20:08 BST. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2008.  Fact File
File
– One Canada Square
Canada Square
– One Canada Square, official Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
website, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc. Retrieved 25 May 2008 14:55 BST. ^ "One Canada Square". Skyscraper
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Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 16 October 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2008.  The Estate – Buildings – One Canada Square – Building profile – Building profile, official Canary Wharf website, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc. Retrieved 25 May 2008 14:52 BST. ^ a b c d e f g Unknown author, http://www.building.co.uk/story.asp?sectioncode=32&storycode=3048265 "Faster, higher, stronger", Building website, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
supplement 2005, 2005. Retrieved 25 May 2008 14:26 BST. ^ Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects (formerly Cesar Pelli
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& Associates) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2008.  Projects – Office Buildings – One Canada Square
Canada Square
– One Canada Square, Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects website, Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects. Retrieved 25 May 2008 17:00 BST. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Hermione Hobhouse http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=46550 "Modern Docklands: Gazetteer of modern non-housing developments", "Survey of London: volumes 43 and 44: Poplar, Blackwall and Isle of Dogs", 1994. Retrieved 28 April 2008 ^ Answers Corporation http://www.answers.com/topic/adamson-associates-2?cat=entertainment "Art Encyclopedia: Adamson Associates", "Answers.com" website, Answers Corporation. Retrieved 25 May 2008 19:52 BST. ^ Gibberd http://www.gibberd.com/ Projects – Office – Canary Wharf – Canary Wharf, Gibberd website, Gibberd. Retrieved 25 May 2008 19:46 BST. (Frederick Gibberd Coombes & Partners are now known as Frederick Gibberd Partnership) ^ John Grigsby http://www.lddc-history.org.uk/property/index.html "LDDC Monograph" "Attracting Investment – Creating Value Establishing a Property Market in London
London
Docklands", LDDC History Pages, IJP Community Regeneration, 12 June 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2008. ^ a b Waterman Group http://www.watermangroup.co.uk/wg/download/book/Chapter4a.pdf "Ingenuity and Engineering – The Waterman Story – The first 50 years", Chapter 4, page 45 of document or page 11 of PDF file, Waterman Group website, Waterman Group, no publication date stated. Retrieved 25 May 2008 20:04 BST. ^ "One Canada Square". SkyscraperPage.  ^ "One Canada Square". tallestskyscrapers.info. Retrieved 1 July 2017.  ^ Aviation charts issued by the Civil Aviation Authority ^ " Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Letting Agents Knight Frank E14". Knightfrank.co.uk. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2013.  ^ a b c d Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 May 2008. Retrieved 27 April 2008.  "Arts & Events", "Canary Wharf", "A different perspective", "Self-guided walking tours at Canary Wharf", "Transitions", 'Canary Wharf Group plc', May 2003. Retrieved 27 April 2008 ^ Paul Goldberger, https://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE1D7133BF934A25752C0A966958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all "Review/Television; Prince Pronounces on State of Architecture", The New York Times, The New York Times Company, 17 January 1990. Retrieved 25 May 2008 15:44 BST. Warning: The New York Times has many articles on Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
and One Canada Square, most of which contain factual errors. ^ Mark Leftly, http://www.building.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=1029202 "Reach for the sky", ' Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Supplement June 2003', Building website, CMP Information Ltd, June 2003. Retrieved 25 May 2008. ^ Peter Fink, Anne Bean, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008.  "alighted city" – "New Year Installation, Canary Wharf, London" – "Light Year: New Year Installation, Canary Wharf, London", Art2Architecture website, Art2Architecture London
London
Ltd. Retrieved 25 May 2008 20:40 BST. ^ a b c d e f Colt Group http://www.coltinfo.co.uk/canary-wharf.html Products and Systems – Architectural Solutions – Louvre Systems – Projects – Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
– "Canary Wharf, London" / "Bespoke Screening Louvre – Stainless Steel Louvre Pyramid", Colt Group website, Colt International Licensing Ltd. Retrieved 25 May 2008 16:08 BST. ^ Art2Architecture & DPA Lighting, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2008.  "alighted city" – "Millennium Lighting Installation, Canary Wharf, London": "Millennium Lighting Installation, Canary Wharf, London", Art2Architecture website, Art2Architecture London
London
Ltd. Retrieved 25 May 2008 20:36 BST. ^ Jill Treanor, http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2001/oct/31/afghanistan.terrorism "50-floor Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
tower evacuated", The Guardian, Guardian News and Media Limited, 31 October 2001. Retrieved 25 May 2008 14:19 BST. ^ http://group.canarywharf.com/media/press-releases/winter-lights-2017-angel-wings-and-floating-poetry-combine-to-shine-a-light-on-canary-wharf-120117/ ^ http://canarywharf.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/canary-wharf-arts-events-winter-lights-2017-leaflets.pdf ^ http://group.canarywharf.com/media/press-releases/winter-lights-2016-massive-alien-and-a-flutter-of-butterflies-to-light-up-canary-wharf-031215/ ^ http://canarywharf.com/artwork/keith-milow-twentieth-century-thames/ ^ a b c https://canarywharf.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/canary-wharf-arts-events-art-on-the-estate-art-map-november-2016.pdf ^ http://canarywharf.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/canary-wharf-arts-events-exhibitions-richard-rome-april-june-2017-leaflet.pdf ^ http://canarywharf.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/canary-wharf-arts-events-rodin-exhibition-leaflet-2017.pdf ^ a b United Kingdom Parliament https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199596/cmhansrd/vo960304/text/60304w13.htm Publications and Records – Commons Publications – Commons Hansard – Bound Volume Hansard – Written Answers, "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 4 Mar 1996 (pt 13)", Column 62, see table entry for 15 November 1992, United Kingdom Parliament website, United Kingdom Parliament, 4 March 1996. Retrieved 25 May 2008 20:26 BST. ^ Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2008.  The Estate – Districts – Canada Square
Canada Square
Canada Square
Canada Square
District, official Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
website, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc. Retrieved 25 May 2008 15:17 BST. ^ a b c d Unknown author of BBC
BBC
Inside Out team, http://www.bbc.co.uk/insideout/content/articles/2007/10/09/london_citylights_s12_w4_feature.shtml "City Lights", BBC, BBC, 31 October 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2008. ^ Royal Mail Group Ltd, http://postcode.royalmail.com/portal/rm/addressfinder[permanent dead link] "Royal Mail address finder", Royal Mail website, Royal Mail Group Ltd. Retrieved 26 May 2008 06:30 BST. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 September 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2008.  " Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Estate Map" (November 2007), Canary Wharf Group plc, November 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2008 22:00 BST. ^ Cad & the Dandy Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Archived 29 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 June 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2008.  ^ a b Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 April 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2008.  Annual Reports: CWG Environmental and Social Report 2000/01, "Environmental and Social Report 2000–2001", page 4 of PDF file, Green Canary Wharf website, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, 2001. Retrieved 7 June 2008 08:54 BST. ^ a b c d Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 April 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2008.  Annual Reports: CWG Environmental and Social Report 2001/02, "Environmental and Social Report 2001-2002", page 28 of PDF file, Green Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
website, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, 2002. Retrieved 7 June 2008 08:00 BST. ^ "Olympics Hq Stays at Wharf". 17 October 2005. Retrieved 30 May 2008.  ^ London
London
2012 Limited "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2008.  "Make Britain Proud", London
London
2012 Limited, 19 November 2004. Retrieved 30 May 2008 22:00 BST. ^ Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group plc, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2008.  This webpage cannot be accessed from the homepage, official Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
website, Canary Wharf Group plc. Retrieved 30 May 2008 23:20 BST. ^ Dominic White, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/money/main.jhtml?xml=/money/2005/12/22/cntel22.xml "Telegraph moves to Victoria", Telegraph Media Group Limited, 22 December 2005. Retrieved 24 May 2008. ^ "Home". British Land. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.  ^ "Songbird Estates shareholders back £2.6bn Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
takeover". The Telegraph. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2018.  ^ Unknown author, http://www.metro.co.uk/news/article.html?in_article_id=47241&in_page_id=34 "The carnage caused by fertiliser bombs", Metro website, Associated Newspapers Limited, 30 April 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2008. ^ Carolina Herling, Caroline Liljedahl, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 May 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2008.  " Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
– An Establishment of a Major Business District", Page 16 of PDF document, page 15 of document, 'Department of Infrastructure', 'Building and Real Estate Economics', 'Royal Institute of Technology', February 2005. Retrieved 26 April 2008. ^ British Broadcasting Corporation, http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/10/newsid_2539000/2539265.stm "1996: Docklands bomb ends IRA ceasefire", "On This Day", "10 February", BBC, BBC. Retrieved 25 May 2008 15:23 BST. ^ Unknown author, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=328011&in_page_id=1770&ct=5 "Al Qaeda attack on Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
foiled", Daily Mail, Associated Newspapers Ltd, 23 November 2004. Retrieved 24 May 2008. ^ Severin Carrell, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4159/is_20060625/ai_n16504673 "Canary Wharf: more smoke and mirrors?", The Independent on Sunday, 25 June 2006. Retrieved 25 May 2008 20:45 BST. ^ James Sturcke and agencies, http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2006/sep/07/alqaida.september11 "US says 9/11 suspect planned Heathrow attack", The Guardian, 7 September 2006. Retrieved 24 May 2008. ^ Richard Norton-Taylor, http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2004/nov/23/terrorism.alqaida "Security services play down 'terror plot'", The Guardian, 23 November 2004. Retrieved 24 May 2008. ^ Sean O'Neill and David Byers http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/crime/article3671825.ece "Airline terror trial: 'Heathrow, Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
and nuclear plants in bomb plot'", The Times, 5 April 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2008. ^ Unknown author, http://itn.co.uk/news/5c663579a17df46b4a80e03c381324eb.html[permanent dead link] "Plane gang 'targeted Canary Wharf'", ITN website, Independent Television News Limited, 4 April 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2008. ^ David Williams and Rebecca Camber, "Islamic extremist guilty of liquid bomb plot to blow up transatlantic jets" http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1210876/Islamic-extremist-guilty-liquid-bomb-plot-blow-transatlantic-jets.html Daily Mail, MailOnline, 8 September 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2010. ^ United Kingdom Parliament https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199697/ldjudgmt/jd970424/hunter01.htm "Judgments – Hunter and Others v. Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Ltd. – Hunter and Others v. London
London
Docklands Corporation", United Kingdom Parliament website, United Kingdom Parliament, 24 April 1997. Retrieved 25 May 2008 20:51 BST. ^ Tai King Lee, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 October 2006. Retrieved 3 May 2008.  "House of Lords" "Hunter – vs – Canary Wharf
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Ltd", "IpsofactoJ.com", "Taiking.Thing Sdn Bhd", 24 April 1997. Retrieved 25 May 2008 16:20 BST. ^ Ofcom "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2008.  "Interference & TETRA Advice for householders", Ofcom (Office of Communications) (the communications regulator), no publication date. Retrieved 31 May 2008 11:11 BST. ^ a b c PD Parsons, http://www.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/whp/whp-pdf-files/WHP010.pdf "Interference to analogue TV reception due to building developments at Canary Wharf", Research & Development British Broadcasting Corporation, BBC, December 2001. Retrieved 31 May 2008 19:41 BST. ^ a b c d e f g London
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Borough of Tower Hamlets "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 May 2008. Retrieved 2 August 2008.  " Canary Wharf
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And Isle Of Dogs Movie Map", ' London
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Borough of Tower Hamlets – Investment & Business', unknown publication date. Retrieved 4 May 2008. ^ Torchwood Institute ^ TV Tropes!, http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/LandmarkingTheHiddenBase Landmarking The Hidden Base, no publishing date stated. Retrieved 7 July 2010 02:52 BST.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to One Canada Square.

Official Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
website "One Canada Square
Canada Square
featuring many facts and images". Phorio. 

Records

Preceded by NatWest Tower Tallest Building in the United Kingdom 1990—2010 235m Succeeded by The Shard

Preceded by NatWest Tower Tallest Building in London 1990—2010 235m Succeeded by The Shard

Preceded by – Tallest Building in Canary Wharf 1991—? 235m Succeeded by Riverside South

v t e

Timeline of the tallest buildings in the United Kingdom

Victoria Tower
Victoria Tower
(98.5 m) (1860) Shell Centre
Shell Centre
(107 m) (1961) CIS Tower
CIS Tower
(118 m) (1962) Millbank Tower
Millbank Tower
(118 m) (1963) BT Tower
BT Tower
(177 m) (1964) Tower 42
Tower 42
(183 m) (1980) One Canada Square
Canada Square
(235 m) (1991) The Shard
The Shard
(310 m) (2012)

v t e

Canary Wharf

Buildings

Current

One Canada Square
Canada Square
(235 m, 1991) 8 Canada Square
Canada Square
(200 m, 2002) Citigroup Centre (200 m, 2001) One Churchill Place
One Churchill Place
(156 m, 2004) 25 Bank Street
25 Bank Street
(153 m, 2003) 40 Bank Street
40 Bank Street
(153 m, 2003) 10 Upper Bank Street
10 Upper Bank Street
(151 m, 2003) 1 Cabot Square
1 Cabot Square
(89 m, 1991) 5 Canada Square
Canada Square
(88 m, 2003) 25 Cabot Square
25 Cabot Square
(81 m, 1991) 25 North Colonnade
25 North Colonnade
(80 m, 1991) 10 Cabot Square
10 Cabot Square
(74 m, 1991) 20 Canada Square
Canada Square
(71 m, 2003) 20 Bank Street (68 m, 2003) 20 Cabot Square (65 m, 1991) 50 Bank Street (63 m, 2002) 30 South Colonnade
30 South Colonnade
(62 m, 1991) 17 Columbus Courtyard (45 m, 1999) 20 Columbus Courtyard (45 m, 1999) 1 Westferry Circus (45 m, 1992) 11 Westferry Circus
11 Westferry Circus
(45 m, 1997) 15 Westferry Circus
15 Westferry Circus
(44.5 m, 2001) 7 Westferry Circus (43.6 m, 1992)

Under construction

Riverside South 25 Churchill Place

Approved

Columbus Tower Heron Quays West North Quay Wood Wharf

Transport links

Current

A13 road Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
DLR Station Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Pier Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
– Rotherhithe Ferry Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Underground Station Heron Quays DLR Station London
London
City Airport South Quay
South Quay
DLR Station West India Quay DLR Station

Under construction

Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Crossrail Station

Proposed

Rotherhithe- Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Bridge

Other

1996 Docklands bombing Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Group Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Squash Classic Olympia and York Michael von Clemm The Wharf Museum of London
Museum of London
Docklands

Category Commons

v t e

London
London
landmarks

Buildings and structures

Bridges

Albert Bridge Blackfriars Bridge Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges Lambeth Bridge London
London
Bridge Millennium Footbridge Southwark Bridge Tower Bridge Vauxhall Bridge Waterloo Bridge Westminster Bridge

Entertainment venues

Cinemas

Empire, Leicester Square BFI IMAX Odeon, Leicester Square

Football stadia

Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
(national stadium) Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
(Fulham) The Den
The Den
(Millwall) Emirates Stadium
Emirates Stadium
(Arsenal) Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(Queens Park Rangers) London Stadium
London Stadium
(West Ham United) Selhurst Park
Selhurst Park
(Crystal Palace) Stamford Bridge (Chelsea) The Valley (Charlton Athletic) White Hart Lane
White Hart Lane
(Tottenham Hotspur)

Other major sports venues

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club The Championship Course
The Championship Course
(rowing) Crystal Palace National Sports Centre Lord's
Lord's
(cricket) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park The Oval
The Oval
(cricket) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium
(rugby)

Theatres

Adelphi Apollo Victoria Coliseum Criterion Dominion Lyceum Old Vic Palladium Royal National Theatre Royal Opera House Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Theatre Royal Haymarket Vaudeville

Other

Alexandra Palace Brixton Academy ExCeL Hammersmith Apollo O2 Arena Royal Albert Hall Royal Festival Hall Wembley Arena

Government

10 Downing Street Admiralty Arch Bank of England City Hall County Hall Guildhall Horse Guards Mansion House National Archives Old Bailey Palace of Westminster Royal Courts of Justice Scotland Yard SIS Building

Museums and galleries

British Museum Cutty Sark Golden Hinde HMS Belfast Imperial War Museum Madame Tussauds Museum of London National Gallery National Maritime Museum Natural History Museum Royal Academy of Arts Royal Observatory Science Museum Tate Britain Tate Modern Tower of London Victoria and Albert Museum

Places of worship

All Hallows-by-the-Tower BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Bevis Marks Synagogue Methodist Central Hall Regent's Park
Regent's Park
Mosque St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary-le-Bow St Paul's Cathedral Southwark Cathedral Westminster Abbey Westminster Cathedral

Retailing

Shops

Fortnum & Mason Hamleys Harrods Liberty Peter Jones Selfridges

Shopping centres and markets

Borough Market Brent Cross Burlington Arcade Kensington Arcade Leadenhall Market The Mall Wood Green One New Change Petticoat Lane Market Royal Exchange Westfield London Westfield Stratford City

Royal buildings

Partly occupied by the Royal Family

Buckingham Palace Clarence House Kensington Palace St James's Palace

Unoccupied

Banqueting House Hampton Court Palace Kew Palace The Queen's Gallery Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace

Skyscrapers

Broadgate Tower 1 Canada Square 8 Canada Square 25 Canada Square 1 Churchill Place 20 Fenchurch Street Heron Tower Leadenhall Building The Shard St George Wharf Tower 30 St Mary Axe Tower 42

Structures

Albert Memorial ArcelorMittal Orbit Big Ben Cleopatra's Needle Crystal Palace transmitting station London
London
Eye London
London
Wall Marble
Marble
Arch The Monument Nelson's Column Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
("Eros") Thames Barrier Wellington Arch

Transport

City Airport Heathrow Airport Charing Cross station Clapham Junction station Euston station King's Cross station Liverpool
Liverpool
Street station London Bridge
London Bridge
station Paddington station St Pancras station Stratford station Victoria station Waterloo station Victoria Coach Station Emirates Air Line cable car

Other

Barbican Estate Battersea Power Station British Library BT Tower Kew Gardens Lambeth Palace Lloyd's building London
London
Zoo Oxo Tower St Bartholomew's Hospital Smithfield Market Somerset House

Parks

Royal Parks

Bushy Park Green Park Greenwich Park Hampton Court Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens Regent's Park Richmond Park St. James's Park

Other

Battersea Park Burgess Park Clapham Common College Green Epping Forest Finsbury Park Gunnersbury Park Hampstead Heath Holland Park Mitcham Common Osterley Park Trent Park Victoria Park Wandsworth Common Wimbledon Common

Squares and public spaces

Covent Garden Horse Guards Parade Leicester Square Oxford Circus Parliament Square Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Circus Sloane Square Trafalgar Square

Streets

Aldwych Baker Street Bishopsgate Bond Street Carnaby Street Chancery Lane Charing Cross Road Cheapside Cornhill Denmark Street Fenchurch Street Fleet Street Haymarket Jermyn Street Kensington High Street King's Road Lombard Street The Mall Oxford Street Park Lane Piccadilly Portobello Road Regent Street Shaftesbury Avenue Sloane Street Strand Tottenham Court Road Victoria Embankment Whitehall

v t e

Skyscrapers over 140 metres in the United Kingdom

Completed

Liverpool

West Tower

London

10 Upper Bank Street 20 Fenchurch Street 22 Marsh Wall 25 Bank Street 30 St. Mary Axe 40 Bank Street 8 Canada Square Baltimore Tower Broadgate Tower BT Tower Citigroup Centre Guy's Hospital
Guy's Hospital
Tower Heron Tower Leadenhall Building One Canada Square One Churchill Place Pan Peninsula The Shard South Bank Tower St George Wharf Tower Strata SE1 Tower 42

Manchester

Beetham Tower

Under construction

London

1 Blackfriars 100 Bishopsgate 22 Bishopsgate 250 City Road
250 City Road
Tower 1 Canada Water Building C4 Heron Quays West Highpoint Landmark Pinnacle Maine Tower Manhattan Loft Gardens Newfoundland Quay One Nine Elms
One Nine Elms
1 & 2 Principal Tower The Scalpel South Quay
South Quay
Plaza Wardian East & West Towers

Manchester

Deansgate Square
Deansgate Square
(South, East and West Towers)

Approved

Birmingham

Regal Tower

London

1 Leadenhall Street 40 Leadenhall Street 69-71 Bondway North Quay One Park Drive Principal Place Riverside South Spire London Wood Wharf

Manchester

Deansgate Square
Deansgate Square
(North Tower) Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Tower St. John's Tower Trinity Islands (Towers V and X)

Proposed

Liverpool

Shanghai Tower

v t e

Skyscrapers over 200 metres tall in the European Union

Completed

Frankfurt

Commerzbank
Commerzbank
Tower Messeturm Westend Tower Main Tower Tower 185

London

The Shard One Canada Square Heron Tower 122 Leadenhall Street

Lyon

Tour Incity

Madrid

Torre Caja Madrid Torre de Cristal Torre PwC Torre Espacio

Milan

Unicredit Tower Allianz Tower

Paris

Tour First Tour Montparnasse

Vienna

Millennium Tower DC Tower 1

Warsaw

Palace of Culture and Science Warsaw
Warsaw
Trade Tower Warsaw
Warsaw
Spire

Wroclaw

Sky Tower

Under construction

Benidorm

Residencial In Tempo

London

Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Tower Landmark Pinnacle Newfoundland Quay Riverside South

Turin

Piedmont Region Headquarters

Warsaw

Varso Spinnaker Office Tower

So

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