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On the Twentieth Century is a musical with book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
and music by Cy Coleman. Based partly on the 1930s film and play of the same name, the musical is part operetta, part farce and part screwball comedy. The story involves the behind-the-scenes relationship between Lily, a temperamental actress and Oscar, a bankrupt theatre producer. On a luxury train traveling from Chicago to New York in the 1920s, Oscar tries to cajole the glamorous Hollywood star into playing the lead in his new, but not-yet-written drama, and perhaps to rekindle their romance. The musical ran on Broadway in 1978–1979, running for 449 performances and winning five Tony Awards. It showcased Madeline Kahn in the role of Lily Garland, and when Kahn left the show, the role launched the career of Judy Kaye. Several revivals followed in London and elsewhere, and a 2015 Broadway revival featured Kristin Chenoweth and Peter Gallagher.

Contents

1 Background 2 Plot summary

2.1 Act I 2.2 Act II

3 Productions 4 Songs 5 Awards and nominations

5.1 Original Broadway production 5.2 Original London production 5.3 2015 Broadway revival

6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

Background[edit] Comden and Green based the musical on three works: the 1934 Howard Hawks film Twentieth Century; the original 1932 play of the same name by Ben Hecht
Ben Hecht
and Charles MacArthur; and Hecht's and MacArthur's inspiration, Charles Bruce Millholland's unproduced play about his experiences working for theater producer David Belasco, Napoleon of Broadway. Cy Coleman, when asked to compose the score, initially refused. "I didn't want to do twenties pastiche – there was too much of that around," he recalled. "But when I realized the main characters had these larger-than-life personalities, I thought – ah, comic opera! Even the tikka-tikka-tikka patter of a locomotive train has the rhythm of comic opera."[1] Coleman agreed to write the music for the show and produced an operetta-style score reminiscent of the works of Sigmund Romberg and Rudolf Friml.[1] Plot summary[edit] Act I[edit] During the Roaring Twenties, egomaniacal impresario Oscar Jaffee is on the skids after four flops in a row. His latest show has abruptly closed in Chicago, leaving his angry cast and crew (to whom he owes back salary) "Stranded Again." On the lam, Oscar secretly sends orders to Owen O'Malley and Oliver Webb, his press agent and business manager, to meet him on the Twentieth Century Limited to New York and to get tickets for Drawing Room "A." On the La Salle Station platform, the passengers praise the wonders of a journey "On the Twentieth Century". Owen and Oliver, bursting into Drawing Room "A," discover Congressman Grover Lockwood in a compromising position with his secretary Anita. Oliver easily persuades them to abandon Drawing Room "A." After making it on the departing train by climbing through a window, Oscar tells Owen and Oliver that he will soon regain his riches and success ("I Rise Again"). He reveals the reason they had to get Drawing Room "A": at the next stop, his former lover and protegee, Lily Garland (née Mildred Plotka), now a temperamental film star, will board the train and will be staying next door in Drawing Room 'B'. Oliver and Owen doubt that she will agree to be in Oscar's new play now that she's a movie star; Oscar insists that she will. In a flashback, Oscar remembers the time he auditioned spoiled actress Imelda Thornton for the leading role in a play. Oscar discovered that the gawky young accompanist, Mildred Plotka, could sing "The Indian Maiden's Lament" much better than Imelda, even finishing with an operatic cadenza. Oscar immediately decided to cast Mildred in the leading role as "Veronique," a French street singer who wouldn't sleep with Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck
and thus instigated the Franco-Prussian War. Mildred insisted that she did not want to be an actress, but Oscar convinced her to take the part, renaming her Lily Garland. The conductor warns the passengers in Drawing Room "A" that a lunatic is on board the train. He then announces, "I Have Written a Play", titled Life on a Train. Oscar sends the conductor away. At Englewood, Illinois, all the passengers, especially Oscar, are thrilled that they and Lily Garland will be on the train "Together". Lily's costar and lover, Bruce Granit, fails to get off the train before it departs, and must come along for the ride. Owen and Oliver stop by Drawing Room "B" and beg Lily to return, revealing that Oscar is so poor, his theatre will be repossessed the next day. She replies, "Never". Bruce, suspicions aroused by Lily's passionate tirade, asks if she ever had a relationship with Oscar. She recites a long list of former lovers and insists that Oscar was never one of them. Still, in their separate drawing rooms, Oscar and Lily recall the relationship they once had ("Our Private World"). In the observation car, passengers complain that the religious lunatic has stuck "Repent for the time is at hand" stickers everywhere. The conductor assures them that they will catch the lunatic soon. This turns out to be Mrs. Letitia Primrose, who says it is her mission to warn sinners to "Repent." These stickers inspire Oscar with an idea for his new play: he will direct The Passion of Mary Magdalene, a role so good that Lily could not possibly refuse it. Bruce is equally confident that Lily will continue to act opposite him in Hollywood. In their respective drawing rooms, each prepares to meet with Lily again and vows that she will be his ("Mine"). As Oliver and Owen prepare a press release for the new play, Letitia remarks that she sponsors creative endeavors. She declares that she is the founder and president of Primrose Restoria Pills, and she does good works with her extra capital. Lily enters Drawing Room "B" in a sexy negligee, and as Bruce and she begin playing, Oscar walks in. Oscar reveals his former relationship with Lily, and Bruce, outraged, walks out. Lily angrily recalls Oscar's jealousy and possessiveness in their former Svengali-like relationship. She is rich and successful without him; but Oscar retorts that she has lost her art by selling out to Hollywood ("I've Got it All"). Lily tells Oscar she plans to sign with successful producer Max Jacobs, Oscar's former assistant stage manager. Oscar furiously returns to Drawing Room "A", but he is mollified when Oliver and Owen introduce him to rich and religious Mrs. Primrose. Congressman Lockwood enters and announces, "I Have Written a Play", titled Life on the Hog Market Committee. They send him out and Oscar and Mrs. Primrose shake hands as Bruce and Lily sit down to dinner in the next car ("On The Twentieth Century" (reprise)). Act II[edit] In an entr'acte, four porters philosophically declare that "Life Is Like a Train." Owen, Oliver and Oscar congratulate themselves on obtaining Mrs. Primrose's check for $200,000 ("Five Zeros"). Lily's maid, Agnes, brings Oscar a message: Lily wants to see him immediately. Dr. Johnson detains him, however, declaring, "I Have Written a Play", titled Life in a Metropolitan Hospital. Oscar ignores her and enters Drawing Room 'B'. Lily tells Oscar that she has decided to give him money to help him with his financial situation. Oscar proudly reveals Mrs. Primrose's check and describes the Mary Magdalene
Mary Magdalene
play to Lily. Lily is transfixed and begins acting the part, ending with Oscar's arms around her waist. She jolts back to reality and insists on meeting Mrs. Primrose. Owen and Oliver escort Lily to Drawing Room "A", where they, Mrs. Primrose, and Oscar all attempt to persuade Lily to sign the contract. Bruce enters and tries to convince her not to sign it ("Sextet"). Lily resolves not to live in the past and refuses to sign, deciding to continue in movies with Bruce. Oscar suggests a compromise; if Lily does the play, Mrs. Primrose can pay for the movie too. Lily finds this very exciting and informally agrees. She insists on a few minutes alone before signing the contract. In Cleveland, Ohio, some officers have boarded the train. They are looking for Mrs. Primrose, who escaped from the Benzinger Clinic mental institution that morning, and they have come to take her back. The news soon spreads throughout the train: "She's a Nut!" Oscar suddenly has no money again, and Lily, who has not yet signed the contract, angrily confronts him. Max Jacobs arrives with a new play, and Lily joyously greets him. She reads over the play, trying to envision herself as the decadent, glamorous title character, "Babette", but her thoughts keep straying to Mary Magdalene. Nevertheless, she finally decides that she will do Max's play. Oscar meets Oliver and Owen in the observation car. He is carrying a gun and insists that he is going to end it all. He details "The Legacy" he is leaving them and returns to Drawing Room "A". Oliver and Owen are convinced he's just being dramatic, but then they hear gunshots. They find Mrs. Primrose holding the gun and Oscar mournfully staggering. She tried to take the gun away from him and it went off. Dr. Johnson examines Oscar and finds nothing wrong with him. Oscar says he will read Dr. Johnson's play if she pretends he really is wounded. Dr. Johnson agrees, and Owen tells Lily that Oscar is dying. Oscar begs her to sign the contract before he dies. She signs it, and they passionately sing to each other ("Lily, Oscar"). Max Jacobs rushes in, and Oscar, very much alive, gleefully shows him the contract. Lily tells him to check the signature. She has signed "Peter Rabbit"! She and Oscar scream ridiculous insults at each other until they start laughing and fall into each other's arms. They reconcile, kissing passionately, resulting in an outraged Max leaving the room. The ensemble comes out, dressed in white, as Owen and Oliver throw petals, followed by Lily in a wedding dress and Oscar in a white tuxedo. The newlyweds embrace and join the company in one final proclamation that "Life is like a train!" ("Finale"). Productions[edit] Following a tryout at the Colonial Theatre in Boston, the Broadway production opened on February 19, 1978 at the St. James Theatre
St. James Theatre
to mixed reviews. It ran for 11 previews and 449 performances.[2] Directed by Hal Prince and choreographed by Larry Fuller, the cast starred John Cullum and Madeline Kahn, and featured Imogene Coca
Imogene Coca
and Kevin Kline. The show won Tony Awards
Tony Awards
for best score and best book, among others. After only nine weeks, Kahn departed the show. The New York Times reported that "she said she was withdrawing because of damage to her vocal cords."[3] She was replaced by understudy Judy Kaye, who had been playing a small role, and the critics were invited to return. According to The New York Times, "bang, boom, overnight [Kaye] is a star."[4] They praised her performance, Kaye won a Theatre World Award, and her theatrical career took off. She later starred in the US tour opposite Rock Hudson.[5] A London staging, produced by Harold Fielding, and starring Keith Michell as Oscar, Julia McKenzie
Julia McKenzie
as Lily, Mark Wynter as Bruce and Ann Beach as Mrs. Primrose,[6] opened on March 19, 1980, at Her Majesty's Theatre, and ran for 165 performances.[7] The musical was nominated for the Olivier Award, "Musical of the Year", and McKenzie was nominated for Actress of the Year in a Musical.[8] As part of an Actors Fund benefit, a one-night-only staged concert was held on September 26, 2005 at the New Amsterdam Theatre
New Amsterdam Theatre
in New York. The production starred Marin Mazzie as Lily, Douglas Sills as Oscar, Joanne Worley
Joanne Worley
as Letitia and Christopher Sieber as Bruce, with appearances by Jesse Tyler Ferguson
Jesse Tyler Ferguson
as Max, Cheyenne Jackson
Cheyenne Jackson
as one of the "Life is Like a Train" porters, and Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
as Imelda.[9][10] The first London revival was staged at the Union Theatre, Southwark in December 2010 and January 2011. Howard Samuels played Oscar and Rebecca Vere was Lily. The show was directed by Ryan McBryde.[11] [12] In 2011, Roundabout Theatre Company had a reading with Hugh Jackman, Kristin Chenoweth
Kristin Chenoweth
and Andrea Martin
Andrea Martin
participating.[13] Roundabout revived the musical on Broadway, at the American Airlines Theatre, beginning previews on February 12, 2015, and officially opening on March 15, 2015 for a limited run through July 19, 2015 (extended from the original closing date of July 5).[14] Scott Ellis directed, and choreography was by Warren Carlyle. The cast starred Chenoweth as Lily and Peter Gallagher
Peter Gallagher
as Oscar, and featured Andy Karl
Andy Karl
as Bruce, Mark Linn-Baker as Oliver, Michael McGrath as Owen and Mary Louise Wilson as Letitia. Designers included David Rockwell (set), William Ivey Long (costumes) and Donald Holder (lighting).[15] The production was nominated for five Tony Awards, including best revival, but did not win any.[16] The song "The Legacy" from the original score was rewritten as "Because of Her", using Coleman's original music but new lyrics by Amanda Green about Oscar's acknowledgement of Lily's importance in his life.[17] Songs[edit]

Act I

Stranded Again – Bishop, Actors, Singers Saddle Up the Horse – Owen O'Malley & Oliver Webb On the Twentieth Century – Porters, Letitia, Conductor, Flanagan, Rogers, Passengers I Rise Again – Oscar Jaffe, Owen & Oliver Indian Maiden's Lament – Imelda & Mildred Plotka Veronique – Lily Garland & Male Singers I Have Written a Play – Conductor Flanagan Together – Poters & Passengers, Oliver Never – Lily, Owen, & Oliver This Is The Day – Lily & Agnes (performed in Boston, cut prior to Broadway opening) Our Private World – Lily & Oscar Repent – Letitia Mine – Oscar & Bruce Granit I've Got it All – Lily & Oscar On the Twentieth Century (reprise) – Company

Act II

Entr'acte: Life is Like a Train – Porters I Have Written a Play (Reprise 1) - Congressman Lockwood Five Zeros – Owen, Oliver, Letitia, & Oscar I Have Written a Play (Reprise 2) - Dr. Johnson Sextet/Sign Lily Sign – Owen, Oliver, Oscar, Letitia, Lily, Bruce She's a Nut – Company Max Jacobs – Max Babbette – Lily The Legacy ("Because of Her" for 2015 revival) – Oscar Lily, Oscar – Lily & Oscar Finale - Company

Awards and nominations[edit] Original Broadway production[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result

1978 Tony Award Best Musical Nominated

Best Book of a Musical Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green Won

Best Original Score Cy Coleman, Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green Won

Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical John Cullum Won

Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Madeline Kahn Nominated

Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Kevin Kline Won

Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Imogene Coca Nominated

Best Direction of a Musical Hal Prince Nominated

Best Scenic Design Robin Wagner Won

Drama Desk Award Outstanding Actress in a Musical Judy Kaye Nominated

Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Kevin Kline Won

Outstanding Music Cy Coleman Won

Outstanding Set Design Robin Wagner Won

Outstanding Costume Design Florence Klotz Won

Theatre World Award Judy Kaye Won

Original London production[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result

1980 Laurence Olivier Award Best New Musical Nominated

Best Actress in a Musical Julia McKenzie Nominated

2015 Broadway revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result

2015 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Nominated

Best Actress in a Musical Kristin Chenoweth Nominated

Best Featured Actor in a Musical Andy Karl Nominated

Best Scenic Design David Rockwell Nominated

Best Costume Design William Ivey Long Nominated

Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Nominated

Outstanding Actress in a Musical Kristin Chenoweth Won

Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Andy Karl Nominated

Outstanding Choreography Warren Carlyle Nominated

Drama League Award Outstanding Revival of a Broadway or Off-Broadway Musical Nominated

Distinguished Performance Kristin Chenoweth Nominated

Andy Karl Nominated

Outer Critics Circle Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Nominated

Outstanding Director of a Musical Scott Ellis Nominated

Outstanding Choreographer Warren Carlyle Nominated

Outstanding Set Design David Rockwell Nominated

Outstanding Costume Design William Ivey Long Nominated

Outstanding Actor in a Musical Peter Gallagher Nominated

Favorite Actress in a Musical Kristin Chenoweth Won

Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Andy Karl Won

Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Mary Louise Wilson Nominated

References[edit]

^ a b Kantor and Maslon, pp. 350–51 ^ On the Twentieth Century on the Internet Broadway Database ^ The New York Times, April 25, 1978, p. 46 ^ Corry, John. "Broadway; Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
has a comedy about stage due in fall", The New York Times, May 5, 1978, p. C2 ^ "Tour Cast", broadwayworld.com, accessed February 13, 2015 ^ "Cast" broadwayworld.com, accessed February 13, 2015 ^ "Production" broadwayworld.com, accessed February 13, 2015 ^ "Olivier Winners, 1980" Archived 2014-02-27 at the Wayback Machine., olivierawards.com, accessed February 13, 2015 ^ Windman, Matt. "Review: On the Twentieth Century at the New Amsterdam Theatre", theaterscene.net, accessed February 6, 2011 ^ Gans, Andrew. Actors' Fund to Present On the Twentieth Century Sept. 26" Archived 2012-10-20 at the Wayback Machine., Playbill.com, June 27, 2005 ^ "Review" westendwhingers.wordpress.com, 16 December 2010 ^ Gardner, Lyn. "Review" The Guardian, 5 January 2011 ^ Gans, Andrew. "Scarlett Johansson, Jon Hamm, Hugh Jackman, Kristin Chenoweth Took Part in Roundabout Readings", Playbill.com, March 7, 2011 ^ Gans, Andrew. " On the Twentieth Century Revival, Starring Kristin Chenoweth, Extends on Broadway", Playbill, April 30, 2015 ^ Millward, Tom. "On The Twentieth Century announces complete casting", New York Theatre Guide, November 25, 2014 ^ McRady, Rachel. " Tony Awards
Tony Awards
2015: Complete List of Winners!", Us Weekly magazine, June 7, 2015 ^ Filichia, Peter. "One of the Best Musicals to Lose Best Musical", Kritzerland.com, March 20, 2015

Bibliography[edit]

Kantor, Michael and Maslon, Laurence. Broadway: The American Musical. New York:Bullfinch Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8212-2905-2

External links[edit]

On the Twentieth Century at the Internet Broadway Database Broadway 2015 Revival at Internet Broadway Database

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Original Score

1947-1975

Street Scene by Kurt Weill
Kurt Weill
(1947) Kiss Me, Kate
Kiss Me, Kate
by Cole Porter
Cole Porter
(1949) South Pacific by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1950) Call Me Madam
Call Me Madam
by Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(1951) No Strings
No Strings
by Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1962) Oliver!
Oliver!
by Lionel Bart
Lionel Bart
(1963) Hello, Dolly! by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1964) Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof
by Jerry Bock
Jerry Bock
and Sheldon Harnick
Sheldon Harnick
(1965) Man of La Mancha
Man of La Mancha
by Mitch Leigh
Mitch Leigh
and Joe Darion (1966) Cabaret by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1967) Hallelujah, Baby!
Hallelujah, Baby!
by Jule Styne, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(1968) Company by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1971) Follies
Follies
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1972) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1973) Gigi by Frederick Loewe and Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1974) The Wiz
The Wiz
by Charlie Smalls
Charlie Smalls
(1975)

1976-2000

A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
by Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
and Edward Kleban (1976) Annie by Charles Strouse
Charles Strouse
and Martin Charnin (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1978) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1979) Evita by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Woman of the Year by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
(1981) Nine by Maury Yeston (1982) Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
(1983) La Cage aux Folles by Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(1984) Big River by Roger Miller
Roger Miller
(1985) Drood
Drood
by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Claude-Michel Schönberg, Herbert Kretzmer, and Alain Boublil (1987) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1988) City of Angels by Cy Coleman
Cy Coleman
and David Zippel (1990) The Will Rogers Follies
Follies
by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1991) Falsettos by William Finn
William Finn
(1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by John Kander and Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
/ The Who's Tommy by Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
(1993) Passion by Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1994) Sunset Boulevard by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Don Black, and Christopher Hampton (1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Maury Yeston (1997) Ragtime by Stephen Flaherty and Lynn Ahrens (1998) Parade by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(1999) Aida by Elton John
Elton John
and Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(2000)

2001-present

The Producers by Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2001) Urinetown
Urinetown
by Mark Hollmann and Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Marc Shaiman
Marc Shaiman
and Scott Wittman (2003) Avenue Q
Avenue Q
by Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Jeff Marx
Jeff Marx
(2004) The Light in the Piazza by Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
(2005) The Drowsy Chaperone
The Drowsy Chaperone
by Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison (2006) Spring Awakening by Duncan Sheik
Duncan Sheik
and Steven Sater (2007) In the Heights
In the Heights
by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2008) Next to Normal
Next to Normal
by Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey (2009) Memphis by David Bryan
David Bryan
and Joe DiPietro (2010) The Book of Mormon by Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Newsies by Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Jack Feldman (2012) Kinky Boots by Cyndi Lauper
Cyndi Lauper
(2013) The Bridges of Madison County by Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2014) Fun Home by Jeanine Tesori and Lisa Kron (2015) Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Dear Evan Hansen
Dear Evan Hansen
by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2017)

v t e

Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical

1950–1975

South Pacific by Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
and Joshua Logan (1950) Hello, Dolly! by Michael Stewart (1964) Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof
by Joseph Stein (1965) Company by George Furth (1971) Two Gentlemen of Verona by John Guare
John Guare
and Mel Shapiro (1972) A Little Night Music
A Little Night Music
by Hugh Wheeler (1973) Candide by Hugh Wheeler (1974) Shenandoah by James Lee Barrett, Peter Udell and Philip Rose (1975)

1976–2000

A Chorus Line
A Chorus Line
by James Kirkwood Jr. and Nicholas Dante (1976) Annie by Thomas Meehan (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green
Adolph Green
(1978) Sweeney Todd
Sweeney Todd
by Hugh Wheeler (1979) Evita by Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1980) Woman of the Year by Peter Stone (1981) Dreamgirls by Tom Eyen (1982) Cats by T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
(1983) La Cage aux Folles by Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
(1984) Big River by William Hauptman (1985) Drood
Drood
by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg (1987) Into the Woods
Into the Woods
by James Lapine
James Lapine
(1988) No Award (1989) City of Angels by Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1990) The Secret Garden by Marsha Norman
Marsha Norman
(1991) Falsettos by William Finn
William Finn
and James Lapine
James Lapine
(1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
(1993) Passion by James Lapine
James Lapine
(1994) Sunset Boulevard by Don Black and Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Peter Stone (1997) Ragtime by Terrence McNally
Terrence McNally
(1998) Parade by Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1999) James Joyce's The Dead
James Joyce's The Dead
by Richard Nelson (2000)

2001–present

The Producers by Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Thomas Meehan (2001) Urinetown
Urinetown
by Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Thomas Meehan and Mark O'Donnell
Mark O'Donnell
(2003) Avenue Q
Avenue Q
by Jeff Whitty (2004) The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee
The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee
by Rachel Sheinkin (2005) The Drowsy Chaperone
The Drowsy Chaperone
by Bob Martin and Don McKellar
Don McKellar
(2006) Spring Awakening by Steven Sater (2007) Passing Strange by Stew (2008) Billy Elliot the Musical
Billy Elliot the Musical
by Lee Hall (2009) Memphis by Joe DiPietro (2010) The Book of Mormon by Trey Parker, Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2011) Once by Enda Walsh
Enda Walsh
(2012) Matilda the Musical
Matilda the Musical
by Dennis Kelly (2013) A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder
A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder
by Robert L. Freedman (2014) Fun Home by Lisa Kron (2015) Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Dear Evan Hansen
Dear Evan Hansen
by Steven Levenson (2017)

v t e

Musicals by Cy Coleman

Wildcat Little Me Sweet Charity Seesaw I Love My Wife On the Twentieth Century Barnum Welcome to the Club City of Angels The Will Rogers Follies The Life Exactly Like You

v t e

Musicals by Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green

On the Town Billion Dollar Baby Two on the Aisle Wonderful Town Peter Pan It's Always Fair Weather Bells Are Ringing Say, Darling A Party with Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green Do Re Mi Subways Are for Sleeping Fade Out - Fade In Hallelujah, Baby! Lorelei On the Twentieth Century A Doll's Life The Will Ro